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Dr. Tanna

Endocrinologist, Mumbai

Dr. Tanna Endocrinologist, Mumbai
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My experience is coupled with genuine concern for my patients. All of my staff is dedicated to your comfort and prompt attention as well....more
My experience is coupled with genuine concern for my patients. All of my staff is dedicated to your comfort and prompt attention as well.
More about Dr. Tanna
Dr. Tanna is a renowned Endocrinologist in Mumbai, Mumbai. You can consult Dr. Tanna at Jay Anand Hospital & Iccu in Mumbai, Mumbai. Book an appointment online with Dr. Tanna and consult privately on Lybrate.com.

Find numerous Endocrinologists in India from the comfort of your home on Lybrate.com. You will find Endocrinologists with more than 27 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Endocrinologists online in Mumbai and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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Jay Anand Hospital & Iccu

: No 2, Mildred Apartments, Govind Bachaji Road, Thane West, Landmark: Opposite Dagdi School No 2, Charai, MumbaiMumbai Get Directions
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Sir/Madam, Iam 45 Y/M. I am suffering from anal pain and burning sensation for nearly 2 months. Iam not diabetic. Please suggest me. Thank you.

PGDMLS, PGDHHM, LLB, PhD Surgery, MS - General Surgery
General Surgeon, Gurgaon
Sir/Madam, Iam 45 Y/M. I am suffering from anal pain and burning sensation for nearly 2 months. Iam not diabetic. Ple...
Yes, this could well be a fissure. Anal fissure improves with general measures but may require surgery. The general measures I would suggest are 1. Take lot of vegetables & fruits in your diet 2. Avoid chillies & spices 3. Take lot of fluids 4. Avoid constipation 5 periodically do anal exercises (alternately contracting & relaxing the buttocks, anal area & upper thighs) 6. Take sitz bath 3-4 times a day. This means sitting in a tub of warm water & doing anal exercises 7. Atleast once get it examined by a general surgeon.
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How to be healthy at 62 along with diabetes type 2 ,hyper tension, nerves weakness kindly give me some economical tips thank you

DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery), MD - Alternate Medicine, M.D. ( Alternative Medicine)
Alternative Medicine Specialist, Dehradun
How to be healthy at 62 along with diabetes type 2 ,hyper tension, nerves weakness kindly give me some economical tip...
Eat a fig daily with a cup of milk, eat lesser than what you feel like, reduce dinner, take a date every week, take fruits like pomegranate and pineapple once in a week, be happy and tension free, Chew a pinch of kalonji seeds every morning, take a spoonful of honey every 10th day.exercise for 30 minutes a day in continuity or intermittently.salt, Sugar and fats to be in moderation . Take homeopathic sterculia A Q 5 drops in 1/4th cup water after breakfast daily Shyzigium Jambolinum Q 5 to 10 drops in water as per the severity of blood sugar level.
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Is diabetes patients eat cashew nut. My mother have diabetes and she is taking tablets for it. So please suggest me.

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology
Endocrinologist, Hubli-Dharwad
Is diabetes patients eat cashew nut. My mother have diabetes and she is taking tablets for it. So please suggest me.
Mr. lybrate-user, Thanks for your question. Cashew nuts can be taken by a diabetes patient but in a very limited quantity, about 5 pieces per day or so. Thanks.
2 people found this helpful
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I am 21 years old, and my mother is suffering from diabetes, can you please tell me the home remedy to control her diabetes?

Practical Course in Diabetology, POST GRADUATE COURSE IN DIABETOLOGY, MBBS
Endocrinologist, Srinagar
I am 21 years old, and my mother is suffering from diabetes, can you please tell me the home remedy to control her di...
Avoid sugar, junk food, fried food and fruit juices. Take fenugreek seeds 25 gms before breakfast and dinner. Take juice of tomatoes and kerala a every morning empty stomach. Do pranayam daily for ten minutes, and walk for 1/2 hr daily.
6 people found this helpful
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My Daughter has lot of knee pain from Last 6 months. Last month she was hospitalised due to heavily body pain & fever. Doctor doesn't diagnosed anything with blood reports for Dengue, Malaria, TYPHOID, etc etc so many tests. Thereafter they treated her for TYPHOID cause that was common in those days. After a week She's fine & discharged. But this Knee Pain is still with her. Her Blood count also Healthy. Doctor says she is all well with Different Labs Reports. She is quite inactive & Heavy Weight. Not interested in outdoor games & getting tired ASAP. Please recommend what happened to her. I have threat of Thyroid. Please give solution if symptoms are towards Thyroid.

MBBS, PG Diploma In Emergency Trauma Care, Fellowship in Diabetes
General Physician, Delhi
My Daughter has lot of knee pain from Last 6 months. Last month she was hospitalised due to heavily body pain & fever...
Please read very carefully the following questions and than answer number wise. This will help me reach a proper diagnosis for you. Do you have any of the following symptoms ? 1. Fatigue, loss of energy, lethargy. 2. Weight gain. 3. Decreased appetite. 4. Cold intolerance. 5. Dry skin. 6. Hair loss. 7. Muscle pain, joint pain, weakness in the extremities. 8.Emotional lability, mental impairment. 9.Forgetfulness, impaired memory, inability to concentrate. 10. Sleepiness. 11.Constipation. 12. Fullness in the throat, hoarseness
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What is full treatment of a sugar patient with a sugar level of 180 and she is of 49 age and very weak looking and her weight is going down. What should we do to improve her health?

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician,
What is full treatment of a sugar patient with  a sugar level of 180 and she is of 49 age and  very weak looking and ...
She is in uncontrolled diabetes which is the reason for weight loss and weakness. To prescribe medicines ask privately with reports of fbs, 2hr ppbs and hba1c and her weight. Not allowed to prescribe medicines in this open question session.
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Gud mrng. I am diabetic patient. Can I use fenugreek seeds to control diabetic. Pls suggest.

DHMS (Hons.)
Homeopath, Patna
Gud mrng. I am diabetic patient. Can I use fenugreek seeds to control diabetic. Pls suggest.
Hello, it all depends on d grevity of sugar level in d blood.. however, may continue taking in small qty.
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Hi, I am suffering from diabetes for last two years jointly pain problems in my knee, suggests me medicine.

M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition, B.Sc Home Science (hons)
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Ludhiana
Hi, I am suffering from diabetes for last two years jointly pain problems in my knee, suggests me medicine.
Hello for a diabetic patient, medicine or home remedies works excellent when paired with exercise like brisk walking or cycling or yoga and stretching for 20-30 min for at least 5 days a week along with healthy balanced diet. Include seasonal fruits and vegetables like melon, watermelon, apple, cucumber, kakri, cabbage, tomato, gourds, green tea, lemon water, diluted salted lassi, wheat grass powder. Avoid sweets, fried foods, carbonated drinks, mango, cheeku, arbi, zimikand and banana take small and regular meals like 3 main meals and 2 side meals. Also you can make a powder to cure diabetes. Ingredients: almonds - 50 green elaichi - 50 whole black pepper - 50 neem leaves dried - 50 bhunna channe - 125 g without peel grind the above to a fine powder. Take 1 tsp after breakfast and 1 tsp before dinner. Thank you.
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Hello I am shekhar tiwari last year a operation of angioplasty done in October month and a stent placed in there. Yesterday I checked up my cholesterol BP and sugar it is 239 (cholesterol) BP 100/123 n sugar is 100 is it are normal? Please help me out.

Diploma in Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MBBS
General Physician, Delhi
Hello I am shekhar tiwari last year a operation of angioplasty done in October month and a stent placed in there. Yes...
Your bp is high, sugar is in normal range and total cholesterol is high but get lipid profile done, get bp monitored and treated accordingly, reduce salt and sugar to bare minimum as fruits and vegetables give us enough of essential salts, minerals and vitamins. No added salt or packed food as salt is a preservative. Avoid excess salt as it leads to water retention and higher bp, but there is no need to take bland salt free diet, some additive to give taste is allowed. Take sendha namak as sodium is less in it compared to table salt.
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My uric acid increased to 8.23 and I eat non veg very occasionally I drink plenty of water also so I should I do to decrease it?

MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine
Internal Medicine Specialist, Faridabad
avoid alcohol...if you have high uric acid. In high uric acid also void few diets i.e. high purine-rich foods, milk products, protein foods, meat, dried beans, dried peas, mushrooms, whey proteins which are used in zym, diuretic medicines
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Hello doctor. I am suffering from thyroid and breathing problem. Please advice me.

MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine
Internal Medicine Specialist, Faridabad
YOU ARE TAKING TAB. THYROCSIN 100 MCG. BREATHING PROBLEMS MAY BE OCCURS WITH THYROID.PL. YOU CAN TEST CHEST X-RAY, CBC.
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How to Deal with Sugar Addiction

M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
How to Deal with Sugar Addiction

Sugar addiction is basically a relentless sugar craving that is triggered in the brain due to mental hunger or an inherent sweet tooth. Yet, excessive sugar is not a good thing in the long run. It can lead to diabetes and various other issues like high cholesterol, hypertension, and obesity. Also, people whose grandparents have suffered from diabetes need to be especially careful of such sweet cravings as it may trigger the same problem in them too. So how can you cut sugar out of your life? Here's a list of tips.

  • Detox or Gradual Scaling Down: While many people are in favour of gradually scaling down your sugar intake and slowly cutting it out of your life in a matter of weeks and months, there are experts who believe in stopping intake of it. A clean break from sugar is said to have a beneficial detox like effect on the brain and body. Many experts recommend cutting sugar out of your life in one clean swipe.
  • Replacements: Using other substances like honey or even extracts from the Stevia plant are known to be a good replacement plan for cutting down your sugar addiction. You can start by introducing your system to these replacements in your daily beverages like tea, coffee or lemonade, before moving on to the use of organic honey for desserts and baking, as well as other sugar-free desserts and puddings.
  • Fruits: The best way to get your sugar indulgence fixed is to have a good dose of fruit. This can help in giving you a good amount of dietary sugars which are natural and do not harm the body in the long run. Also, fruits are a healthy way of ingesting sugar even as you get valuable nutrients, vitamins and mineral - one arrow, many targets!
  • Clean Up: Take a walk around your home and find all those secret candy stashes. Also, look for your dessert and pudding trays in the fridge. Now take all this out and give them away or trash them. Once you remove the option of snacking on sugary treats, you will be in a better place to avoid it altogether.
  • Magnesium: Your chocolate craving might actually be a call for magnesium that your body is missing out on. Similarly, a mental hunger pang may actually be a need for water or some solid food. Avoid the sugary rush and take the healthy route instead, with the help of nuts and dairy.

Controlling your sugar addiction can save you from various ailments even as it gives you a healthier lifestyle.

Related Tip: How too much sugar can adversely affect your sex life?

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My mom don't have sugar but my mom's father have sugar problem . Is this any chance that i get sugar problem from them ?.

General Physician, Hyderabad
My mom don't have sugar but my mom's father have sugar problem . Is this any chance that i get sugar problem from the...
yes , if there is a history of sugr in the family there is a increased risk of getting diabetes . you can 1. have a healthy diet 2.exercise regularly 3.get regular blood check ups Take care .
1 person found this helpful
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The psychiatrist prescribed me one medicine that included following ing: benfotiamine (150mg, mecobalamin (1500mcg, alpha lipoic acid (100mg, chromium picolinate (200mcg) & inositol (150mg) for anxiety disorder and strongness of nerves but after taking it for 10 days once a day I observed side effects as mind could not do multiple tasks I want to ask till how much time its effects last and what can be done to reverse the side effects as I have heard that its prescribed to diabetic patients and as I m non diabetic so till how much time its effect will last.

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology
Endocrinologist, Hubli-Dharwad
The psychiatrist prescribed me one medicine that included following ing: benfotiamine (150mg, mecobalamin (1500mcg, a...
Mr. Lybrate-user, these are only vitamins (benfotiamine, chromium is and b12,) lipoleic acid is an anti oxidant, chromium picolinate is a micronutrient, helps insulin action in every one plus essential for various other functions. These drugs are given as additional or supportive therapy and to treat nevous system related symptoms. These are not exclusively for diabetes. If you feel there are side effects because of that, stop the dose. Effects will go away.
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I am a diabetic since 3 months, sugar level is on higher side .now since I am on medication sugar level is controlled around 116-120 on average of last 16 random check I did. Also I have problem of less sperm motility as well ,suggest me foods that can improve my sperm quality and motility and same time is not bad for my sugar level. please suggest fruits like sweet potatoes, watermelon, avocado, sesame seeds (sesame seeds oil), and strawberries I may take or not? please guide.

MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS
General Physician, Delhi
I am a diabetic since 3 months, sugar level is on higher side .now since I am on medication sugar level is controlled...
Since you are worried about sperm I think you need to find cause for low motility. Get yourself checked by someone having experience in male infertility or urologist. Control your sugar and don't smoke. Rule out local cause by check. All fruits you have asked can be taken but not more than 200-250 grams. Seasame seeds in small amount can be taken. Sweet potato can be taken occasionally as it is rich in fibre so good for diabetes but take only one small helping.
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Hi Sir Me and my wife are planning for a baby since last 3months and we were unsuccessful. Both me and wife are having thyroid and vitamin b12 deficiency. But we take thyronorm tab and for both the thyroid is in control now. We request you to please advice us with the fastest way to give a birth to the healthy child. I am stressing up for the baby.

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician,
Hi Sir Me and my wife are planning for a baby since last 3months and we were unsuccessful. Both me and wife are havin...
You need not panic and in a few months you can have pregnancy and if you are too doubtful do a semen analysis and send to me personally in this site
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Can I Eat Rice If I Have Diabetes?

MBBS, M.MED, DFM, FID, CCEBDM, ACMDC, CCMTD
Diabetologist, Hyderabad
Can I Eat Rice If I Have Diabetes?

Diabetes mellitus is a group of diseases where the body does not adequately produce insulin, use insulin properly, or both. Insulin plays a crucial role in allowing blood sugar into the cells to be used for energy. There are two main types: type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
A woman running in the park with her dog
Staying healthy by exercising and eating well is recommended for people with diabetes.

People with diabetes have abnormally high levels of blood sugar. This can damage many organs in the body if left untreated. The national institute of diabetes and digestive and kidney diseases recommend the following steps to manage diabetes:

 Make healthy choices in eating
 Engage in regular physical activity or exercise
 Take medications, if required.

Healthy eating is important in keeping blood sugar levels at a healthy level. The healthy range is 80 to 130 mg/dl before meals or below 180 mg/dl after meals, according to the american diabetes association.

People with type 1 diabetes require insulin. Various insulin delivery systems and protocols are used to manage blood sugar both between and at meal times.

People with type 2 diabetes often manage their condition with diet and exercise, and with medications as needed to keep blood sugar within the target range. These medications vary in how they work.

People with diabetes will have different treatment plans, and they will respond to food, exercise, and medication differently.

It is important to consult with a doctor to get individualized recommendations on target blood sugar levels, medications, diet, and exercise.
How do carbohydrates affect diabetes?

Carbohydrates are an important source of energy for the body. Carbohydrates are found in foods that have starches and natural or added sugars. Examples are grains, vegetables and legumes, fruit, dairy products, and sweets.

Carbohydrates are broken down by the digestive system into sugar. When the digested sugar enters the blood, the body produces a hormone called insulin. Insulin helps the sugar enter cells. Once the cells absorb the sugar, blood sugar levels fall.

People with diabetes have an impaired ability to produce insulin, use insulin, or both.

People with type 1 diabetes cannot produce insulin, so they take insulin to make sure the cells can get the sugar they need for energy.

People with type 2 diabetes are often insulin resistant. They also often have difficulty producing enough insulin to keep their blood sugar in the normal range.
Counting carbohydrates

Carbohydrate counting is a way of keeping track of the carbohydrates in the daily diet. A person with diabetes who uses carbohydrate counting to manage their diet sets an amount of carbohydrate to eat for meals and snacks.
Foods containing carbohydrates
Bread, pasta, rice, and potatoes are all sources of carbohydrates.

The american diabetes association suggest a target of about 45 to 60 grams of carbohydrate per meal. This recommendation may vary depending on other factors such as gender, weight goals, and blood sugar target goals.

The three different types of carbohydrates are starch, sugar, and fiber.

Starches are complex carbohydrates found in starchy vegetables such as peas, potatoes, and corn. Beans and whole grains are also complex carbohydrates.

Fiber comes from plants and cannot be digested. Fiber is found in foods such as vegetables, fruit, whole grains, legumes, and nuts.

Unlike other carbohydrates, fiber does not raise blood sugar, and it can help to slow the digestion of meals. This helps to minimize spikes in blood sugar. It is recommended to eat between 20 to 35 grams of fiber per day.

Sugar is a carbohydrate. It is generally absorbed into the body more quickly. There are natural sugars found in milk and fruit. There may also be added sugars in canned fruits, baked goods, and processed foods.

There are also carbohydrates in non-starchy vegetables such as lettuce, peppers, cucumber, mushrooms, and many others. There are fewer carbohydrates in these foods because they have a high water content. For example, a half cup of cucumber has around 2 grams of carbohydrate.

The type and amount of carbohydrate will affect post-meal blood sugar levels.

Foods that digest more slowly, such as those with a lot of fiber, and those eaten as a mixed meal, digest more slowly. They can help to prevent post-meal spikes in blood sugar. Large amounts of carbohydrates eaten at one time will raise blood sugar more than smaller amounts.
Is eating rice healthy with diabetes?

High-carbohydrate foods like grains, cereals, pasta, rice, and starchy vegetables are not forbidden, but they should be eaten in moderation.

Rice is a high-carbohydrate grain, but it can be incorporated into meals in appropriate amounts.

One-third of a cup of rice has 15 grams of carbohydrate. That accounts for one-fourth to one-third of the amount of carbohydrate recommended for a single meal, if the target is 45-60 grams of carbohydrate per meal.

Meals that also include healthy proteins and fats can help to slow the impact of the rice on blood sugar levels.
Are some types of rice healthier than others?

Some grains are better than others for managing diabetes.

A scale called the" glycemic index" measures how quickly food is digested into sugar and absorbed in the blood. High glycemic foods raise blood sugar faster and should be eaten in limited portions, or eaten with lower glycemic index foods.

White rice is more processed and it has a higher glycemic index than brown rice, although the index of brown rice can vary with type and brand.

Different varieties of rice have different glycemic indexes. Some long grain rice varieties, converted rice, and basmati rice varieties are lower on the gi scale than white rice.

Puffed rice cereal and rice cakes are sometimes thought of as diet foods, but they have a high glycemic index and they are not ideal for healthy meals.

Foods that are high in fiber offer many health benefits. They help with blood sugar control, they promote bowel health, and they may lower cholesterol.

Whole grains have more fiber than other grains. It is important to check the label to check the fiber content.
Tips for preparing rice

Some brown rice varieties are unprocessed and have more fiber. They can be part of a balanced meal when eaten in proper portions. Mixing brown rice with other foods can help to balance blood sugar levels. Examples include legumes, such as red beans, or protein and healthy fats.
A bowl of brown rice
Brown rice may have a lower glycemic index than white rice.

Brown rice takes longer to cook than white rice, but the cooking process is simple. People can cook brown rice in a pot or rice cooker at a ratio of 1.5 cups of water per 1 cup of rice.

The instructions are as follows:

 Bring rice and water to a boil in an uncovered pot
 Cover the pot and simmer for about 20 minutes
 Turn off heat and let the covered pot sit for at least 10 minutes.

Rice can be mixed with seasonings, herbs, vegetables, and nuts such as slivered almonds.

Brown rice can be stored in a refrigerator and used for leftovers. People can reheat brown rice on the stove or microwave and serve with beans and salsa for a quick meal.

Care must be taken with storage, because cooked rice left at room temperature can develop toxins that lead to food poisoning.
Nutritious and delicious alternatives to rice

Because rice is high in carbohydrates, it should be accompanied by other foods.

Vegetables are high in fiber, vitamins, and other nutrients. Vegetables are made of carbohydrates, but at a much lower level than grains.

Eating foods that are lower in carbohydrates and higher in fiber can make meals more satisfying. For example, one-half cup of rice has 22 grams of carbohydrate. In contrast, one cup of squash only has 8 grams of carbohydrate.

Many foods can serve as substitutes for rice.

Examples include cauliflower, mushrooms, and eggplant. Quinoa contains the same amount of carbohydrates as rice, but it has more protein, and some types have more fiber.
Recipes for rice substitutes

A number of recipes are available for rice substitutes. Here are two examples:
1. Cauliflower" rice"

Ingredients:

 Oil
 Onions
 Cauliflower
 Lemon
 Seasoning.

Pulse the florets of a cauliflower in the food processor. Then heat the cauliflower in a pan with oil and onions. Saut until the onions are golden brown and the cauliflower is soft for about 3 to 5 minutes.

Season to taste with salt, pepper, lemon juice, and herbs.

Full recipe from the food network.
2. Cilantro lime quinoa

Ingredients:

 Canola oil
 Onion
 Garlic
 Quinoa
 Low-sodium chicken broth
 Juice of limes
 Fresh cilantro.

Saut the onion and garlic with oil in a skillet. Reduce the heat and stir in the quinoa. Stir quinoa and cook for 2 minutes. Add chicken broth and lime juice and bring to a boil. Then reduce heat and simmer for 15 minutes. Stir in more lime juice and add chopped cilantro.

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I am suffering sugar and my sugar levels are control can I eat bananas? If I eat how much quantity.

MD Pediatrics
General Physician, Faridabad
I am suffering sugar and my sugar levels are control can I eat bananas? If I eat how much quantity.
You can eat bananas, berries, orange and apples as they do not have high glycemic index provided your sugar is under control. Try to have fruits having low glycemic index.
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Hypothyroidism and Pregnancy - What You Need to Know?

DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), FICOG, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Jaipur
Hypothyroidism and Pregnancy - What You Need to Know?

The thyroid gland within the body plays an important role in regulating your metabolism among many other functions. This is a butterfly-shaped gland located in your neck and plays an important role within your body. However, a common condition that may afflict it is hypothyroidism or an underactive thyroid gland. It is even more of a problem if you are pregnant as it may affect your baby’s development in the womb. It has also been noticed that pregnancy in itself may cause hypothyroidism.

Symptoms of Hypothyroidism-

Pregnant women may also exhibit symptoms common to other patients who are suffering from hypothyroidism. These may include:

  1. Fatigue along with lethargy.

  2. Mild to significant weight gain.

  3. Constipation.

  4. Feeling cold with severe chills

The thyroid gland produces the T4 hormone responsible for regulating many mechanisms within the body such as metabolism. With hypothyroidism, the production of this hormone decreases or stops altogether. This is important as disruption in the production of the hormone may disrupt the normal development of your baby.

Effects of Hypothyroidism on your baby-

Hypothyroidism during pregnancy can affect your child’s developmental abilities. Many studies in this field have shown that such children tend to have learning difficulties and may even display lower IQ scores during tests. It was noticed that sometimes, hypothyroidism during pregnancy wasn’t diagnosed correctly as the pregnant mother did not show much apparent symptoms. This is also a major issue in the early diagnosis of the problem. Hence, it is absolutely imperative to test for thyroid problems early during pregnancy.

Prevention is the Best Cure-

It is thus very important that mothers be screened properly for thyroid issues even before they are pregnant and while they are pregnant. Some of the medically recommended steps that should be taken are –

  1. Screening before pregnancy as this can help to devise a solution for this condition.

  2. Women with goiter or enlarged thyroid should most certainly be screened.

  3. Women with a family history of hypothyroidism should be screened.

Treatments for Hypothyroidism During Pregnancy-

The doctors may suggest thyroid hormone replacement therapy wherein artificial T4 hormone is introduced into the body. This helps to maintain a constant rate of the thyroid hormone within the body. This can be done even before pregnancy as the developing fetus is completely dependent on the mother for its thyroid hormone until at least 12 weeks when the baby’s body can start producing it on its own. Also, the levels of this hormone should be regularly checked within the body through the TSH or the thyroid stimulating hormone tests to ensure that the levels are at a safe minimum. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.

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Diabetes Care

MS- Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Diabetes Care

Pancreas transplantation adds significant survival benefit to diabetic patients who otherwise face a life expectancy that is one-third of normal.

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