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I am a 21 years old boy and my I always have pain in my eyes and head whenever I concentrate hard what should I do?
People are well aware of the harmful effects that UV rays have on the skin, but very few know that UV rays can damage their eyes as well. The tissue that human eye is made up of is one of the most sensitive tissues in the body and hence, the most vulnerable. The increasing level of UV radiation reaching the Earth’s surface every minute has made it indispensable to take the required precautionary measures to protect the eyes.
What are UV rays?
Sunlight consists of 3 types of radiations - Infrared, Visible light and UltraViolet. Artificial sources like lasers, tanning beds and welding machines also emit UV radiation.
There are three types of UV radiations - UV-A, UV-B and UV-C.
UV-C is absorbed by the ozone layer and does not possess any risk. It is UV-A and UV-B radiations that adversely affect the eyes and vision.
Impact of UV rays on eyes
Too much exposure to UV rays can affect vision, harm the eyes, and deteriorate overall eye health. There are various eye problems that are aggravated by excessive exposure to UV radiation:
- Macular Degeneration: It is caused by damage to the retina over time by UV rays. It leads to age-related blindness. Too much exposure to UV rays increases the risk of developing macular degeneration.
- Cataract: It is the clouding of eye’s natural lens - the part of the eye that focuses the light we see. Too much exposure to UV rays increases the risk of developing cataracts.
- Pterygium: Often known as ‘surfer’s eye’, pterygium is a pink, non-cancerous growth that is formed on the conjunctiva. UV rays are believed to be responsible for the development of this growth.
- Skin Cancer of the Eyelids: Too much exposure to UV rays can cause skin cancer in and around the eyelids.
- Photokeratitis: Popularly known as corneal sunburn or “snow blindness”, photokeratitis is caused due to excessive short-term exposure to UV-B rays. Photokeratitis occurs when you spend long hours at the beach or skiing. It sometimes leads to temporary vision loss.
How to protect the eyes from harmful UV rays?
Here are some tips to help ensure that eyes are protected against harmful UV rays:
- Always use quality sunglasses that block out 99-100 percent of both UV-A and UV-B radiation when outdoors.
- Stay away from tanning beds, and if you use them occasionally, always wear eye protection.
- Wrap around frames should be used if you spend a lot of time outdoors.
- Be sure to see your doctor at least every two years.
In case you have a concern or query consult an expert & get answers to questions!
My son is 11 years old. He is pre diabetic. What precautions should I take for him. His eye sight is also weak.
I have eye problem since 4 days. I have also ear problem and teeth problem also So guide me which tablet I have used.
Dear sir When I am using laptop and watching tv than my eyes start to burning and flow up the tears and eyes red please tell me what I do Thank you.
Eye fatigue is a condition where the eyes are constantly tired and in some amount of pain as well. The other symptoms of this condition can also include swelling, burning and itching. Other ailments and conditions in the body like computer vision syndrome and others can cause this condition as a side effect and it should be referred to an ophthalmologist at the earliest for treatment. So what else do we know about tired eyes or eye fatigue? Here are our list!
Causes: Usually, this condition may be caused by activities that require the constant movement and focus of the eyes for tasks like reading, writing, focusing on the glare and flicker found in computer screens or on smartphones, and more. Also, driving for a long time and exposing the eyes to too much sunlight can lead to this condition. Video games and handheld devices may also lead to the same. Also, the presence of more serious ailments in the body as well as computer vision syndrome that hits roughly 50 to 60% of workers who use computer screens on a daily basis and for long hours, can lead to this condition. Lack of sleep and a poor diet that does not have plenty of nutrients can also cause this condition and other related symptoms.
Symptoms: There are many symptoms of this condition including redness, itching, burning, swelling, watery eyes and much more, which will leave the eyes feeling tired. Also, blurred or cloudy vision may be experienced by patients for whom this condition has become more severe. The patient will also end up facing difficulty when it comes to focusing or driving for long periods of time, and headaches may take over after a few hours of reading or computer screen times. Also, related symptoms include acute pain and dull aches in the neck and shoulders which can trickle down to the upper back region.
Treatment: The best treatment for this condition is with the help of lifestyle changes like cutting down your working hours and taking frequent breaks. Also, you could place your computer screen at least 20 to 26 inches away from your face while you are working so that your eyes are at a more comfortable distance and do not get affected too easily. You must also try and limit your screen time in terms of hand held device usage. A doctor may also carry out an eye exam and prescribe artificial tear inducers or bifocal lenses to deal with the problem.
Persistent eye fatigue must be checked by an ophthalmologist who will arrive at a proper diagnosis and treatment. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!