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Dr. Pravanya

Gynaecologist, Mumbai

700 at clinic
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Dr. Pravanya Gynaecologist, Mumbai
700 at clinic
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Hello and thank you for visiting my Lybrate profile! I want to let you know that here at my office my staff and I will do our best to make you comfortable. I strongly believe in ethics; a......more
Hello and thank you for visiting my Lybrate profile! I want to let you know that here at my office my staff and I will do our best to make you comfortable. I strongly believe in ethics; as a health provider being ethical is not just a remembered value, but a strongly observed one.
More about Dr. Pravanya
Dr. Pravanya is an experienced Gynaecologist in Bandra West, Mumbai. You can consult Dr. Pravanya at Dr. Shetty's Nursing Home & Jyoti Polyclinic in Bandra West, Mumbai. Don’t wait in a queue, book an instant appointment online with Dr. Pravanya on Lybrate.com.

Find numerous Gynaecologists in India from the comfort of your home on Lybrate.com. You will find Gynaecologists with more than 42 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Gynaecologists online in Mumbai and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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Dr. Shetty's Nursing Home & Jyoti Polyclinic

Hill N Dale Building, Hill Road, Bandra West. Landmark: Near Police Station, MumbaiMumbai Get Directions
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I missed my periods from last month and urine test is negative and as suggested by you I have taken medicine (unwanted 72) after one week I got little bit drops of blood down there for 2 days. Now suggest me please what should I do :(

MBBS
General Physician, Cuttack
I missed my periods from last month and urine test is negative and as suggested by you I have taken medicine (unwante...
Delay in period could be due to the after effect of pill. However repeat pregnancy test 10 days after missed period and consult doctor for advice.
2 people found this helpful
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Meri girlfriend masturbate karti hai may be 2-3 time a day. Kya isko Krney say .usko koi problem to nhi hoge.

Fellowship ,council of Sex Education and Parenthood , BAMS, B-Pharm
Sexologist, Jaipur
Meri girlfriend masturbate karti hai may be 2-3 time a day. Kya isko Krney say .usko koi problem to nhi hoge.
Masturbation in medical terms is the manual stimulation of genitals to achieve orgasm. It is a normal phenomenon and most of the males and females masturbate in some phase of their life. Masturbation is completely harmless. Not effect on your future life.
1 person found this helpful
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She has pain in her right breast already consulted a physician but it is still same. Can we should go for mamography.

M.Ch - Plastic Surgery, MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Udaipur
First do a self breast examination to find if any lump or swelling is there. Mammography can be done to rule any cancers.
1 person found this helpful
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I get frequent cramps in my lower abdominal stomach. Mostly this is when I lack drinking water for a long period of time.?

MBBS
General Physician, Cuttack
I get frequent cramps in my lower abdominal stomach. Mostly this is when I lack drinking water for a long period of t...
this could be due to Gastritis 1.Take bland diet, avoid oily, spicy and junk food, 2. Don't skip or postpone your meal, 3.Have proper breakfast 4..Drink plenty of water 5Take one tablet of Pan40 daily in the morning before breakfast 6. If no relief consult
1 person found this helpful
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My wife got 2 times delivered, now her breast look ugly. How can make it looks good & sexy.

Diploma in Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MBBS
General Physician, Delhi
My wife got 2 times delivered, now her breast look ugly. How can make it looks good & sexy.
A woman changes after childbirth, feeding the baby etc. She can do exercises with arms, stretching and lifting weights & yoga, she should take high protein diet with less carbs & fats. No surgery to look sexy & good, being a mother of 2 is uplifting status, give her confidence to move around with chin up.
5 people found this helpful
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If I have unprotected sex on her last day of her period & then she is not having her periods now. What should be it? Is she pregnant?

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
If I have unprotected sex on her last day of her period & then she is not having her periods now. What should be it? ...
If the sex was within 5 days from now then you should give her i-pill asap. If she has already crossed 5 days then you need to wait for another 15 days to get menses and urine test done for pregnancy. Hormonal changes also can delay menses and chance of pregnancy just before the menses day is very less.
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Medicine to get periods early. And how we have to take it .i wants my periods 4 days early.

Diploma in Diabetology, Pregnancy & Diabetes, Hypertension, Cardiovascular Prevention in Diabetes ,Thyroid
Sexologist, Sri Ganganagar
Medicine to get periods early. And how we have to take it .i wants my periods 4 days early.
Jaggery when mixed with ginger, sesame seed and carom seed is an effective natural home remedy to prepone periods. Boil a spoon of turmeric in a glass of water and consume it twice a day to have your periods induced, probably 10 days before your expected date. Dates are known to generate heat in the body.
5 people found this helpful
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Is Pregnancy Possible After Uterus Transplant?

Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (MRCOG)
Gynaecologist, Alwar
Is Pregnancy Possible After Uterus Transplant?

In case you have a diseased uterus, which makes you infertile, you can undergo a procedure known as uterus transplant or uterine transplant to get pregnant. In the process of sexual reproduction, a diseased uterus does not allow embryonic implantation. This factor is referred to as uterine factor infertility or UFI. As a result, you will not be able to get pregnant.

Who requires a uterus transplant?
This procedure involves women who have UFI and women who had their uterus removed by hysterectomy. Women who have a damaged uterus on account of an injury or infection, which does not function anymore, can also undergo a uterus transplant procedure. Women from the age of 21 to 45 are eligible for this procedure. Many women are born without having a uterus. This condition is called Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome.

Procedure
Uterus transplantation begins with undertaking a uterus retrieval surgery on the uterus donor. The uterus, which is recovered has to be stored and transported to the location of the patient undergoing the transplant. An ischemic tolerance may last over 24 hours. Three major surgeries have to be carried out with the recipient. Firstly, a transplantation surgery is required in which the donor’s uterus gets transplanted. In case pregnancy develops, a caesarean section surgery has to be performed. The patient is given immune suppressive therapy. After childbirth, a hysterectomy is done in order to terminate the immune suppressive therapy.

Will the women be able to get pregnant after having sex?
Women receiving a uterus transplant will not be capable of becoming pregnant without undergoing fertility treatments. The transplanted uterus is not connected with the fallopian tubes, which is the location of the normal fertilisation process. The women will require to carry out IVF or in vitro fertilisation to become pregnant after a uterus transplant. IVF is a process in which the eggs are removed from the ovaries and get fertilised in a laboratory. Then, they are implanted in the uterus. After undergoing the uterus transplant procedure, a woman has to wait for a period of one year. The uterus requires time for healing and after recovery, the embryo may be implanted for pregnancy. After giving birth successfully, a woman will be able to keep the transplanted uterus.

She has the option to get pregnant again. However, after giving birth twice, a hysterectomy must be carried out for the removal of the uterus. This is done so that the woman can stop using the immune suppressant drugs, which are associated with major risks. Uterus transplant is a relatively new technology. In October 2014, the first healthy baby was born to a woman who had undergone a uterus transplant. This surgery is kind of experimental in nature and is usually the last option for getting pregnant. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Gynaecologist.

4750 people found this helpful

Everything You Want To Know About Endometriosis

FRCOG (LONDON) (Fellow of Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists), CCT (Lon), DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), MD
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Everything You Want To Know About Endometriosis

Endometriosis is an often painful disorder in which tissue that normally lines the inside of your uterus — the endometrium — grows outside your uterus. Endometriosis most commonly involves your ovaries, fallopian tubes and the tissue lining your pelvis. Rarely, endometrial tissue may spread beyond pelvic organs.

With endometriosis, displaced endometrial tissue continues to act as it normally would — it thickens, breaks down and bleeds with each menstrual cycle. Because this displaced tissue has no way to exit your body, it becomes trapped. When endometriosis involves the ovaries, cysts called endometriomas may form. Surrounding tissue can become irritated, eventually developing scar tissue and adhesions — abnormal bands of fibrous tissue that can cause pelvic tissues and organs to stick to each other.

Endometriosis can cause pain — sometimes severe — especially during your period. Fertility problems also may develop. Fortunately, effective treatments are available.

Symptoms

The primary symptom of endometriosis is pelvic pain, often associated with your menstrual period. Although many women experience cramping during their menstrual period, women with endometriosis typically describe menstrual cramp that's far worse than usual. They also tend to report that the pain increases over time.

Common Signs and Symptoms of Endometriosis may include:

  • Painful periods (dysmenorrhea). Pelvic pain and cramping may begin before your period and extend several days into your period. You may also have lower back and abdominal pain.

  • Pain with intercourse. Pain during or after sex is common with endometriosis.

  • Pain with bowel movements or urination. You're most likely to experience these symptoms during your period.

  • Excessive bleeding. You may experience occasional heavy periods (menorrhagia) or bleeding between periods (menometrorrhagia).

  • Infertility. Endometriosis is first diagnosed in some women who are seeking treatment for infertility.

  • Other symptoms. You may also experience fatigue, diarrhea, constipation, bloating or nausea, especially during menstrual periods.

The severity of your pain isn't necessarily a reliable indicator of the extent of the condition. Some women with mild endometriosis have intense pain, while others with advanced endometriosis may have little pain or even no pain at all.

Endometriosis is sometimes mistaken for other conditions that can cause pelvic pain, such as Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) or ovarian cysts. It may be confused with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a condition that causes bouts of diarrhea, constipation and abdominal cramping. IBS can accompany endometriosis, which can complicate the diagnosis.

When to see a doctor

See the doctor if you have signs and symptoms that may indicate endometriosis.

Endometriosis can be a challenging condition to manage. An early diagnosis, a multidisciplinary medical team and an understanding of your diagnosis may result in better management of your symptoms.

Causes

Although the exact cause of endometriosis is not certain, possible explanations include:

  • Retrograde menstruation. In retrograde menstruation, menstrual blood containing endometrial cells flows back through the fallopian tubes and into the pelvic cavity instead of out of the body. These displaced endometrial cells stick to the pelvic walls and surfaces of pelvic organs, where they grow and continue to thicken and bleed over the course of each menstrual cycle.

  • Transformation of peritoneal cells. In what's known as the "induction theory," experts propose that hormones or immune factors promote transformation of peritoneal cells — cells that line the inner side of your abdomen — into endometrial cells.

  • Embryonic cell transformation. Hormones such as estrogen may transform embryonic cells — cells in the earliest stages of development — into endometrial cell implants during puberty.

  • Surgical scar implantation. After a surgery, such as a hysterectomy or C-section, endometrial cells may attach to a surgical incision.

  • Endometrial cells transport. The blood vessels or tissue fluid (lymphatic) system may transport endometrial cells to other parts of the body.

  • Immune system disorder. It's possible that a problem with the immune system may make the body unable to recognize and destroy endometrial tissue that's growing outside the uterus.

Risk factors

Several factors place you at greater risk of developing endometriosis, such as:

  • Never giving birth

  • Starting your period at an early age

  • Going through menopause at an older age

  • Short menstrual cycles — for instance, less than 27 days

  • Having higher levels of estrogen in your body or a greater lifetime exposure to estrogen your body produces

  • Low body mass index

  • Alcohol consumption

  • One or more relatives (mother, aunt or sister) with endometriosis

  • Any medical condition that prevents the normal passage of menstrual flow out of the body

  • Uterine abnormalities

Endometriosis usually develops several years after the onset of menstruation (menarche). Signs and symptoms of endometriosis end temporarily with pregnancy and end permanently with menopause, unless you're taking estrogen.

Complications

Infertility

The main complication of endometriosis is impaired fertility. Approximately one-third to one-half of women with endometriosis have difficulty getting pregnant. Endometriosis may obstruct the tube and keep the egg and sperm from uniting. But the condition also seems to affect fertility in less-direct ways, such as damage to the sperm or egg. Inspite of this, many women with mild to moderate endometriosis can still conceive and carry a pregnancy to term. Doctors sometimes advise women with endometriosis not to delay having children because the condition may worsen with time.

Ovarian cancer

Ovarian cancer does occur at higher than expected rates in women with endometriosis. Although rare, another type of cancer — endometriosis-associated adenocarcinoma — can develop later in life in women who have had endometriosis.

Diagnosis: To diagnose endometriosis and other conditions that can cause pelvic pain, the doctor will ask you to describe your symptoms, including the location of your pain and when it occurs.

Tests to check for physical clues of endometriosis include:

  • Pelvic exam. During a pelvic exam, the doctor manually feels (palpates) areas in your pelvis for abnormalities, such as cysts on your reproductive organs or scars behind your uterus. Often it's not possible to feel small areas of endometriosis, unless they've caused a cyst to form.

  • Ultrasound. A transducer, a device that uses high-frequency sound waves to create images of the inside of your body, is either pressed against your abdomen or inserted into your vagina (transvaginal ultrasound). Both types of ultrasound may be done to get the best view of your reproductive organs. Ultrasound imaging won't definitively tell the doctor whether you have endometriosis, but it can identify cysts associated with endometriosis (endometriomas).

  • Laparoscopy. Medical management is usually tried first. But to be certain you have endometriosis, the doctor may advise a surgical procedure called laparoscopy to look inside your abdomen for signs of endometriosis.

While you're under general anesthesia, the doctor makes a tiny incision near your navel and inserts a slender viewing instrument (laparoscope), looking for endometrial tissue outside the uterus. He or she may take samples of tissue (biopsy). Laparoscopy can provide information about the location, extent and size of the endometrial implants to help determine the best treatment options.

Treatment for endometriosis is usually with medications or surgery. The approach you and the doctor choose will depend on the severity of your signs and symptoms and whether you hope to become pregnant.

Generally, doctors recommend trying conservative treatment approaches first, opting for surgery as a last resort.

Pain medications

The doctor may recommend that you take an over-the-counter pain reliever, such as the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) or naproxen (Aleve, others), to help ease painful menstrual cramps.

If you find that taking the maximum dose of these medications doesn't provide full relief, you may need to try another approach to manage your signs and symptoms.

Hormone therapy

Supplemental hormones are sometimes effective in reducing or eliminating the pain of endometriosis. The rise and fall of hormones during the menstrual cycle causes endometrial implants to thicken, break down and bleed. Hormone medication may slow endometrial tissue growth and prevent new implants of endometrial tissue.

Hormone therapy isn't a permanent fix for endometriosis. You could experience a return of your symptoms after stopping treatment.

Therapies used to treat endometriosis include:

  • Hormonal contraceptives. Birth control pills, patches and vaginal rings help control the hormones responsible for the buildup of endometrial tissue each month. Most women have lighter and shorter menstrual flow when they're using a hormonal contraceptive. Using hormonal contraceptives — especially continuous cycle regimens — may reduce or eliminate the pain of mild to moderate endometriosis.

  • Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (Gn-RH) agonists and antagonists. These drugs block the production of ovarian-stimulating hormones, lowering estrogen levels and preventing menstruation. This causes endometrial tissue to shrink. Because these drugs create an artificial menopause, taking a low dose of estrogen or progestin along with Gn-RH agonists and antagonists may decrease menopausal side effects, such as hot flashes, vaginal dryness and bone loss. Your periods and the ability to get pregnant return when you stop taking the medication.

  • Progestin therapy. A progestin-only contraceptive, such as an intrauterine device (Mirena), contraceptive implant or contraceptive injection (Depo-Provera), can halt menstrual periods and the growth of endometrial implants, which may relieve endometriosis signs and symptoms.

  • Danazol. This drug suppresses the growth of the endometrium by blocking the production of ovarian-stimulating hormones, preventing menstruation and the symptoms of endometriosis. However, danazol may not be the first choice because it can cause serious side effects and can be harmful to the baby if you become pregnant while taking this medication.

Conservative surgery

If you have endometriosis and are trying to become pregnant, surgery to remove as much endometriosis as possible while preserving your uterus and ovaries (conservative surgery) may increase your chances of success. If you have severe pain from endometriosis, you may also benefit from surgery — however, endometriosis and pain may return.

The doctor may do this procedure laparoscopically or through traditional abdominal surgery in more extensive cases.

Assisted reproductive technologies

Assisted reproductive technologies, such as in vitro fertilization (IVF) to help you become pregnant are sometimes preferable to conservative surgery. Doctors often suggest one of these approaches if conservative surgery doesn't work. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a gynaecologist.

2750 people found this helpful

MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Agra
You need to visit your gp or private obstetrician every four weeks after the first trimester for regular check-ups during pregnancy.

I am 35 years old. I have delivered a baby boy on 1 July 2017. I am feeling depression. Uneasy feeling. Loss interest of heaving food. Some time I feel short breath. I do not have any family tension. Everything is fine still why I am depressed. I am not getting why. Kindly help. Do I need some medical checkups. Do I have some protien deficiency. This is my second baby. I already have one daughter. She is 13 years old. I live in India.

M.Sc - Applied Psychology, P.G.Dip.in Guidance &Counselling, B.A., Psychology, Dip.in Pharmacy
Psychologist, Theni
I am 35 years old. I have delivered a baby boy on 1 July 2017. I am feeling depression. Uneasy feeling. Loss interest...
This is not uncommon dear Lybrate user. This is only a temporary condition which will disappear in course of time on its own accord. During the period of pregnancy and delivery there is a lot of physiological changes and hormonal fluctuations in the body which may cause some kind of mood disorders in some women. Moreover the process of giving birth to a child itself is a painful event that can add stress, and nursing the new born is also a stressful state. All these factors may have caused you to undergo low mood. But again, this is only a temporary condition. Socialize more, spend quality time with your friends, parents, relatives etc and do something that you're interested, go for a brisk walk everyday, you will get to the normal track soon.
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Heavy pain in my vagina during intercourse. I have been diagnosed with water cysts in my vagina and have PCOS. Is the pain related to PCOS. My husband is very angry since I am not able to give pleasure to him due to this pain? I am 26 years old.

M.Ch - Urology, MS, MBBS
Urologist, Dehradun
Heavy pain in my vagina during intercourse. I have been diagnosed with water cysts in my vagina and have PCOS. Is the...
Take pain killers for pain. Relax mentally. Talk with your husband. Be mentally fresh and start enjoying sex with your husband.
5 people found this helpful
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I have vaginal pain, yellow discharge red dots (very small, 3 in number) and pain during urination, also normal pain. And this pain Is inside the vagina at the bottom of the opening. This started on 13! I had sex with my boyfriend on 12. I'm also under medication for throat infection and viral fever. The pain is miserable! Please help.

GAMS-AYURVEDA, MD-TCM
Sexologist, Faridabad
I have vaginal pain, yellow discharge red dots (very small, 3 in number) and pain during urination, also normal pain....
Ms. Lybrate-user ji good evening you are suffering from vaginal discharge and vaginal infection problem don't worry please avoid the alcohol and fast food and porn move and regular basis masturbation for effective area you can take ayurvedic medicine 1 rasayan kalp powder one tea spon two time daily 2 tab gandhak rasayan vati two bd 3 cap l 7 two bd 4 dosh the vagina for fitkre water 100 / result in a one month and total time treatment for two months no side effects enjoy sexual life contact us for the all sexual problem.
4 people found this helpful
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I have PCOD and suffering from hair fall, I read somewhere that applying onion juice daily on hair is effective. Do I need to wash my hair everyday with shampoo to rinse off the juice? Because it said apply daily for best result. I'm afraid of it as daily shampooing is bad for hair. Can you suggest any other ways for the regrowth of my hair?

MBBS, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Mumbai
I have PCOD and suffering from hair fall, I read somewhere that applying onion juice daily on hair is effective. Do I...
Pcod is a common cause of androgenic alopecia which is also called as female pattern baldness. The hairs start reducing in density at the crown (top) and also the hairline starts refeeding from the front. This is usually progressive throughout life unless treated. This may also be accompanied by severe dandruff. The FDA approved treatment for this condition is a lotion and tablets. There is no other alternative. No oil or cream will magically work because the hairs are getting miniaturised and eventually disappearing due to the hormonal effects on the hair roots. Along with this, you can also consider platelet rich plasma therapy for faster results. Please contact me with photos using online consult option for proper examination and treatment. Do not start treatment without consulting. I can give guidance and then you can continue treatment on your own.
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Almonds Peeled Vs Unpeeled - Which Has More Benefits?

BAMS
Ayurveda, Bhopal
Almonds Peeled Vs Unpeeled - Which Has More Benefits?

Delightful and healthy, almonds are not just a treat for the eyes; they proffer a host of advantages for our well-being as per a study conducted across the world. Ayurveda, the ancient branch of medicine in India also claims that almonds proffer a broad range of health benefits, especially when they are consumed after peeling off the skin.

What are the benefits of almonds?
Ayurveda recommends consumption of sweet almonds instead of bitter ones. The warm and sweet qualities of such almonds are preferred for its abilities to pacify the Vata doshas in the body. They help in lubricating the skin and the microcirculatory channels and offer support to all the seven vital tissues in the body. Almonds are highly beneficial for improving pitta, and an Ayurvedic practitioner will help in educating you about how you can metabolize them.

What is the best way to consume almonds?

  • You should buy whole organic almonds which are filled with all the nutrients in their crudest form. The skin of almonds is difficult to digest, and therefore Ayurveda recommends soaking the almonds and peeling the skin to improve the digestibility of almonds.
  • When you eat almonds without soaking and peeling off the skin, it will aggravate Pitta in the blood.
  • The best way to prepare almonds is to soak them in lukewarm water all through the night and peel the skin off in the morning.
  • You may also blend them with raisins and dates, but it is always advised to eat them whole as well.
  • You can eat up to 10 almonds in a day, but you should refrain from eating them on their own on an empty stomach but take them with fruits or vegetables. This is because taking almonds on an empty stomach would aggravate pitta doshas and lead to unwanted consequences such as indigestion.
  • Since they are so versatile, you are free to add them to puddings, bread and muffins and other foods and enjoy.

Why should you opt for soaked and peeled almonds in place of peeled ones?
Choosing between soaked almonds and raw ones is not just a matter of taste, but is a matter of opting a healthier option.

Now the question is why soaked, and peeled almonds are better?

  • First of all, the brown peel of almonds contains tannin that can prevent absorption of nutrients. As you soak the almonds, the skin would come off easily and allow the nut to release its goodness effortlessly.
  • The benefits of soaked almonds are endless; they help in digestion, improves heart health, aid in weight loss, and they are a major source of antioxidants. They can also assist in combating cancer, and the flavonoids in the almonds can prevent the growth of tumor in the body.

So, have a handful of peeled almonds regularly for good health.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

8260 people found this helpful

I am 33 years old, in my 17th week of pregnancy, I did my blood test and found that my Rbc is 4 (normal range starts from 4.5) my hemoglobin is 12%. Is it ok or the Ebc count is a concern?

BHMS
Homeopath, Anand
I am 33 years old, in my 17th week of pregnancy, I did my blood test and found that my Rbc is 4 (normal range starts ...
Don't worry. During pregnancy little bit RBC count decreases as the baby inside is growing. Your Hb is good so just enjoy your pregnancy and eat nutritive food. Drink lots of water.
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I was married 3 years ago, I am going for pregnancy treatment they said that you have a less quality of eggs so they asked me to go for IUI as I have waited for normal pregnancy .is that true.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
I was married 3 years ago, I am going for pregnancy treatment they said that you have a less quality of eggs so they ...
Pregnancy can occur only one day of cycle that is ovulation day so unprotected sex around that day only important. As only one day in month nature should be given 12-24 trials before you need any active management by Gynecologist or infertility specialist. So if you have waited enough treatment after many reports to be started.
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Salivary Gland Disorder - Signs You Must Not Ignore!

MBBS, DLO
ENT Specialist, Faridabad
Salivary Gland Disorder - Signs You Must Not Ignore!

Remember the sensation similar to that of a warm liquid flooding your tongue when you smell a deliciously baked chocolate cake? Or a freshly baked brown bread early in the morning? That is your saliva. The salivary glands present in the inner linings of the lips, cheeks and the mouth produce saliva. Saliva protects one from tooth decay, keeps the mouth moist and helps in the digestive process. Any disease that affects the saliva gland comes under the domain of ‘salivary gland disorders’.

Causes

There are three salivary glands in humans known as the Submandibular, Parotid and the Sublingual gland. The most common disorder that affects salivary glands is that of ‘blocked salivary glands’. Sialothiasis is a disorder wherein, calcium stones are formed in the salivary glands, which obstruct these glands. Obstruction of the salivary glands leads to an infection called sialadenitis, caused by strep or staph bacteria.

Sjogren’s syndrome is another condition which affects the salivary glands. In this condition, the antibodies in the body target the cells that produce saliva. This occurs mostly in women who suffer from autoimmune disorders. Viral infections are also common; flu virus and mumps are a few examples.

Symptoms

The symptoms of salivary gland disorders are problem specific; for Sialolithiasis, you will feel a painful lump below the tongue, which tends to aggravate when you eat. In case of Sialadenitis, there will be an odorous pus-filled discharge along with a lump beneath the chin. For viral infections, the symptoms will include muscle pain, swelling and fever. Symptoms of Sjogren’s syndrome are dry eyes and mouth, joint pain, fatigue and tooth decay.

Treatment

Like the symptoms, the treatments for salivary gland disorders are also problem specific. For salivary gland tumors, surgery is required. If it is a malignant tumor, then radiation therapy will be prescribed which may cause dry mouth syndrome (Xerostomia). For bacterial and viral infections, anti-bacterial and anti-viral medications are required for treatment, respectively. It is also important that you take good care of your oral health for an even more effective treatment. Brushing and flossing your teeth on a regular basis will help keep salivary gland disorders at bay. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Ent Specialist.

3516 people found this helpful

My wife had caesarean delivery last 7 days back, what are important managements for her to avoid any complications in future. When she can go to job, her job is office work only. Sedentary job.

Diploma in Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MBBS
General Physician, Delhi
My wife had caesarean delivery last 7 days back, what are important managements for her to avoid any complications in...
Operation for delivery is just like any other major abdominal surgery where the layers of abdomen are cut delicately in layers to reach the uterus, delicately split open to take out the baby, placenta, fluids. Uterus is stitched in layers, a total of 3 including delicate top and inner layer and tough middle muscle layer, followed by stich on covering of entire abdomen, the delicate layer first and the tough rectus sheath which gives security to every organ including the long food pipe present within. Last layer is top layer with fat and muscle and followed by skin layer. Skin layer dries after 10 days and it looks as if nothing has happened, while so much has happened. After normal delivery it takes 6 weeks for every internal organ to get back in shape, after operative delivery it takes minimum 8 weeks for internal stitches to heal, there is risk of hernia if proper rest is not taken. Risk of infection if basic hygiene is not maintained by taking bath and keeping wound clean for 1st 10 days. She can take a bath after 7 days, do routine work for baby, feeding may make her sleep less because baby require a feed every 3 hours or so and it's worth doing so, no lifting of heavy weights like buckets or washing clothes and doing any post natal exercise minus professional supervision, eating a high protein diet like milks and curds and boiled eggs plus proteins supplements plus anything that does not cause distension, one knows about chicken peas, beans, certain raw salads etc. Yes do eat for 2 and do take rest while baby is sleeping for an average 20 hours in a day. Don't forget to take iron, folic acid and calcium tabs. She will be joining office after 2 months, I can only wish for a creche facility in office. Good luck to both of you, do share with her parental responsibly by helping her look after the baby.
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