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Dr. Sonal Jain

MBBS

Neurologist, Mumbai

9 Years Experience  ·  250 at clinic  ·  ₹250 online
Dr. Sonal Jain MBBS Neurologist, Mumbai
9 Years Experience  ·  250 at clinic  ·  ₹250 online
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I'm a caring, skilled professional, dedicated to simplifying what is often a very complicated and confusing area of health care....more
I'm a caring, skilled professional, dedicated to simplifying what is often a very complicated and confusing area of health care.
More about Dr. Sonal Jain
She is a young budding neurosurgeon from Mumbai. Book an appointment online with Dr. Sonal Jain on Lybrate.com.

Find numerous Neurologists in India from the comfort of your home on Lybrate.com. You will find Neurologists with more than 44 years of experience on Lybrate.com. Find the best Neurologists online in Mumbai. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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Education
MBBS - Maharashtra University of Health Sciences, Nashik - 2008
Languages spoken
English
Hindi
Marathi

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Acharya Donde Marg,Parel,MumbaiMumbai Get Directions
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Sleep Deprivation Can Cause High Blood Pressure

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician,
Sleep Deprivation Can Cause High Blood Pressure
Is Sleep Linked to Hypertension?

The link between sleep and hypertension is well-known. Studies have examined the effects of sleep deprivation on healthy volunteers and have examined the sleep patterns of people with hypertension, producing data that suggest adequate sleep may reduce risk. good cardiovascular health. Data from several studies show that people who sleep less than six hours each night are 20% more likely to develop high blood pressure.
One night of inadequate sleep in patients with hypertension has been shown to result in elevated blood pressure throughout the next day.

Average sleep times have declined

Our modern society runs 24 hours a day, and many of us curtail sleep time to keep up. From an average sleep duration of 8 to 9 hours in 1960, our national sleep duration has dropped to 6.9 to 7 hours. Many people try to get by on five to six hours of sleep nightly, a habit that may be contributing to serious long-term health conditions.

What happens when you sleep?

Sleep is restorative, most people agree. We usually don’t question why, but the fact is that the circadian rhythms of sleep regulate our nervous system and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, two critical body systems that keep our bodies in healthy balance. During sleep, normal people should experience a drop in blood pressure of about 15 points, on average. This reduces the work of your heart.

The Autonomic Nervous System and “Fight or Flight” Response

Sleep regulates the autonomic nervous system, that part of the nervous system that modulates the “fight or flight response.” This evolutionary response causes changes in many bodily functions that at one time were useful to provide an edge against predators.A constant state of preparedness from inappropriate activation of this response results in harmful stress on the body.

When the sympathetic nervous system is stimulated, blood vessels are constricted to deliver blood to vital organs like the brain and heart, increasing blood pressure. The “fight or flight” response is also associated with changes in glucose metabolism and an increased risk of insulin-resistant diabetes.

Cortisol, Adrenaline, and the Hypothalamic-Pituitary Axis

The primary hormones regulated by the pituitary and hypothalamus during sleep are adrenaline and cortisol, released by the adrenal gland. Adrenaline is a potent hormone that has a direct effect on blood pressure, mediated by constriction of the arteries. When your adrenaline levels remain high during the night, it can result in sustained hypertension.

Cortisol is a “stress hormone” that is highest in the morning and reaches a nadir between midnight and four AM. Lack of sleep can result in significant disruption of the cycle, subjecting your body to unnecessary stress responses and fatigue that are as damaging to your health as poor diet or lack of exercise.

When you awaken in the morning, your body typically experiences a 50% rise in cortisol level as your body prepares for the stress of a new day. Studies show that waking up early in the morning increases the cortisol response, an effect that is pronounced in people who are facing chronic stress and worry. Cortisol levels usually decline throughout the day, but in people who suffer from sleep loss, cortisol levels increase in the early evening, preventing natural recovery from the day and preparation for a restful night. In addition to lowered immunity, impaired glucose tolerance, and increased craving for carbohydrates, sleep deprivation is associated with elevated estrogen levels, decreased alertness, and poor concentration.

Sleep and Thyroid Hormone

Sleep loss also increases the amount of thyroid hormone in people who are not getting enough rest. People with elevated thyroid hormone have both increased blood pressure and cardiac output, putting unneeded stress on the heart.

Sleep, Obesity, and Hypertension

Sleep deprivation increases appetite by disturbing the regulation of leptin and ghrelin, two hormones that modulate appetite. Sleep deprivation alters your body’s ability to regulate the need for calories, resulting in over-eating and obesity, also linked to increased risk of hypertension.

Caffeine and Hypertension

Many of us use caffeine to remain alert when we haven’t slept well, a habit that causes dramatic increases in blood pressure. The mechanism for elevation of blood pressure after drinking a caffeinated beverage is not completely understood. Some researchers think caffeine may stimulate the adrenal gland to release adrenaline, a hormone with direct effects on blood pressure. It may block hormones that keep the arteries relaxed.

Obstructive Sleep Apnea

People who have obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) have multiple episodes during the night in which they stop and restart breathing. This disorder usually affects middle-age to older adults, but it can occur in patients of any age, particularly people who are overweight. People with OSA typically have high blood pressure, particularly on awakening, when their blood pressure should be at its lowest point. Symptoms of OSA include daytime sleepiness, loud snoring, morning headache, and difficulty concentrating during the day. They may be observed gasping suddenly during the night before returning to sleep.

Are You Getting Enough Sleep?

Sleep is critical for maintenance of your health. If you work shifts or curtail your sleep to accomplish multiple tasks, you are at risk for hypertension that can be difficult to treat. Measure your blood pressure in the morning. It should be at its lowest level and if it’s elevated, you should see your doctor in addition to consideration of lifestyle changes to prevent progression of medical problems associated with hypertension and sleeplessness. If you have symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea, there are effective treatments available.
CONtact me Privately for any advice
201 people found this helpful

I've insomnia from past few months. I can't sleep for many days in spite of taking sleeping pills. Please recommend me a good remedy which is in effect when put to proper use. Thank you.

MD - Medicine, MBBS
General Physician, Kangra
I've insomnia from past few months. I can't sleep for many days in spite of taking sleeping pills. Please recommend m...
sir in addition to sleeping pills start mind relaxation techaniques like meditation.start ur preparation for sleep early. avoid smoke tea coffee after 7pm .take hot water bath before sleep if not possible wash ur feet with warm water.drink warm milk.dont watch tv in evening hrs.try reading a good book. and give u a positive thought dat u r going to have a good sleep today.avoid lights in ur room. dont use mobile and net at night. good luck
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Hello, I have question for my mom, she is 66 years old and she is suffering from nerve problem from last 1 yr, we gone through many neurological hospital but she is not cured to any level.

MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
Apart from taking symptomatic treatment take physiotherapy treatment and also take tablet folvite once a day
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What are the effects of parkinson my hands shake while holding anything someone said it can be parkinson so I wanna know more about it.

BHMS
Homeopath, Raebareli
Thank you for writing to us. Please note the following for your condition: symptoms of parkinson's disease differ from person to person. They also change as the disease progresses. Symptoms that one person gets in the early stages of the disease, another person may not get until later-or not at all. The most common one is tremor: tremor, or shaking, often in a hand, arm, or leg, occurs when you're awake and sitting or standing still (resting tremor), and it gets better when you move that body part. Tremor is often the first symptom that people with parkinson's disease or their family members notice. Besides tremor, the most common symptoms include: stiff muscles (rigidity) and aching muscles. One of the most common early signs of parkinson's is a reduced arm swing on one side when you walk.
2 people found this helpful
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Hi sir, I have small problem like migraine and health problem headache and fever how to get rid out off this please help me.

MBBS
General Physician, Cuttack
Hi sir, I have small problem like migraine and health problem headache and fever how to get rid out off this please h...
1.Take Paracetamol 500mg one Tablet sos after food up to a maximum of three tablets daily at the time of attack 2.Drink plenty of water and take rest. 3.Check your BP 4. Avoid stress, anxiety, depression, agitation,exposure to loud noise, bright light since it precipitates migraine attack 5. Go for regular exercise 6. practice yoga, meditation, deep breathing exercise to calm your mind, control your emotion and relieve you from stress 7. If You have chronic migraine, you have to take migraine prophylaxis after consulting neurologist
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Hi Please suggest a medicine for migraine headache I have jst undergone an eye operation of retinal detachment. After doing laser. Its hvng severe pain. Can it be of migraine.

MSc Applied Biology, Diploma in Naturopathy
Ayurveda, Delhi
These adverse effects may be .Transient (7-10 days) like Blurred vision, raised intraocular pressure or headaches, which can be controlled by some analgesic, rest,meditation or some pure nutritional supplement can be advised if asked for .
1 person found this helpful
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I have 19 years old and I am suffering from migraine since 2 years. What I do sir?

MBBS, MD - Consultant Physician
General Physician, Ghaziabad
Welcome to lybrate. We are here to help you. You seem to be having migraine headache. Migraine headaches are usually unilateral, associated with throbbing, vomiting sensations, photophobia and phonophobia. A clinical examination specially neurological examination, fundus examination are must to rule out any other neurological problem which might also require neuroimaging. You should see your doctor. He will classify the headache and if it is migranous, treatment would be with the drugs like flunarizine, propanolol, amitryptilline. I hope it helps. Stay healthy.
2 people found this helpful
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I am 26 years I have back pain problem and numbness in spine, swelling and pain in cervical, arms and legs. What should i do?

MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics
Orthopedist, Delhi
I am 26 years I have back pain problem and numbness in spine, swelling and pain in cervical, arms and legs. What shou...
Kindly show me a photograph of the affected part. Rule out diabetes & vit. D deficiency or any other metabolic disorder. Sleep on a hard bed with soft bedding on it. Spring beds, folding beds or thick matress are harmful use no pillow under the head. Do hot fomantation. Paracetamol 250mg od & sos x 5days. Caldikind plus 1tab od x10. Do neck, back & general exercises. It may have to be further investigated. You will need other supportive medicines also. Make sure you are not allergic to any of the medicines you are going to take. If it does not give relief in 4-5days, contact me again. Do not ignore. It could be beginning of a serious problem.
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I am feeling numbness in right part of my body specially in right arm and leg. This happened two days before also on the same side and reached left hand too. please help, its kind of weird feeling, with a bit of sensation in both the palms.

FRHS, Ph.D Neuro , MPT - Neurology Physiotherapy, D.Sp.Med, DPHM (Health Management ), BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Chennai
I am feeling numbness in right part of my body specially in right arm and leg. This happened two days before also on ...
Do consult neuro physician and take ct or mri brain to rule out any lesion in brain send tske appropriate therapy.
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I have parkinson and i am unable to bear load on my legs what is the remedy? I also have a corn and any weight on it causes terrible pain. What to do?

DNB, FELLOWSHIP IN COMPLEX SPINE SURGERY, MCH - Neurosurgery
Neurosurgeon, Delhi
I have parkinson and i am unable to bear load on my legs what is the remedy? I also have a corn and any weight on it ...
parkinsonism does not cause pain in legs.u may be suffering from lumbar spondylosis in addition . consult
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Causes and Symptoms of Sleep Apnea

MS - ENT, MBBS
ENT Specialist, Delhi
Causes and Symptoms of Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea is a sleeping disorder in which you experience frequent breathing pauses while sleeping. In case of some, the pauses may last for just a few seconds, while for others, it may continue for a few minutes. Sleep apnea is generally chronic in nature. There are three types of sleep apnea, namely Central, Obstructive and Complex sleep apnea. Central sleep apnea occurs if the brain fails to transmit signals to the muscles responsible for your breathing functions. Obstructive sleep apnea occurs due to relaxation of your throat muscles. Complex sleep apnea refers to a combined condition of both central and obstructive sleep apnea.

Some of the possible causes of sleep apnea are as follows: 

  1. Blockage of airway during sleep can cause sleep apnea
  2. Putting on weight can cause obstructive sleep apnea
  3. In some cases, large tonsil tissues can lead to obstructive sleep apnea in small children
  4. Intake of certain medicines like Oxycontin or MS Contin can cause central sleep apnea
  5. Male people are more prone to sleep apnea
  6. Smoking is also a potent trigger for sleep apnea
  7. At times, high blood pressure can induce sleep apnea
  8. Suffering from sinus can also lead to sleep apnea
  9. Large neck size (more than 16 inches) may cause sleep apnea

In case of some people, sleep apnea might be an inherited condition.

The most common symptoms of sleep apnea are mentioned below:

  • Sometimes, obstructive sleep apnea is accompanied by choking or snorting sounds.
  • You may encounter breathing trouble while sleeping, leading to a disruption of your sleep.
  • Maximum times, sleep apnea is accompanied by snoring.
  • Sleep apnea leads to a dry mouth, which can disturb your sleep.
  • You may feel dizzy during daytime.

My breasts are numb. Can not feel dem Im breast feeding my infant Who z 3.5 months old. What may b the reason,

MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Agra
My breasts are numb. Can not feel dem
Im breast feeding my infant
Who z 3.5 months old. What may b the reason,
Firstly try to reduce your weight. With your age and height maintain your wt between 46 to 50 kg. Start taking calcuum and multivitamins regularly. Your problem will be taken care of.
5 people found this helpful
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Doctor when I fall on bed for sleeping. I feel like a heaviness or numbness in my right rib below portion. N then I feel some type of gas is forming. After that I get regular pops I don't know why. Bt gas form every 1 min. What is the reason for that. N how can I naturally treat that?

PDDM, MHA, MBBS
General Physician, Nashik
Doctor when I fall on bed for sleeping. I feel like a heaviness or numbness in my right rib below portion. N then I f...
Eat a high-fiber diet. Get insoluble and soluble fiber. Limit foods that are high in fat. Choose lean meats. Incorporate probiotics into your diet. Eat on schedule. Stay hydrated.
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BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology
Psychologist, Palakkad

Tips to Get Rid of Insomnia

Net Qualified In Community Health And Social Medicine, M.Sc - Dietetics and Community Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Durgapur
Tips to Get Rid of Insomnia

Tips to Get Rid of Insomnia

3 people found this helpful

I recently read that researchers believe certain foods might cure Alzheimer’s disease. Is this true? If so, which foods do this and how much would you have to consume to get the benefits?

MBBS, MD - Psychiatry, MBA (Healthcare)
Psychiatrist, Davanagere
Hi there, I appreciate that you got the courage to have your question answered on a public forum. Dementia can greatly affect a person's relationship to food and eating. The behavioural, emotional and physical changes that take place as dementia progresses can all have an impact upon a person's eating habits and on their intake of food and drink. It is important to do what you can to make sure that the person you are caring for enjoys their food and eats a healthy, balanced diet. As dementia progresses eating can become difficult for some people. However, by making a few changes you can help keep mealtimes as enjoyable and stress free as possible. Proper nutrition is important to keep the body strong and healthy. For a person with Alzheimer's or dementia, poor nutrition may increase behavioral symptoms and cause weight loss. The basic nutrition tips below can help boost the person with dementia's health and your health as a caregiver, too. Provide a balanced diet with a variety of foods. Offer vegetables, fruits, whole grains, low-fat dairy products and lean protein foods. Limit foods with high saturated fat and cholesterol. Some fat is essential for health — but not all fats are equal. Go light on fats that are bad for heart health, such as butter, solid shortening, lard and fatty cuts of meats. Cut down on refined sugars. Often found in processed foods, refined sugars contain calories but lack vitamins, minerals and fiber. You can tame a sweet tooth with healthier options like fruit or juice-sweetened baked goods. But note that in the later-stages of Alzheimer's, if loss of appetite is a problem, adding sugar to foods may encourage eating. Limit foods with high sodium and use less salt. Most people in the United States consume too much sodium, which affects blood pressure. Cut down by using spices or herbs to season food as an alternative. People with Alzheimer's or dementia do not need a special diet. As with anyone, eating a well-balanced, nutritious diet is important for overall health. As the disease progresses, loss of appetite and weight loss may become concerns. In such cases, the doctor may suggest supplements between meals to add calories. Staying hydrated may be a problem as well. Encourage fluids by offering small cups of water or other liquids throughout the day or foods with high water content, such as fruit, soups, milkshakes and smoothies. I hope this helps. I wish you a very quick and speedy recovery. Sincerely,
1 person found this helpful
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I am 47 years old get floaters since April 2016. I also have epilepsy problem. But I found floaters is not any way connected to epilepsy. I consulted the ophthalmologist in Chennai. They said there is no treatment for the floaters. My question is sometimes it is less and sometimes I feel it is more in a day. The ophthalmologist whom I consulted said that my position is not that laser treatment is needed. So will the floaters increase with age and till what stage I can ignore? Also will it affect my vision in due course of aging?

MBBS, MS - Ophthalmology
Ophthalmologist, Delhi
I am 47 years old get floaters since April 2016. I also have epilepsy problem. But I found floaters is not any way co...
The floaters are due to vitreous degeneration inside the eye causing cells to float in the liquid media of the eye. When these cells pass through visual axis they can be seen as floaters. More clear when seeing towards the sky. Usually they tend to occur in small number, non pathological and increase with age, but are tolerable (doesn't hinder your vision). But if it occurs as a shower of floaters and affects your vision, then it can be pathological as in case of some retinal disease or trauma to the eye and requires immediate attention and management. As such there is no specific treatment for floaters, but washing the eyes frequently and use of some antioxidant and multivitamin (specific for the eye and retina) tablets have shown to reduce the floaters. To know some antioxidant and multivitamin tablet specific for the eyes ask me.
1 person found this helpful
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What is migraine? is it any bad effect on human body? is it a uncurable disease or curable. Please tell.

MBBS, MBA (Healthcare)
General Physician, Delhi
It is headache due to vascular phenomenon , much of symptomatic treatment. there are different type of migraine . treatment and effect depend on that.
1 person found this helpful
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Dear sir, I am suffering from insomnia for last few weeks. Whenever try to sleeping, it rakes couple of hours to go into sleep. Sir please provide me some tips to overcome this problem.

PDDM, MHA, MBBS
General Physician, Nashik
Dear sir, I am suffering from insomnia for last few weeks. Whenever try to sleeping, it rakes couple of hours to go i...
1. Avoid caffeine found in coffee, tea, chocolate, cola, and some pain relievers.[four to six hours before bedtime.] 2. Quiet, dark, and cool environment can help promote sound sleep. [use heavy curtains, or an eye mask to block light, and also keeping computers, tvs, and other work materials out of the room will help promote mental bonding between your bedroom and sleep] 3. Avoid stressful, stimulating activities like doing work, discussing emotional issues. Physically and psychologically stressful activities can cause the body to secrete the stress hormone cortisol, which is associated with increasing alertness.
2 people found this helpful
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