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Dr. Seetharaman Venkataraman

Ophthalmologist, Mumbai

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Dr. Seetharaman Venkataraman Ophthalmologist, Mumbai
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My favorite part of being a doctor is the opportunity to directly improve the health and wellbeing of my patients and to develop professional and personal relationships with them....more
My favorite part of being a doctor is the opportunity to directly improve the health and wellbeing of my patients and to develop professional and personal relationships with them.
More about Dr. Seetharaman Venkataraman
Dr. Seetharaman Venkataraman is one of the best Ophthalmologists in Mulund West, Mumbai. He is currently associated with Shree Ram Eye Care Centre in Mulund West, Mumbai. Book an appointment online with Dr. Seetharaman Venkataraman on Lybrate.com.

Lybrate.com has an excellent community of Ophthalmologists in India. You will find Ophthalmologists with more than 30 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Ophthalmologists online in Mumbai and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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Shree Ram Eye Care Centre

1st Floor, BPS Plaza, Devidayal Road, Next to Devidayal Road Bus Depot, Mulund West, MumbaiMumbai Get Directions
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Cataract: Vision Disorder

MS - Ophthalmology
Ophthalmologist, Delhi
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Causes, prevention, and treatments for Cataract

I am Dr. Sunita Lulla Gur, a senior eye specialist at Accuvision Eye Centre and AcuVision center. It has been long that people wonder, why we see less with ageing. Of which, ageing is itself a problem of many disease, or may be degenerative changes which are taking place in a body, of one, cataract is an important thing that happens. Now let’s see what is cataract. Now when we see the complete structure of the eye, this is the cornea; then you have a natural lens, which is situated over here, and then we have the retina. So whenever the degeneration, normally when we see, the lens, which is more clear, okay? Now, what happens , with ageing, this degeneration of the proteins which are there in the lens, and it leads to opacification.

Now when we look into this, this is opacification of the lens which is happening. Now because of this opacification, what happens is, the natural clarity of the lens is lost, and then we see through this haze which is there. So this reduces, or leads to the diminishing of vision, or blurred vision. So, this condition is called as cataract. Now cataract can be of many types, and depending on the stage, your vision will be affected. Sometimes what happens in early cataracts, you will have little bit blurred vision, but you can cope up with your daily day to day life. There are different types of cataract; age-related, in children also we have seen, which is since birth and which is called as congenital cataract.

Traumatic cataract, it means, whenever there is injury to the eye, then it can lead to traumatic cataract. Or sometimes, drugs; there are some kind of drugs which can cause cataract, like if you are on, long term on steroids, or other drugs, then it can lead to cataract formation. So keeping that in mind, you should always have your regular eye check up, once you are at the age of 40 or 50 years old. In Indian scenario, as we are a tropical country, too much of sunlight and UV radiation, the chances of cataract formation in Indian scenario is much higher than the counterpart in American scenario which we have seen. Now coming to, when should I get the cataract surgery one? Now when we say that you have cataract, one should not panic, because it is a normal ageing process which is happening; and surgery is the only treatment option available, as there are no drops or drugs or oral medication available to prevent it. Yes the role of anti-oxidants and good healthy diet is definitely there, to prevent early onset of cataract, okay? Now coming to the treatment or the preventive part.

Now how can you prevent cataract? As I already said, it is an ageing process, nothing can be done, but still, get a regular eye check up, have a healthy diet, including greens, reds, and yellow vegetables in your diet. Take some, well, you can include some almonds, and walnuts in your diet. These are all antioxidants which can delay the degenerative process. Now another thing is, as I said, there are no drops etc, so there is no need to put any drops for that. Sometimes people do take over-the-counter drops, many say that these are the drops which will be able to reduce the cataract, but then nothing happens. Now when can one get the surgery done? Now we have seen that surgically, it is one of the safest procedures to get done.

Nowadays with technology, so many good machines are available, the evaluation protocols have improved, what are seeing. So nowadays we do laser surgery, microincision surgery which is the key-hole surgery, through a, very small incision, that is made; and then cataract is emulsified and removed. Now, because we make a very micro hole surgery or a very small hole surgery, the wound healing is very fast. Now the techniques which are available to remove cataract is, one is laser, where we make a very small laser cut over here, where no blade is used, and a small phaco emulsification, for objects like the tip of this pen, if you see, it is entered, and whole of this cataract which is there, is emulsified. The cataract which is there is emulsified, and intraocular lens is implanted, and then the wound healing occurs, and the next day, or within 2 to 3 days, you are back to your normal work.

You have to take some precautions, which we will explain to you later. So this process is called as laser technique. Then we have another technique which is microincision, which is a very small key hole that is done, around 1.8-2 mm, through which the probe goes inside, it emulsifies the cataract, the cleaning is done and then the lens is implanted. The 3rd technique is phacoemulsification, where again, the incision size is slightly more than the microincision hole, but still it can be moved, through a small incision and the wound healing is faster. So, well, what was happening in the initial days, we were making incisions of this size, to this size, but now the incisions are hardly around 1.5 to 3.5 mm, which helps in healing process. It does not induce any number, and again the intraocular lens which is implanted, it is implanted as according to your eye power, so that most of the time, it will help you to get rid of glasses for distance, but for reading, you will require some glasses, for reading.

There are different types of intraocular lenses to be implanted, depending on the need of the patient, the profession of the patient; after discussion with the doctor, one can decide, what kind of lenses one can go for. Now, after care treatment of cataract if we look, it is not very hard. Only, well, some precautions you have to take, like no water should go inside the eyes, no rubbing of eyes. These are the two main precautions to be done. Otherwise you can carry forward your daily routine as you were doing before. Regarding what can be done, after, as in, preventive, if we say, there are many patients who come an ask me, “Doctor, how can I prevent cataract?” , so I say to them, that as I cannot prevent cataract in my eyes, how can I suggest? But still, as I already said, good eating habits.

Smoking is again, one of the causes of cataract early. So do not smoke, or if you are smoking, quit smoking or reduce it. Third, again, if you are on UV exposure lights too much, like working in sunlight, always wear protective glasses, so that the UV radiation does not fall directly in your eyes, and then the amount of cataract can be reduced. If you all do not take any steroids on your own, always consult a doctor before you start steroids. So these are the precautionary things which can prevent cataract, from happening. And once you develop, you should be seen by an ophthalmologist. Get your eyes checked and then decide with your doctor that when you should get your surgery done.

Thank you. For further details, if you want to know, you can, contact me. I am Dr Sunita at Accuvision Eye Centre and you can book your appointments to Lybrate.com or call to Lybrate and also, you can visit the website. Thank You.

3718 people found this helpful

My eyes power is very weak with -7.5 goggle. What should I do? Can I get back my eye brightness?

FPRS, DNB Ophtalmology
Ophthalmologist, Pune
My eyes power is very weak with -7.5 goggle. What should I do? Can I get back my eye brightness?
unfortunately there are no natural medications to remove spectacles permanently. you can either try contact lenses or plan for refractive lasik laser surgery
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Hello. I had a lump like thing on my right eye. It was above the eyelids. It does not pain. N now dt lump is come down on my eyelids. It is like a boil bt it is not paining or itching. I'm having this for the last 3 months. Please suggest me a solution.

DNB Ophtalmology, MS - Ophthalmology, MBBS, Fellowship in Medical Retina, Fellowship in IOL & Cataract Microsurgery
Ophthalmologist, Delhi
Hello. I had a lump like thing on my right eye. It was above the eyelids. It does not pain. N now dt lump is come dow...
You probably have a chalazion. Some respond to medical management and some need surgical incision and curettage. U will need to send a photo for confirmation. Until then Do some hot fomentation.
1 person found this helpful
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My father has a regular itching and irritation in his eyes . His age is 48 pls help me providing me with the reason and measures to cure it.

Fellowship in Comprehensive Ophthalmology, DOMS
Ophthalmologist, Sangrur
My father has a regular itching and irritation in his eyes . His age is 48 pls help me providing me with the reason a...
Hello. I think you have allergic conjunctivitis. 1. Eye allergies, called allergic conjunctivitis, are a common condition that occurs when the eyes react to something that irritates them (called an allergen). 2. The eyes produce a substance called histamine to fight off the allergen. As a result, the eyelids and conjunctiva (the thin, filmy membrane that covers the inside of your eyelids) become red, swollen and itchy, with tearing and burning. The key to treating eye allergies is a. Avoid or limit contact with the substance causing the problem. B. Avoid rubbing eyes instead do cold compresses. C. Use antiallergic eyedrop like olopat eyedrop twice daily d. Lubricating eyedrop like flogel thrice daily e. Use mild steroid like flurisone in pulse dose in severe allergy this will help you I am very sorry dear to say that there is no medicine that can cure allergy. Only way is to stay away from all those things that you are allergic to.
1 person found this helpful
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I am 53 year old lady. I get irritation in the eyes and they becomes red and tired. Consulted to doctor but the relief is till I use the medicines. What can be the problem?

Fellowship in Comprehensive Ophthalmology, DOMS
Ophthalmologist, Sangrur
I am 53 year old lady. I get irritation in the eyes and they becomes red and tired. Consulted to doctor but the relie...
Hello this may be due to dryness you can 1. Blink a lot 2. Wash eyes with fresh water 3. Cold compresses 4. Use lubricating eye drop like flogel
1 person found this helpful
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My eyes pains a lot when I study till late night please help me in overcoming from this problem.

DOMS, MBBS
Ophthalmologist, Delhi
My eyes pains a lot when I study till late night please help me in overcoming from this problem.
Hello, first of all get a vision test and if your eyesight is poor get prescription glasses since poor eyesight might be causing pain while studying. Also in your age weakness of eye muscles is very common, do convergence exercises every morning 20-25 times (hold a pen or pencil at arm's length, at your eye level and focus on the tip then slowly bring the pen towards your eyes persistently looking at the tip, stop when the tip becomes double or blurred, focus hard and repeat the process again). Take balanced diet with more green vegetables and fruits. Moreover resting your eyes is also very important, do not compromise on your sleep. Take care.
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My eyes deep red over seven days. Tears comes out here every time. I try many medicine but no changes. So what can I do.

FPRS, DNB Ophtalmology
Ophthalmologist, Pune
My eyes deep red over seven days. Tears comes out here every time. I try many medicine but no changes. So what can I do.
Red eyes could be because of many reasons but commonly it is due to allergy or infection. You need to visit eye specialist to differentiate between the two as the treatment is different. Also get your eyes checked for any glass power.
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I have red eye for last one day and I feel as if some foreign body has gone inside my left eye and it is watering for last three days. What should I do?

MBBS, MBA (Healthcare)
General Physician, Delhi
I have red eye for last one day and I feel as if some foreign body has gone inside my left eye and it is watering for...
some times foreign body come out itself. if it is persisting then its removal would be done by eye doctor.
1 person found this helpful
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Sir my mother is suffering from motiyabind I want to know the cost of operation and how much time it will take to cure.

MBBS, DNB (Ophthalmology), ROP
Ophthalmologist, Coimbatore
Sir my mother is suffering from motiyabind I want to know the cost of operation and how much time it will take to cure.
Cataract surgery is a day care procedure. The cost of which varies 15,000 - 80,000 or even more, depending upon the types of intraocular lenses, which procedure is being done (Sics, phaco, Flacs) and the operating surgeon's charges. Consult an ophthmologist for details.
1 person found this helpful
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LASIK - Will It Benefit You?

DOMS, MBBS
Ophthalmologist, Delhi
LASIK - Will It Benefit You?

The eyes are such a complex structure that even minute changes in the extremely complicated internal structure affects the most important function of the eye, vision. And anyone with a vision problem can vouch for the extent of effect it has on the quality of life. Whether you are able to see only things at a close distance or far off, it is definitely difficult.

The good news, however, is that with the thorough understanding of the eye’s structure, these abnormalities can be corrected and absolutely normal vision can be restored. While surgery was the only mode of correction a few decades ago, but laser has come to rescue, especially in intricate structures like the eye.

LASIK is an abbreviation for laser in-situ keratomileusis. This is the most common and popular method to correct vision in errors of refraction. In all these conditions (as below), the cornea which is the clear portion in the front of the eye is affected.

The light passes through the cornea, lens and falls on the back of the eye (retina), where an image is created, sent to the brain where it is reversed, and this is what we ‘see.’ Each of these parts have to be in perfect condition in order to produce this proper sight. Errors of refraction fall into three main categories.

  1. Nearsightedness: There is difficulty in seeing far off objects, so road signs and boards are difficult to follow. Seeing objects that are closer is not affected. Most important cause is excessive staring into computer monitors.
  2. FarsightednessThe person has difficulty seeing things that are nearby and has to hold them at a distance for clarity.
  3. Astigmatism: Light rays merge to focus on multiple points either in front of or behind the retina. Normally, however, they should focus on a single point on the retina. There could be blurred vision, squinting, and eye strain.

What is done?

During the laser surgical procedure, ultraviolet laser beam is directed at the cornea. It is reshaped - made thinner in nearsightedness, elongated in farsightedness, and restoring the normal shape in astigmatism. This ensures that light is focused properly on the retina, producing sharp images and restoring vision.

Benefits:

  1. Success rate as high as 96% - most patients no longer need the glasses or contacts they were using earlier
  2. Minimal pain
  3. Immediate correction of vision
  4. No stitches required
  5. Further adjustments to vision using glasses or contact lenses can be made if required

While errors in refraction are extremely common, there is no reason to panic. Corrective measures are also available, which can restore an almost normal vision. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an ophthalmologist.

2492 people found this helpful
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