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Caesarean Section Procedure
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Termination Of Pregnancy Procedure
Treatment Of Pregnancy Problems
Well Woman Healthcheck
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Treatment Of Medical Diseases In Pregnancy
Treatment Of Menstrual Problems
Intra-Uterine Insemination (IUI) Treatment
Medical Termination Of Pregnancy (Mtp) Procedure
Gynecology Laparoscopy Procedures
Pap Smear Procedure
Urinary Incontinence (Ui) Treatment
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Being diagnosed with cancer is something no one looks forward to and Gynaecological Cancer is every woman’s worst nightmare. However, if diagnosed in time, it can be treated. Cancer in any part of a woman’s reproductive system is termed as gynecological cancer. It is of five types:
Paying attention to your body and understanding its natural rhythm can help you recognize signs of gynecological cancer. This is because signs of gynecological cancer can be difficult to identify unless you know your body. Here are a five signs to watch out for-
Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding: Bleeding in between periods is okay once in a while but if it happens continuously over a period of 2 to 3 months, do not ignore it. Vaginal bleeding after menopause should also never be ignored. Abnormal bleeding could be triggered by a number of conditions including cancer of the lining of the uterus. Sudden changes in your menstrual blood that persist for over 2 cycles such as heavy bleeding can also be a symptom of uterine cancer. Heavy bleeding can be defined as a period that lasts for over 7 days.
Changes in the Vulva: Any change in colour of development of bumps, sores of thickened skin should be immediately shown to a gynecologist. Any form of vulvar itching or burning should also not be ignored. These conditions could be symptoms of vulvar cancer. Hence, it is important to know what your vulva looks like normally.
Bloating: Persistent bloating that lasts for over a fortnight can be a sign of ovarian cancer. This is especially true in cases of bloating accompanied by sudden weight loss or between-period bleeding.
Change in Bathroom Habits: Due to the proximity of the bladder to the reproductive organs, a tumour or swelling in the reproductive organs can trigger symptoms similar to those of a urinary tract infection. This includes pain while urinating, difficulty passing urine, diarrhea or constipation. Urinary incontinence could also a sign of gynecological cancer.
Abdominal or Back Pain: In rare cases, lower back pain could be a sign of ovarian cancer or uterine cancer. Pain in the lower abdomen or pelvic area can also be a sign of ovarian cancer.
The above could also be signs of other health disorders. The only way of knowing for sure is by consulting a doctor. Hence, understand your body and if you notice any of these symptoms consult your gynecologist at the earliest.
Menopause is the loss of a woman's natural ability to conceive as she approaches the age of 50. The levels of the female sex hormones estrogen and progesterone begin to drop disrupting the ovulation and menstruation cycles. There are also associated symptoms of menopause, such as weigh gain, low sex drive and hot flashes. You can also take the package for Living Healthy - Woman.
Here are 5 other problems you may experience after menopause:
- Increased level of cholesterol: The human body comprises two types of cholesterol primarily: High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) and Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL). The former is known as "good cholesterol". Estrogen helps to keep your HDL high and LDL low. After menopause, the levels of LDL or "bad cholesterol" naturally go up even if HDL levels remain unaltered. Regular physical exercise can prevent the rise in the levels of LDL.
- Dry skin: Estrogen is responsible for controlling the production of oil in your body. As estrogen levels fall, the oil secretion falls too. This leads to dry and scaly skin, especially skin of the face and arms. You can use moisturizers and creams to prevent flaking of the skin.
- Hair fall: This is also a result of dry skin. The skin of the scalp dries up and cannot provide nourishment to the hair. This causes hair fall. The variability in the levels of the hormones also causes deficiency of certain proteins that are essential for the nails and hair. Use mild herbal shampoos to deal with the problem. Chemical treatment procedures often do more harm than good.
- Unsocial tendencies: The irregularities in the production of the female hormones have an impact on your emotional and social behavior. You may want to spend more and more time by yourself instead of socializing with friends and relatives. These are not symptoms of depression or any other psychological condition. It is simply an emotional transference period.
- Drowsiness: While insomnia is one of the most symptoms of menopause, the situation somewhat reverses after some time. Menopause causes changes in the body weight, hormone cycles and metabolism. All of these, in turn, affect your energy levels. You feel extremely sleepy during the day, especially in the afternoon. However, sleeping during the day can cause sleeping problems at night. So, do not take a nap for more than half an hour during the day.
If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a specilized gynaecologist and ask a free question.
What is the cause for my back/neck pain?
The most common cause of back/neck pain is strain or injury due to bad posture during the daily routine activities like sitting, bending forwards and lifting weights etc. Lack of regular exercise to the back and abdominal muscles, age related wear and tear changes in the discs and bones in the spine, obesity are other contributory factors. Severe wear and tear changes (degenerative changes) in the spine can lead to instability and pain that is worse on certain activities. Mechanical back pain usually gets better with bed rest.
A small percentage of patients have a serious problem like a fracture, infection or tumour in the spine causing the back pain. Any pain that is not relieved by rest or is worse at rest, pain that wakes you up from sleep should be considered serious and that needs a consultation with your doctor.
What should I do when I have significant back/neck pain?
If the back/neck pain is not very severe and is of a short duration, then complete bed rest for two to three days will help reduce the pain significantly. Applying ice packs and light massage with a pain balm/gel is helpful. Consult your doctor if the pain is severe, running down in to the legs/arms, not getting better with rest, night pain, if there is numbness/tingling sensation or weakness in the limbs, is associated with fever, or if the pain started after a significant injury/fall. Thorough clinical evaluation by the doctor will help identify those with possible serious causes of back pain and further investigations are advised accordingly.
Is my back pain due to a kidney stone/problem?
Possible. But not always.
Kidney problems, especially renal or ureteric stones can lead to pain in the mid and lower back, usually limited to one side, often pain radiating down to the groin or lower abdomen. There are certain indicators to differentiate pain coming from kidney or other organs in the abdomen from the pain originating in the spinal structures. In general, spine related pain is mechanical i. E, it is worse in positions where the spine is loaded like while in upright posture, walking or bending or getting up from reclined position and generally gets relieved by resting in reclined position.
Pain from the kidneys can start suddenly in any position, can be waxing and waning and may not change related to a particular posture. It may not get relieved by rest and can be severe even while reclined. These are only general indicators and it is always better to check with your doctor and get the right treatment advise.
I have back/neck pain even though my mri says my spine is normal! why?
A very common cause of back or neck pain is bad posture related stress to the spinal structures that happens during the daily routine activities. Sitting/standing posture, especially at work, has a major role in producing significant pain and disability even though the x rays/mri of the spine may be normal.
Bad sleeping posture can lead to pain in the neck/back. Sleep is important to allow the spine to recover from the daily stresses it undergoes while we are awake. Reduced sleeping time and lack of proper sleep can lead to accumulated stress in the spine and result in pain. Lack of adequate exercises to keep the spine flexible and muscles strong is another important factor leading to pain.
So, right posture and regular exercises are the two most important treatments to prevent such pain from troubling you.
Other structures close to the spine can also lead to back pain. So if the mri of spine is normal, further evaluation might be ordered by your doctor depending on the clinical picture.
Is my back pain due to the spinal/epidural injection that was given in my back many years ago for an abdominal or leg surgery?
No. It is a common perception that the spinal / epidural injection that was given in the past for anaesthesia purpose is the cause for back pain. Many patients associate their back pain to that injection as they remember it as painful event and think that the present pain is related to that procedure. Spinal anaesthesia related back pain doesn't usually last more than 3 to 4 days and almost never beyond one week. So the back pain that continues beyond one week or that starts much later after the spinal anaesthesia is not because of that injection and it needs evaluation by your doctor to find the right cause and treat appropriately.
Is my back pain due to my body weight / pot belly?
Overweight is an important factor contributing to back pain, especially in the lower back. Excess weight and a large belly lead to some changes in posture. The pelvis tilts forwards and the lumbar spine is also pulled forward and this posture can lead to back pain due to additional stress on the spinal joints and muscles. Lack of exercises weakens the back and pelvic muscles and contributes to the problem. Back pain due to other problems in the spine can get worse if overweight is associated. Weight reduction and core strengthening exercises in obese people are helpful in reducing the back pain.
I have back pain. Is it due to slipped disc/disc prolapse?
Not necessarily. Although disc is a predominant source of back pain, all back pains are not because of a disc prolapse. The other structures in the spine like the facet joints, ligaments, vertebrae (bones) or the muscles of the back can be the cause of pain in the back. Less commonly, pain related to abdominal organs like kidneys or pelvic organs can be perceived as back pain.
Does the disc bulge/prolapse seen on my mri get reversed again naturally?
No. The changes that happen in the disc that lead to the prolapse or bulge are not reversible. They are due to age related wear and tear changes and we all know that ageing doesn't get reversed. But usually, the symptoms and signs that are related to a disc prolapse get relieved with appropriate treatment, although the mri picture may continue to be the same. So the treatment decisions are mostly dependent on patient’s symptoms and signs rather than in mri picture alone. Only if the prolapsed disc is causing persistent symptoms and significant neurological deficits, a surgical intervention is considered.
Is lumbar disc prolapse a cause of erectile dysfunction/impotency?
Rarely a large lumbar disc prolapse can result in severe compression of lumbar spinal nerves causing numbness and weakness in both lower limbs and loss of urine and bowel control - a condition called “cauda equina syndrome”. It is only in this condition that a disc prolapse can affect the erectile function. An erectile dysfunction in isolation, without other neurological symptoms and signs, cannot be caused by a disc prolapse.
Does the disc problem affect the ability to become pregnant in future?
No. A disc prolapse/bulge doesn’t affect the ability to get pregnant. But, there is a possibility that the back pain due to a preexisting spinal problem may get worse during pregnancy due to the extra weight that is carried and the relaxation of ligaments of pelvis and spine that occurs as a result of pregnancy related changes.
Does it help to sleep on the floor/hard surface without a bed to cure back pain?
No. It is not advisable to sleep on the floor when there is a back problem. Sleeping on the floor when there is significant back pain can actually make it worse as you need to put an extra strain on the spine while getting up from the floor. Sleeping on the regular cot with a firm mattress is alright. It is advisable not to sleep on a very soft mattress that doesn’t support the spine well and can aggravate the back pain. Do not use a thick pillow or multiple pillows while sleeping as it can cause or aggravate neck/upper back pain. A thin pillow or a rolled sheet supporting the neck is an ideal kind of head rest.
I exercise only when I get back/neck pain!
Many patients say this when asked about any exercise they do. It is not advisable to start exercise when there is significant back or neck pain. But it is essential to start exercises after the pain subsides, to prevent the pain from coming back again. Exercises can help strengthen your spinal muscles, increase flexibility and protect you from recurrent episodes of pain. So it is important to keep exercising when there is no pain, to keep the pain from coming back and troubling you. So do not start exercising when there is pain.
My new born baby is unable to take breast feeding. He is 17 days old. When he born oxyzen is not reached properly in his mind. So doctor take him in NICU for 15 days. The child come home from hospital. But he is unable to take mother breast feed. Please help me.
I am a 23 year old female and my partner and I have unprotected sex every time we do it. Since September, I have not had my period but there was the occasional discharge. Now I am having an increase in this discharge starting towards the end of April. Also I took a pregnancy test and it showed nothing. Am I infertile? Please help. Its been 8 months since ive missed my period.
Eating disorders can be defined as conditions that influence your eating behaviour significantly and which may give rise to serious health issues. Eating disorders are associated with behaviours like compulsively counting calories, puking after meals, living on a rigid diet etc. which often leads to a feeling of self-loathing and obsessive thoughts about food and weight.
Here are the three most common eating disorders and the symptoms by which they can be identified.
1. Anorexia nervosa - This disorder is considered to be a mortally dangerous condition in which the body weight reduces drastically. An individual is terrified about gaining weight and can take extreme steps to maintain their weight and shape, often leading to starvation, vomiting and many other health problems.
Common symptoms include:
-Reducing the amount of food to be consumed to cut down the calories
-Exercising beyond capacity to burn calories
-Recurrently monitoring your shape, weight and appearance
-Avoiding social gatherings where you will be offered food
-Irregular menstrual cycles in women
-Erectile dysfunction in men
2. Bulimia nervosa - Mostly observed among people in their mid-teens, Bulimia nervosa is a serious type of eating disorder associated with episodes of bingeing and purging with the individual being unable to regulate their eating habits. Moreover, the person suffering from this disease often feels guilty and horror-struck about weight gain and forces himself/herself to vomit.
Normally, people suffering from this condition exhibit the following habits:
-Use of laxatives or throw up forcibly to get rid of calories
-Feeling exhausted and guilty
-Experiencing irregularity in their menstrual cycles
-The inability to maintain normal weight, in spite of trying to eliminate calories
3. Binge-eating disorder - This disorder is characterised by overeating, eating even when you don't feel hungry and continuing to eat even after feeling full. People suffering from this disorder cultivate a feeling of guilt inside them for overeating but do not try to nullify its effect by vomiting or exercising intensely. Some of the most prominent symptoms of this disorder include:
-Eating alone to hide the embarrassment caused due to overeating
-Eating quicker than normal people
-Binge eating at minimum one instance every week
My wife had her mensuration cycle over on wednesday, then I had sex on thursday noon n I inserted my sperms into her, at that time she peed n had a very little blood coming out, late that night we again had sex n again I accidentally did the same although she went n peed right away, telling me the sperm was out. Next day she had urine check up with a negative results. Early morning on sunday she took unwanted 72 empty stomach on the 65th hour from the first sex. Is there any possibility of her getting pregnant.
I am 19 years old girl and my menstruation Is not in regular. I consulted Dr. and at that it was normal. If periods came it will be in 6days only that is normal. But it is not coming regular. Please help me. I am soo worried about this. Can this be any problem for me? I hope you will solve my problem.
Hai I am married over two years. .For me one baby 7 month .but now I want to sex with my wife but she don't because pregnancy. .what suggestions with me.
Munching foods like apples, pears, carrots or celery after brushing can help in preventing discoloration as they trigger tooth-bathing saliva which helps in keeping the teeth whiter.
hello i am priyanka.i suffer lot of pain in stomach during my periods.please suggest me what to eat or what not during my periods. thanku
I am 26 year married woman I feel so irritation after sex . I am pregnant of 3 month. What can I do ?
Hello, My 4 month pregnancy is going on now few days ago I had check up my blood test and sonography also. But in my thyroid test T3 is 129 ng/DL and T4 is 6.78 ng/DL. I want to asked, is it normal or save for baby?
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