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Dr. Pragna

Gynaecologist, Mumbai

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Dr. Pragna Gynaecologist, Mumbai
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My experience is coupled with genuine concern for my patients. All of my staff is dedicated to your comfort and prompt attention as well....more
My experience is coupled with genuine concern for my patients. All of my staff is dedicated to your comfort and prompt attention as well.
More about Dr. Pragna
Dr. Pragna is an experienced Gynaecologist in Malad West, Mumbai. She is currently practising at Aptes Nursing Home in Malad West, Mumbai. Book an appointment online with Dr. Pragna and consult privately on Lybrate.com.

Find numerous Gynaecologists in India from the comfort of your home on Lybrate.com. You will find Gynaecologists with more than 43 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Gynaecologists online in Mumbai and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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Hindi

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Aptes Nursing Home

Ground Floor, Ronda Apartment, Off Orlem Church, Malad West. Landmark: Juction Of Tank Lane And Shankar Lane, MumbaiMumbai Get Directions
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Hello Doctor, I am 24 year old female. I have some lumps in my both breasts. I did went through multiple tests and found that they are Fibroadenoma. Is it mandatory to go for a surgery and remove them from my body or simply can I just ignore? Thanks in Advance.

MBBS
General Surgeon, Hubli-Dharwad
Let me clearly tell you that finding a lump in breast can be a scary experience but not all lumps in breast are cancerous. Fibroadenoma is non cancerous. It is usually found in female less than 30 years of age it consists of breast tissue and connective (stromal )tissue while most women have single lump ,10-15 %of women have multiple lumps. If you are diagnosed of fibroadenoma it does not necessarily mean it has to be removed. Depending on your physical symptoms ,family history, and personal concerns you along with your doctor can deciede on wether it should be removed now let me tell you the indications in which fibroadenoma is usually removed 1.if it hinders the natural shape of breast 2.if it causes pain 3.if you are concerned about developing cancer 4.if you have a family history of cancer 5.if you have recieved questionable biopsy results.
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I am 22 year old girl m a virgin. Is it normal not to have nipples that do not stick out? My nipple come out only when I feel cold.

MS-General Surgery, MBBS
General Surgeon, Hyderabad
If nipples are deeply buried in the breast then it is a problem. If they are flat but can be pulled out or comes out on massage then it is normal.
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Red Meat Vs. White Meat - What's Better For You?

Diploma in Diet and Nutrition -, Diploma in Dietitics , Health & Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
Red Meat Vs. White Meat - What's Better For You?

Red meat vs. White meat - what's better for you?

Meat forms an essential part of the daily diet of many people. But it often gets difficult to choose between white meat (chicken or fish) and red meat (beef or pork or mutton) due to the numerous health benefits offered by both. Moreover, both kinds of meat have some health risks as well, which should be kept in mind while consuming either of them.

Read on to find how each type of meat may affect your health, and, which will be more beneficial for your body.

Fat content

People who are more conscious about their weight often tend to choose white meat over red meat because of its lower fat content. For example, fat content in chicken is only about 11%, whereas pork contains about 45% fat. Moreover, the saturated fat content of red meat is about 2.64 times that of white meat.

Protein content

100 gm of chicken breast has about 29.80 gm of protein, whereas the same amount of lamb and pork contain 22.51 gm and 27.55 gm protein respectively. In this case, consumption of white meat will prove to be beneficial as your body can absorb only 74% of the protein in red meat and 80% of the protein in white meat.

Other nutrient content

Red meat is rich in niacin, vitamin b12, riboflavin and thiamine, iron and minerals like zinc and phosphorus. While vitamin b12 aids proper nerve health and ensures that the red blood cells function properly, zinc is responsible for strengthening your immune system.

White meat contains fewer nutrients in comparison to red meat. However, fish contains high amount of omega-3 fatty acids, which help in improving lipid profiles and prevent cardiovascular diseases.

Health risks

Consumption of both types of meat has been long associated with increased risk of different diseases. The presence of myoglobin, a type of protein in red meat, is responsible for increasing the risk of certain types of cancer. Also, red meat has been often linked with increased chances of hypertension and heart diseases.

These days, feeding antibiotics to chicken for enlarging their size has become a common practise. So, consumption of this type of meat increases the amount of drug-resistant bacteria in your body and reduces the effect of useful drugs too.

White meat and red meat both have their own health benefits and risks, so including small amounts of both in your diet will prove to be beneficial for your body. Determine the amount of each type of meat you will consume depending on your body's specific requirements.

If you would like to consult with me privately, please click on 'consult'.

3775 people found this helpful

Hello Dr. I am suffering from rubella. Mera ek baby h bt 2-3 baar miscarriage ho chuka h .mjhe conceive krne k liye kya krna chahiye. Iska treatment h?

MD-Ayurveda, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Sexologist, Haldwani
Hello Dr. I am suffering from rubella. Mera ek baby h bt 2-3 baar miscarriage ho chuka h .mjhe conceive krne k liye k...
Hello- Agar apko rubella hua hai to ye future mai apki pregnancy ko abort kar sakta hai. Rubello ko puri tarah se apke system se bahar nikalne k liye apko ayurrvedic immuno booster medicines start karni hongi, isse apke sharir se rubella toxins bahar ho jaenge sath he apke uterus ki implantation power badh jaegi jisse ki miscarriage nahi hoga.
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Antioxidants And Their Delicious Sources

M.Sc. in Dietetics and Food Service Management , Post Graduate Diploma In Computer Application, P.G.Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics , B.Sc.Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
Antioxidants And Their Delicious Sources

Antioxidants: What are they?

Antioxidants are free radical scavengers known to enhance our immunity. We know that fruits and vegetables with vibrant colors are great sources of antioxidants. Many times we wish that foods that taste delicious were as healthy as these fruits and veggies. Here is something to cheer you up. The foods listed below are not only tasty but also rich in antioxidants.

Antioxidants and their sources:

  • Eggs: Egg yolk contains an antioxidants called “lutein”. Lutein is known to prevent muscular degeneration and cataracts. Though the lutein content in yolk is lesser than the lutein content of the green leafy veggies, but according to some studies the lutein from yolk is more effectively absorbed due to the fat content of the yolk.
  • Tinned beans: Tinned beans contains phytochemicals. Phytochemicals repair damaged dna and also neutralize free radicals. Small red beans, dark kidney beans and black beans are rich in antioxidants. You can now enjoy your baked beans with a touch of health.
  • Whole grain pasta/noodles: These whole grain dishes contain polyphenols. Polyphenols are strong anti-cancerous elements. Whole grain pasta and noodles contain 3 to 4 times more antioxidants than the regular ones. In combination to antioxidants these foods also contain good amount of fiber that help in regulating cholesterol levels.
  • Yogurt: There is an additional health benefit to this yummy delight. Although it does not directly contain any antioxidants, it does contain riboflavin which enhances or promotes the activity of antioxidants glutathione. Riboflavin being a water soluble vitamin b, it easily flushes out of the body. You need to consume yogurt on a daily basis to be benefited.
  • Organic milk: Organic milk is the milk obtained from cows that feed on organic food. The antioxidant value of this milk is 40 to 50 times greater than the cows raised in a conventional manner. Antioxidants like vitamin e, lutein and beta carotene are present in it. Organic cheese and butter are other options you may choose.
  • Popcorn: Popcorn is not only a fast and favorite snack, but it also is good in its fiber and antioxidant content. A study carried out by the university of scranton revealed that the whole grain snack foods such as popcorn have surprisingly high levels of polyphenols which have anti-cancerous properties.
  • Natural sweeteners: Natural sweeteners like honey, maple syrup, molasses, brown sugar contain good amount of anti oxidants. Darker the color of honey, greater is its antioxidant content. The non-commercial varieties of honey contain poly phenol. Adding these natural sweeteners in your dessert instead of table sugar does have some added benefit.
  • Canola oil: Canola oil contains alpha-tocopherol. Alpha-tocopherol prevents the oxidation of bad cholesterol (ldl), preventing the release of free radicals. No wonder canola oil is considered to be heart-healthy oil.
9 people found this helpful

Form past 2 weeks my vagina has become very itchy and dry n has heavy white thick discharge. My last periods were on 23rd of feb still I haven't got it.

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Gurgaon
Form past 2 weeks my vagina has become very itchy and dry n has heavy white thick discharge. My last periods were on ...
you are having vaginal tract infection probably a fungal infection,for which you might have to take antifungal vaginal tabs ,as regards delayed periods,it may be bcz of pregnancy if u are sexually active,or harmonal imbalance or infection if you are not active. For further advice or information you may get back to us.
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Me and my boyfriend use to do foreplay like rubbing penis on vagina Not intercourse And he never ejaculated during it And I never had semen near vagina any how Is there still chance of getting pregnant? I am virgin And never had fingering or intercourse till Now.

MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Chennai
Me and my boyfriend use to do foreplay
like rubbing penis on vagina
Not intercourse
And he never ejaculated during it...
There are rare chances, when the pre-ejaculate clear fluid finds way through. But again chances are remote. If you miss periods, you need to worry, else have fun. All the best
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I have done sex with my girlfriend 2 day ago using condom BUT she has a doubt of getting pregnancy so there is any way to find out she is pregnant or not?

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology
Psychologist, Palakkad
I have done sex with my girlfriend 2 day ago using condom BUT she has a doubt of getting pregnancy so there is any wa...
Dear lybrate user. Sex with condom do not cause prgnancy unless the condom breaks. It is only the second day. To determine pregnancy you need to wait for atleast 15 days. I suggest you both to read about ovulation cycle and menstruation periods and possible pregnancy cycle. I also suggest online sex education. Take care.
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I am 18years n 6months old. Often use to masturbate n started dis frm around 7 months. Irregular periods wre normal but frm last two masturbation I noticed something new. I started bleeding (dats similar to periods. Last 6-7 days) is dere any thng 2 worry?

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
I am 18years n 6months old. Often use to masturbate n started dis frm around 7 months. Irregular periods wre normal b...
If this kind of bleeding has occurred for the first time, then there is no need to worry and no need to take any medications. Sometimes hormonal changes can bring about this kind of bleeding. If similar problem persists for another 3-4 months then only it needs to be treated.
2 people found this helpful
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Placental Abruption - 7 Risk Factors Associated with it

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Thane
Placental Abruption - 7 Risk Factors Associated with it

Are you in the last trimester of pregnancy and experiencing symptoms such as abdominal pain, vaginal bleeding, uterine tenderness and back pain? This might be an indication of a condition called placental abruption. This is a serious, but rare pregnancy complication in women. The placenta is the structure, which develops in the uterus for nourishing the growing baby. When the placenta peels away from the inner uterine wall before delivery, placental abruption occurs. The condition can deprive the growing baby of oxygen.

Risk factors
There are several factors, which increase the risk of placental abruption. They are as follows:

  1. High blood pressure: High blood pressure, be it chronic or because of pregnancy, increases the risk of placental abruption.
  2. Abdominal trauma: Certain trauma caused to the abdomen such as a fall or a blow to the abdomen increases your risk of having the condition.
  3. Substance abuse: Women who smoke and use drugs such as cocaine during pregnancy are more likely to have placental abruption.
  4. Premature rupture of the membranes: The growing baby is supported and surrounded by a fluid-filled membrane or the amniotic sac. When the sac leaks or breaks before labor, there are high chances of placental abruption.
  5. Blood clotting disorders: Any health condition which impairs blood clotting may increase the chance of placental abruption.
  6. Multiple pregnancy: For women who are carrying more than one baby, the delivery of the first baby may lead to changes in the uterus. This may cause placental abruption before the next baby is delivered.
  7. Maternal age: Placental abruption is more common or likely to occur among women who are above the age of 40.

Treatment
It is not possible to reattach a placenta, which gets separated from the wall of the uterus. The treatment options for placental abruption depend on several circumstances. They are as follows:

  1. The baby is not close to full term: If the abruption is mild, your baby has a normal heart rate, and it is too early for him to be born, you might need to be hospitalized for monitoring. If the bleeding ends and the baby is in a stable condition, you might be able to go home and rest. In some cases, medicines are given to the baby for making his lungs mature.
  2. The baby is close to full term: If your baby is near full term, and the placental abruption is less, a closely monitored vaginal delivery is undertaken. In case of a progressive abruption, an immediate delivery might be required via C section.

It is recommended for you to consult a doctor on experiencing any symptom of placental abruption. This will help you in protecting your baby from any harm.

5172 people found this helpful

Hi, I have pain in all over body regularly. My weight is 78 kg and my hight is 5.3 inch.i have pain in legs joint back pain shoulder wrist pain headache sometimes I want to know what all test I have to do. Kindly assist me for the same. I having regular periods. No thyroid no pcos or pcod .Please tell.

Diploma in Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MBBS, MD - Community Medicine
Gynaecologist, Lucknow
Hi,
I have pain in all over body regularly. My weight is 78 kg and my hight is 5.3 inch.i have pain in legs joint bac...
Hello, as told by you, you are not having any gyn problem. You should take consultation from a physician.
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Master in Psychology, MD - Ayurveda, Dems, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda,
HOME REMEDIES TO AVOID FUNGAL INFECTIONS


Symptoms Of Skin Fungus

While skin fungus may be caused by different environments and different types of fungi the signs or the symptoms of such infections are common:
• The skin of the feet peels, cracks or scales off
• Redness occurs on the skin as well as blister formation
• The skin tends to soften and breakdown
• There could be itching and burning
It is to be noted that skin fungus causes infections that are highly contagious. Thus, it can easily be transmitted from one person to another. The infected area needs to be treated or else it will spread to other areas of the body and cause complications. The different kinds of skin fungal infections like Jock itch, ringworm, athlete’s foot can be cured or prevented by taking note of the effective home remedies available.

Home Remedies For Skin Fungus

1. Proper Cleaning Routine

We often do not give adequate attention to the feet or clean it properly. It is necessary to:
• Wash feet thoroughly with soap
• It should be scrubbed or exfoliated from time to time to remove the dead skin cells.
Such regular cleaning rituals will keep the skin on the feet healthy and not allow bacteria to develop on it.

2. Keep The Feet And Shoes Dry

It is imperative that one maintains cleanliness and dryness of the feet and shoes:
• One should not wear shoes with wet feet
• The feet should be dried thoroughly after bath or washing
• If shoes are wet, they should be dried out properly before they are worn

3. Use Of Apple Cider Vinegar

If one has ringworm they can make use of apple cider vinegar and its antiseptic properties:
• The affected area should be cleansed with antiseptic soap first
• Apple cider vinegar should be applied on the affected area with a soft cotton ball
• The affected area should be massaged gently

4. Use Of Nail Polish

A common home remedy to get rid of skin fungus is to use nail polish remover or nail polish on it:
• If the fungus has affected the nails putting nail polish on it will kill the fungus and dry out the area
• The acetylene content in the nail polish does the trick

5. Do Not Wear Footwear For Long

If you tend to sweat or are active all day long, you need to remove the footwear often:
• It will help to dry out the seat
• It will reduce chances of fungal infection coming on

6. Apply Powder

If one is repeating the same pair of socks and shoes they need to:
• Apply baby powder in the shoes and the socks
• That will keep the moisture out and reduce chances of infection

7. Keep An Eye Out For Telltale Signs

It is hard to recognize the symptoms of fungal infection. One needs to keep an eye out for the first signs as the skin infection caused by fungi is contagious:
• Crusty skin layer forms on the top of feet
• Small rashes might develop which might itch

8. Do Not Wear Tight Fitting Clothes Or Shoes

When one has fungal infection they should resort to:
• Loose clothing that allow the air movement
• Comfortable fitted shoes should be worn to prevent aggravation of the infected areas

9. Tea Tree Oil

This is known to be an effective cure for fungal infections. It can be used in the form of:
• Ointment on the affected area
• The oil can be mixed with a carrier oil and then applied on the affected area

10. Preventing Skin Fungus On The Back

If you tend to sweat a lot you need to:
• Change the sweaty clothes
• Scrub the skin thoroughly when taking bath

11. Use Of Essential Oil

One can use the following essential oils to prevent fungus from growing on the skin:
• Garlic oil
• Tea tree oil
• Oregano oil

12. Use Of Hydrogen Peroxide

On can use a solution of
hydrogen peroxide and water in order to treat fungal infections. If one is suffering from such an infection:
• They can use such a solution to wash themselves or soak the affected area
• If the skin is sensitive, skin bleach can also be used to treat the affected areas
1 person found this helpful

Hi last night I had a sex with my wife. At the middle of the journey condom was teared so sperm goes inside so I don't have a plan for a baby now. And I have small son 2 and half months and my wife is feeding milk to my baby so do I can give contraceptive pills or any other option to stop pregnancy please let me know.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Kolkata
Hi last night I had a sex with my wife. At the middle of the journey condom was teared so sperm goes inside so I don'...
Provided she has no other issues, she can go for post coital emergency contraceptive pill, ideally taken within 12/24 hours.
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I am 26 years old and my periods as about 3 weeks delayed but urine pregnancy test is negative. Is it possible in spite of pregnancy the results come negative. What should I do.

BHMS
Homeopath, Rudrapur
Yes sometime test doesnt show the positiveness. So test with the morning urine for confirmed diagnosis. And if it negative then take homeopathy drugs for regular menses.
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My mother is a 45 year old house wife. She is suffering from irregular menses, hard pain during menses period, over bloodless and get weak soon. Is any problem with her health condition?

MS- Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
My mother is a 45 year old house wife. She is suffering from irregular menses, hard pain during menses period, over b...
At 45yr pd become irregular. If they come after2-3 mth it is ok . If it come before 21 day or after physical relation it need investigation.get ter usg lower abdomen. to see any pathology.
1 person found this helpful
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Plastic Vs Glass Vs Copper - Which Type Of Vessel Should Be Used To Store Water?

MD - Ayurveda
Ayurveda, Thane
Plastic Vs Glass Vs Copper - Which Type Of Vessel Should Be Used To Store Water?

One of the most important aspects of staying healthy is to keep your body hydrated by drinking enough water. When it comes to drinking water, we stress on purifying it but do you ever stop to think about how you are storing your water? The vessel in which water is stored in not only contains it but also interacts with it and influences the chemical elements in it. In the old days, water was stored in earthen matkas but today, water bottles have become more popular. These bottles are commonly made of glass or plastic both of which can be harmful in the long run. Instead, Ayurveda suggests the use of copper vessels to store water. Here are a few reasons for this.

Plastic vs Glass vs Copper

One of the chemical elements present in all plastic bottles is Bisphenol A or BPA. This chemical has been linked to a number of diseases including cancer. They also contain a number of other toxins that are gradually absorbed by the water inside the bottle. Exposure to BPA when pregnant can lead to a woman giving birth to an underweight baby. This chemical can also affect the development of the brain and behaviour. Disposable mineral water bottles should never be reused for this reason. Plastic bottles also absorb odors and tend to leak after repeated use.

The glass is an inert material and hence when used to store water, does not influence it in any way. The two things you should look for, if you choose to buy glass bottles is that they are lead and cadmium free. However, glass bottles are not cheap and have a tendency to crack or break. Once broken, these bottles cannot be reused.

Copper also influences the chemical balance in the water. However, this does not harm the body in any way, but in fact, has a number of benefits. Copper acts as a natural sterilizer and has an oligodynamic effect on water stored in it. It has the ability to destroy a number of harmful pathogens that are commonly found in water. Copper is an element needed by the body and drinking water stored in a copper vessel supplies our body’s daily copper requirement.

Copper can also help regulate cholesterol, heart rate and blood pressure levels. Copper has also been associated with an ability to regulate thyroid functioning, ease joint pains, improve fertility, heal internal wounds, help in hemoglobin synthesis and in maintaining the proper acid-alkaline balance in our bodies. A copper bottle may seem a little expensive when you buy it but there is no chance of breakage. Hence, if handled properly, a copper bottle can last a lifetime.

From the given arguments it is clear that using a copper vessel is the best way to store water. If you wish to discuss any specific problem, you can consult an ayurveda.

8180 people found this helpful

Is there any side effects of copper t and want to take any precautions while intercourse?

DGO, MD, MRCOG, CCST, Accredation in Colposcopy
Gynaecologist, Kolkata
No as long as you are used to it it shouldn't be a problem. It however does not protect against sexually transmitted infections. Hence you should use condoms in addition if needed.
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The time we hve sex while intercoursing her vagina pain so I am not able to intercourse.Please tell.

BHMS, DEMS
Homeopath, Pune
Its bcoz of vaginismus. Sexual practices with your spouse or current romantic partner, enjoy foreplay, which helps with relaxation and lubrication. For more details click on consult option.
1 person found this helpful
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