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Treatment of Migraine Treatment
Weight Management Treatment
Removal Of Stitches Procedure
Thyroid Problems Treatment
Dressings Of Wounds Procedure
Hiv Prophylaxis Post Exposure
Viral Fever Treatment
Thyroid Disorder Treatment
Stitching Of Wounds Procedure
Management of Surrogacy
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HOW DO HIV TESTS WORK AND WHAT'S INVOLVED?
It is really common to feel a little worried about going for an HIV test. But making the decision to test is the best thing you can do for your health. The process is quick, painless, confidential and almost always free.
Where can I get an HIV test?
Depending on where you are in the world, there are a number of places that you can get tested for HIV. The best first step is to search online for "HIV testing”, plus your location. This will generally give you a good idea of where to go, or at least give you a starting point.
If you have limited internet access, it’s always worth asking local sexual health charities or health authorities to see what you have in your area – they should also be able to direct you to somewhere which offers testing for free.
The healthcare worker – there to help you!
Before you test, your healthcare worker will talk to you about your sexual health, why you’ve decided to test, and any risks you may have taken.
Remember, the healthcare professional is not there to judge you. There is most likely nothing you can say that they haven’t heard from someone else. Be honest with them, and ask as many questions as you want – that is what they are there for.
You should never feel pressured to test. The results will be completely confidential and you should only go through with it if you want to.
How accurate are different types of HIV tests?
Modern HIV tests are extremely accurate. There are a variety of different HIV tests and your healthcare worker should explain which test you will be given and how you will get your result. Normally, testing involves taking a small sample of blood from either your finger or your arm, or a sample of oral fluid.
How long an HIV test takes to give you an accurate result depends on the type of test you are taking. If you are taking a rapid test, you will be given your results within 20 minutes. Other types of tests will be sent to a laboratory and you may have to wait for the result which may take between a few days to a few weeks for you to receive a final result.
How do different HIV tests work?
Third generation HIV tests (ELISA antibody)
When you become infected with HIV, your body will start to produce specific antibodies (proteins that attach to the virus to try and destroy it). An HIV antibody test looks for these antibodies in your blood, saliva or urine. If these antibodies are found, it means you are infected with HIV. This test is only accurate three months after exposure, because this is how long it takes your body to produce enough antibodies for it to show up in a test. It usually a few days to a few weeks to get results back for this type of test.
Fourth generation HIV tests (ELISA combined antigen/antibody)
Fourth generation tests look for HIV antibodies, but also for something called p24 antigens. The p24 antigens are part of HIV itself, so you have a lot of these in your blood in the first few weeks after infection. This is why you are most infectious to others in this period too. Fourth generation tests can reliably detect HIV from one month after you have been infected. It usually takes a few days to a few weeks to get results back for this type of test.
Rapid HIV tests
There’s now a variety of different rapid tests. Most test for HIV antibodies by taking a prick of blood from your finger. These tests are only accurate three months after exposure. Rapid tests give results in just 20 minutes, so results can now be given on the spot at many healthcare centres. While these tests are reliable, laboratory testing may be better in some situations, as rapid tests have a slightly higher chance of giving a 'false positive' result (shows you have HIV when you don't).
HIV self-testing is only available in a handful of countries but offers the convenience of taking a test in the comfort of your own home.
If you do order a self-testing kit, it’s best to check that the kit has been approved with a ‘CE’ (Europe) or FDA (USA) mark on it. That way, you’ll know that the tests are regulated and work properly. After following the instructions that come with your kit, you should get a result in 15 – 20 minutes.
If you do test positive for HIV, you should follow up with a healthcare professional to get your result confirmed. They will also ensure that you get the necessary follow-up care with treatment and support with counselling.
I always suffering from loose motion. But I don't have take any oily food. I take medicine but no effect of longer time. Again suffering from loose motion. Please give me advice.
I haven't been able to sleep since 2 days and I am having a severe headache, tried multiple home remedies, but didn't work, what to do? Please help me!
What are the way to improve men's testosterone levels. For low testosterone what is the best food for improve to high levels. How to solve this issue?
There are various kinds of skin diseases such as eczema, allergic dermatitis, vitiligo, psoriasis, herpes which cause rashes along with violent itching, which becomes worse by scratching. It occurs as a result of getting rid of some poison in the system, either congenital or acquired. Skin problems can be local or can spread throughout the body. These occur due to infection, heat, immune system disorder, allergies due to elastic, rubber products, detergents, dust, etc., food allergies, menstruation, hereditary issues and many other factors. Homeopathy has proved very effective in such skin diseases, as it cures the basic cause of the same by studying not only the skin type, but also the genetic and immune system factors of the patient.
Following are some useful homeopathic medicines for skin diseases:
- Rhus Toxicodendron: This is very helpful for eczema where the skin is covered with numerous vesicular eruptions accompanied by violent itching, swelling, tingling, etc. which increase during night time and cold weather.
- Graphites: These treat common skin problems like dry and itchy skin, cracked corners of eyes and mouth, scruffy eruptions on the scalp, face, bends of joints, between fingers and behind the ears.
- Pulsatilla: Mostly a remedy for female related skin issues such as rashes due to profuse or scanty menses, gastric or uterine problems, nettle rashes and also acne which increase during winter.
- Sepia: This is the best medicine for herpes, which cures symptoms like dry skin at first, followed by release of moist discharge leading to brownish, liver or yellow spots. It is also helpful for eczema and psoriasis.
- Sulphur: The exact skin remedy for soreness and itching in the folds of the skin, roughness, coarseness and burning sensation due to washing. It is also useful for itching in the scalp, hair fall, deficient growth of nails, acne, psoriasis and eczema.
- Nitricum Acidum: This medicine is useful for treating ulcers in mouth, tongue or genital tracts that bleed easily and other physical irritabilities.
- Thuja Occidentalis: Effective for warts, acne, scaly patches and age spots.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!