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Dr. Kunal Makhija  - Orthopedist, Navi Mumbai

Dr. Kunal Makhija

92 (10 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - Orthopaedics, Fellows...

Orthopedist, Navi Mumbai

10 Years Experience  ·  300 - 800 at clinic  ·  ₹300 online
Book appointment and get ₹125 LybrateCash (Lybrate Wallet) after your visit
Dr. Kunal Makhija 92% (10 ratings) MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - O... Orthopedist, Navi Mumbai
10 Years Experience  ·  300 - 800 at clinic  ·  ₹300 online
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Hello! friends,<br/><br/>I am Dr. Kunal Makhija. I am in Orthopedist and a joint replacement surg...

Hello! friends,

I am Dr. Kunal Makhija. I am in Orthopedist and a joint replacement surgeon practicing in Mumbai and Navi Mumbai.

Today we will talk about knee pain. The second most common complaint in any Orthopaedic clinic. We won't discuss any surgeries or any treatment or any medicines. We will discuss the basics of knee pain, what is the physiology of the knee pain and what a common man should know about knee pain. The most common causes of knee pain are osteoarthritis, injury, synovitis or softening of cartilage. Now to understand all four things, I will explain to you what these 4 things are and how can you tackle them and how can you come to know that what these things represent.

A knee consists of the femur bone, tibia bone, these are the ligaments and these white cushion like the thing is a cartilage. Usually, in case of the softening of cartilage, there is softening of these white cushion like materials which is extremely common behind kneecap or patella. So usually the patient will present with patellofemoral pain which is more while climbing down stairs or when he or she is sitting for long and he starts walking, the first few steps would be extremely painful.

This is mainly because of the softening of cartilage behind the kneecap known as chondromalacia patella. The second cause is an injury. The injury will be of ligament or of this meniscus. A ligament injury or a meniscus injury will cause pain in ligament injury one will have extreme instability especially while running, climbing down steps or hopping. In meniscus injury, there would be a pain while long walks and extreme flexion of the knee. The third cause is synovitis. Synovitis is swelling in the knee which will be associated with extreme swelling, redness, and warmth usually associated with some viral infection or maybe the underlying cause.

The patient will have extreme pain associated with body aches for fever and he or she might proceed with a viral infection like the common cold and all. The fourth cause is osteoarthritis which is very well known and it is a degeneration of this white cartilage. Usually, this is a mild form of degeneration, you can see this and this is the severe form of degeneration. This cartilage when destroyed will cause extreme pain in all movements and might cause deformity in the knee as well.

So all these four common causes, they are not always in extreme form. They might start with a mild form, then go to moderate and severe form. So before they go to the severe form and they hamper your regular activities, one can start the prevention as soon as there is some knee pain. These are lifestyle changes, physiotherapy and some exercises. Lifestyle modification means if one is going to the gym, I would suggest cycling and swimming are the best exercises for knee. One can even walk in water if one does not know swimming and one should avoid treadmill and be climbing downstairs because a knee is a joint which accommodates all weight while walking. When a person is walking, suppose a 50 kg person is walking while climbing downstairs the knee joint will experience twice.

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Personal Statement

I'm a caring, skilled professional, dedicated to simplifying what is often a very complicated and confusing area of health care....more
I'm a caring, skilled professional, dedicated to simplifying what is often a very complicated and confusing area of health care.
More about Dr. Kunal Makhija
Dr. Kunal Makhija is a renowned Orthopedist in Panvel, Navi Mumbai. He has been a practicing Orthopedist for 10 years. He is a MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - Orthopaedics, Fellowship In Joint Replacement, Fellowship In Minimal Invasive Subvastus Knee Replacement . You can visit him at Patel Clinic & Orthopedic Centre in Panvel, Navi Mumbai. Don’t wait in a queue, book an instant appointment online with Dr. Kunal Makhija on Lybrate.com.

Lybrate.com has a number of highly qualified Orthopedists in India. You will find Orthopedists with more than 42 years of experience on Lybrate.com. Find the best Orthopedists online in Navi Mumbai. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

Info

Education
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery - KIMS Karad MUHS - 2009
MS - Orthopaedics - B J Medical College Ahemdabad - 2013
Fellowship In Joint Replacement - British Association of Surgery Knee United Kingdom - 2015
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Fellowship In Minimal Invasive Subvastus Knee Replacement - Smith & Nephew USA - 2014
Languages spoken
English
Hindi
Professional Memberships
Bristish Association of Surgery of Knee
Bombay Orthopaedic Society

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Patel Clinic & Orthopedic Centre

Kuber Apartment A, Joshi Ali, Landmark : Near City Police StationNavi Mumbai Get Directions
300 at clinic
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Apollo Spectra Hospitals

Ujagar Compound, Opposite Deonar Bus Depot Main Gate, Deonar, Chembur, MBPT Colony, Best ColonyMumbai Get Directions
800 at clinic
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Total Knee Replacement - Tips For Multimodal Pain Relief After It!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - Orthopaedics, Fellowship In Joint Replacement, Fellowship In Minimal Invasive Subvastus Knee Replacement
Orthopedist, Navi Mumbai
Total Knee Replacement - Tips For Multimodal Pain Relief After It!

Knee replacement can be extremely painful. Previously, opioids or narcotics were administered for pain relief. But excessive addition of opioids is not exactly effective for controlling pain.

Multimodal pain management has become an important part of the perioperative care of patients undergoing total joint replacement. The principle of multimodal therapy is to use interventions that target several different steps of the pain pathway, allowing more effective pain control with fewer side effects. Many different protocols have shown clinical benefit. The goal of this review is to provide a concise overview of the principles and results of multimodal pain management regimens as a practical guide for the management of joint arthroplasty patients.

Multimodal denotes administering two or more than two types of medications that work with different mechanisms. The following are the techniques used:

  1. Pre-operative Femoral Nerve Block: Prior to the surgery, a catheter is placed beside the femoral nerve for blocking it. This nerve is located in the upper thigh. Medication is delivered through the catheter for the nerve to be numbed for 24 hours. Thus, pain signals to the brain are blocked. This method reduces the use of narcotics and the consequent side effects.

  2. Patient Controlled Analgesia (PCA): This method is also known as ‘Pain Pump’. An intravenous pump is used to administer pain relief medications, such as oxymorphone or morphine, after the surgery. The control button of the machine could be pressed, by the patient for 6 to 10 times per hour. The machine is used for two post-operative days.

  3. Oral Medications: The oral medications include Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory drugs or NSAID; such as Celebrex which is similar to aspirin, structurally. Alternatively, acetaminophen, such as Tylenol or its equivalent composition, can also be used.

  4. Acetaminophen: It acts on the Central Prostaglandin Synthesis and relieves the patient of pain through multiple mechanisms.

  5. Epidural Analgesia: It produces lower pain scores and involves less time for achieving physical therapy goals. However, this is subject to side effects such as dizzinessurinary retention and itchiness.

  6. Gabapentinoids: These medications include membrane stabilizers such as Gabapentin and Pregabalin.

The objective of multimodal treatments is to provide quick relief to the patient and immediately so. Earlier the rehabilitation, more successful will be the knee replacement surgery.

5231 people found this helpful

Knee Replacement - Everything You Should Know About It!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - Orthopaedics, Fellowship In Joint Replacement, Fellowship In Minimal Invasive Subvastus Knee Replacement
Orthopedist, Navi Mumbai
Knee Replacement - Everything You Should Know About It!

Knee replacement is a surgery wherein an artificial joint is used to replace a diseased, damaged or worn out knee. This surgery is common among people who fall in the age group of 60-80, but recent trends seem to suggest that younger people are opting for this surgery as well. The lifetime of the artificial knee joint is around 20 years, provided the knee is well cared for.

Why do you need knee replacement?

Most common reason is “high grade osteoarthritis” due to wear and tear of the knee joint. The pre-hospital study of the Knee joint is mandatory and would decide what kind of Replacement is suitable to the patient. If there is diabetes or hypertension associated with this, then it should be controlled well before undergoing surgery. Hemoglobin of at least 10 gm% is required.

If the mobility in your knee joint is reduced leading to impaired functioning of the knee joint, then you might need a knee replacement surgery. You may experience pain while walking, sitting and, in some cases, resting as well.

Some of the common reasons why you may opt for this particular surgery are:

  1. Gout, where, small crystals are formed inside the joint.
  2. Rheumatoid Arthritis, an autoimmune disorder, wherein the immune system of the body attacks the body’s healthy tissues.
  3. Hemophilia, wherein, the blood ceases to clot normally.
  4. Injuries to the knee.
  5. Disorders that cause unusual bone growth (bone dysplasias).
  6. Death of bone in the knee joint following blood supply problems (avascular necrosis).
  7. Knee deformity with pain and loss of cartilage.
  8. Unusual growth of bones in the knee joint.

Knee replacement surgery is classified into:

  1. Partial Knee Replacement: In this surgery, only one part of the joint is replaced.
  2. Total Knee Replacement: Total knee replacement surgery involves replacement of both sides of the knee joint.

The usual hospital stay period is around 2-3 days after the surgery is completed. Initially, you will require the help of crutches to walk for at least 2 months. You may also be asked to do gentle knee strengthening exercises. It may take up to 3 months to recover completely from a knee replacement surgery. 

5350 people found this helpful

Hip Replacement Surgery - Understanding The Benefits Of It!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - Orthopaedics, Fellowship In Joint Replacement, Fellowship In Minimal Invasive Subvastus Knee Replacement
Orthopedist, Navi Mumbai
Hip Replacement Surgery - Understanding The Benefits Of It!

Human bones are continuously being removed and formed, which is necessary for its proper maintenance. However, in certain cases, especially with aging, some bones and joints will be worn down to an extent where the body will not be able to reform them. This is especially true in the case of hips, which may become worn due to age or other problems within the body. 

Hip replacement surgery
When this happens, a hip replacement surgery can be performed to replace the original joints with a prosthesis or artificial hip, which is usually made out of metal or a specially formed composite material or even a combination of the two. Along with other parts, it replaces the natural hip with an artificial hip to restore mobility and other related functions.

Benefits of hip replacement surgery:

  1. Lessening hip pain: This is one of the major factors as well as symptoms of requiring hip replacement surgery. Due to the grinding down of the bones, even the slightest movement causes pain and after the surgery and the recovery period, the pain is lessened.
  2. Correction of bone deformity: When the bones grind down and are abnormally reformed, deformities may occur reducing mobility. Artificial hips will ensure that deformities are corrected and resulting problems are thus eliminated.
  3. Return to normal activities: This is possibly one of the primary advantages of this surgery, although it entails a long recovery period. However, most patients can get back to their normal activities and are able to resume a pain free life.
  4. Ability to have painless sleep: Many people who suffer from hip displacements or bone deformities are not able to sleep properly due to pain. After the surgery and the recovery period, they can return to normal functions and habits, thus are able to sleep properly.
  5. Leg strength increase: Many patients tend to have an increase in their leg strength as one side of the hip tends to become very weak due to bone problems before surgery. After surgery and recovery, the same side tends to have an increased strength due to the implant.
  6. In most cases a lifelong solution to hip problems: As the hip replacement prosthesis is made out of metal and if the operation is successful, it usually tends to last till the end of a person's life and this area usually doesn't tend to have problems again.
5272 people found this helpful

4 Advantages Of Subvastus Knee Replacement Surgery!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - Orthopaedics, Fellowship In Joint Replacement, Fellowship In Minimal Invasive Subvastus Knee Replacement
Orthopedist, Navi Mumbai
4 Advantages Of Subvastus Knee Replacement Surgery!

With age, the mobility and flexibility of the knee joint reduces significantly. This can affect one’s lifestyle as simple activities such as walking or lying down become painful and difficult. Moreover, there is the emotional stress resulting from an inability to perform routine activities smoothly. In short, any serious problem of the knee joint can affect your ability to function well.

Apart from medications and exercise, the only way to permanently treat such problems in the knee is to go for a joint replacement surgery. The Subvastus approach is often considered to be the best form of knee replacement for a number of reasons.

Subvastus Knee Replacement
Here is a look at the step-by-step procedure for performing a subvastus total knee replacement surgery.

  1. An 8-10 cm long incision is made on the knee.
  2. The thigh muscles are left intact and the knee joint is accessed from below the quadriceps.
  3. The bones in question are cut into place without actually separating them
  4. The kneecap is pushed to the side and is generally left intact in the subvastus approach.

Advantages of Subvastus Knee Replacement
This form of surgery is greatly preferred over the conventional knee replacement surgeries. Its benefits include-

  1. Minimally invasive- A very small incision is made for the surgery (8-10 cm), which means that the risk is lower. Comparatively, in conventional knee replacement, the incision is around 20-25 cm.
  2. No trauma to muscles- In subvastus approach, the muscles are not cut in order to get to the joint. Instead, surgeons simply bypass the quadriceps and get to the joint from a different angle. This ensures that muscle integrity is intact.
  3. Quicker recovery- Since the incision being made is smaller and since the muscles are not cut into during the surgery, patients recover much faster in case of subvastus knee replacement. Patients will be able to walk within 2 weeks of the surgery and resume normal life in just 2-3 months.
  4. Full bend to the knee- Care is taken during the surgery to ensure that the implanted joint achieves a full bend from the very outset of recovery.

Given the advantages, If you are eligible for the subvastus knee replacement surgery, opt for it.

4523 people found this helpful

Hip Replacement - What All Should Be Considered?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - Orthopaedics, Fellowship In Joint Replacement, Fellowship In Minimal Invasive Subvastus Knee Replacement
Orthopedist, Navi Mumbai
Hip Replacement - What All Should Be Considered?

Hip replacement is a surgery in which a specialist doctor surgically removes an agonizing hip joint afflicted with arthritis and replaces it with a man-made joint usually produced using metal and plastic elements. It is usually done when all other treatment choices have been tried and have proven unsuccessful in providing satisfactory pain alleviation. The technique is to mitigate the pain in ahip joint, in order to make walking and other physical exercises easier.

The surgical procedure is as follows:

  • Hip replacement surgery can be performed generally or by utilizing what is called a non-obtrusive method. The primary difference between the two methodologies is the number of entry points needed for the surgery.
  • During standard hip replacement surgery, you are given general anesthesia to relax your muscles; this will keep you from feeling any pain during the surgery or being awake during the surgery. A spinal sedative might be given to counteract pain as an add-on option.
  • The specialist will then make a cut at the edge of the hip and move the muscles connected to the highest point of the thighbone to uncover the hip joint.
  • Next, the ball part of the joint is taken out by cutting the thighbone with a saw. At this point a fake joint is attached to the thighbone using a material that allows them to stay intact.
  • The specialist then readies the surface of the hipbone - evacuating any harmed ligament - and joins the substituting attachment to the hipbone.
  • The new ball part of the thighbone is then embedded into the new joint part of the hip. The specialist then reattaches the muscles and shuts the entry point.

There are some things you need to keep in mind and be attentive about, post the surgery. These are as follows:

  1. You will probably remain in the healing facility for four to six days and may need to remain in bed with a pad between your legs to keep the new hip joint set up.
  2. A seepage tube will be set in your bladder to help you urinate without having to walk to the bathroom.
  3. Non-intrusive treatment usually starts the day after surgery and within the days you can go around with a walker or a walking stick.
  4. You will continue with the non-intrusive treatment for quite a long time which could be a number of months post the surgery.
  5. For anywhere in the range of six to twelve months after hip replacement surgery, rotating or putting pressure on the operated leg needs to be limited to a great extent. You need to likewise not cross the operated leg past the midline of the body nor turn it inwards.
  6. You cannot twist the hip past ninety degrees. This includes both twisting forward at the abdomen and crouching.
  7. Your physical advisor will tell you the methods and equipment that will help you comply with the above rules and precautionary measures while performing every day exercises.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4656 people found this helpful

Knee Pain - How Injections & Medication Can Help?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - Orthopaedics, Fellowship In Joint Replacement, Fellowship In Minimal Invasive Subvastus Knee Replacement
Orthopedist, Navi Mumbai
Knee Pain - How Injections & Medication Can Help?

Are you experiencing knee pain and seek ideal treatment for your condition? Knee pain is a very common issue which may develop in any bony structure of your body, comprising your kneecap, the knee joint, ligaments, and cartilages of your knee. Knee pain is common in people of all ages, and simple home remedies can be used to treat knee pain effectively. In severe cases, professional treatment or help is required.

Symptoms

  • The location of your knee pain varies based on the structure that is involved.
  • Your whole knee may swell up and seem painful in the case of infections and inflammatory processes. On the other hand, a bone fracture may show symptoms in one specific area.
  • The severity of knee pain may vary from acute to serious and disabling.

Other common symptoms associated with knee pain include the following:

  • Difficulty in walking because of knee instability.
  • Limping because of discomfort.
  • Difficulty in going up and down the staircase because of ligament damage.
  • Swelling and redness.
  • The inability of extending the knee.

Causes
Knee pain may occur because of several reasons, and factors. Generally, knee pain is classified into 3 primary categories. They are:

  • Acute injuries that include broken bones, a meniscal tear, or a torn ligament.
  • Medication conditions which commonly include the likes of arthritis, and various infections.
  • Conditions that occur on account of chronic use and overuse, such as patellar syndromes, tendinitis, bursitis, and osteoarthritis.

Treatment

There are several treatment measures for knee pain, based on the cause, your condition, and severity. The most common treatment procedures include the following:

Medications

  • Several medications are used for the treatment of an underlying medical condition that causes knee pain, for effective pain relief.

Physical therapy

  • Strengthening of the muscles surrounding the ankle makes it stable and helps in achieving the best mechanical movements.
  • This is effective in avoiding injuries and preventing an existing injury from worsening.

Injections

  • Several injectable medications are injected into your knee directly.
  • Corticosteroids and lubricants are commonly used for dealing with inflammation in the knee, and for improving movement and pain.

Surgery

  • In case of severe and persistent knee pain, a surgery may be required. Knee operations include arthroscopic surgeries, total knee replacement and much more.
  • Arthroscopic surgery is the most common procedure in which injuries in your knee are repaired and pieces of loose cartilage and bone are removed.
  • During partial knee replacement, the damaged parts of your knee are replaced with metal and plastic parts. Only a part of the knee joint gets replaced.

There are several other therapies that are also beneficial for the treatment of knee pain. You can opt for acupuncture, which is ideal for osteoarthritis patients. Glucosamine and chondroitin supplements are also prescribed in some cases. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4492 people found this helpful

Knee Pain: Things You Can Do At Home To Get Rid Of It

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - Orthopaedics, Fellowship In Joint Replacement, Fellowship In Minimal Invasive Subvastus Knee Replacement
Orthopedist, Navi Mumbai
Play video

Hello! friends,

I am Dr. Kunal Makhija. I am in Orthopedist and a joint replacement surgeon practicing in Mumbai and Navi Mumbai.

Today we will talk about knee pain. The second most common complaint in any Orthopaedic clinic. We won't discuss any surgeries or any treatment or any medicines. We will discuss the basics of knee pain, what is the physiology of the knee pain and what a common man should know about knee pain. The most common causes of knee pain are osteoarthritis, injury, synovitis or softening of cartilage. Now to understand all four things, I will explain to you what these 4 things are and how can you tackle them and how can you come to know that what these things represent.

A knee consists of the femur bone, tibia bone, these are the ligaments and these white cushion like the thing is a cartilage. Usually, in case of the softening of cartilage, there is softening of these white cushion like materials which is extremely common behind kneecap or patella. So usually the patient will present with patellofemoral pain which is more while climbing down stairs or when he or she is sitting for long and he starts walking, the first few steps would be extremely painful.

This is mainly because of the softening of cartilage behind the kneecap known as chondromalacia patella. The second cause is an injury. The injury will be of ligament or of this meniscus. A ligament injury or a meniscus injury will cause pain in ligament injury one will have extreme instability especially while running, climbing down steps or hopping. In meniscus injury, there would be a pain while long walks and extreme flexion of the knee. The third cause is synovitis. Synovitis is swelling in the knee which will be associated with extreme swelling, redness, and warmth usually associated with some viral infection or maybe the underlying cause.

The patient will have extreme pain associated with body aches for fever and he or she might proceed with a viral infection like the common cold and all. The fourth cause is osteoarthritis which is very well known and it is a degeneration of this white cartilage. Usually, this is a mild form of degeneration, you can see this and this is the severe form of degeneration. This cartilage when destroyed will cause extreme pain in all movements and might cause deformity in the knee as well.

So all these four common causes, they are not always in extreme form. They might start with a mild form, then go to moderate and severe form. So before they go to the severe form and they hamper your regular activities, one can start the prevention as soon as there is some knee pain. These are lifestyle changes, physiotherapy and some exercises. Lifestyle modification means if one is going to the gym, I would suggest cycling and swimming are the best exercises for knee. One can even walk in water if one does not know swimming and one should avoid treadmill and be climbing downstairs because a knee is a joint which accommodates all weight while walking. When a person is walking, suppose a 50 kg person is walking while climbing downstairs the knee joint will experience twice.

4270 people found this helpful

Functional & Stable Joint Replacement Surgery!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - Orthopaedics, Fellowship In Joint Replacement, Fellowship In Minimal Invasive Subvastus Knee Replacement
Orthopedist, Navi Mumbai
Functional & Stable Joint Replacement Surgery!

Joint pains can be a cluttered affair and believe it or not 9 out of the 10 cases have to live with the pain despite all the treatment options aiming to reduce the agony. There may be several instances where you might be coming across the term “joint replacement surgery”. No, no need to panic! We are not living in the 1960’s anymore. We are living in the age of cut throat medical innovations that is actually hard to keep up. To sum up in a layman’s turn joint replacements have become as easy as dressing a wound. 90% of the cases are carried out within few hours and the patient is required to stay not more than a day or two at the hospital. the patients no longer have to dedicate a part of our lives for the recovery. Let us have an in-depth look at it.

One shouldn't wait for the condition of knee joints to get worse and visit a well-known orthopaedic and go ahead for the procedure. Since, it involves the portion of your knee cartilage or a portion of the joint being scrapped/cut to pave way for the artificial joint parts to be attached getting the best treatment is a must. So, make no mistakes!

Knee replacement has always been a complex procedure but with the advancements in the field, the process has become much more simple and easy. Discuss the procedure in detail with your doctor and also ensure that you choose a clinic with a good reputation for such a course of action. Joint replacements in today's time last much longer and with proper maintenance and care, they can in some cases, last for a life time.


Once you have decided to go for the treatment get a detailed list of activities that can be carried out for a speedy recovery. Usually, these would involve medications and physiotherapy exercises. Also, the recovery period is minimal and once completely cured, you can get back to normal day to day activities. Do note that you go in for an authentic and established replacement center and avoid falling prey to the fly by wire clinics that have mushroomed in every street corner. Also, ensure that you choose the procedure that fits your budget and insurance plan.

 

Joint replacement procedures usually do not require any maintenance and if needed you might have to go for regular checkups to make sure that the joints carry on well. Choose the best clinic for the replacements and live a healthy and fruitful life. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4455 people found this helpful

7 Most Common Causes Of Knee Pain!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - Orthopaedics, Fellowship In Joint Replacement, Fellowship In Minimal Invasive Subvastus Knee Replacement
Orthopedist, Navi Mumbai
7 Most Common Causes Of Knee Pain!

The knee is one of the biggest and most complex joints in the body. The knee is joined by the thigh bone (femur) to the shinbone (tibia). The little bones that keep running nearby the tibia (fibula) and the kneecap (patella) are alternate bones that make the knee joint. Ligaments associated with the knee-related leg muscles move the knee joint. Tendons join the knee bones and provide help to the knee:

  • The foremost tendon keeps the femur from sliding in reverse on the tibia (or the tibia sliding forward on the femur).
  • The back tendon keeps the femur from sliding forward on the tibia (or the tibia from sliding in reverse on the femur).
  • The average and horizontal tendons keep the femur from sliding side to side.

Some of the most common knee joint conditions are as follows:

  1. Chondromalacia patella: Irritation of the ligament underneath the kneecap (patella), bringing about knee pain. This is a typical reason for knee pain in youngsters.
  2. Knee osteoarthritisOsteoarthritis is the most widely recognized type of joint inflammation and regularly influences the knees. It is caused by maturing and wear and tear of the ligament. Its indications may include knee pain, swelling and stiffness.
  3. Meniscal tear: Damage to a meniscus, the ligament that supports the knee, regularly happens when the knee is twisted.
  4. ACL strain or tear: The ACL is in charge of a substantial part of the knee's flexibility. An ACL tear regularly leads to the knee popping out and may require surgical repair.
  5. PCL strain or tear: PCL tears can bring about pain, swelling, and knee unsteadiness. These wounds are less normal than ACL tears, and exercise based recovery is generally the best alternative.
  6. Patellar subluxation: The kneecap slides or separates along the thigh bone during movement, causing pain around the knee cap.
  7. Patellar tendonitisInflammation of the ligament related the kneecap (patella) to the shinbone. This happens mostly in competitors from rehashed bouncing.

Some of the most common and effective knee treatments are as follows:

  1. RICE treatment: Rest, ice, compression and elevation stand for RICE. The RICE treatment is a great solution for some knee conditions.
  2. Pain medications: Over-the-counter medicines or pain relievers, for example, acetaminophen (Tylenol), ibuprofen (Motrin), and naproxen (Aleve) can treat most knee joint pains.
  3. Non-intrusive treatment: An exercise routine can strengthen the muscles surrounding the knee, expanding the knee's strength.
  4. Cortisone infusion: Injecting steroid into the knee that can diminish pain and swelling.
  5. Hyaluronan infusion: Injection of a “gooey” material into the knee that may diminish pain from the joint and delay the requirement for a knee surgery.
  6. Knee surgery: Surgery might be done to amend a number of knee conditions. Surgery can supplant or repair a torn tendon, expel a harmed meniscus, or replace a seriously harmed knee.
  7. Arthroscopic surgery: An endoscope is embedded into the knee joint. Arthroscopic surgery has a shorter recovery and restoration period than open surgery.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4042 people found this helpful

Tips For Faster Knee Surgery Recovery!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - Orthopaedics, Fellowship In Joint Replacement, Fellowship In Minimal Invasive Subvastus Knee Replacement
Orthopedist, Navi Mumbai
Tips For Faster Knee Surgery Recovery!

Knee joint surgery is a long and arduous procedure in most causes. However, outpatient procedures sometimes take less than an hour and require minimal recovery time. It is commonly conducted in cases of:

  1. Progressive arthritisa
  2. Injury, dislocation or fracture
  3. To fix deformities

If one is aware of these informative tips post-surgery, recovery can be a less painful and easier process :

  1. Clean linen sheets to prevent infection to the wound
  2. In case of pain, ice packs over the bandage can be used. However, one should be cautious as extended use of ice can result in cold burns
  3. Installation of preventive fall equipment is necessary to ensure that the patient does not sustain further injuries post-surgery.
  4. Knee surgery recovery can be very time consuming in which case, the patient may experience high levels of anxiety, and depression. A close friend should be available in times of emotional need to reduce negative feelings.
  5. Crutches and other supportive objects should perpetually be in close proximity to the patient as it can be very difficult for patients to reach their close destination without the help of these necessities when in need.
  6. In case of intensive pain attacks, the patient should be taught relaxation techniques such as breathing in and out or breathing intensively in settled intervals
  7. The patient should be put on a strict diet consisting of fruits, vegetables, carbohydrates and healthy fat to allow faster recovery
  8. The patient should also get 8-10 hours of sleep daily to allow the system to recover on its own
  9. The patient should not put pressure on their body during the recovery time, especially the injured area

It is a prerequisite for the families and loved ones of the patients to show emotional support as feelings of isolation can cause further pain to the patient. Along with that, the patient should keep a positive attitude during the course of their bed-rest time. If one keeps these tips noted, recovery can be a less arduous condition.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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