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Management of Abortion
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Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Termination Of Pregnancy Procedure
Treatment Of Pregnancy Problems
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Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Treatment Of Medical Diseases In Pregnancy
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Are carrots and beetroot heat to our body. My body is already heat and I'm trying to conceive from past 6 months. Please suggest? Having sex when nearing my periods date. Is it safe or. Not?
Hiii I am trying to conceive last three months. My last period date is 12th December. And 28th December done my follicular study left and right two sides realise the eggs. And my left follicle was ruptured. And minimal fluid in pod. 23: 18 sizes. And ruptured that day I had intercourse. And it's continues every other day. And 26th December every night I take naturogest 200 mg tablet 15 days. Yesterday tablet was done. My doubt is getting pregnant. Chances is confirm ila suggest me.
Nephrotic syndrome is a type of kidney disorder wherein, the body passes out the excess amount of proteins through urine, owing to the damage caused to the tiny clusters of blood vessels in the kidneys. The symptoms include putting on excessive weight as a result of fluid retention, foamy urine and severe swelling around the region of the feet, ankles and eyes.
The main feature of nephrotic syndrome is that the kidneys leak a lot of protein. Normally, urine contains virtually no protein. In nephrotic syndrome the urine contains large amounts of protein. What happens is that filters in the kidneys (the glomeruli) become 'leaky' and protein, instead of remaining in the blood, leaks out into the urine. Protein in the urine is called proteinuria.
The other key features of nephrotic syndrome are:
- A low level of protein in the blood as a result of protein loss in the urine. Although there is a drop in many of the proteins normally found in the bloodstream, the main protein that leaks from the blood into the urine is called albumin. A low blood level of albumin is main feature of nephrotic syndrome.
- Fluid retention (oedema). This is a consequence of the low level of albumin in the bloodstream, and other complex factors not fully understood.
- A high blood level of cholesterol and other fats (lipids). This is due to the change in the balance of various protein levels in the blood due to the protein leakage.
- Normal kidney function, at least initially. This means that the 'waste clearing' function of the kidneys is not affected - at least not at first. However, some of the conditions that cause nephrotic syndrome can progress to cause chronic kidney disease.
- Other typical symptoms and signs of nephrotic syndrome are discussed later.
Common causes behind it
Minimal change disease (also known as nil disease) leads to the abnormal functioning of the kidneys.. Most common cause almost 90% of children have this entity. No body knows why the Minimal change disease nephrotic syndrome occurs. Other reasons for nephrotic syndrome are infections, autoimmunity mediated and few medications.
Nephrotic syndrome (NS) is the name given to a collection of kidney-related findings in your child’s body. These include:
- proteinuria—high levels of protein in the urine (based on your child’s age and size)
- hypoalbuminemia—low levels of protein in your child’s blood, since it’s being passed out of his body in his urine
- edema—swelling. This happens because the proteins in your child’s blood act as a sponge to keep fluid in the blood. With fewer proteins to do this, the fluid may leak out of the blood into your child’s tissues, causing them to swell, especially around the stomach area.
- high cholesterol (blood fat) levels—low levels of protein in the blood stimulate the body to overproduce certain kinds of blood fats
- While nephrotic syndrome is not a disease, it can be the first sign of disease that can damage the kidney's tiny blood-filtering unit (glomeruli) where urine is made.
Here’s what you need to know about nephrotic syndrome:
- In the vast majority of children, NS is idiopathic, meaning that doctors don’t yet know what causes it.
- Nephrotic syndrome always affects both kidneys.
- It usually appears between the toddler and elementary school years, although it may appear later.
- There are thought to be two forms of nephrotic syndrome, minimal change disease (MCD) and focal sclerosis (FSGS).
- MCD is much more common in children, and likely to respond to therapy.
- FSGS is a more aggressive disease, and may lead to kidney damage.
- Most children with NS outgrow it by young adulthood.
Pediatric Nephrotic syndrome is mainly treated by high dose steroids. So we classify Nephrotic syndrome as Steroid sensitive Nephrotic syndrome and Steroid Resistant Nephrotic syndrome. As long as the Nephrotic syndrome is steroid sensitive, kidneys usually do not fail and eventually the child recovers. Other aspect of management of Nephrotic syndrome in kids is, that is a relapsing and remitting disease in more than 2/3 of patients, so parents must be making a Nephrotic diary as suggested by the doctor so that the relapse of disease is picked before the swelling appears. Target of Nephrotic syndrome treatment is to make the child grow normally and using steroid sparing agents in kids with frequent relapses and Steroid dependence else they can develop high blood pressure, short stature, cataract, glaucoma and diabetes which all are irreversible. Never start or stop the steroids on your own considering the side effect profile. All vaccines including oral polio drops are not to be given in children receiving daily dose steroids. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a pediatrician.
While menstruation is definite proof that a woman can bear children, menopause is, as the name suggests, a pause in the fact. Meaning that the woman experiences a permanent stop in her periodic cycle and will further be unable to bear children. It is a difficult time for women, apart from dealing with the fact that they will not be able to reproduce further, there also arises a variety of complications. The realisation can hit hard and women often experience depressive episodes and numerous hormonal imbalances. Keeping that in mind, menopause is also different for different individuals and there is no one magic cure for it.
Every individual experiences a series of changes and requires different treatments because there are 3 different types of menopause and all of those require separate attention. That being said, there are a few common symptoms that show up and here are a few ways that you can deal with them:
- Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT): This a slightly dicey method for the complications it may or may not carry in its wake but it is quite effective for a lot of people. Basically what this procedure entails is that your body will be supplied with hormones (oestrogen) the production of which has depleted, from the outside in the form of tablets or a gel so as to counter the hormonal imbalances. There are two kinds of HRTs; one is for women who have retained their wombs, it is called “Combined HRT”. The individual is supplied with two kinds of hormones, oestrogen, and progesterone. And the other kind is the “Oestrogen only HRT” which is for women who have had a hysterectomy. This treatment should be strictly observed by your gynaecologist and any discomfort felt should be reported back immediately.
- Dealing with hot flushes: This is something all women suffer from as soon as menopause hits or from even before as they are reaching towards it. It is also accompanied by night sweats. To deal with both, it is advised that you wear cotton or similarly light clothes, take cool showers, rest and relax as much as possible, include an exercise regime in your daily life or even yoga, hydrate yourself, and avoid drinking, coffee, and very spicy food items. They may act as triggers.
- Treating vaginal discomfort: If you experience vaginal discomfort such as dryness or excessive itching, contact your doctor immediately as you may have to start HRT or lubricants-containing oestrogen. Apart from that, to fend off dryness you could also use vaginal lubricants to soothe the painful sensations.
- Treating osteoporosis: Due to the lowered levels of oestrogen in the body, women who have reached menopause are more prone to suffering from weak and brittle bones, also known as osteoporosis. Taking vitamin supplements as well as including different kinds of fruits and vegetables and yogurt in your diet is absolutely essential to combat this along with exercise.