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Treatment Of Erectile Dysfunction
Treatment Of Male Sexual Problems
Treatment of H.I.V
Hydrocele Treatment (Surgical)
Urinary Incontinence (Ui) Treatment
Urology Minimally Invasive Surgery
Kidney Transplant Treatment
Blood In Urine (Hematuria) Treatment
Reconstructive Surgery Procedures
Transurethral Resection Of The Prostate (Turp) Pro
Reconstructive Urology Surgery
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I have a stone stuck in the urethra and its been one day now. I can easily urinate only thing is that I feel pain at the start when urine gets passed. Please help me with some medication.
How do the kidneys work?
Illustration of the anatomy of the kidney
- The body takes nutrients from food and converts them to energy. After the body has used all the food components that it needs, waste products are left behind in the bowel and in the blood.
- The kidneys and urinary system help to excrete the waste products and also keep chemicals, such as potassium and sodium, and water in balance. Kidneys filter and remove several toxic materials from the body that are the products of food metabolism. These waste materials can cause several problems to the body if they build up. The kidneys also control the fluid and acid-base balance in the body
- Two kidneys, a pair of purplish-brown organs, are located below the ribs toward the middle of the back. Their function is to
- Remove liquid waste from the blood in the form of urine
- Keep a stable balance of salts and other substances in the blood
- The kidneys remove urea from the blood through tiny filtering units called nephrons. There are about one million nephrons in each kidney, located in the medulla and the cortex. Each nephron consists of a ball formed of small blood capillaries, called a glomerulus, and a small tube called a renal tubule.
- Once the urine is formed, it passes through the nephrons and down the renal tubules of the kidney. Urine collects in the calyces and renal pelvis and moves into the ureter, where it flows down into the bladder.
- In addition to filtering waste from the blood and assisting in the balance of fluids and other substances in the body, the kidneys perform other vital functions. The kidneys:
- Release hormones, such as renin, that help to regulate blood pressure and heart function
- Produce erythropoietin, a hormone that aids formation of red blood cells
- Convert vitamin D into a form that can be used by the body's tissues
- Interact with corticosteroids (produced by the adrenal glands that sit on top of the kidney) that help to regulate kidney function and the body’s inflammatory response system
What is nephrology?
Nephrology is the branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of conditions related to the kidneys, and doctors who specialize in kidney disease are called nephrologists. Other health professionals who treat kidney problems include primary care doctors, pediatricians, transplant specialists, and urologists.
What causes problems with the kidneys?
- Aging. As we age, changes in the structure of the kidneys can cause them to lose some ability to remove wastes from the blood, and the muscles in the ureters, bladder, and urethra tend to lose some of their strength. However, this alone does not cause chronic kidney diseases.
- Illness or injury. Damage to the kidneys caused by illness or an injury can also prevent them from filtering the blood completely or block the passage of urine.
- Toxicity. The kidneys may be damaged by substances, such as certain medications, a buildup of some substances in the body, or toxic substances such as poisons.
About kidney and urogenital diseases
Diseases of the kidney and urinary tract remain a major cause of illness and death in the United States. The National Kidney Foundation states that more than 26 million Americans are affected by kidney and urologic diseases, and millions more are at risk.
What are the symptoms of kidney disease?
The following are the most common symptoms of kidney disease. However, each individual may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms may include:
- Frequent headaches
- Itchiness all over the body
- Blood in the urine
- Loss of appetite
- Nausea and/or vomiting
- Puffiness around eyes and/or swelling of hands and feet
- Skin may darken
- Muscle cramps or pain in small of back just below the ribs (not aggravated by movement)
- High blood pressure
The symptoms of a kidney disease may look like other conditions or medical problems. Always consult your health care provider for a diagnosis.
Sir, It's been 15-20 days. There is no any improvement I got after taking homeopathy medicine for prostate enlargement.
Sir I am observing that my urine gets yellow what does it mean and after waking up in the morning I got the yellowest of all the day is there is any problem? Why this is happening.
I am suffering from a burning sensation when I urinate, which fluctuates on some days. Urine has foam. I had a uti 9 months ago.
Hello sir, Does drinking alcoholic beverages effects urinary tract infections semen infections and possible in urinary stones doctor.
No Blood, No needle, No visit to hospital, you can do yourself at home with water. A thin layer of transparent screen like structure hangs in front of the abdominal muscles known as peritoneum. This peritoneum protects the abdominal structures and the muscle. This can also be used for performing dialysis which is carried out when the functioning of kidney gets affected. In peritoneal dialysis a thin and soft catheter is placed in the person’s belly one week before performing the procedure.
The catheter has numerous holes in order to facilitate the transformation of fluids. Dialysis solution is prepared in a bag and the tubing is connected to the catheter placed in the abdomen thereby, the fluids absorb the waste materials from the body. The fluid is allowed to stay in your body for a particular period of time which is commonly referred as dwell time and later the fluid is drained out.
There are two types of peritoneal dialysis, continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis and automated peritoneal dialysis. This is the simple form of dialysis which anybody can perform after a short training period and this can be done anywhere in clean private place like hotels, home and even in office.
Procedure followed during Peritoneal Dialysis
All you need to perform a peritoneal dialysis is catheter and transfer set, cycler, dialysis solution and safety precautions materials to stay away from getting infections.
Step 1 - Perform a sterile aseptic technique. Wear a glove and surgical mask before connecting the catheters and transfer set. Clamp the tubing and remove the catheter once the dialysis solution enters your abdomen
Step 2 - Allow the solution to remain in your abdomen for a particular period of dwell time
Step 3 - Drain the fluid from the abdominal cavity into the drain bag. You may feel a mild tugging sensation when adequate amount of fluid is drained.
Step 4 - After drain close or clamp the transfer set and later flush a fresh solution directly to drain bag so as to remove the air from the tubing.
Step 5 - Close your drain bag and open your transfer set and refill your belly with fresh solution.
Make sure you perform without giving way for infection and excess fluid and dextrose absorption. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor.