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Chemical Peels Treatment
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Treatment of Mohs Micrographic Surgery
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Hiv Prophylaxis Post Exposure
Restylane Vital Procedure
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I am 22 year old girl. Please suggest a remedy for dark pigmentation on face and also some remedy to improve skin brightening.
Dr my hairs are getting thin and falling rapidly, what should I do to gain them fine again? which drug I should use please suggest me
How should you approach pain caused due to sports injuries?
Sports injuries can happen to any person who engages in sporting activities. These affect full-time athletes as well as those who partake in sports and exercising on an occasional basis. Most sports injuries are acute and affect the muscles and skeletal system. Usually, they are not chronic unless caused by a grave accident or left untreated.
The most common types of injuries caused due to sports are as follows:
- ankle sprain
- wrist sprain
- knee injury
- tennis elbow
- hamstring pull
- cartilage damage
Treatment of sports injuries depends on a number of factors such as the type of injury, part of the body affected, the intensity of the pain, and the patient's age and medical history.
Accordingly, the most common ways of approaching the pain caused by sports injuries are:
1. Immediate remedies
Several quick aid, home remedies are used to treat pain that is caused by minor injuries to muscles, such as sprains and strains. It involves alleviation of pain through rest, using ice packs and hot water bags, wearing supports and elastic compression bandages.
Many medicines such as painkillers and anti-inflammatory pills, creams and sprays effectively reduce pain caused by sports injuries. In extreme cases, morphine and codeine are also prescribed.
3. Physical therapy
A number of injuries can be treated and cured through certain exercise and workout routines. These aim at stretching and strengthening the affected area to provide pain relief through increased flexibility and muscle activity.
Various substances and chemical compounds can be injected into the injured area which works on the affected ligaments, tendons, and cartilage to reduced inflammation and relieves pain.
5. Surgical procedures
If the injury is too severe and the pain too intense, the best option for treatment is surgery. This is generally resorted to in case of damage to the skeleton in the form of broken bones and cracked ribs.
Devising the exact treatment method requires a thorough examination of the injury. Diagnosis can only be provided after taking into consideration the many factors that affect treatment. The method of treatment varies from case to case and consequently, the recovery time also differs.
Tip: What Does Neck and Shoulder Pain Indicate?
Hello sir, I have to increase my weight, what should I do, I went to the gym, powder was used but still did not affect!
I have lots of long hair on my arms and can not wear half sleeves how can be these removed permanently.
I have sudden discoloration of my lower legs half way up to my calf. I am diabetic and have high blood pressure. The discoloration seems to be clotted blood in thin lines. What is it?
I am suffering from skin infection (ring worm) in some par of body I used several cream but its nt working what to do.
My father is 70 years . For last 10 years If he shout too much with some body or fell too much stress / Anxiety he felt that his heart is palpable but NO PAIN in any where in the chest . After 5-10 min it become normal. His Heart Rate is 62 and his BP is 125/70 mmHg. Will he take statin ?
Hi, I am 21 male. I am feeling less excitement towards sex as it used to be before, I feel tired to all the time, is this low testerone or just psychological effects?
I am 67 years old. Due to a fall last year, it resulted in a spinal compression fracture. Mri report is: cervical spine shows mild spondylotic changes cv junction is normal. Disc dehydration is noticed at all levels c5-6: mild posterior disc osteophytic complex causing mild impingement on thecal sac. No obvious nerve root compression. Spinal cord: shows normal signal intensity. No focal lesions. Impression: >acute mild compression fracture of l! vertibral body with diffuse marrow ocdcma. >no retropulsion. >old anterior wedge compression fracture of t11 vertebral body. Sacralization of l5 vertebra with rudimentary l5-s1 disc. >bilateral neural foramina are compromised at l5 causing impingement on bilateral exiting l4 nerve roots due to spondylotic grade I spondylolisthesis & pseudo disc herniation. Following this I was on medication consisting of pain killers, antibioticaand calcium tablets. Now I am not using any drug. I donot want to go for surgery. I am havinf constant blow back pain due to which myu movement is very much restricted. I am unable to sit on the floor and even with effort I sit, it is very difficult to get up. Can you please suggest a follow up action so that my pain is reduced and I will bwe able to move without much pain. Thanks.
I am a 21 year old boy. I have severe hair loss problems. I have tried some hair oils, but not use at all. What should I do?
I have same black pimples on my face its really pains and I shame on me when I see my face in mirror please solve it.
I have severe back pain when I wake up in the morning then it goes off. Y it appears and precaution to be taken. Please help me solve this problem.
What is CABG?
CABG or Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting is a surgery done to improve blood flow to the heart. In most instances there is a fatty plaque (CAD or Coronary Artery Disease) in the vessels of heart which reduces the blood flow required for normal function. The plaque may grow or harden with time and reduces oxygen-rich blood reaching the heart. Lowering of the amount of oxygen reaching the heart may result in Chest Pain - called Angina. The plaque may even rupture and form clots on its surface. The clot formed may mostly or even completely block the blood flow - leading to Heart Attack or Myocardial Infarction.
In CABG, a normal vein or artery from the patient's body is connected to the blocked coronary artery. Thereby bypassing the obstructing plaque and creates a new path along which blood can now reach the heart.
What are other options for Treatment of CAD?
Other than CABG options for treatment of CAD include - Lifestyle changes, Medications, PCI or Balloon Angioplasty.
PCI is a nonsurgical option where the blocked artery can be opened and generally a stent is placed at the point of blockage to keep the blood flowing.
Goals of CABG
CABG is done to achieve the following
1. Reduce the symptoms (Chest Pain, Breathlessness etc)
2. Improve quality of Life and helps to resume a more active Lifestyle
3. Improved pumping action of the heart
4. Reduce chances of Heart Attack
5. Improve chances of survival
Who needs CABG?
CABG is a surgical treatment for CAD.
Your doctor may recommend CABG if other treatments have not worked or he judges it good in his clinical opinion.
Decision will be based on factors such as -
1. Severity, Location and number of blockages
2. Response to other treatments
3. Your quality of Life and severity of symptoms
4. Other Medical conditions that you might have
5. Your Age and Medical History
Medical Tests that may be required to determine the need are -
3. Coronary Angiography
CABG is a relatively safe Surgery. The safety of the procedure will depend on your age, existing heart function, and experience of the Doctor.
What to expect before
You will need to undergo a few tests to prepare you for CABG such as - Blood tests, Chest X-Ray, ECG, Echocardiography or maybe Coronary Angiography. Doctors that perform CABG are Cardiothoracic Surgeons.
Things to ask your Doctor at this Stage -
1. What you can eat or drink
2. What activities are you allowed to do (e.g. smoking)
3. What medicines to take (Share all the medicines that you are taking for any other conditions)
4. As the outlook for surgery is heavily dependent on the number of procedures a Doctor has performed - it will be a good idea to get information about his clinical experience.
If you have already undergone all the tests - surgery may be done on the same or a day after the admission.
What to expect after
You will require admission into ICU typically for 1 or 2 days, to monitor your progress better after the surgery. You will be given oxygen therapy while hospitalized. You may also be asked to wear Compression Stockings while your movement is limited.
After you leave ICU you will require admission in the hospital for about 4 - 6 days.
Recovery at Home
Things to ask your doctor before leaving the hospital.
1. How to care for incision wounds and stitches.
2. How to identify signs of infection
3. How to identify conditions for which you need to call the Doctor right away.
4. When to make follow-up appointments
Common side effects of CABG wear off within 4 - 6 weeks but may include.
1. Discomfort in area from where the vein was taken
2. Itching and swelling at incision wounds
3. Fatigue, Loss of Sleep, Loss of Appetite
Full recovery from CABG takes 6 - 12 weeks.
Your doctor will advise you when you can resume specific activities. If your work is not too demanding physically, it is common to return to work after 6 weeks. You can resume sexual activities after 4 weeks and drive after 4 - 8 weeks.
At you follow up visits you will require to undergo tests such as ECG, Echocardiography etc. to see how much your heart has improved. CABG is not a cure for CAD. A complete Treatment will always involve Lifestyle changes, Reducing weight, Medications, and Cardiac Rehabilitation Exercises. Your doctor will prepare a treatment plan for you including these things. Be sure to pay attention to them as religiously as your Surgery.