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Knee Pain Treatment
Spinal Surgery Disorders
Treatment of Neurological Problems
Treatment of Knee replacement
Treatment of Joint And Muscle Problems
Treatment of Nerve And Muscle Disorders
Acl Reconstruction Procedure
Hip Replacement Surgery
Joint Dislocation Treatment
Knee Care Procedures
Joint Replacement Surgery
Ankle Pain Treatment
Treatment of Spondylosis
Arthritis And Pain Management Treatment
Treatment of Joint Dislocation
Treatment Of Disk Slip
Treatment Of Herniated Disc
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Lifestyle of people today is way different than our elders used to follow. Food habits, nutritional choices, way of living life has been changed and so the importance of physiotherapy in the medical field. Physiotherapy helps restore the body movements and function when one is affected by injuries, illnesses or any severe disabilities. The physiotherapists help people of all the ages, helping patients to manage severe pain and also helps into preventing the deadly injuries. Physiotherapy profession helps to encourage and facilitates development and recovery, enabling people to stay in work.
People may come to see a physiotherapist for variety of reasons, low back pain, knee dislocations, shoulder injuries, fractures, ligament and tendon issues which they must have caused during hectic workouts or while playing sports. Youth today do gyming, and are very cautious about their aesthetics. The very common injuries seen while working out in gym or playing sports are muscle pull, ligament tears, slip disc, ball socket injuries. To cure these injuries one will need medications as well as physiotherapy assistance. The key role of a physiotherapist is to investigate, so that they can make a treatment plan which will normally include passive modalities like ice, heat, laser treatments and electrical stimulations to name few of them. There are several techniques which a physiotherapists use to cure patients.
1. Manual Therapy – Manual therapy can be used in all part of injuries. The hands on approach factor separates physical therapists from other health experts. This therapy usually employ common tactics like stretching, massage to train the body into proper mechanics and movements. Experts say that manual therapy should be the backbone of any treatment plan.
2. Theraband Exercises – This band is a versatile type of equipment available to help with any injury strengthening and rehabilitation program. These exercises improves your muscular endurance and strengths, it enhances your aesthetic appeal by improving your posture, balance, body co-ordination etc. You can consult your physiotherapist before performing your exercises. Shoulder extension, knee and hamstring flexion can be performed using theraband.
3. Ice – This treatment will be best for Injuries involving inflammation and Swelling. Ice plays a extreme vital role in the physiotherapy treatment. Ice is an effective way to reduce and prevent inflammation immediately following an injury. Cold therapy can also leave the joint more mobile can enhance manual therapy. Applying cold therapy to inflamed areas has been shown to significantly reduce swelling in soft tissue injuries.
4. Heat – Heat techniques can be used best for the injuries involving muscular spasms and tightness. Heat application decreases the pain and increase mobility in mainly those involving soft tissues like ligaments, tendons and muscles. Heat treatments makes tissues more pliable. This treatment can support the treatment plan, but this cannot be the mainstream treatment.
5. Ultrasound – This treatment is the best for the connective tissue injuries. By using sound weaves (not heard by the human ear) generates heat deep inside the body. Ultra Sound has also been shown to increase ligaments and tendons healing. In this treatment the wand is used to apply the sound weaves directly on your skin.
6. Low Level Laser – This technique is useful in treating muscular or connective tissue injuries. This therapy uses specific wavelengths of light to stimulate healing. It helps in reducing inflammation, muscle fatigue and pain. LASER stands for ‘Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation.’ It is basically red infrared light on areas of injury.
7. Short Wave Diathermy (SWD) – The term diathermy is heating or producing deep heating directly in the tissue of the body. The externally applied source of the heat can be wet hot towels, infrared lamps and electric heating pads often produces discomfort and slight skin burns long before adequate heat has penetrated to the deeper tissues. This technique is effective in relieving pain and also helps in reducing inflammation. It is excessively used in lower back pains, curing arthritis, brusitis, osteomylitis, and several others.
8. Maitland Mobilization – This concept basically uses passive and accessory mobilizations of the spine to treat pain and stiffness. There are grades which are seen in following treatment namely like Small movements of the spine performed within the spines resistance, larger movements of the spine but still performed within the spines resistance, large movements of the spine performed into the spines resistance, A small movement of the spine performed into the spines resistance, A high velocity movement performed into the spines resistance. This type of mobilization depends on the severity, nature and irritability of the spinal pain. This technique good for spinal injuries.
Who does not like to play sports? We all do right. Playing sports makes us more alert, makes us physically active and super cool. Sports involves lot of physical activity and thus is highly prone area for injuries. Sports injuries varies from one sport to other sport. Excessive swelling can affect the motion and interrupt the natural healing process. Some common injuries may take several months to heal, even after good treatment. If the injury is severe, the entire muscle including tendon and ligament is torn away you may need an urgent surgery. We have the best orthopedic surgeon and medical experts in AXIS Hospital where you can get rid of your pain.
Some of the common injuries which occurs while playing sports can be sprains and strains, knee injuries, pain along the sheen bone, fractures some times multiple, swollen muscles, tendon or ligament injuries and sometimes may also cause dislocations specially ball-socket (Knee, Hip and Shoulder Joints) and many more injuries which may need orthopedic treatments. Injuries are those which we cannot avoid, we only have to cure it. Some injuries take longer time to heal like fractures or knee injuries. Knee Injuries may also need knee replacement surgery and quick medical consultation so that the treatment starts quickly and hence can expect faster recovery.
Swelling is the normal response to all such kind of injuries. If you are injured you must take care, so that you will heal quickly. You should protect yourself from getting injured in future. Complete rest should be taken and all the physical activities must be restricted. Ice treatment is the most beneficial treatment, as it slows the inflammation and swelling after the injury, ice packs also helps in numbing the sore tissues. It also reduce the nerve impulses in the area. Ice packs also decrease the tissue damage. Compression with elastic bandage will help reduce swelling. You should also see that one elevate the injured area. Elevating the injured area above the heart level will also lessen the swelling. Injuries have to be treated well so that you can play your favorite sport again with a bang!
In day to day life no one has enough time to look after the injuries. We cannot stop them we can definitely avoid them . Listed below are the few steps we can take:
- Do your warm-up exercises (any people avoid)
- Run on the grounds, avoid tar roads.
- Run on the flat surfaces .
- Do your stretches before and after your activity.
- While jumping, make sure you land up keeping your knees bend.
- Check your physical health before playing.
- Avoid overdoing it .
- Be mentally happy.
Most patients undergoing ‘Total Knee Replacement’ surgery want to know when they will be able to resume their normal lives and routines. Orthopedic Surgeons claim that normally people take three to six months to completely recover post surgery.
- Recovery is an aspect that is completely different and varies from person to person depending on his or her body structure, immune system, mental health and even attitude towards life. Knee Replacement Surgery is a life changing experience where one’s body undergoes extreme changes because one of the important and sensitive organ gets replaced.
- There are two types of recovery phases which are either short-term or long-term. Short-term recovery requires the patient to walk with minimal aid or no aid and to give up major pain medications in favour of over-the-counter pain relief. This occurs within twelve weeks post surgery. Long-term recovery is what patients normally ask about returning to work and resuming normal life activities. An Orthopedic expert will suggest the recovery measures. Many small or large issues can crop up during a recovery from a small pimple near the wound to a terrific pain.
- As one person is different from others, the recovery will also vary accordingly. Usually, doctors make a patient stand on his or her feet within 24 hours post surgery. Walking with a frame or crutches is suggested and encouraged. Most people are able to walk independently with sticks, a week after the surgery but this can vary depending on the individual.
- When the patient is in hospital, physiotherapist teaches him exercises to strengthen the knee and such a patient must perform these exercises for a month or two as the orthopedic surgeon suggests. Post surgery, one can find discomfort in walking or exercising and can even experience swelling. In that case, passive motion machine can give relief by relieving pain.
- Such a patient can stop using crutches or walking frame about 5 to 6 weeks after the surgery. Even after his or her bones have recovered, it is best to avoid extreme movements where there is a risk of falling or receiving injuries. One can resume driving when he or she can bend the knee smoothly without any discomfort and when one can get in and out of a car and control the car properly . This is usually around four to six weeks post surgery, but one has to check with physiotherapist or orthopedic doctor whether it is safe to drive.
- For three months, one should be able to manage light chores, such as dusting and washing up. Such a patient should avoid heavy household tasks like vacuuming and changing the beds. One should not stand for long periods as it may be painful and may also cause ankle swelling and avoid stretching up or bending down for the first six weeks.
- A patient who has undergone Knee Replacement surgery can continue to take prescribed painkillers or anti-inflammatory medications to help manage any pain and swelling on the operated areas or even on the toes. One can avoid twisting the knee and take help of supportive shoes while walking and doing any physical activities. Sitting legs crossed can increase the pain around the knee so one can avoid such sitting posture. For couple of months after knee surgery, one can keep leg escalated and can use ice packs whenever needed.
Calcium is the most important and abundantly found mineral in our body. It is stored in the bones and the teeth. Though our body needs lot of calcium, many of us are not eating enough calcium-rich foods. Calcium is needed not only for bones, teeth and good health but also for our blood clotting, optimal nerve transmission, hormonal secretion and muscle contradiction. This is easily possibly by bone calcium, which is also known as a storage area, that releases calcium into the blood stream when needed. Blood calcium plays a critical role in balancing body’s acid/alkaline and pH (potential of Hydrogen). The body borrows calcium from the bones when need arises.
- Calcium is used to create new bones and maintain the strength of the bones. It is also used to control breast cancer and reduce PMS symptoms while helping in weight loss. Calcium is found to be deficient in postmenopausal women and milk intake is quite essential for them. Each day, we lose calcium in the form of skin, nails, hair, sweat, urine and cannot produce it. That is why it is necessary to outsource calcium.
- The symptoms of Calcium deficiency symptoms are Osteopenia or Osteoporosis, tooth decay, muscle tension and high blood pressure.
- Magnesium, Vitamin D and K are needed to absorb calcium in the body. Complex food-based supplements are preferred to isolated calcium supplements to meet our calcium needs. Generally men require 1000 milligrams of calcium per day and women need 1200 milligrams per day.
- Products in which calcium are found in abundant are raw milk, sardines, yogurt, kale, broccoli, water crush, beans and lentils, figs, edamame and tofu, cheese, okra, almonds, custard apple. Calcium is also found in green vegetables and raw dairy products.
- Supplements for calcium include Citracal Calcium +D3 Slow Release, Kirkland Signature Calcium Citrate Magnesium and Zinc, Bluebonnet Calcium Citrate and Vitamin D3, GNC Calcium Plus 1000, New Chapter Bone Strength Calcium, Nature Made Calcium with Vitamin D, Swanson Calcium Citrate and Vitamin D, Calcium Magnesium with Vitamin, Rainbow Light Calcium Citrate Mini-tablets, Solaray Calcium Magnesium Zinc
- While taking calcium supplements, please choose brand supplements with high reliability, carefully read the product label and determine the amount of elemental calcium. You must take calcium supplements mostly with food. Also, while trying a new supplement, take in smaller amount and try adequately and efficiently. Side effects of calcium supplements may occur such as constipation and gas problems.
- Benefits of calcium are manifold. Our body needs calcium to build and maintain strong bones. Heart muscles and nerves also require Calcium to function adequately. Study reveals that calcium along with vitamin D can have benefits beyond bone health, perhaps protecting against cancer, diabetes and blood pressure.
An hamstring is any of the five tendons behind a person’s knee. A hamstring muscle consists of three types of muscles of the semi trendiness, semi membranous and biceps femoris.
A hamstring injury is the tear of the tendons or the muscles at the back of the knee and thigh. During sprinting these muscles work extremely hard and it is then that the hamstring is likely to occur. There are three types of hamstring tears namely mild, partial and complete muscle tears these are also known as grade 1, grade 2 and grade 3 respectively.
An hamstring tear occurs when there is a sudden enlargement or untimely stretch in the muscles that is beyond the limit. They also occur during aggressive moments like sprinting, running, stretching or jumping. They also occur during slow moments which over stretch your muscles. The sudden jerking pulls may also lead to hamstring muscles and these are known ‘pulled hamstring’.
Mild hamstrings would not hurt much but the pulled hamstrings or grade 3 hamstring pain is unbearable and would make it impossible for a person to walk or even stand.
- Sudden pain during warm ups and exercises.
- Pain in the back of the thigh or even at the lower buttocks, when walking, straightening the legs, bending and even sitting.
- Feeling of pain or soreness in the leg
- Bruising, this is when there are purple-black color marks on the body even when the skin is not broken.
Most of the hamstring injuries can be cured using simple home techniques. Hamstring injuries cannot be cured in one day or two. It requires weeks or a month or two to recover depending on how severe the tear is. The initial treatment of hamstring tear will be cured in 4 easy steps. These steps are also known as RICE therapy.
- R stands for rest, where the injured leg is required to be kept still for 2-3 days. In this stage, immense care has to be taken of the leg and in extreme cases the doctor may recommend using crutches.
- I stands for ice. Apply ice cubes covered in towel or cloth on the injured area for 15 minutes and continue this procedure at an interval of 2-3 hours. Do not apply ice directly on the skin.
- C stands for comprehension, which refers to bandaging the injured thigh or knee to avoid further damage or movement of the portion.
- E stands for elevation, which means to rest your leg using a support such as a pillow. This is done to reduce swelling.
- Apart from the above methods, regular painkillers like paracetamol will also work well. Certain creams and gels recommended by doctors can also ease pain.
- Practice stretching and strengthening exercises as recommended by doctor and
- As rightly said prevention is better than cure, a part of precaution is adequate warm up. Bicycling for 5 to 10 minutes will make a change. The muscles should adequately be warmed up before or prior to this type of exercise.
- Stretching before exercises and sports should be controlled and geared up during playing sports.
- Part of a good hamstring injury prevention is a regular and healthy amount of exercise. The more the muscles are strengthened, the more is the connective tissue strengthened. Resistance exercises are used to strengthen the masculinity, the strength of the muscles and also to increase the size of muscles.
- The Nordic Hamstring exercise uses concentric and eccentric contradictions which improve the vertical jump, the strength and the amount of flexibility of a person. This is a very intense exercise and is to be practiced only under doctor’s supervision and guidance. To perform this exercise, follow the below instructions:
- Start kneeling with the hips and chest in the straight position.
- Have your trainer hold your heels to keep your feet in contact with the floor throughout the exercise.
- Slowly lower your body towards the floor using your hamstrings and touch the floor, let this step be as slow as possible.
- Once you are on the floor help yourself get up slowly using your hamstrings and come back to the vertical position.
Many people work throughout the day on computers, thereby spending most of their time on the desktops, sitting for more than 10 hours at a stretch without doing any physical activity. There are many others who sit in buses, trains, planes and cars when they travel, spend time in restaurants to eat food or a meal, sit at home to watch their favorite Television shows, thereby following a sedentary lifestyle by spending whole day in some place. Experts say that people who sit at one place to work eventually experience pain in lower back and neck region either due to poor chair design or because of inappropriate sitting posture.
- While we change from a standing posture to a sitting posture there are various anatomical changes that occur. Lumber spine changes its shape to adjust on what we choose to sit and how we sit. If we chose to sit on a flat surface, stool, bench, without any back support we hunch the body forward for support, often resting our arms on our legs to reduce fatigue. As we hunch ahead, the lower back curves outwards into a kyphotic shape. (The neck and lower back sections of the spine have a natural curve to them called Kyphotic). This is generally regarded as unhealthy and uncomfortable sitting posture if sustained for a longer time. So at the end of the day we have to sit and maintain the lumber spine in a posture called Lordosis (the thoracic spine has a natural curve going in the opposite direction and this is called lordotic.
- To keep spine safe and healthy, one requires to make periodic changes in posture. A dynamic movement helps to increase circulation and reduce muscle fatigue. There is desirable range of movement that works for most of the people who live a sedentary lifestyle. There are many factors that can affect your back at the workstation and this includes sitting posture, computer screen position, chair height, keyboard and mouse position and desk equipment layout.
- One should be active even if he or she is a sedentary worker. The longer one is immobile, the weaker his or her back muscles will become, and the more they will hurt in the long term. For back pain that lasts more than six weeks, treatment typically involves a combination of painkillers and either acupuncture, exercise classes or manual therapy. Taking regular intervals between a long day struggle at office will help one maintain the pain and will keep the person active.
- In addition to walk for a while in office, experts say that doing some simple stretches can help the muscles to ease. Wrist extension and flexion by holding the top of your hand pushing it ahead and pushing your fingers into your palm to push the hand back helps to stretch the ligaments and tendons in the forearm which tend to get tight and shortened after a day of computer work. Hamstring stretches such as bending down to touch toes can help alleviate back pain. The biggest culprit in lower back issues is the hamstrings so you want to stretch the hamstrings to lessen the stress on the lower back. Stretching can help one’s blood flow in the right direction.
- Lumbar support and seat pads may help relieve lower back pain, but experts say the tendency with these aids is still to lean forward causing unwanted stress on the spine. Instead, they recommend a kneeling chair that has a fixed seat with a 30 degree slope and padded support for the knees. Because of the angle, [the kneeling chair] forces you to sit up straight and maintains a neutral position of the spine. Kneeling chairs also allow hip flexors to lengthen and put less pressure on the lower back by preventing slouching. Stress affects everyone regardless of back pain, but stress does have a physical effect on the lower back itself.
- Lower Back pain can be controlled by lessening the stress, improving sitting posture and also by following healthy food and life habits.
During childhood we must have heard our mother asking us to sit under the sun for at least 15 minutes every morning to experience sun rays on the body. This sounds to be a dull and drab advise but it is certainly important for bone health. Vitamin D has to perform many important tasks in the body. It keeps bones strong by helping body absorb calcium and phosphorus and important key minerals for bone health.
- Vitamin D is very commonly known as Sunshine Vitamin. It is available in food as well as in other dietary supplements. Vitamin D has several important functions in a human body. It helps in promoting calcium absorption, maintaining normal phosphate and calcium levels, promotes cell and bone growth, reduces inflammation. Calcium and Vitamin D together can build stronger bones in women post menopause. It also helps with other disorders that cause weak bones, like rickets etc.
- It is not possible to see the deficiency externally, but it could be seen internally in few ways such as the effected person may find difficulty in thinking clearly, may go through bone pain, frequent fracture in bones, weakness in muscles, unexpected fatigue.
- Many people don’t develop signs until their Vitamin D levels get tremendously low. There are several factors which contribute to the rising incidence of vitamin D deficiency in people today
- and this includes wearing sunscreen, not spending much time under sun, having pigmentation on skin which restricts rays to go under skin, mothers who breastfeed infants for longer span of time, being obese which naturally increases Vitamin D requirements in them. Some people are born without the ability to process vitamin D from birth.
- It is necessary to get Vitamin D3 in body either externally or internally. Food items like fatty fish like Salmon, tuna etc are considered to be the best source of Vitamin D. Cheese and egg yolks can also provide desired amount of Vitamin D3 in our body. As Vitamin D3 deficiency is difficult to dignose normally there are many conditions in which you can see this deficiency commonly which include someone who is above 50 years of age, someone who has kidney disorders or even someone who has darker skin color.
- Eating correct is the only key to live healthy. Getting enough Vitamin D either through your diet or a supplement should be planned by women to prevent osteoporosis in future.