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Dr. Nayan Sanghvi

Urologist, Mumbai

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Dr. Nayan Sanghvi Urologist, Mumbai
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I pride myself in attending local and statewide seminars to stay current with the latest techniques, and treatment planning....more
I pride myself in attending local and statewide seminars to stay current with the latest techniques, and treatment planning.
More about Dr. Nayan Sanghvi
Dr. Nayan Sanghvi is an experienced Urologist in Tardeo, Mumbai. She is currently practising at Bhatia Hospital in Tardeo, Mumbai. Don’t wait in a queue, book an instant appointment online with Dr. Nayan Sanghvi on

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15 super foods for kidney health

FIMSA, MD-Nephrology, DM - Nephrology, Critical Care Medicine, MBBS
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15 super foods for kidney health

Most of us know that eating a balanced diet is important for good health. Now scientists have pinpointed certain foods as super foods. In addition to promoting overall health, these are foods for kidney health as well.
To understand why they're called super foods, we first have to understand oxidation and free radicals. Oxidation is a normal bodily process for producing energy and is part of many chemical changes in your body. However, it can sometimes lead to the production of molecules called free radicals. Free radicals are unstable molecules that bounce wildly around inside your body, damaging proteins, genes and cell membranes. Free radicals are believed to contribute to aging and many chronic diseases, including cancer, heart disease and Alzheimer's disease.
The good news is super foods contain antioxidants that help neutralize free radicals. Even in relatively low amounts, antioxidants can help slow or stop the rate of oxidation caused by free radicals. Examples of antioxidants include flavonoids, lycopene and vitamins C, E and beta-carotene.
Super foods for your kidneys
If you are on dialysis or have chronic kidney disease (CKD), you'll be glad to know that there are lots of super foods, containing antioxidants and other health-supporting properties, included in the kidney diet. People with kidney disease experience more inflammation and have a higher risk of cardiovascular disease than those without kidney problems. If you have kidney disease, it's important that you consult a renal dietitian and follow a kidney diet. Including super foods in your kidney diet eating plan can help you increase your intake of nutrients and antioxidants.
Here’s a list of the top 15 kidney-friendly super foods. These foods are good for everyone, not just people with kidney disease, so by using them in your family's meals, you'll be helping your loved ones enjoy good health too.
1. Red bell peppers
Red bell peppers are a good choice for those concerned about kidney health, because they're low in potassium. In addition, they add color and taste to any dish, while packing a generous portion of vitamins A, C, B6, folic acid and fiber. They also contain the antioxidant lycopene, which protects against certain types of cancer.
If you're following the kidney diet, it's easy to add red bell peppers to your food plan. Mix them into tuna or chicken salad or eat raw with dip. Roasted, they're great for topping sandwiches or green salads. Chop them up for use in egg dishes, such as omelets or scrambled eggs, add them to kabobs for grilling or stuff them with a ground beef or turkey mixture for a tasty baked entrée.
2. Cabbage
Crunchy cabbage is a cruciferous vegetable filled with phytochemicals, chemical compounds found in certain fruits and vegetables. Phytochemicals work to break apart free radicals. Many phytochemicals are believed to combat cancer and support cardiovascular health.
Inexpensive cabbage is a great addition to your eating plan, because it's also high in vitamins K and C, high in fiber and a good source of vitamin B6 and folic acid, yet it's low in potassium, so it's especially kidney-friendly.
If you're following the dialysis diet, add cabbage by turning it into coleslaw or use as a topping for fish tacos. Cabbage can be boiled, steamed or microwaved and then enjoyed with a touch of butter or cream cheese and a sprinkling of pepper or caraway seeds. Other nutritious meal options include cabbage rolls and stuffed cabbage.
3. Cauliflower
Another kidney-friendly super food is cauliflower. This cruciferous vegetable brings lots of vitamin C to your plate, along with folate and fiber. In addition it contains compounds that help your liver neutralize toxic substances.
Cauliflower can be eaten raw with dip or in salads. Steamed or boiled, it can be seasoned and turned into a great side dish. You can even mash cauliflower as a dialysis-friendly replacement for mashed potatoes.
4. Garlic
Garlic is good for reducing inflammation and lowering cholesterol. It also has antioxidant and anti-clotting properties. (Cooking garlic will not affect its antioxidant properties, but it will reduce its anti-clotting and anti-inflammatory effects.)
If you're following the dialysis diet, use garlic powder instead of garlic salt to add extra flavor to your meals without adding extra sodium. Garlic can be used in cooking many dishes: meat, vegetables or tomato sauce, for instance. Once you start cooking with garlic, you'll wonder how you ever got along without it.
5. Onion
Another popular food used for seasoning is the onion. Onion is full of flavonoids, particularly quercetin. Flavonoids are natural chemicals that prevent the deposit of fatty material in blood vessels and add pigmentation (color) to plants. Quercetin is a powerful antioxidant that is believed to help reduce heart disease and protect against many forms of cancer. It also has anti-inflammatory properties.
Low in potassium, onions are not only kidney-friendly; they also contain chromium, a mineral that assists your body with the metabolism of fats, proteins and carbohydrates.
Onions can be enjoyed raw or cooked in a variety dishes.
6. Apples
An apple a day really does help keep the doctor away! High in fiber and anti-inflammatory properties, apples help reduce cholesterol, prevent constipation, protect against heart disease and decrease your risk of cancer.
Renal-friendly apples can be eaten raw or cooked. Or get their health benefits by drinking apple juice or cider.
7. Cranberries
Cranberries are great for preventing urinary tract infections, because they make urine more acidic and help keep bacteria from attaching to the inside of the bladder. They've also been shown to protect against cancer and heart disease.
Although we think of cranberries as a holiday side dish, cranberry juice can be enjoyed daily for added nutrition. Or toss a handful of dried cranberries into your cereal or salad.
8. Blueberries
These tasty berries get their blue color from antioxidant compounds called anthocyanidins. Blueberries get high marks for nutrition, thanks to natural compounds that reduce inflammation and lots of vitamin C and fiber. They also contain manganese, which contributes to healthy bones.
Use blueberries to top off your morning cereal, whip them up in a fruit smoothie or enjoy them in a baked treat, such as muffins or crisp.
9. Raspberries
Raspberries contain a compound called ellagic acid, which helps neutralize free radicals. The berry's red color comes from antioxidants called anthocyanins. Raspberries are packed with fiber, vitamin C and manganese. They also have plenty of folate, a B vitamin. Raspberries have properties that help stop cancer cell growth and the formation of tumors.
Sprinkle fresh raspberries on cereal, or whip them up in a kidney-friendly fruit smoothie.
10. Strawberries
Strawberries are rich in two types of antioxidants, plus they contain lots of vitamin C, manganese and fiber. They have anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer properties and also help keep your heart healthy.
Like most berries, they're wonderful on cereal or in smoothies. Add whipped topping for a quick dessert, or puree them for a fresh addition to pound or angel food cake.
11. Cherries
Cherries are filled with antioxidants and phytochemicals that protect your heart. When eaten daily, they have been shown to reduce inflammation.
Fresh cherries make a delicious snack. Of course, cherry pie is a popular dessert, but there's also cherry crisp, cherry cheesecake and even cherry coffee cake. Cherry sauce makes a nice accompaniment to lamb or pork.
12. Red grapes
The color in red grapes comes from several flavonoids. These are good for your heart, because they prevent oxidation and reduce the chance of blood clots. One flavonoid in grapes, resveratrol, may boost production of nitric oxide, which increases muscle relaxation in blood vessels for better blood flow. Flavonoids also help protect you from cancer and prevent inflammation.
Choose those with red or purple skin grapes for the highest flavonoid content. Eat grapes as a snack. When frozen, they make a good thirst-quencher for those on a fluid-restricted diet. Add grapes to fruit or chicken salad. Or drink grape juice.
13. Egg whites
Did you know that egg whites are pure protein? They provide the highest quality protein there is, along with all of the essential amino acids. If you're on the kidney diet, it's good to note that egg whites have less phosphorus than other protein sources, such as egg yolks or meats.
Use egg whites for omelets or egg white sandwiches. You can also add them to smoothies or shakes. Hard boil eggs and use the whites to use in tuna or green salads.
14. Fish
Another high-quality source of protein is fish. Both the American Diabetes Association and the American Heart Association recommend that you include fish in your meal plan two or three times a week. Besides being a great source of protein, fish contains anti-inflammatory fats called omega-3s. These healthy fats help prevent diseases, such as cancer and heart disease. They also help lower LDL (the bad cholesterol) and raise HDL (the good cholesterol).
The types of fish that have the most omega-3s are salmon, albacore tuna, mackerel, herring and rainbow trout.
15. Olive oil
Research has shown that people in countries where olive oil is used instead of other types of oils tend to have lower rates of cancer and heart disease. This is believed to be due to olive oil's many good components: oleic acid, an anti-inflammatory fatty acid which protects against oxidation and polyphenols and antioxidant compounds that prevent inflammation and oxidation.
Use virgin or extra virgin olive oil – they're higher in antioxidants. Olive oil can be used in cooking or to make salad dressing, as a dip for bread and as a marinade for vegetables.
If you're concerned about the health of your own kidneys — or somebody else's — these 15 super foods for kidney health should be on your grocery-shopping list. Ask a renal dietitian for help including them in your kidney-friendly meal plan if you have chronic kidney disease. When buying fruits and vegetables, get the freshest ones you can find and be sure to include a variety, since some are rich in one nutrient and others are rich in another. If you can only find fruits that are not at their peak, the flavor may be lessened, but you'll still get good nutritional value from them for your kidney health.

Does eating cabbage increases kidney stone?

MD - Paediatrics
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Does eating cabbage increases kidney stone?
Patient Information leaflet on Kidney stones... Having a kidney stone can be painful and distressing. Most stones pass out of the body without any treatment. But for those that don't, there are good treatments available. What are kidney stones? Kidney stones are solid, stone-like lumps that can form in your kidneys. They are made from waste chemicals in your urine. Stones can also form in your bladder and the tubes that carry urine from your kidneys to your bladder (these are called ureters). Stones can stay in your kidneys without causing problems. But some might travel out of your body in the flow of urine. If they are very small, they can pass out of your body without you noticing. But larger ones can rub against the tubes or even get stuck. This can be extremely painful. There are four types of kidney stones. ? The most common type contains calcium. These stones are called calcium oxalate stones. ? Uric acid stones form if there is too much uric acid in your urine. Uric acid is a waste product made when food is digested. ? Struvite stones develop after a urinary infection, such as cystitis. ? Cystine stones are caused by a rare inherited condition called cystinuria. It is important to know what kind of stone you have, as this will affect your treatment to prevent future stones. What are the symptoms? The main symptom is pain.This can be a dull ache in your back or side, or an extremely sharp, cramping pain.The pain usually comes on suddenly. It might spread down to your tummy or groin.You might also: ? Feel sweaty or sick ? Be sick ? Find blood in your urine. This is caused by the stone rubbing against the walls of the ureter ? Need to urinate more often or feel a burning sensation when you urinate. Your doctor is likely to suspect you have a kidney stone if you have sudden, severe pain in your side and blood in your urine.You'll probably be sent to hospital for an x-ray. If you have a kidney stone, these tests may show how big the stone is and where it is stuck. If the x-ray does not show a kidney stone, you will probably have more tests to find out what's causing the pain. You may not get any symptoms with a kidney stone.You might find out you have one when you have an x-ray for another reason. What treatments work? Stones that are less than 1 centimetre across often pass out of the body without any treatment. It can take two days to four weeks for this to happen. You can help the process along by drinking plenty of water to increase the flow of urine. You'll also need to take strong painkillers for the pain. If you have a stone stuck in a tube (ureter), your doctor might recommend taking a medicine called an alpha-blocker. This type of drug is often used to treat high blood pressure or symptoms of an enlarged prostate, but studies show it can also help stones to pass through the ureters faster. You'll probably be able to stay at home during this time, although you may need x-rays to check on the progress of the stone. Your doctor may ask you to catch the stone with a tea strainer or something similar as it comes out. This is so your doctor can see what type of stone you have. Knowing the type of stone will help them work out what you can do to prevent more stones. Surgical treatments Larger stones and those that don't pass out of the body need treatment. All the following treatments work well. ? Shock wave therapy uses shock waves to break up stones into small pieces that can pass out of the body. Many stones are dealt with this way and it avoids any operation.You might sit in a tub of water or lie on a table to have this treatment. You'll have a local anaesthetic to numb the area that's being treated.You may need several treatments to break up hard or large stones. The risk of side effects after this treatment is small. But you could get an infection in your kidney or a stone stuck in your ureter afterwards. ? You may need a minor operation if a stone in your kidney is large or in an awkward place. It's called a percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL).You will have a general anaesthetic, so you will not be awake for the operation.You will probably have to stay in hospital. The doctor will make a small cut in your back and pass a needle and a very thin tube into your kidney to remove the stone. Like all operations, there can be problems (complications). The main ones are constipation and infections. Kidney stones ? If the stone is stuck in a tube (ureter), you may have a ureteroscopy. You don't need any cuts made in your body for this, and you can probably go home the same day.You can have a local or general anaesthetic. The doctor feeds a long, thin wire up through your bladder and into the ureter to reach the stone.The doctor then either removes the stone or breaks it up with shock waves.This procedure works well, but it does have risks. In one study, about 1 out of 10 people who had this treatment had a damaged or torn ureter afterwards. What will happen to me? If you've had a kidney stone you have about a 1 in 2 chance of getting another one within five years to seven years. Your doctor can prescribe medicines to help stop you getting some types of stones. The type of medicine you get depends on the type of stone you've had. For example, you may need to take diuretics (water pills) to reduce calcium in your urine if your stone contained calcium. If you have too much uric acid in your urine you might be given a drug called allopurinol (the brand names are Caplenal, Cosuric, and Zyloric). Your risk of getting more stones may also be affected by what you eat and drink. To reduce your risk, you can: ? Drink more than two litres of water a day ? Eat a healthy diet, including calcium but not calcium supplements. Foods rich in calcium include milk and other dairy products, peas and beans, leafy green vegetables, nuts, and bony fish like sardines and salmon ? Avoid using lots of salt ? Eat more vegetables. Vegetables make the urine less acidic. If you've had a calcium oxalate stone, you may need to reduce the amount of oxalate in your diet. This means cutting down on chocolate, nuts, rhubarb, strawberries, spinach, coffee, and tea. But changes in diet don't work for everyone, and there is not a lot of evidence to show how well they work. So it's important to talk to your doctor before making big changes to what you eat.

Hi I am suffering an issue that I am feeling a little pain around my anus while pooping I just noticed its kind of sticky and cannot poop properly. I don't no what kind of problem am I facing now any remedies do I have to take to get rid of this.

MBBS, M S General Surgery ,
General Surgeon
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Hi clean your area and try to keep it dry avoid constipation sit in warm water three times a day apply lox cream 5 % three times a day take syrup lactulose 15 ml three times a day do this for 15 days and contact me after 15 days thank you and take care.

I am having a problem with my anus sometimes it automatically swollen and disturb me so please tell me what to do.

PG Diploma in Emergency Medicine Services (PGDEMS), Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), MD - Alternate Medicine
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take arshantak vati 1-1 twice a day with warm water...and take pranacharya pilescure capsule 1-1 twice a day...and abhayarishta 2-2 tsf twice a day..apply pranacharya pilescure ointment on piles....if stomach is not clear them take virechan churna 1 tsf in warm water before night...take fresh buttermilk early morning...avoid spicy food...junk food...fermented slitz bath...

The urine was stored for 3-4hours then it was checked by prega news first one line appear after 10mins 2line appear what does it means?

General Physician
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The urine was stored for 3-4hours then it was checked by prega news first one line appear after 10mins 2line appear w...
Why was the urine stored. It can lead to false result. Take fresh morning sample. Two lines both dark indicates pregnancy.

I am 30 years old having left kidney shrinked to 4 cm and right kidney started shrinking. I met with an accident in 2008 with compound fracture in my right arm operated thrice in 2 years, taken antibiotics and pain killers in this 2 years duration. Now I want to know is there any medicine in allopathic or ayurveda or homeopath to cure my kidney.

Ex Sen.V.Surgeon/Research Scientist, M.D.(Alternative Medicine/tibetan/chinese/acupuncture), Vaida/ Unani, Homeopath
Unani Specialist
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Hi dear -i want your reports in original before my final opinion -u should upload reports inbox for clarity -i hope the 2nd kidney can be saved, if you follow my advice -do not delay the things.

Now am in 37 weeks of pregnancy. Today mrng went to bathroom I did not control urine. When I was standing urine is passed. My doubt is. I don't know that is urine or water break. Cn you tel me.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FMAS, DMAS, MBBS
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Now am in 37 weeks of pregnancy. Today mrng went to bathroom I did not control urine. When I was standing urine is pa...
Hello, there is all likelihood that your water may have broken. The simplest way to differentiate is the smell of the liquid. If it has urine smell then it is urine else it is likely that your water broke. In that case report to your obstetrician immediately.

Hello sir I have kidney stone last 8 month what I do and its very painful. Pls helo me.

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Hello sir I have kidney stone last 8 month what I do and its very painful. Pls helo me.
Hi lybrate-user ji, what is the size of kidney stone take varunadi kwath 2 tsf -2 tsf -2 tsf with 1 / 2 glass of water corinder juice 2 tsf with 1 glass of water early morng empty stomach.

I m 26 yrs, 51 weight, 5'9 feet. There is no any day when I don't face cloudy urine, In noon when I go for urination Last drops are cloudy & urination takes long time to be completed, I try to unzip then I again realize that drops are coming out. What to do?

Ex Sen.V.Surgeon/Research Scientist, M.D.(Alternative Medicine/tibetan/chinese/acupuncture), Vaida/ Unani, Homeopath
Unani Specialist
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I m 26 yrs, 51 weight, 5'9 feet. There is no any day when I don't face cloudy urine, In noon when I go for urination ...
Hi dear -u should go for urine check up report and come back -for the beginning you can take-;- homeo med;- -apis 30-- 3 times a day --3 days.

Sir i am suffering with burning sensation while pee in bathroom and also my sperm was leaked automatically everytime and when i am drinking more water no burning in pee but sperm was leaked drop everytime when i am pee it was happening from last 7 days i am coming to banglore from a last week I thought it was heat problem climate problem but it recovered plz give solution.

General Physician
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Sir i am suffering with burning sensation while pee in bathroom and also my sperm was leaked automatically everytime ...
Hi satish. Depending on what you said I think you may be having urinary tract infection. But I cant be sure of that unless and until I know few more things. And also you mentioned that your sperm is leaking very easily

What is treatment for lga nephropathy.

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Is it confirmed with biopsy? if yes then try to consult a nephrologist. You must control hypertension if you have it. If you r having leg swelling you myt have proteinuria also. That increases the risk of turning the disease to end stage renal disease. If you r having frank bloody urin thats a bad prognostical factor too. About diet avoid all kind of meat and milk preparations. Treatment mainly supportive to decrease your hematuria dts bloody urin and proteinuria dts proteins leaking in urin. Kindly consult a nephrologist soon.

Sir/mam One day Excessive urination then tomorrow will be stop any problem and I think kidney stone aur diabetes any other.

Certificate in Diabetes update, Post Graduate Diploma In Hospital Administration (PGDHA), PG Dip Ksharsutra for piles,pilonidal sinus and fistula management , PG Dip Panchakarma, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
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One day Excessive urination then tomorrow will be stop any problem and I think kidney stone aur diabetes any ...
Thanks for expecting healthier fitness solutions with ayurved, may be consult nr by ayurvedic Dr. So it'll be resolved.

I have undergone surgery surgery for prostrate 10 yr ago. When can I start normal life and exercises.Please tell.

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I have undergone surgery surgery for prostrate 10 yr ago. When can I start normal life and exercises.Please tell.
Hello, although your question is not clear but if its only few days passed after the surgery and if there is pain and swelling in that area then you should take rest and avoid exercising. If its been many months after operation then you can do exercising and follow a normal routine life. Take care.

I am suffering from renal stone since last four year. The stone size is 3-4 mm in xray report. Is it possible to dissolve in the body by any herbal remedy.

DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
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I am suffering from renal stone since last four year. The stone size is 3-4 mm in xray report. Is it possible to diss...
Homoeopathic medicine BERBERIS VULGARIS Q ( Dr Reckeweg) HYDRANGEA Q ( Dr Reckeweg) Drink 10 drops in 20 ml fresh water 3 times daily at a minimum difference of 20 minutes from each other and eating. For Kidney pain start taking below given homoeopathic medicine in between DIOSCOREA Q ( Dr Reckeweg) Drink 10 drops every 1-2 hrly in 10 ml luke warm water depending on severity of pain Start drinking atleast 3-4 bottles of soda water daily. Report after 15 days

What is the best medicine you recommend for nocturia or bpe. I am 64 and have no serious issue except frequent urination at night.

MD - Radiation Oncology, MBBS, DNB (Radiotherapy)
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What is the best medicine you recommend for nocturia or bpe. I am 64 and have no serious issue except frequent urinat...
Other symptoms of bpe include hesitancy, urgency, narrow stream, dribbling etc. You need to perform an ultrasound of prostate and serum psa estimation. Send the above reports for assessment of your problem based on which medicines can be prescribed.

My second male child is contigental nephrotic syndrome patient. Now his age is 3 i/2 years. We are doing peritonial dialysis since 1 1/2 year. Now his weight is 7.8 kgs. But his weight is not improved and he is getting infection frequently. After getting 10-12 kgs only we can do kidney transplant as per our doctor.

MD - Paediatrics
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Your doctor is absolutely right. I suggest you to go for the nasogastric feeding or get a gastrostomy done to improve the nutrition. I hope he has got all immunizations as per age and you take all aseptic precautions while connecting and disconnecting the peritoneal dialysis. Are you using machine or doing manual pd?

He as got rectal cancer. Rectum as to b removed bcoz of mass in on rectum. Colostomy as to b done or other option r dere. Bcoz ostomy bag he as got but it is difficult for him vt bag, can rectum b fitted or transplant again.

MS - General Surgery, MBBS
General Surgeon
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Treatment of rectal cancer depends on extent of involvement and whether it has grown beyond the rectum or not. But surgery remains the mainstay. In most cases it is possible to rejoin the two cut end thus a permanent colostomy can be avoided. However if disease involves lower part/ anal canal then permanent colostomy is the only option.

My prostate wall is thicker than normal and doctors say it needs surgery, when I pass urine it sprays many stream, this is the only difficulty I face, please tell me whether my doctors are right,

Fellowship in Kidney Transplant & Reno Vascular Surgery, Diploma in Urology, M. Ch, MS, MBBS
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There r definite indications of prostate surgery please mention your ultra sound, uroflo, serum psa free & total, urine r&m & uroflo findings.

Good morning. I have a small question that my urine is yellowish from last few days. I had a problem of uric acid last year and I think now a days its goes high. Recently my gynaecologist diagnosed a STD of my wife. What I do please suggest.

MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
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Good morning. I have a small question that my urine is yellowish from last few days. I had a problem of uric acid las...
I am not able to understand what problem you are suffering with right now. Yellow color of urine is not a disease, have more water it will be taken care of . For STD of your wife get the treatment done, by then use protection, better ask the treating doctor also.
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