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Dr. Shika

Gynaecologist, Mumbai

at clinic
Dr. Shika Gynaecologist, Mumbai
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My experience is coupled with genuine concern for my patients. All of my staff is dedicated to your comfort and prompt attention as well....more
My experience is coupled with genuine concern for my patients. All of my staff is dedicated to your comfort and prompt attention as well.
More about Dr. Shika
Dr. Shika is a trusted Gynaecologist in Sion, Mumbai. You can visit her at Indira Maternity & Surgical Home in Sion, Mumbai. Don’t wait in a queue, book an instant appointment online with Dr. Shika on Lybrate.com.

Find numerous Gynaecologists in India from the comfort of your home on Lybrate.com. You will find Gynaecologists with more than 41 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Gynaecologists online in Mumbai and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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Plot 118, Jain Society,Road 24 A, Sion,Landmark:Near Saraswat Bank, MumbaiMumbai Get Directions
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6 Kitchen Spices That Heal Big Time

Certificate in Diabetes update, Post Graduate Diploma In Hospital Administration (PGDHA), PG Dip Ksharsutra for piles,pilonidal sinus and fistula management , PG Dip Panchakarma, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda
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6 kitchen herbs & spices that heal

About 70% of your health is what you eat. A few commonly used herbs and spices present in the kitchen have surprising but impressive health benefits.

Mint - with the highest amount of antioxidant amongst foods, mint is used to get rid of common cold, allergies, indigestion, and irritable bowel syndrome. It also helps cool and heal the skin when added to oil, lotion or ointment.
Turmeric - apart from adding colour and flavor to our foods, turmeric is used to cure gallbladder disorders, heartburn, stomach pain, diarrhea, arthritis, skin inflammation, wounds and even a sore throat.
Ginger - ginger is commonly used to treat all sorts of stomach problems like post surgery nausea & vomiting, upset stomach, diarrhea, colic, motion sickness, etc. Ginger oil is said to relieve pain and when added to hot beverages esp. Tea, it also soothes a sore throat.
Basil - basil has anti-aging properties and is rich in antioxidants. It reduces inflammation & swelling and can relieve gas & soothe upset stomach.
Garlic - not many might know that garlic is a herb and very good for health. It is used to treat conditions like high cholesterol, heart diseases, high blood pressure, osteoarthritis, diabetes, and, cold & flu amongst many others.
Oregano - apart from adding amazing flavour to food, oregano helps in treating respiratory tract disorders, menstrual cramps and urinary tract disorders. Rich in vitamin e, iron, omega fatty acids manganese, iron and fiber, it is also applied topically to treat skin conditions, mainly dandruff and acne.


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6 Kitchen Spices That Heal Big Time
15 people found this helpful

I am female 25 age. From last 2 months I am suffering with period problem. Its only stayed 2 days instead of 5 days. And from very starting 1st day its paining a lot. Please help me.

BHMS
Homeopath
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I am female 25 age. From last 2 months I am suffering with period problem. Its only stayed 2 days instead of 5 days. ...
It may be due to hormonal changes or may be the other causes. Please take syp. Evecare 2tsf tds for 2 months. For complete management needs more detail please consult on private chat for better management.

Polycystic Ovarian Disease – PCOD or Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), PGDHHM, MBBS
Gynaecologist
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What is Polycystic Ovarian Disease – PCOD or Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a health problem that can affect a woman's:
• Menstrual cycle
• Ability to have children
• Appearance
• Hormones
• Blood vessels
• Heart
With PCOS, women typically have:
• High levels of androgens These are sometimes called male hormones, though females also make them.
• Many small cysts (fluid-filled sacs) in their ovaries
• Missed or irregular periods (monthly bleeding)
What causes PCOS?
The cause of PCOS is unknown. But most experts think that several factors, including genetics, could play a role. Women with PCOS are more likely to have a mother or sister with PCOS.
A main underlying problem with PCOS is a hormonal imbalance. In women with PCOS, the ovaries make more androgens than normal. Androgens are male hormones that females also make. High levels of these hormones affect the development and release of eggs during ovulation.
High androgen levels can lead to:
• Acne
• Excessive hair growth
• Weight gain
• Problems with ovulation
How many women have PCOS?
Between 1 in 10 and 1 in 20 women of childbearing age has PCOS. It can occur in girls as young as 11 years old.
What are the symptoms of PCOD or PCOS?
The symptoms of PCOS can vary from woman to woman. Some of the symptoms of PCOS include:
• Infrequent, absent, and/or irregular menstrual periods
• Infertility (not able to get pregnant) because of not ovulating. In fact, PCOS is the most common cause of female infertility.
• Increased hair growth on the face, chest, stomach, back, thumbs, or toes
• Male-pattern baldness or thinning hair
• Cysts on the ovaries
• Acne, oily skin, or dandruff
• Weight gain or obesity, usually with extra weight around the waist
• Skin tags — excess flaps of skin in the armpits or neck area
• Pelvic pain
• Anxiety or depression
• Patches of skin on the neck, arms, breasts, or thighs that are thick and dark brown or black
• Sleep apnea — when breathing stops for short periods of time while asleep
How do I know if I have PCOS?
There is no single test to diagnose PCOS. Your doctor will take the following steps to find out if you have PCOS or if something else is causing your symptoms.
Medical history. Your doctor will ask about your menstrual periods, weight changes, and other symptoms.
Physical exam. Your doctor will want to measure your blood pressure, body mass index (BMI), and waist size. He or she also will check the areas of increased hair growth. You should try to allow the natural hair to grow for a few days before the visit.
Pelvic exam. Your doctor might want to check to see if your ovaries are enlarged or swollen by the increased number of small cysts.
Blood tests. Your doctor may check the androgen hormone and glucose (sugar) levels in your blood.
Ultrasound (sonogram). Your doctor may perform a test that uses sound waves to take pictures of the pelvic area. It might be used to examine your ovaries for cysts and check the endometrium (lining of the womb). This lining may become thicker if your periods are not regular.
How is PCOS treated?
Because there is no cure for PCOS, it needs to be managed to prevent problems. Treatment goals are based on your symptoms, whether or not you want to become pregnant, and lowering your chances of getting heart disease and diabetes. Many women will need a combination of treatments to meet these goals. Some treatments for PCOS include:
Lifestyle modification. Many women with PCOS are overweight or obese, which can cause health problems. You can help manage your PCOS by eating healthy and exercising to keep your weight at a healthy level. Healthy eating tips include:
• Limiting processed foods and foods with added sugars
• Adding more whole-grain products, fruits, vegetables, and lean meats to your diet
This helps to lower blood glucose (sugar) levels, improve the body's use of insulin, and normalize hormone levels in your body. Even a 10 percent loss in body weight can restore a normal period and make your cycle more regular.
Birth control pills. For women who don't want to get pregnant, birth control pills can:
• Control menstrual cycles
• Reduce male hormone levels
• Help to clear acne
Fertility medications. Lack of ovulation is usually the reason for fertility problems in women with PCOS. Several medications that stimulate ovulation can help women with PCOS become pregnant. Even so, other reasons for infertility in both the woman and man should be ruled out before fertility medications are used.
Another option is in vitro fertilization (IVF). IVF offers the best chance of becoming pregnant in any given cycle. It also gives doctors better control over the chance of multiple births. But, IVF is very costly.
Surgery. "Ovarian drilling" is a surgery that may increase the chance of ovulation. It’s sometimes used when a woman does not respond to fertility medicines. This surgery can lower male hormone levels and help with ovulation. But, these effects may only last a few months.
Medicine for increased hair growth or extra male hormones. Medicines called anti-androgens may reduce hair growth and clear acne. Anti-androgens are often combined with birth control pills. These medications should not be taken if you are trying to become pregnant.
Before taking any Medicines tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. Do not breastfeed while taking this medicine.
Other options include:
• Cream to reduce facial hair
• Laser hair removal or electrolysis to remove hair
• Hormonal treatment to keep new hair from growing

Does PCOS change at menopause?
Yes and no. PCOS affects many systems in the body. So, many symptoms may persist even though ovarian function and hormone levels change as a woman nears menopause. For instance, excessive hair growth continues, and male-pattern baldness or thinning hair gets worse after menopause. Also, the risks of complications (health problems) from PCOS, such as heart attack, stroke, and diabetes, increase as a woman gets older.
How does PCOS affect a woman while pregnant?
Women with PCOS appear to have higher rates of:
• Miscarriage
• Premature delivery
• Pregnancy-induced high blood pressure
• Gestational diabetes
Does PCOS put women at risk for other health problems?
Women with PCOS have greater chances of developing several serious health conditions, including life-threatening diseases. Recent studies found that:
• Women with PCOS can have diabetes or pre-diabetes at early age.
• Women with PCOS are at greater risk of having high blood pressure.
• Women with PCOS can develop sleep apnea. This is when breathing stops for short periods of time during sleep.
Women with PCOS may also develop anxiety and depression. It is important to talk to your doctor about treatment for these mental health conditions.
Irregular menstrual periods and the lack of ovulation cause women to produce the hormone estrogen, but not the hormone progesterone. Progesterone causes the endometrium (lining of the womb) to shed each month as a menstrual period. Without progesterone, the endometrium becomes thick, which can cause heavy or irregular bleeding. Over time, this can lead to endometrial hyperplasia, when the lining grows too much, and cancer.
I have PCOS. What can I do to prevent complications?
If you have PCOS, get your symptoms under control at an earlier age to help reduce your chances of having complications like diabetes and heart disease. Talk to your doctor about treating all your symptoms, rather than focusing on just one aspect of your PCOS, such as problems getting pregnant. Also, talk to your doctor about getting tested for diabetes regularly. Other steps you can take to lower your chances of health problems include:
• Eating right
• Exercising
• Not smoking
How can I cope with the emotional effects of PCOS?
Having PCOS can be difficult. You may feel:
• Embarrassed by your appearance
• Worried about being able to get pregnant
• Depressed
Getting treatment for PCOS can help with these concerns and help boost your self-esteem.
It is advised that you should consult gynecologist who can help you based on your symptoms and requirements to manage PCOD / PCOS.
Polycystic Ovarian Disease – PCOD or Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
7 people found this helpful

I have two paravorian cyst in my right ovarian and I have not conceived till now. My doctor said it has to be removed before or after conceiving through laproscopy. I just want to ask that Is it important to remover that? Is there any risk after that surgery or anything that is not known to me?

MBBS (Gold Medalist, Hons), MS (Obst and Gynae- Gold Medalist), DNB (Obst and Gynae), Fellow- Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility (ACOG, USA)
Gynaecologist
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I have two paravorian cyst in my right ovarian and I have not conceived till now. My doctor said it has to be removed...
Whether you need removal or not, depends on the size and nature of the cysts. Also we need to know other factors related to fertility before taking decision for the operation.
1 person found this helpful

My wife had her last period on september 15. There is no sign of her periods as of now. Her period cycle is around 30 to 32 days since the past 6 months we have been trying for a baby since a few months now. What are the early symptoms of pregnancy. And how soon can we take a pregnancy test. Also she still has her periods pain and white discharge from a few days. We are a little confused if its a delayed period as well. Its been 42 days now since her last periods.

MBBS
General Physician
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My wife had her last period on september 15.  There is no sign of her periods as of now. Her period cycle is around 3...
earliest symptom is missed cycle Tender, swollen breasts. Early in pregnancy hormonal changes might make your breasts tender, sensitive Nausea with or without vomiting. ... Increased urination. ... Fatigue. ... Food aversions or cravings. you can do pregnancy test done

Calculating Weight

MBBS & Post Graduate course in Diabetology, Fellow of Academy of General Education (FAGE), CCEBDM
Endocrinologist
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Easiest way of calculating ideal weight is height in cms - 100
Calculating Weight

Weight management tips to enhance your fertility

MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
IVF Specialist
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The number of young overweight women and men seeking medical assistance for planning family is on a rise. Being overweight not only affects ones’ chances of becoming a parent, but also can lead to complications in pregnancy- adversely affecting both mother and baby. Therefore, it is very important for all young men and women to know the fundamentals of causation and detection of this important disorder.

What is Obesity and how to confirm that?

The most often asked questions in this context are- what is a normal acceptable weight, when does one get labelled as overweight and what is the definition of obesity? Another important question we often get asked is- what’s the difference between being overweight and obese?

In very simple terms, what a physician evaluates to check for obesity in a person is a simple index known as “body mass Index” or BMI. BMI can be calculated by simply dividing the person’s body weight in Kg by the square of person’s height measured in meters. BMI is measured as Kg/m2. Following are broad guidelines for detection of obesity-
1. BMI of < 18.5 indicates that the person is underweight
2. BMI between 18.5 and 24.9 indicates that the person has got normal weight
3. BMI between 25 and 29.9 indicates that the person is overweight
4. BMI of > 30 indicates obesity

How does Obesity affect fertility?

Excessive body weight in women causes multiple hormonal imbalances, which can result in irregular menstruation and reduced frequency of ovulation, thus leading to infertility. Also, the outcome of Infertility treatment in obese women is poorer than in their normal weight counterparts. Obesity also increases the chances of pregnancy related complications such as miscarriage, pregnancy induced hypertension and gestational diabetes and hence increases the requirement offers cesarean delivery. And not to forget that the labor is that much harder and prolonged for obese women.

Obese males also suffer from reduced fertility as they tend to have lower level of testosterone, which suppresses sperm production. Obesity can also case erectile dysfunction in men, which can result in reduced fertility.

What can you do?

Here are five easy weight management tips to help you realize your dream of having a child-
1. Watch your meals- take a healthy diet and avoid excess carbohydrates and fat
2. Watch your beverages- drink adequate quantity of water, avoid soft drinks as they contain empty calories and refrain from alcohol
3. Stop smoking and keep in mind that there is nothing like occasional/ moderate smoking
4. Exercise regularly and maintain a healthy, active lifestyle- short sessions of brisk walking, swimming, jogging or skipping are good means to keep one active and healthy
5. Avoid stress and practice Yoga/ meditation or other stress buster techniques that suit you

If you want to know more or seek an expert opinion, write to us at ivfgurgaon@gmail.com today!
Weight management tips to enhance your fertility

5 Cheap Superfoods You'll Even Find In Your Local Mandi

B.Sc. - Dietitics / Nutrition, CAFE, MMM, M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition, Nutrition Certification, PGCDE, PhD
Dietitian/Nutritionist
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5 Cheap Superfoods You'll Even Find In Your Local Mandi

Everyday you’ll hear about a new fancy ‘superfood’ that you absolutely must include in your daily diet. Some would ask you to gorge on goji berries, while some would advise bingeing on bee pollen (!). All this can get a little overwhelming for the average Indian individual. The good news is that there are certain everyday superfoods you can get from your local mandi.

Here are six of them you easily could and absolutely should include in your cart to guarantee a healthier and longer life without burning a hole in your wallet at an expensive gourmet store.

1. Carrots: Carrots are your best source for a healthy intake of Vitamin C, beta-carotene (Vitamin A), magnesium, potassium, and other antioxidants that are essential for the functioning of your immune system. Plus the good thing about carrots is you can have them anyway you want - so sauté them as a part of your mixed vegetables or feast on your favourite 'gajar ka halwa.' The choice is yours. One raw carrot a day is ideal.

2. Coconuts: An excellent source of essential fatty acids, raw coconuts are equipped with quite a few health benefits. They are anti-microbial food and natural hormone boosters. The other good thing about them- they don't add to your weight. Coconut fat is used by the liver for the production of energy, thereby keeping your weight in check. Raw coconut shreds, raw coconut butter and coconut flour are the forms in which you should consume this superfood. Although if you’re already obese, you should avoid consuming coconut as it has a high calorie and saturated fat content.

3. Apples: 'An apple a day, keeps the doctor away' did not become so popular without cause. High quantities of pectin, potassium and Vitamin C make it a superfood you just can't ignore. Apples are known to keep your heart healthy, lower your cholesterol and body weight and improve your mood. Plus, they keep you fuller for a longer time than unhealthy processed junk food. A fun fact you must know- the tarter the apple, the better it is for you as it contains more antioxidants. 3 apples a day are good to keep you healthy always.

4. Bananas: The superpower of bananas lies in its tryptophan content. Tryptophan is an amino acid that converts to serotonin. Serotonin is a brain neurotransmitter that improves your mood, so you should be sure to add it to your grocery list next time. Potassium and Vitamins B and C further make it a superfood you must try. Have it raw or make a smoothie for yourself to enjoy its benefits. Just like apples, 3 bananas a day are good enough.

5. Dark Chocolate: At the end of a hard day, it is important to treat yourself. So why not go for a healthy dose of dark chocolate? Dark chocolate is full of antioxidants, and is currently creating buzz in the medical world that it might be helpful in preventing cardiovascular disease. Do you need more reason to indulge?

A word of caution: Be careful with your consumption of dark chocolate, specifically if you suffer from cardiac disorders or have a high cholesterol. Its high calorie content is not good for those who are overweight either. It is advisable to have no more than 100 gms of dark chocolate in a day.

If you would like to consult with me privately, please click on 'Consult'.
5 Cheap Superfoods You'll Even Find In Your Local Mandi
6754 people found this helpful

I'm pregnant 22 weeks now. My bp is 130/80. I reduced salt and oil. But it is in the same. What I have to do for normal bp level. Without using medicine how to decrease?

MBBS, DGO, DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Gynaecologist
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I'm pregnant 22 weeks now. My bp is 130/80. I reduced salt and oil. But it is in the same. What I have to do for norm...
Hi.your BP is perfectly normal. No need to decrease.If you are taking any medicine for BP continue the same dosage.If this BP is without any medication it is absolutely normal and you do not need any medication.
1 person found this helpful

I am soon getting married , just have few doubts to clear. I want to know that when can I have a intercourse without any protection and my wife also should Not get pregnant.Please tell.

PDDM, MHA, MBBS
General Physician
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I am soon getting married , just have few doubts to clear. I want to know that when can I have a intercourse without ...
Usually 5 days before and after the menstrual cycle are safe but this method is not 100 percent reliable.
2 people found this helpful

Is it is ok to eat pine apple or drink its juice after et in ivf. Is there any that must be eaten and which never to be eaten in ivf. Please suggest me some eatables.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FMAS, DMAS, MBBS
Gynaecologist
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Hello, There are no restrictions to pineapple intake or any fruits especially after IVF, but in general avoid papaya.
1 person found this helpful

I haven't had my period since march 30th in april I had unprotected sex from the 8th to the 25th my period was suppose to come on the 27th now its may 12th and im lightly spotting brown off and on since the 9th am I pregnant if so why am I spotting.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda
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If you are confirmed of your pregnancy, please consult immediately and get advise or package for stopping spotting otherwise it may hamper the growth of foetus. If not pregnant then other effective med are there. May get preg test done.
3 people found this helpful

Hi doctor. I am having irregular periods since after my delivery. can you please tell how can I make them come in time?

BHMS
Homeopath
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Hi doctor. I am having irregular periods since after my delivery. can you please tell how can I make them come in time?
Hi. You can start with homoeopathic medicines once you stop breast-feeding your child only (not before that) - Pulsatilla 200/ one dose daily and Saclac 30/ thrice a day - both for 15days. Keep taking Calcium & Iron medicines for few more months even after stopping the breast-feed. Revert.

I am 21 years old female recently I took abortion pill and done my abortion I completed 25 days but bleeding is not stopped some times stop and some time not stoping. Its normal or any problem medicine name is mifepristone-miscopristone tablet when can stop my bleeding.

Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist
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Dear Lybrate user, You should get ultrasound of lower abdomen done and show to Gynaecologist. The abortion is likely to be incomplete.

My wife's uterus has 3 fibroid. On consultation Dr. advised to remove these fibroid including every. Is this advise in order.

DHMS (Hons.)
Homeopath
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She should take: acid acitic 30, 5 dps x3 acid nit 30, 5 drps x3, dly scrofularia q, 10 drps + 2tsfl water, thrice /day report after 1 mnth, plz.
1 person found this helpful

BHMS, Dietitian/ Nutritionist
Homeopath
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Take lemon water with jeera
And honey daily in the morning. It acts as a system cleanser and detoxifier.

I have aa loosen vagina. How can I tight my vagina easily in a week. Please help me in detail to tighten it as like a virgin girl.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology
Psychologist
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Dear Lybrate user. At your age you should not worry about all these. Vaginal muscles are elastic and it has the capacity to return to normal position its own. You can do kegal exercise to strengthen the pelvic muscles. Take care.
2 people found this helpful

Hi sir, I am 32 year old, I have 2 children (1 Child - 5 Month / 2 Child - 21 month) My wife is not Ready For Sex, She is not interested in sex? How to solve my problem? Please answer me in hindi / gujarati language.

MBBS
General Physician
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Atyare tamaari wife feeding karti hase ane emnu javandaari beh naana balako ne sambhar vani che etla matte eh tumne sexual activity maa interest nahi leti hasse and I will suggest you to respect her decision for a year and support and help her in daily activities and she herself will come to you for sexual activity.
2 people found this helpful
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