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Cervical Traction Procedure
Hip Replacement Surgery
Treatment of Lumbar Radiculopathy
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Treatment of Knee replacement
Arthritis And Pain Management Treatment
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Ankle Injury Treatment
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Physiotherapy can greatly help a patient of paralysis by making him/her independent to the maximum extent. Physiotherapy also plays an important role in negating potential complications after a paralysis. Although the process of rehabilitation can take time, it produces significantly encouraging result for a patient to continue with it until full recovery. The recovery depends on the type of paralysis a person has undergone. Notably, there are four types of paralysis:
Role of Physiotherapy-
The process of physiotherapy should resume as soon as the patient is stabilized. It not only helps in relaxing muscles, but also helps in smooth blood circulation. Long-term therapy can ensure muscle tone and overall well-being of an individual.
In the case of an external injury related to the brain, physiotherapy can speed up the recovery and reduce swelling to a significant extent. Some of the benefits are-
Physiotherapy can help a person regain the highest possible mobility.
Physiotherapy can increase the respiratory function of a person.
It helps the person in bringing down blood pressure and contracture.
A physiotherapist also focuses on unaffected area and works on them to ensure that the unaffected part of the body, in no way, loses mobility and retains the natural strength.
Physiotherapy also helps to manage a paralyzed bladder.
A physiotherapist suggests proper wheelchair, splint, braces, orthosis etc. These help a person to reintegrate quickly after the paralysis.
Physiotherapy lifts the morale and motivation of a patient by addressing post-traumatic experiences such as denial, anger, hostility, depression and anxiety.
It also serves as a perfect guide for the family of the patient.
Exercises that a Physiotherapist Suggests-
Aerobic Exercise: This is a set of physical exercises that lets the muscle tissues exchange oxygen at a rapid rate. The goal is to enhance the function of the motor neuron and the aerobic capacity of a patient. Support straps and gain belts might be required for a patient to stand on feet. A handrail helps to walk during this phase.
Physical Conditioning: Balance, stability, and coordination is the motive of any physical program for a paralyzed individual. Passive or active motion exercises help an individual to regain function of the limbs. Passive exercise also helps to regain strength. A physiotherapist rotates the thumb of a patient in such a way that the back of his hand faces forward.
- Leg Rotations: One common exercise that is tried by a physiotherapist is to make the patient lie down on a mat with his/her legs straightened. Supporting the knee joint and the ankle, the right leg is moved outward and pulled backward. This is again repeated with the other leg. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a physiotherapist and ask a free question.
My wife 50 has been getting early morning leg cramps which is very painful. She is hypertensive but controlled with Candesartan 8 mg per day. Please advice how to treat these leg cramps.
Ossteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis, affects almost everyone. It occurs when the protective cartilage wear off. Although osteoarthritis can damage any joint in your body, the disorder most commonly affects joints in your hands, knees, hips and spine. There is no Cure for Osteoarthritis. But staying active, maintaining a healthy weight and other treatments may slow progression of the disease and help improve pain and joint function.
Osteoarthritis symptoms often develop slowly and worsen over time. Signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis include:
2) Tenderness. Light pressure gives pain.
4) Loss of flexibility
5) Grating sensation
6) Bone spurs. These extra bits of bone, which feel like hard lumps, may form around the affected joint.
Osteoarthritis occurs when the cartilage that cushions the ends of bones in your joints gradually deteriorates. Cartilage is a firm, slippery tissue that permits nearly frictionless joint motion. In osteoarthritis, the slick surface of the cartilage becomes rough. Eventually, if the cartilage wears down completely, you may be left with bone rubbing on bone.
Factors increase risk of osteoarthritis include:
1) Older age. The risk of osteoarthritis increases with age.
2) Sex. Women are more likely to develop osteoarthritis, though it isn't clear why.
3) Obesity. Carrying extra body weight contributes to osteoarthritis in several ways. It puts added stress on weight-bearing joints, such as your hips and knees. In addition, fat tissue produces proteins that may cause harmful inflammation in and around your joints.
4) Joint injuries. Injuries, such as those that occur when playing sports or from an accident, may increase the risk of osteoarthritis.
5) Certain occupations. If your job includes tasks that place repetitive stress on a particular joint, that joint may eventually develop osteoarthritis.
6) Genetics. Some people inherit a tendency to develop osteoarthritis.
7) Bone deformities. Some people are born with malformed joints or defective cartilage, which can increase the risk of osteoarthritis.
8) Other diseases. Having diabetes or other rheumatic diseases such as gout and rheumatoid arthritis can increase your risk of osteoarthritis.
Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease that worsens over time. Joint pain and stiffness may become severe enough to make daily tasks difficult. Some people are no longer able to work. When joint pain is this severe, doctors may suggest joint replacement surgery.
Tests and diagnosis
Clinical Examination, X Rays and Blood tests.
Treatments and drugs
b. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
a. Physical therapy.
b. Occupational therapy.
c. Braces or shoe inserts.
d. A chronic pain class – Training in group
3) Surgical and other procedures
a. Cortisone shots.
b. Lubrication injections.
c. Realigning bones.
d. Joint replacement.
4) Lifestyle and home remedies
b. Lose weight.
c. Use heat and cold to manage pain.
d. Apply over-the-counter pain creams.
e. Use assistive devices.
5) Alternative medicine (I do not believe but people use)
b. Glucosamine and chondroitin.
c. Avocado-soybean unsaponifiables.
d. Tai chi and yoga.