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Submit a review for Dr. Ramakant PandaYour feedback matters!
I am 53 years of old & having blood sugar & blood pressure. During week days, I take cornflex with milk at breakfast & loaf with mergarine during lunch at office. Is these combinations are correct for me? please note that me non-alcholic & having slight smoking habit.
Hi, today I got checked my glucose and cholesterol levels, glucose levels are normal (95), but cholesterol levels are high, total cholesterol level is 258 and LDL 188, HDL 30, so shall I take statins to control my cholesterol levels or is it possible to control through diet and exercise?
Hi , I have small doubt. In my chest diffrents in size and nipple also am doubted is it big problem. And little harder another on and left side chest. And too much of hair on my body how to fall it.
My mother is suffering from high B.P problem for many days. It is not coming in control from many days and even a small thing increase HER B.P pls suggest something.
Dear Sir, five months back I got chest pain I consult doctor he told me it was anxiety after ECG and he assist me to do tsh test ,my value was 7.1 and he given 25 tablet. I took for 2 months and again I checked for tsh my value increased to 7.2 I consult another doctor he told me to take dose 50 levothyroxine, after 15 days I went for test in another doctor the value was 2.80 tsh and he suggested me to use 25 levothyroxine, after three months again I checked with same doctor my value got increased to 4.9 tsh. What I have to do please suggest me. How I can diagnose from this problem as I study in internet I don't have any complication that mentioned for hypothyroidism.
Hello, I'm kapish nd I'm 20 years old from last 2 years ago I have notice my chest and it is became increasing like girl so I too much worried abt same and I want decrease the same as soon as possible kindly tell me best precipitation for same.
I have a cholesterol problem that is triglycerides is 400. And thing is my heart beat is in normal but for a while it's increase and than come to normal position. Help me out from these problem. Thanks in advance.
What is CABG?
CABG or Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting is a surgery done to improve blood flow to the heart. In most instances there is a fatty plaque (CAD or Coronary Artery Disease) in the vessels of heart which reduces the blood flow required for normal function. The plaque may grow or harden with time and reduces oxygen-rich blood reaching the heart. Lowering of the amount of oxygen reaching the heart may result in Chest Pain - called Angina. The plaque may even rupture and form clots on its surface. The clot formed may mostly or even completely block the blood flow - leading to Heart Attack or Myocardial Infarction.
In CABG, a normal vein or artery from the patient's body is connected to the blocked coronary artery. Thereby bypassing the obstructing plaque and creates a new path along which blood can now reach the heart.
What are other options for Treatment of CAD?
Other than CABG options for treatment of CAD include - Lifestyle changes, Medications, PCI or Balloon Angioplasty.
PCI is a nonsurgical option where the blocked artery can be opened and generally a stent is placed at the point of blockage to keep the blood flowing.
Goals of CABG
CABG is done to achieve the following
1. Reduce the symptoms (Chest Pain, Breathlessness etc)
2. Improve quality of Life and helps to resume a more active Lifestyle
3. Improved pumping action of the heart
4. Reduce chances of Heart Attack
5. Improve chances of survival
Who needs CABG?
CABG is a surgical treatment for CAD.
Your doctor may recommend CABG if other treatments have not worked or he judges it good in his clinical opinion.
Decision will be based on factors such as -
1. Severity, Location and number of blockages
2. Response to other treatments
3. Your quality of Life and severity of symptoms
4. Other Medical conditions that you might have
5. Your Age and Medical History
Medical Tests that may be required to determine the need are -
3. Coronary Angiography
CABG is a relatively safe Surgery. The safety of the procedure will depend on your age, existing heart function, and experience of the Doctor.
What to expect before
You will need to undergo a few tests to prepare you for CABG such as - Blood tests, Chest X-Ray, ECG, Echocardiography or maybe Coronary Angiography. Doctors that perform CABG are Cardiothoracic Surgeons.
Things to ask your Doctor at this Stage -
1. What you can eat or drink
2. What activities are you allowed to do (e.g. smoking)
3. What medicines to take (Share all the medicines that you are taking for any other conditions)
4. As the outlook for surgery is heavily dependent on the number of procedures a Doctor has performed - it will be a good idea to get information about his clinical experience.
If you have already undergone all the tests - surgery may be done on the same or a day after the admission.
What to expect after
You will require admission into ICU typically for 1 or 2 days, to monitor your progress better after the surgery. You will be given oxygen therapy while hospitalized. You may also be asked to wear Compression Stockings while your movement is limited.
After you leave ICU you will require admission in the hospital for about 4 - 6 days.
Recovery at Home
Things to ask your doctor before leaving the hospital.
1. How to care for incision wounds and stitches.
2. How to identify signs of infection
3. How to identify conditions for which you need to call the Doctor right away.
4. When to make follow-up appointments
Common side effects of CABG wear off within 4 - 6 weeks but may include.
1. Discomfort in area from where the vein was taken
2. Itching and swelling at incision wounds
3. Fatigue, Loss of Sleep, Loss of Appetite
Full recovery from CABG takes 6 - 12 weeks.
Your doctor will advise you when you can resume specific activities. If your work is not too demanding physically, it is common to return to work after 6 weeks. You can resume sexual activities after 4 weeks and drive after 4 - 8 weeks.
At you follow up visits you will require to undergo tests such as ECG, Echocardiography etc. to see how much your heart has improved. CABG is not a cure for CAD. A complete Treatment will always involve Lifestyle changes, Reducing weight, Medications, and Cardiac Rehabilitation Exercises. Your doctor will prepare a treatment plan for you including these things. Be sure to pay attention to them as religiously as your Surgery.