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Fungal infection of the skin and mucous membranes is very common. The most common species of fungus causing these infections is Candida albicans. They are present in abundance in the skin and mucous membranes and have a protective function. However, when immunity is compromised, these grow to a significant number and infection results. Some of the most common candida infections and ways to manage them are outlined below.
Athlete’s foot, nail fungal infections, diaper rash, jock itch, oral thrush, and vaginal yeast infections are the most common candida skin infections. Though they can occur anywhere, they are most common in the intertriginous areas, where two skins come in close contact, like the groin area, the armpits, the corners of the mouth, area between the toes and between the fingers. Sweat and mucous facilitate their growth further, as they provide a moist environment for their growth.
In addition, poor hygiene, hot/humid weather, and constricting clothing can lead to increased chances of developing candida infections. Patient conditions like obesity, infants, diabetics, hypothyroidism, inflammatory disorders, pregnancy, damp weather, and immunosuppressed conditions like AIDs are definite risk factors. Identifying the infection is the biggest step towards treatment. There could be rashes, patches, flaking, cracks, soreness, and erythema, white or red lesions in the mouth or genital area.
A little precaution can help in preventing infections and there are definitely ways to treat the condition also.
If someone is immunosuppressed or has other predisposing factors, it is advisable to take precautions as listed below to avoid candida infections.
- Keep the intertriginous areas clean, could be by bathing more frequently or using sponge baths
- Wear loose clothing so the skin in the areas like groynes and armpits are not irritated
- Diaper skin management
- Keep the toenails and feet area clean
- During pregnancy, wear loose clothing and dry thoroughly after showers to avoid infection
- Frequently change inner garments and socks
- During warm weather, wear open-toed footwear so there is adequate aeration
- Take supplements like multivitamins to maintain good immunity levels
While treatment of one-off candida infections is not uncommon, people who are prone to recurrent infections need more stringent management. In one off infections, topical anti fungal agents like lotions, powder, ointments or creams are sufficient. These could contain anti fungal agents like ketoconazole or fluconazole. It is important that these stay in touch with the skin surface for about 10 to 15 minutes.
In moderately severe infections, a course of oral anti fungal agent is used, sometimes for up to 2 weeks depending on the severity of the symptoms. IV anti fungal agents may be used in more severe and widespread cases like seen in AIDS patients. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Dermatologist.
What to apply cream for pigmentation on face pls help me to get ride of immd and my age is 35 my weight is 48 it s ok or under weight pls let me knw and height is 5.4.
He fastest way to permanently reduce melanin in skin is by undergoing a laser treatment, but this option is very costly. As an alternative you can either buy skin lightening creams from a store or visit a dermatologist to get some prescribed products. Natural home remedies like turmeric, aloe vera, tomato, cucumber, turmeric, lemon and potato can also be used to get rid of excess melanin.
Melanin plays a very important role in protecting the skin from the hazardous u. V rays and at the same time it is responsible for either fair or dark skin tone. Decreasing the level of melanin in skin will help you to reduce skin pigmentation and give you lighten and fair skin tone. To reduce melanin in skin you will have to wait for months and hence if you have patience then only you will be able to make skin look fair.
What increases the melanin levels?
These are some of the common causes that increases the melanin production in the body.
A. Changes in the hormonal levels.
B. Excess contact of skin with sun rays.
C. Some kinds of skin disorders also lead to high melanin in skin.
D. Adrenal disorder can also be the cause.
E. Lack of adequate vitamins and malnutrition are also some other causes.
Despite the fact that an adequate quantity of the melanin pigment is required to protect skin from the damaging sun rays, but large quantity of this pigment makes skin dark. Maybe you have heard that exposing skin under sun makes it dark, this is because melanin is produced in to protect it. Over exposure to the ultra violet rays stimulates the development of this pigment. To reduce melanin in we have mentioned a lot of tips which covers commercial products to home remedies.
Ask a dermatologist for fair skin
Whether your skin is naturally dark or due to some other reasons, a dermatologist can give you the best cure to reduce the melanin levels in skin. After checking up your skin condition these experts recommend some of the creams and oral supplements that can help you obtain fair skin. They can prescribe you with hydroquinone which makes use of hydrogen peroxide to reduce melanin and get rid of pigmented skin. Regularly using a hydroquinone cream will help in reduction of darkness. Apart from this there are also other treatments available to lower the melanin production in our body. One of such treatment includes using of monobenzone cream. When this cream is applied to the skin melanocytes are secreted in the body that lowers the melanin pigment and helps to permanently make skin fair. Also there are many drugs available that you need to take orally. Hence, by visiting a dermatologist you are exposed to variety of available treatments.
Melanin reducing creams
Beauty stores are flooded with skin whitening creams that help in lightening the skin tone. These creams contain various natural extracts and chemically made formulas that help in reducing the quantity of the melanin in skin. Also there is present collagen, vitamin c and antioxidants that overall provides flexibility to the skin, removes the wrinkles and help you achieve fairness. Research about some of the best cream available and use it for getting a glowing and white complexion.
A laser surgery might help
If you have the money then this is the fastest and the most promising solution to reduce melanin levels. In this process a high intensity pulsed laser is focused on the skin which is used to break down the melanin pigment under it. Before opting for a laser treatment, consult with the doctor regarding the advantages as well as the side effects of it. Laser skin lightening process requires 5-10 sessions and then there are certain precautions you need to follow to maintain the fairness.
Apply sun protection lotions
This is the best precaution you can take whether you skin is dark or fair. Using sun protection lotions helps in providing a layer of shield to skin and it not only prevents tanning and pigmentation but also lowers the risk of skin cancer. When the sun rays fall on the surface of skin, melanin is produced to protect it. But, if you use such a lotion in advance your skin will not have to produce melanin. This will not make your skin fair, but will prevent further production of this pigment and thus prevent darkening of skin.
Home remedies to reduce melanin in skin
The catecholase enzyme and the bleaching effects of the potato work great in erasing the darkness and blemishes from the skin. Make a paste of potato and daily apply it to your skin area with high melanin. Daily use the remedy and you will see a change in your complexion. The well known properties present in it will give you a lighter complexion by reducing melanin in skin
This natural product will be mentioned everywhere when it comes to lightening of the skin colour. The high vitamin c content and the acidic characteristic of lemon work great in lightening the dark spots and scars. Slice one lemon and extract the juice. Mix one tablespoon of honey in this paste and stir it properly. Now apply it to your dark skin and wait for 5 minutes. Use it everyday to get a clear and whitened skin tone.
This is an ancient asiatic remedy to improve the fairness of an individual. In parts of asia like india, pakistan and bangladesh this remedy is very popular. Turmeric is a medically proved natural product that helps to lower the melanin levels and make skin fair. To use this remedy mix water or rose water to turmeric powder and apply this paste to your face, neck and hands. Let it remain for a period of 15 minutes and then wash it.
Cucumbers are a little slow but very effective for moisturizing the skin and getting rid of skin pigmentation. The soothing properties in cucumbers help to relax the skin and the lightening properties works in the breakdown of the melanin. To use this remedy either slice a cucumber and then use it or make a paste and then cover the skin with it. This remedy also works in removing freckles and blemishes from the face.
5. Aloe vera
Aloe vera gel is the all in one solution to all the skin problems. It provides moisture, antioxidants, vitamins, minerals and all the other compounds required for keeping skin healthy and glowing. Also in this case aloe plant passes essential compounds to the skin that reduces the quantity of melanin, making skin fair. Do you the fact that the some of the most powerful commercial products use aloe vera extracts for lightening the skin tone. So to use this remedy apply this paste over the skin and then let it dry so that it passes all the essential nourishment and helps you get rid of this problem.
Tomatoes are considered to contain the most powerful form of antioxidants plus it has vitamin c and the skin lightening characteristics. It is great remedy to get rid of melanin in skin and thus get a fair skin tone. Mash one tomato and apply it all over. Wait for 20 minutes and then clean it with water. Regularly using this remedy will fade the dark spots and clear the pigmentation from the skin.