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If someone amongst you has hearing loss do consult because that has a great impact on memory in future.
Is muscle twitching in arms has something to do with as when I smoke it starts developing and when I stop smoking for 2-3 days it disappears?
How to avoid shin pain. As I am a regular athlete, my lower leg bone start paining after few regular workout day.
Hi I have sevre joints pain in knees. There is lot of teasing and pain. In left shoulder also there's pain and unable to move my hand. Taking vitamin d tablets and calcium since 7 month but no results. Kindly help.
My mother has a history of High BP and Low bone density. At present her age is 58 yrs. The fingers of her legs, mostly the thumb and little finger of leg get swollen and dark in colour. As if blood has clotted in that region. Even a normal touch also gives severe pains to her in that region. As result she avoids to walk and keeps sitting at one place. This problem occurs mostly in winter season, Nowadays, as the climate is steadily moving towards summer, she has started to feel a little relaxed. But even now, if she uses cold water over those legs, they start paining. She is not able to do any household work, even if she wants to. Contact with water starts pains even in fingers of her hands. As she avoids walking and keeps sitting at one place, she also develops issues like indigestion, gas troubles etc adding to her depression. To add to all this problems, she has a younger daughter who is married for 5 years now and does not have child (one miscarriage), which keeps on playing in my mothers mind adding to her depression. Please suggest some useful remedies.
Dear Friends, I am Dr. Manish Kumar Gupta, I am consultant laparoscopic and robotic surgeon at Sir Ganga Ram Hospital. I have my own clinic with the name of New Life Clinic in Indirapuram, Ghaziabad. Friends, I will be talking about a very common problem today, which is Hernia. So we all sometimes hear about it that someone has got Hernia and got operated.
what is Hernia? Hernia is basically, whenever the content of the abdomen comes out through an opening, which is an abnormal opening or a normal opening and present as a swelling or a lump over the tummy. So whenever such sort of a swelling appears in the abdomen, patients get worried, what this type of swelling appeared over their abdomen. These hernia is usually present whenever patients walks, coughs, sneezes or strains, these swellings come out through these defects and whenever patients lie down these swellings go down into the tummy, so these are the initial symptoms and as the time passes these defects gets increases in sizes and more and more internal component like intestines or fat comes out through these opening and hernia swelling sizes keeps on increasing day by day.
What happens in hernia is that It can occur in any part of the abdomen, the most common site for developing these hernias are basically belly buttons and in the groin region. If a patient has undergone some surgery, some operation for some intestine or something like that in the abdomen, this is the weaker side and from this side a hernia can appear. So initially the symptom is like there is a lump, which comes out and goes in once you press or lies down.
The chances of complication can occur and the complication are initially irreducibility, it means that it doesn’t go inside the abdomen and remains there because there are some additions in between the content of the hernia and the abdominal wall and the second complication is the obstruction, it means, that intestine has come into the hernial sac and there is non passage of any content like food or any fluid through the intestine and patient gets started vomiting, there distinction of abdomen and pain, the third complication is that whenever the blood supply of this intestine gets disrupted then there is strangulation, it means that it can lead to gangrene of the intestine. So these complications are like an emergency complication and one has to go and get operated as early as possible so that one doesn’t develop any gangrene of the intestine.
The treatment for Hernia is basically surgery. Whenever one sees such hernial swelling, one should go and contact a surgeon so that he can advise you when to go for surgery but the earlier the better. One should not wait and watch to get the complications to occur.
Nowadays, the surgery for hernia is basically a laparoscopic surgery, it means that we make three holes which is like pencil size holes through which we put a mesh which is a polypropylene or a bio degradable mesh and put this mesh over the hernia defect and fix it with multiple tackers.
Nowadays, the chances for recurrence is quite less because of formation of application of these mesh over the hernial defect.
There are few precautions one can take. There are some precautions which a person can take, like one should not sneeze too much or cough too much so that these hernial swellings do not increase in size and don’t get impacted into the defect.
So friends i have told you about hernia swellings today and if you have such problems then you should go and meet a surgeon or if you want to come to me, you can come at Ganga Ram hospitals, which is in central Delhi or you can come to me and meet me at my clinic which is in Indirapuram, Ghaziabad or you can talk to me through Lybrate, you can chat me or you can text me through Lybrate.com.
There is another silently progressing, common disease other than diabetes and hypertension that can cause potentially serious risk to your health in old age. Osteoporosis meaning “porous bones” indicates a condition where your bones become more porous, thinner and weaker due to accelerated loss of bone or reduced bone formation or both. It is most evident in the vertebrae of spine, hip bones and in the wrists.
Thin and porous vertebrae fracture easily. They crumble on their own or due to minor stresses during daily activities like coughing, sneezing, bending forwards. These fractures can be painless and go unnoticed in multiple levels till the spine develops a forward bend and a noticeable loss of height. Or it can cause significant pain and disability, limitation in daily activities and increased dependence on others. A simple slip and fall at home can cause a fracture in the hip bones that can make the patient completely bed ridden. These situations commonly cause depression and general deterioration of health and leads to other risky complications in old age.
Though it is most common women after menopause, it also happens in men above age of 65 years and in those with certain risk factors like liver or kidney disease, thyroid or parathyroid disorders, and certain tumours. Smoking has been proven to cause osteoporosis. Long term steroid intake given for various conditions and medications given for seizure disorders also can cause osteoporosis.
Osteoporosis can be detected easily by a screening test called the DEXA scan. Any one above the age of 50 years should consult an orthopaedic surgeon to know if they are at risk of osteoporosis and whether he/she needs a DEXA scan. If the DEXA scan reveals that you have osteoporosis, you must be evaluated by an orthopaedic surgeon and an endocrinologist to look for other treatable conditions that can cause osteoporosis. There are medications that are prescribed to strengthen the bones and reduce the risk of fractures in future. Diet rich in calcium and vitamin D and supplementary calcium and vitamin D medications are also an essential part of treatment.
Although the vertebral osteoporotic fractures commonly heal in a few weeks with bed rest and medications, some of them may not heal in time or cause severe pain and disability. These patients might need surgical intervention. Vertebroplasty is a procedure that involves injection of bone cement into the broken vertebra and can give immediate pain relief. Kyphoplasty is a similar procedure that can restore the height of the fractured vertebral body and reduce the forward stoop in the spine. Open surgery might be required sometimes if the collapsed vertebra causes a compression of the spinal cord or nerves in the spine. Osteoporotic hip fractures and wrist fractures often need surgical treatment for fixation.
Prevention of osteoporosis should begin in childhood. Growing bones accumulate calcium and the calcium in bones reaches a peak at around age of 26 to 30 years. After that age, there is a slow decline in the bone calcium, which accelerates in old age especially in women after menopause. So those who reach a lower peak of calcium in bones by the age of 30 are at a higher risk of developing osteoporosis in old age. This means that adequate intake of dietary calcium, vitamin D and adequate exercise from young age is very important to prevent osteoporosis.
Prevention of falls and resultant fractures in those who are osteoporotic is an important aspect of treatment. This needs modification of their living spaces to remove the risks of a slip and fall. Routine exercises and an active lifestyle load the bones and make them stronger and it is a must for all those with osteoporosis and those at risk of developing osteoporosis.