Lybrate.com has a nexus of the most experienced General Surgeons in India. You will find General Surgeons with more than 43 years of experience on Lybrate.com. Find the best General Surgeons online in Navi Mumbai. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.
Book Clinic Appointment
Kidney Stones Treatment
Removal Of Stitches Procedure
Corn Removal Procedure
Dressings Of Wounds Procedure
Varicose Vein Laser Treatment
Hernia Repair Surgery
Urinary Incontinence (Ui) Treatment
Stitching Of Wounds Procedure
Treatment Of Deep Vein Thrombosis - Dvt
Male Breast Reduction Treatment
Prostate Laser Surgery
Gastric Bypass Surgery
Treatment of Bone Marrow Transplantation
Vascular Surgery Treatment
Submit a review for Dr. Nina ChauhanYour feedback matters!
A common skin condition, which causes the discoloration of your skin in patches across the face, melasma is more of a social embarrassment and cause for distress rather than being a serious condition. Although it affects men as well, studies have shown that over 90 percent of patients are women. It is also known as the mask of pregnancy as many pregnant women develop this skin condition.
Causes of Melasma
Primary causes of melasma have been attributed to various hormonal changes within the body. Let's look at some of the factors that may cause this disorder:
- Pregnancy: This is often attributed as the leading cause of melasma, the primary cause has often been attributed to hormonal changes that a woman may experience due to pregnancy.
- Treatments that may change hormonal balance: Women on contraceptive pills or who have implants such as intrauterine devices may also develop this disorder. This is due to the balance of estrogen and progesterone being changed within the body.
- Sun exposure: Continued sun exposure may also lead to melasma. This is due to the activation of melanocytes within the body which start producing more melanin.
- Stress: Long periods of stress on the body can also trigger hormonal changes and cause melasma.
- Thyroid problems: If someone suffers from Hypothyroidism or low levels of the thyroid hormone, it can trigger other hormonal changes and also cause this skin disorder.
It has also been noticed that people with generally a darker skin tone tend to get melasma and it is less common in people with fairer skin.
Certain characteristics of Melasma
Melasma develops in certain patterns which can be easily diagnosed either as spots on the skin similar to freckles or brown patches of skin that grow bigger. Some of these patterns are:
- Malar pattern: This grows on the nose and cheeks
- Mandibular pattern: Starts growing around the jaw line
- Brachial melasma: This grows on the upper arms and shoulders
- Lateral cheek pattern: Grows on the cheek on both sides of the face
- Centrofacial pattern: Nose, upper lips, forehead and cheeks
Treatment of Melasma
Most women who develop melasma during pregnancy report that it goes away after childbirth. However certain forms of melasma may appear in non-pregnant women due to hormonal changes. Treating the underlying hormonal changes usually, resolves the problem. However certain other methods may be required to resolve the issues such as skin creams, chemical peels, dermabrasion and microdermabrasion. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a dermatologist.
What is main reason for having cancer. What precautions should we take to avoid cancer. And also I feel pain in my breast before mensuration is the symptoms of breast cancer.
Respected sir below part of my eyes skin got black mole, I asked many doctors but I didn't get proper treatment.
Am 35 years and I have monkey patch, Crowfeet lines and under eye on my face. Likely from last 6 months I have started taking care of my face by regular facials and at night I do cleansing, toning and moisturizing. What more can I do to reduce my appearing lines and tightening my facial skin? Is it safe to use some of the homemade creams available in market with beautician's? Pls help.
Skin becomes red after bathing and I don't use hot shower even I use moisturizer after bathing but It doesn't work.
I have a back spots in my face it looks very ugly and also pimples in my face please tell me the solution.
How to treat Xerosis cutis? My thighs are wrinkled and look bad. What medicines would be best to treat this?
I am 38 years old, last 6 month I suffered from skin problem, this started from ring worm but after that its spread in my body. I went to doctor, she gave me terbinafine 250 tab bdpc for one month and dermikem oc cream used. But still I do not relief .when I use cream, I relief otherwise not. Recently it spread in my family. Pls tell me what can I do now?
Hi I am having dark spots & scars on my face so after taking treatment how many days it will take to get all clear and my skin become fair.
I have scars on my lungs of left upper lobe. How should I remove my scars my all reports are normal like afb culture. Ct scan says etiology infection.
Hello doctor My skin was fair but now from last one year it has become tanned also acne is very much coming on my face. I am becoming darker Please give me anti tan remedy and to remove acne and get my original.
My friend is taking some allergic tablet from past ten years tablet name is LORINOL 10 mg. I told her to stop the tablet but she is not willing to stop. If is stops taking that tablet her skin color turns into reddish and with rashes.
Please suggest diet to avoid Anal fissure? I am not taking maida products. Used to drink 4 ltrs of water daily. Drinks coconut water daily. U sed to have fruits juices and salads on daily basis. Still the same persists that too heart taking pain. duphalac syrup .am taking at bed time. Avoids lemon, buttermilk ,curd .Please suggest what else to do as I am completely fed up with this life taking issue. Also, Please tell me, is this problem problematic w.r.t marriage. Surgery advisable or not? Since I am not at all ready for surgery. What are the pros and cons after surgery?
Fungal infection of the skin and mucous membranes is very common. The most common species of fungus causing these infections is Candida albicans. They are present in abundance in the skin and mucous membranes and have a protective function. However, when immunity is compromised, these grow to a significant number and infection results. Some of the most common candida infections and ways to manage them are outlined below.
Athlete’s foot, nail fungal infections, diaper rash, jock itch, oral thrush, and vaginal yeast infections are the most common candida skin infections. Though they can occur anywhere, they are most common in the intertriginous areas, where two skins come in close contact, like the groin area, the armpits, the corners of the mouth, area between the toes and between the fingers. Sweat and mucous facilitate their growth further, as they provide a moist environment for their growth.
In addition, poor hygiene, hot/humid weather, and constricting clothing can lead to increased chances of developing candida infections. Patient conditions like obesity, infants, diabetics, hypothyroidism, inflammatory disorders, pregnancy, damp weather, and immunosuppressed conditions like AIDs are definite risk factors. Identifying the infection is the biggest step towards treatment. There could be rashes, patches, flaking, cracks, soreness, and erythema, white or red lesions in the mouth or genital area.
A little precaution can help in preventing infections and there are definitely ways to treat the condition also.
If someone is immunosuppressed or has other predisposing factors, it is advisable to take precautions as listed below to avoid candida infections.
- Keep the intertriginous areas clean, could be by bathing more frequently or using sponge baths
- Wear loose clothing so the skin in the areas like groynes and armpits are not irritated
- Diaper skin management
- Keep the toenails and feet area clean
- During pregnancy, wear loose clothing and dry thoroughly after showers to avoid infection
- Frequently change inner garments and socks
- During warm weather, wear open-toed footwear so there is adequate aeration
- Take supplements like multivitamins to maintain good immunity levels
While treatment of one-off candida infections is not uncommon, people who are prone to recurrent infections need more stringent management. In one off infections, topical anti fungal agents like lotions, powder, ointments or creams are sufficient. These could contain anti fungal agents like ketoconazole or fluconazole. It is important that these stay in touch with the skin surface for about 10 to 15 minutes.
In moderately severe infections, a course of oral anti fungal agent is used, sometimes for up to 2 weeks depending on the severity of the symptoms. IV anti fungal agents may be used in more severe and widespread cases like seen in AIDS patients. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Dermatologist.