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Management of Abortion
Caesarean Section Procedure
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Termination Of Pregnancy Procedure
Treatment Of Pregnancy Problems
Well Woman Healthcheck
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Treatment Of Medical Diseases In Pregnancy
Treatment Of Menstrual Problems
Intra-Uterine Insemination (IUI) Treatment
Medical Termination Of Pregnancy (Mtp) Procedure
Gynecology Laparoscopy Procedures
Pap Smear Procedure
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During pregnancy, it is essential to have a wholesome nutrition to ensure the growing baby receives a wholesome nutrition too. Extremely essential are some minerals and vitamins which have a significant role in the development of the baby. The skeletal development, for instance, is one such crucial event, and the onus is on the mother to ensure the required ingredients in the required quantity are reaching the growing fetus.
Read on to know the importance of vitamin D during the pregnancy period.
Why is it important: With the skeletal development in place, the baby’s teeth and bones begin to take shape. Both these are highly matrix-driven structures and require a good amount of calcium and phosphorus. Vitamin D is essential to maintain good amounts of calcium and phosphorus in the body.
Complications: Insufficient amounts of vitamin D can produce a range of symptoms from absolutely no issues to severe bone malformations. If not sufficient, the bones and teeth could become hypomineralized and weak leading to fractures, brittle bones, and rickets in newborn children. There are also reported incidents of low birth weight, preterm birth, and higher risks during pregnancy, but these need to be proven yet.
Sources: Top 10 Vitamin D Rich Foods- Sunlight, Cod liver oil, Sardines, Salmon, Mackerel, Tuna, Raw Milk, Caviar, Eggs and Mushrooms.
Risk factors for vitamin D deficiency: People with darker skin, obesity, and fat malabsorption conditions are more prone to develop vitamin D deficiency. With the importance of vitamin D and its role in skeletal development well established, ensure you get the right amounts of it, whatever be the source.
TREATMENT IN SPASTIC STAGES:
In case of spasticity the therapist should try to achieve the following aims:·
First normalize the tone.
Development of normal functional pattern.
Prevention of contracture and deformity.
Train the patient to be functionally independent.
Achieve highest possible physical security for the patient.
Spasticity in the muscle can be reduced by the following methods:
Gentle rhythmic passive movement.
Sustained gradual stretching either manually or by using splints.Prolonged icing over the spastic muscle bulk for about 15 to 20 min.
Faradic stimulation to the weak antagonist muscles can reduce the
Spasticity of the agonist muscle by the principle of reciprocal inhibition.
Reflex inhibiting postures or patterns.
Biofeedback: This can be used to relax spastic muscle as well as to activate its antagonist.
EXERCISES IN SPASTIC STAGE:
EXERCISES IN LYING:
Scapular movement: The patient scapula should be mobilized passively and also the patient should be asked to perform protraction and elevation movement of the scapula.Touching the opposite shoulder: The patient is trained to take his arm from extension, abduction and external rotation position towards his opposite shoulder into flexion , adduction, supination and external rotation.Touching the head: The patient is trained to touch the head by maintaining external rotation and supination. The Therapist maintains the hand in extension of the fingers with the thumb in abducted position and then she moves the hand into abduction and elevation maintaining the elbow in extension. This exercise can be progressed to active the as the patient learns to control the movement.Elbow extension with shoulder in 90 degree of flexion.The patient is then trained to maintain the arm in space in different directions. This exercise will help the patient in developing good control of the upper limbs and also increase the proximal fixation.
Bridging should be done by weight bearing on the affected limb only. The therapist maintains the normal limb in flexion and encourages weight bearingt hrough the hemiplegic lower extremities.
Unilateral rotation of the pelvis:
The patient performs hip-knee flexion of the affected lower limb and then rotated the pelvis to the opposite side. The patient tries to maintain this posture so that the spasticity of the trunk is inhibited. This exercise also help in encouraging forward rotation of the pelvis and correcting pelvic retraction.The patient is encouraged to perform flexion adduction and extension abduction pattern of the lower limb keeping the knee in extension position throughout.
The affected lower limb is kept in abduction at the edge of the plinth such that the knee is in flexion. In this position the patient is encouraged to perform knee extension and flexion without any adduction or flexion movement at the hip.
The patient may be trained to perform dorsiflexion with hip extension and plantar flexion with hip flexion. In case the patient is unable to perform dorsiflexion he may be trained to do with hip-knee flexion and the flexion at the hip and knee gradually reduced.
Hello doctor. I'm 24 I had my periods on 11th March this incident happened ona18-19 the march I want to know that can sperms go through clothing? Me and my bf were humping. We never ever had sex. He took his penis out of his jeans. But I was wearing a leggings which was thin and panty too. He ejaculate on my upper thigh while his underwear were on I felt wetness on my upper thigh. Can sperm swim through that three layers of clothing and make me pregnant? I am a virgin too. How many periods should I go for confirmation that I'm not pregnant.
Hi I am 26 years Old and pregnant for 12 weeks. I have ortho problem in my right knee. Is it good to consult and take medication for ortho while i am pregnant. Thanks in advance for your answer.
Penis Rash From Shingles? It Happens
Good penis care is essential for maintaining a guy's favorite body part in its best condition. Not only is a healthy penis better positioned to perform at appropriate levels, but it also tends to be more handsome and appealing. And sine first impressions are important, a man wants to have a piece of equipment in his pants that looks good and healthy - not one that is sporting an off-putting penis rash. Taking good care of penis skin can help prevent a penis rash, but there can be other causes of skin conditions, like shingles, which can still pop up unexpectedly.
For young guys, too?
But, wait - isn't shingles an old man's disease? Should a healthy young guy really be worried about it? Well, worried, no - but he should be aware of the possibility, because shingles is NOT something which occurs only in old age. True, about half of all shingles cases occur in people age 60 and over, but even children can come down with it.
So what is it?
People talk about shingles, but do they have more than a vague idea of what they are talking about? Shingles is a viral disease that is also called herpes zoster. Its most common feature is a skin rash that tends to be localized but occurs in a fairly wide swipe. The rash can be anywhere on the body, including the penis, balls and general midsection area. Many people report feeling a tingling sensation in the affected area for a few days before the rash appears. In some instances, there may also be fever, headache or pains associated with the shingles outbreak. Many people find the rash, which may turn to blisters, to be painful to the touch.
Most cases of shingles clear up within a few weeks, but in some cases there may be lingering nerve pain which can last for months or even years.
What causes it?
Shingles is actually caused by the same virus that causes chickenpox. If a person contracted chickenpox as a child, the virus remains in their system in an inactive state - and it can be activated later in life and cause shingles.
A person can also contract the virus if they come into physical contact with the blisters on an infected person. For this reason, a person with a penis rash caused by shingles should abstain from sexual contact with another person until the rash has cleared up, to prevent the risk of spreading the virus to a partner. Of course, since significant pain is often present in the area that is affected by shingles, the penis may be too sensitive to withstand sexual contact anyway.
A man with shingles on his penis should consult with a doctor to determine treatment. Pain medications (often basic over-the-counter kinds) may be recommended, as well as antiviral drugs or corticosteroids. If nerve pain is present, the doctor may recommend wearing loose-fitting underwear and trousers. Some men find that cold compresses applied to the penis can lessen the pain during an outbreak. Oatmeal baths and calamine lotion can help if the penis rash results in excessive itchiness.
The penis rash caused by shingles is but one of many potential skin conditions which can affect one's penis health. Rashes with a topical, non-viral base are more likely to be prevented by regular application of a top notch penis health crème (health professionals recommend Man 1 Man Oil, which is clinically proven mild and safe for skin). It helps to find a crème that contains both a high end emollient (such as shea butter) and a natural hydrator (such as vitamin E, which together can create a moisture lock to keep penis skin properly moisturized. A good crème will also include a powerful antioxidant; alpha lipoic acid is a superb example of one. The antioxidant helps fight excess free radicals which otherwise may cause oxidative stress that weakens sensitive penis skin.
Hi sir/madam. This question is quite annoying but I wanted to know from experienced doctors. I got my last period on 5th july 2016. According to some scans doctors are saying that my 8th month is running. My husband lives abroad and on 25th july he came. So am confused that when I conceived. Doctors are counting from 5th july only. And can you say my exact weeks and my EDD. I will b very much thankful to u.
The pressure of blood vessels in the body is referred to as blood pressure. It is essentially the measure of the force of the blood while it travels through the vessels. Doctors measure it with a blood pressure device and a stethoscope. A reading higher than the normal reading is termed as which blood pressure.
Blood pressure during pregnancy is of 3 types:
- Chronic hypertension: This is the kind of hypertension that could be pre-existent before the pregnancy or has developed after 5th month of pregnancy.
- Gestational hypertension: This is the type of hypertension, which stays till late pregnancy and disappears suddenly. There are no particular symptoms about it.
- Pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH): This condition is also known as preeclampsia or toxemia. It can cause serious potential harm if medical care is not taken on time. Both the mother and the baby gets affected if not treatment is not started on time. It typically affects a woman during the 20th week of pregnancy. Some other symptoms include excess protein in the blood and the urine.
The risk of pregnancy induced hypertension:
PIH can have serious consequences on the baby and the mother at large. The placenta fails to carry an adequate amount of protein in urine. This can result in several complications ranging from a low body weight of the fetus to other birth related complications. Once common complications where a baby suffers is known as eclampsia. This is a condition where both the baby and the mother suffer from seizures.
Symptoms of pregnancy induced hypertension:
There are various symptoms of pregnancy induced hypertensions. Some of the visible signs of this condition are vomiting blood, faster heartbeat, acute headaches, swelling of the hands and feet, less than normal urine, nausea, persistent fever, pain in the tummy, dizziness, frequent vomiting, drowsiness and blurred vision. Other symptoms are headache, excess weight gain , edema over feet, abdominal wall and other parts of body. If a woman is facing any one or more of the above symptoms, she should make it a point to visit a doctor at the earliest.
Risk factors of pregnancy induced hypertension:
PIH is frequently observed in those women whose sisters or mothers have faced the same during their pregnancies. The risk factors increase in those women who are carrying more than one baby. A woman who have not attended adulthood or who are above the age of 40 also runs the risk of suffering from pregnancy induced hypertension.
Diagnosis and treatment:
There is no single test that could identify PIH. Along with the usual symptoms, a doctor looks for persistent high blood pressure for any indication. A doctor might prescribe few blood tests to confirm the diagnosis. The treatment that works for this condition is to ensure that the baby is delivered at the earliest. If it’s the condition is detected few weeks before the delivery, a doctor let the condition be as it is, if however, the condition is diagnosed several months before the pregnancy, a doctor can have the baby delivered early in order to ensure the sound health of the baby and the mother.