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Cataracts are a common eye problem experienced by the elderly. In some cases, babies may also be born with cataract as a congenital defect or it may develop as a result of conditions such as diabetes. Cataracts can affect one or both eyes and is characterized by the clouding of the lens in the eye. This can make it difficult to see clearly and if not treated in time can lead to blindness.
Common symptoms of cataract include:
- Blurred vision
- Changes in the perception of colour
- Night blindness
- Increased sensitivity to glares
- Double vision
An eye examination is the first step to diagnosing cataracts. To confirm a diagnosis the doctor will also dilate the pupil to check the lens. Most cataracts can be easily treated with surgery. This surgery involves the separation of the cataract from the lens and its removal after which an intraocular lens implant is placed in the eye. In cases where this cannot be used, corrective contact lenses or glasses will need to be used. One of the most popular methods of cataract surgery is known as phaco surgery or phacoemulsification.
This surgery involves making two, small incisions on the eye where the cornea meets the sclera. This is then used to create a circular opening in the lens through which a probe is inserted into the eye. Sound waves or laser is then used to break the cataract into small pieces. This is then removed from the eyes and an intraocular lens implant is put in its place. Stitches are rarely required for this surgery and it is usually performed as an outpatient procedure while the patient is under local anaesthesia. When treating cataract, both eyes are usually not addressed simultaneously.
This surgery is usually pain free. The operated eye may be bandaged overnight and the patient will be given a protective eye shield to be worn for a week. The doctor will ask you to get a check up 2-3 days after the surgery where they can evaluate the clarity of the lens, overall health of the eye, eye pressure and visual acuity.
Cataract surgery is generally considered to be a safe surgery but like any other surgery there are risks involved. Some of the possible complications of this type of surgery include:
- Pain and redness of the eye
- Vision problems
- Swelling of the eye
- Discharge from the eye
- Flashes or floaters in the patient’s vision
If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an ophthalmologist.
My dad has been advised to do laser operation. But 1 eye is dead from his child hood. So want to know laser is required for both or 1 eye is fine.
I have red eyes from last three days. And it is pained from last three day. I have also stomach problem. It is paid when I eat some fast food. I have also number of farts. My sister have also problem in mouth. When she is eat some hot foods. My mother is handicap and my father is also handicapped. They cannot walk by their own legs.
When Sheena (42), a banking professional, got to know that her mother (72) has been diagnosed with a cataract formation in both her eyes, she didn't know how to react. The thought of 'second opinion' was constantly running through her mind, making it difficult for her to concentrate at work, just then an acquaintance informed Sheena about all the misconceptions she had about Cataract Surgery and the treatments available. Probably, for Sheena, Cataract Surgery still meant the way it used to be during her grandparents' time - waiting for surgery until the cataract ripens, the process of undergoing pain, wearing black tinted glasses for over a month, no TV, and endless list of precautions to be followed post operative. Infact, there are numerous people like Sheena who still are ignorant about the Blade-Free Laser Cataract Surgery.
Read Also : Food Habits You Should Avoid For Healthy Eyes
Apart from being blade-less, through this Femtosecond Laser Cataract Surgery, it takes less than 1 minute to finish the surgical process! What's more? Well, this latest technique also offers a totally prick-less, painless, bloodless, stitch-less and a bandage free solution to the patient. And, the results are immediate and effective.
Let's debunk the misinformation about Cataract Surgery and help you get to the truth.
Myth#1 Cataracts 'grow' on top of the eye.
FACT:False! Cataracts are a clouding of the eye's lens, and the lens is within the eye, not on its surface. Therefore, during the surgery, the clouded lens of an eye is removed and replaced with an artificial/synthetic lens with a process called Intraocular Lens (IOL) implantation.
Read Also: Signs That You Need An Eye Exam
Myth#2 Cataract Surgery is scary and painful.
FACT: Not true. Infact, it is one of the safest surgeries possible. Though it can be slightly uncomfortable but shouldn't be painful. Usually four out of five people say that the surgery was easier than they had expected.
Myth#3 I'll need reading glasses after Cataract Surgery.
Fact: Not necessary! New generation Multifocal and 'monovision' replacement lenses correct vision at various points, near and far, and can sometimes reduce the need for glasses too.
Myth#4 A cataract must be 'ripe' before it can be removed.
FACT: In the past this was true, however, with modern cataract surgery, a cataract does not have to 'ripen' to be removed. You can go ahead with a cataract removal surgery as soon as it begins to affect your vision and quality of life.
Myth#5 Only older people develop cataracts.
FACT: Cataracts are common among people over 65 years of age; however, cataracts can occur in people who are younger resulting from conditions such as diabetes, certain medications and other eye problems. In some cases cataracts can be present at time of birth; called congenital cataracts.
Myth#6 Cataracts can spread from one eye to the other.
FACT: False! Cataracts can develop in one eye or both of them, but they do not spread.
For more queries on Cataract Surgery and the kinds of treatments and IOLs available at Sharp Sight Contact Us