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Hi friends. My name is Dr Amrapali Dixit. I am a practising Gurgaon and Gynecologist in the area of Manisar, Gurgao. And I am glad you are watching this video. So today we will be talking about very common topic these days. Which is known as PCOS or polycystic ovarian syndrome. These days lot of girls present with the problem of irregular periods and newly married women with the problem of infertility. so what is causing this PCOS. This PCOS basically is a problem which relates to hormonal imbalance to your body the normal balance of the sex hormone in a females body gets disturbed because of which the regular monthly ovulation in your ovaries gets disturbed. The level of hormones gets up and down, as a result, you get irregular periods, you may have a problem in conception and it may also cause certain problems like acne, loss of hair, facial hair growth, weight loss, weight gain etc. what happens in PCOS is in your ovaries. There all small cysts that appearing, these cysts as such are not harm full. They are not dangerous but because of these cysts, the hormones in your body get disturbed hence all these problems. We don’t really know what exactly causes PCOS. But yes. We have seen that it runs in the families. So if you have women in your family which have a prior history of irregular periods, diagnosed PCOS or diabetes you have likely chance that you might develop PCOS. How do we diagnose PCOS. So when you come to your doctor with these symptoms that I have described, the doctor will ask you about your history like how your periods have been, how your weight has been, is there any past history or family history of similar symptoms in your family, will do certain examinations, will do for physical signs like, presence acne, presence of histuism. Histuism is the excess, facial hair growth. Or if you are overweight your BMI is more than normal or you have irregular periods or such signs and symptoms then we run certain kind of blood tests which will find out the certain level of hormones, which will find about the sugar levels, the insulin. The function of insulin in your body, and we do an ultrasound which might or may not show these presence of cysts in the ovaries. With the help of all these things, we will determine whether you are suffering from PCOS or not. Also there are certain diseases which mimic the symptoms of PCOS like thyroid disturbances and certain other glandular disfunctions. So we also run these tests to rule out these diseases which look like PCOS that they not be that. Asper as treatment is concerned 50% of the treatment lies in our own hands in the terms of lifestyle modifications. So maintain a life style which is healthy in the form of regular work out and exercises, eating healthy diet and trying to lose weight are the most important key factors which would determine the success of the treatment in your PCOS problems. Besides that the doctor will prescribe you certain hormonal pills which will help you regulate your menstrual cycles and symptomatic problems like acne and hair growth in cases of people who are having difficulty in conceiving because of PCOS we also give you certain drugs which help the proper release of egg from your body that is regular ovulation and help in conception. So this is the basic idea about PCOS about what it is? How we can deal with it and what problems it cause to you in future if left untreated. So dear friends, if you have any such symptoms, you suspect you have PCOS or you have been diagnosed with PCOS already and you want to consult me, you can contact me through Lybrate and you can visit my clinic which goes by the name of Yashloog medical center in sector 1. Manisar.