Lybrate.com has a number of highly qualified Pediatricians in India. You will find Pediatricians with more than 36 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Pediatricians online in Mumbai and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.
Book Clinic Appointment
Adolescent Problems Treatment
Limping Child Treatment
Management of New Born Care
Treatment of Newborn Jaundice
Treatment of Thyroid Disease in Children
Thyroid Disorder Treatment
Thyroid Problems Treatment
Adolescent Disorders Treatment
Treatment of Child and Adolescent Problems
Treatment of Childhood Diabetes
Cleft Lip Treatment
Management of Postnatal Care
Child Growth Management
Treatment of Childhood Infections
Management of Childhood Nutrition
Congenital Ear Problem Treatment
Quad Screening Treatment
Eczema is a chronic skin disease, which presents itself in 4 ways, viz, redness, boils, discharge (clear or sticky), crusts or scales and cracks/ fissures.
Common types of eczema
atopic dermatitis: primary eczema characterized by itchy, inflamed, leathery skin
contact eczema: a localized lesion characterized by redness, itching, and burning,
When skin comes into contact with an allergen chemicals or metals like ornaments.
seborrheic eczema: inflammatory condition of skin presents yellowish, oily, scaly
Patches generally on the scalp, face, and occasionally other parts of the body
Covered by hair.
neurodermatitis: scaly patches of skin on the head, lower legs, wrists, or forearms
Characterized by itch.
dyshidrotic eczema: irritation of the skin on the palms of hands and soles of the feet
Characterized by clear, deep blisters that itch and burn
Common characteristics of eczema
A. Intense itching
B. Dry or moist (with or without discharge)
C. Rashes or boils of variant forms, eg; vesicular, papular,
D. Characteristic rash in locations typical of the disease
E. Chronic or recurrent symptoms
F. Personal or family history
Factors that aggravate eczema!
Many factors or conditions can trigger &amp; intensify the symptoms of eczema, aggravating the itching-scratching and increasing damage to the skin. These aggravating factors can be
Classified into two main categories; irritants and allergens. Emotional factors and some infections can also influence eczema.
Common skin irritants to cause eczema
Irritants are substances that has a direct affect on skin, and when used in high concentrations for long duration can cause the skin to become red and itchy or to burn.
Specific irritants affect people with atopic dermatitis to different degrees. Over time, many patients and their families learn to identify the irritants that are most troublesome to them.
For example, wool or synthetic fibers may affect some patients. Rough or poorly fitting clothing can rub the skin, trigger inflammation, and prompt the beginning of the itchscratch
Cycle. Soaps and detergents may have a drying effect and worsen itching, and some perfumes and cosmetics may irritate the skin. Exposure to certain elements, such as
Chlorine, mineral oil, or solvents, or to irritants, such as dust or sand, may also aggravate the condition. Cigarette smoke may irritate the eyelids. Because irritants vary from one
Person to another, each person has to determine for himself or herself what substances or circumstances cause the disease to flare.
wool or synthetic fibers
soaps and detergents
some perfumes and cosmetics
substances such as chlorine, mineral oil, or solvents
dust or sand
What are allergens?
Allergens are substances from foods, plants, or animals that provoke an overreaction of the eczema immune system and cause inflammation (in this case, the skin). Inflammation can occur
Even when the person is exposed to small amounts of the allergen for a limited time. Some examples of allergens are pollen and dog or cat dander (tiny particles from the animal's
Skin or hair). When people with eczema come into contact with an irritant or allergen to which they are sensitive, inflammation- producing cells permeate the skin from elsewhere
In the body. These cells release chemicals that cause itching and redness. As the person scratches and rubs the skin in response, further damage occurs.
Certain foods act as allergens and may trigger eczema or exacerbate it (cause it to become worse). Food allergens clearly play a role in a number of cases of eczema, primarily in
Infants and children. An allergic reaction to food can cause skin inflammation (generally hives), gastrointestinal symptoms (vomiting, diarrhea), upper respiratory tract symptoms
(congestion, sneezing), and wheezing. The most common allergy-causing (allergenic) foods are eggs, peanuts, milk, fish, soy products, and wheat. Although the data remain
Inconclusive, some studies suggest that mothers of children with a family history of eczema should avoid eating commonly allergenic foods themselves during late pregnancy and (if
Breast feeding) while they are breast feeding the baby. Although not all researchers agree, most experts think that breast feeding the infant for at least 4 months may have a
Protective effect for the child. If a food allergy is suspected, it may be helpful to keep a careful diary of everything the patient eats, noting any reactions. Identifying the food allergen may be difficult if the
Patient is also being exposed to other allergens, and may require supervision by an allergist. One helpful way to explore the possibility of a food allergy is to eliminate the
Suspected food and then, if improvement is noticed, reintroduce it into the diet under carefully controlled conditions. A two week trial is usually sufficient for each food. If the
Food being tested causes no symptoms after two weeks, a different food can be tested in like manner afterwards. Likewise, if the elimination of a food does not result in
Improvement after 2 weeks, other foods may be eliminated in turn. Changing the diet of a person who has eczema may not always relieve symptoms. A change
May be helpful, however, when a patient's medical history and specific symptoms strongly suggest a food allergy. It is up to the patient and his or her family and physician to judge
Whether the dietary restrictions outweigh the impact of the disease itself. Restricted diets often are emotionally and financially difficult for patients and their families to follow. Unless
Properly monitored, diets with many restrictions can also contribute to nutritional problems in children.
What are aeroallergens?
Some allergens are called aeroallergens because they are present in the air. They may also play a role in eczema. Common aeroallergens are dust mites, pollens, molds, and dander
From animal hair or skin. These aeroallergens, particularly the house dust mite, may worsen the symptoms of eczema in some people. Although some researchers think that
Aeroallergens are an important contributing factor to eczema, others believe that they are insignificant. Scientists also don't understand the way in which aeroallergens affect the
Skin; whether the aeroallergen affects the person internally after being inhaled, or whether the aeroallergen actually penetrates the patient's skin.
No reliable test is available that determines whether a specific aeroallergen is an exacerbating factor in any given individual. If the doctor suspects that an aeroallergen is
Contributing to a patient's symptoms, the doctor may recommend ways to reduce exposure to the offending agents. For example, the presence of the house dust mite can be limited
By encasing mattresses and pillows in special dust-proof covers, frequently washing bedding in hot water, and removing carpeting. However, there is no way to completely rid
The environment of aeroallergens.
What other factors may play a role in eczema?
Eczema; in addition to irritants and allergens, other factors, such as emotional issues, temperature and climate, and skin infections can affect eczema. Although the disease itself is not caused
By emotional factors or personality, it can be exacerbated by stress, anger, and frustration. Interpersonal problems or major life changes, such as divorce, job changes, or the death of
A loved one, can also make the disease worse. Often, emotional stress seems to prompt a flare of the disease. Bathing without proper moisturizing afterward is a common factor that triggers a flare of
Eczema. The low humidity of winter or the dry year-round climate of some geographic areas can intensify the disease, as can overheated indoor areas and long or hot baths and
Showers. Alternately sweating and chilling can induce an attack in some people. Bacterial infections can also prompt or increase the severity of eczema. If a patient experiences a
Sudden onset of illness, the doctor may check for a viral infection (such as herpes simplex) or fungal infection (such as ringworm or athlete's foot).
Treating eczema in infants and children
give brief, lukewarm baths.
apply lubricant immediately following the bath.
keep child's fingernails filed short.
select soft cotton fabrics when choosing clothing.
consider using antihistamines to reduce scratching at night.
keep the child cool; avoid situations where overheating occurs.
learn to recognize skin infections and seek treatment promptly.
attempt to distract the child with activities to keep him or her from scratching.
Tips for working with your doctor
provide complete, accurate medical information about yourself or your child.
make a list of your questions and concerns in advance.
be honest and share your point of view with the doctor.
ask for clarification or further explanation if you need it.
talk to other members of the health care team, such as nurses, therapists, or pharmacists.
don't hesitate to discuss sensitive subjects with your doctor.
discuss changes to any medical treatment or medications with your doctor before making them.
prevent scratching or rubbing whenever possible.
protect skin from excessive moisture, irritants, and rough clothing.
maintain a cool, stable temperature and consistent humidity levels.
limit exposure to dust, cigarette smoke, pollens, and animal dander.
recognize and limit emotional stress.
Eczema and homoeopathy
The treatment of eczema is positively possible in homoeopathy, but according to principles of homoeopathy no patent medicine can be prescribed for it. Homoeopathy believes in individualization of a person. A man is known
By its habits, mental buildup, temperament, constitution, liking, dislikings, aggravation and amelioration of symptoms, color of skin, texture of skin etc etc. A homoeopath prescribes medicine for a patient to patient basis
Depending on the constitution, mental and physical symptoms. Clinically it has been proved that this is one of the best form of treatment of eczema or any other skin diseases because it removes the symptoms and cures it
Permanently. It is advisable for a patient to consult a qualified physician for his or her treatment. Once your eczema is cured, the same lesion should not reappear but it is possible that depending on the above factors, there may be chances of re-occurrences on rare occasions.
My 1 years 7-months old son has been recently diagnosed with 'papular rash' by our pediatric doctor. He has been on daily dosage of - 1) Montair granules for 4-weeks. 2) Xyzal syrup 2 ml for 10-days. Our doctor had mentioned that if things settle down within 1-2 weeks, dosages could be reduced, however, he is currently out of town for 3-months. My son already took these medicines for 2-weeks & 2-3 new rashes have come up since past 2-3 days. Also, the existing ones seem to get cured. Should we continue the same medicines for the entire duration of 4-weeks or, is there any dosage reduction required?
My son has diarrhea after he takes any fluid. What do to stop loose stool. He had 7episode of watery diarrhea.
Actually my son is 6 year old some times he rub is ear from today he is getting pain he does not have any fever please suggest me what I should do now ?
Sir my baby has club foot disorder in 1 leg. She is 11 days old. What is the treatment to be given and how much time approximately it will take to be cured. Who is the best doctor in howrah and calcutta and how much it will cost in plastering and treatment approximately. please guide sir.
My baby is 7 months old and simce 2 days is suffering from loose motion around 2 to 3 times a day. Would like to know whether this is teething symptoms as I have checked and could not find teeth coming. What would you suggest in such circumstance ?
Sir/Mam I am 16 years old. Sir/Mam, my nose suddenly broken when I was eating food. My nose is bleeding so much. Some peoples saying that my vein is broken, please help.
My daughter has acute DNS. One of her nostril is completely closed due to trauma at the age of 2. She is 10. Her breast buds have started coming. Acc to her early outburst of puberty can I get her surgery done at 15- or 16 year of age. Her nose is also quite big can I get the surgery for shaping her nose also at the same time?
I have 3 months baby. He is not sleeping at night. What to make him sleep at night? He is sleeping in the morning. If not to make him sleep in the morning he starts crying so how to make him to sleep in. Night?
My son aged 10 years have cough since yesterday. He coughed after 3 minutes one time .I am giving nebulizer treatment with 1.5 ml normal saline and 0.3 ml asthalin respules. Is any other cough syrup required.
She is 5 years old looking so dull not taking food properly. Weight and height is also low. Looking cute but not bright. what should I do?
I have 3 months old baby he is not getting enough milk. My milk supply is slow and very less. please tell me what to do. Even I am taking lactare capsules 2 per day.
Ayurvedic Perspective of Migraine and its management
Migraine is one of the worst headaches a person can experience. It is described as a throbbing or pulsating pain that can be on one side of the head. It can begin in a specific area and then spread while it builds in intensity. A migraine is associated with nausea and vomiting. The person will also be sensitive to light, sounds and even certain smells. Sleeping can be difficult and many people become depressed. They can last for a couple of hours or for several days.
Therapies Generally Used.
External treatments along with the internal preparations are very effective in chronic conditions. Panchakarma helps to remove the accumulated toxins and help to strengthen the nerve system. Involvement of other systemic disorders is also taken into account before deciding the treatment protocols.
1. Thala pothichil : Various kinds of paste (grinded mixture of selected herbs in suitable liquid media ) over the forehead / entire head help for the sudden relief from the ache. The preparations help to normalize the hyper action of the nerve cells and regulates the blood circulation towards the brain
2. Thalam : Special herbal powders suitable to reduce the Dosha vitiation, are selected and mixed with suitable liquid media(oils/ghee) and this medicated herbal paste is applied lukewarm over the crown of head (Anatomically over the Bregma point on skull). (Dur 25-45min).
3. Shiro abhyanga : Head Massaging with Oils suitable for the Dosha vitiation, helps to increase the blood circulation towards brain and also helps to relax the spastic muscles on head. Special care is taken to massage the Marmas or the Vital points on head which have marvelous results.
4. Nasya : Nasya (application of herbal preparations through nostrils) is one of the treatments which directly acts on the nerves and removes the toxins accumulated in the sinuses. Mucus lining inside the nostrils are one of the areas where numerous nerve endings are exposed. The medicated oils applied through Nasya directly acts on these nerve endings and help to pacify Vata Dosha in disturbed nerves and control the abnormal impulses gernerated by these nerves. The special preparations used for Nasya drains the mucus deposited in the sinuses thereby the pressure in this area is relieved. The medicinal contents of the oils administered, stimulate the higher centers of brain which have actions on regulation of endocrine, nervous system and circulatory functions.
5. Shiro dhara : Shiro dhara with Takram (medicated butter milk) is also another important therapy which is used to control the vitiated vata kapha doshas localized head.(Dur 25-75min) Other Panchakarma treatments like Vasti (a course of medicated oil and decoction enemas), Virechana (purgation) also helps to put the toxins out from the body.
After the Panchakarma therapies, special preparations called Rasayana (immunoregulatory) is administered. Rasayana preparations improve the immune system further improving the perception of sense organs. Migraine due to other systemic involvement like psychological problems, digestive problems, blood pressure, ophthalmic problems, immune problem, improper menstruation, etc will be relieved when treated according to the specific treatment told for these diseases.