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Mouth ulcers are sores that appear in the mouth, often on the inside of the cheeks, tongue and gingival tissue.
They are painful and take 7-10 days to heal.
Ulcers in oral cavity: Traumatic ulcer
The traumatic ulcer of the oral mucous membranes is a lesion that is caused by some form of trauma.
- Biting the mucosa
- Denture irritate
- Toothbrush injury
- Exposure of the mucous membrane to a sharp tooth or carious lesion
- Injury to the mucosa by some other external irritant
- Cotton roll injury
- Factitial injuries
Are accidentally self induced injuries on the basic of habit with a frequent psychogenic backgrounde. Gulcer of the tongue caused during an epileptic seizure
- Habits such as lip – biting
- Cheek – biting
- Unconscious gingival trauma.
- Emotional distress
- Orthodontic or denture injury
- Aggressive dental cleaning
- Hormonal changes
- Hypersensitivity to certain foods
- Strawberries, lemon, chocolate nut etc
- Canker Sores – These are small white or yellow centre lesions with a red border. They develop in the mouth on the tongue, inside cheek area, lips, gumline and throat areas, They are not contagious
- Cold Sores- These sores appear as clusters of red, raised blisters outside the mouth typically around the lips, but they can develop under the nose or under the chin. They are highly contagious.
- Tooth abscess – This occurs when there is a bacterial infection in the nerve of the tooth.
The treatment is palliative and symptomatic
- Antimicrobial agent
- Localized corticosteroids
- Topical anaestheticslike oralgel or dologel
- Preventing injuries of mouth i.e changing the toothbrush regularly and changing ill-fitting denture
- Vitamin supplements such as VITAMIN C tablets and vitamin B-COMPLEX
- W/S rinse and baking soda rinses.
- Peroxyl mouth sore rinse
- Chlorhexidine oral rinse
I'm 20 years old male, I'm hungry for most of the time, I also grind my teeth when I sleep, I think I have some kind of worms, please tell me dosage of ABD-400 tablet to get rid of worms completely.
Hi. I have been facing some issues for last 3-4 year. Here is my medical history. 3-4 years back I have typhoid fever. Drs gave me medicine but I was still not well. I keep visiting Drs and they kept giving me medicines. After few months or a year, I started feeling sick all the time with fatigue. Dr. S without diagnosing started giving me other medicines and it worsen the problem. One of the Dr. S suggested me to go for endoscopy test. I did and found I had H-pylori +. He gave me 15 days kit for that. I took but I still did not have relief. I used to get sick if I did not have food on time or had a heavy food. Somehow I do not have that problem of being sick if I do not have food on time. But since last 1 + month I have huge weakness specially on all joints part, forehead shoulders. Did full body test. Everything is fine (Bilirubin total is 1.67. Drs say it is not a big issue. All Drs say I am fine and all reports are normal. But M not fine. I have lost 3.5 KG weight in last 6-8 months. I have good appetite, sleep and I eat a lot but I still lost weight. From last 6-8 months, it is stagnant after getting dropped by 3.5 kg. I did not go got RA factor test. My age is 30 and Drs suggested it is not required before 40 age. M so much worried. No Dr. is able to find what problem it can be. I feel so much week all the time specially on joints part. Sometimes there is mild/sensation type pain too and something wrong in my stomach/discomfort and from last 3-4 days I have constipation too. No nausea, vomit and such other symptoms.
I am having tight and hard feeling in anus and pinching pain and cold sensation around penis, groin and inner thighs. Blood n urine test r normal. Doctor advised me 10 days doxycycline 100 mg which I have taken for 8 days but not much improvement. Please help.
I was diagnosed with gerd 3 years back and from yesterday after eating cream cake I got vomiting continuously, I had gone to barber where I had got cuts while shaving, should I go for LFT test or hepatitis check and stomach cramps also, I have put my reports also is it normal.
In my anus region, there is a tiny sentinel bag of less than 2 mm and nowadays I feel wetness. I am aged 76 and taking BP drugs carvedilol and amlong once daily, with ecosprin. The surgeon advises a small surgery for which he will administer spinal anaesthesia. Need I go for the surgery? I am presently putting ano metrogyl cream. I wd like to be clarified wh post surgery situation will improve this present embarrassing situation.
In healthy individuals, the liver contains little or no fat. In overweight or obese people, gradual fat accumulation leads to significant liver disease. Interestingly, these individuals may be consuming minimal to no alcohol. So, alcohol, which is the main cause for liver damage, does not have a significant role to play.
The non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has 4 significant stages as outlined below. It is a chronically progressive disease and may take years to reach the final stages of cirrhosis and fibrosis.
1. Simple fatty liver (steatosis): This is usually identified when diagnostic tests are done for some other suspected conditions. There are usually no symptoms obvious in this stage, other than the buildup of fat in the liver.
2. Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH): The second stage where the liver is inflamed to a greater extent due to fat accumulation.
3. Fibrosis: The next degree of inflammation where blood vessels may be narrowed leading to scarring in the liver with impaired liver functions.
4. Cirrhosis: This is the most severe stage that occurs due to years of cumulative inflammation. The liver shrinks in size, is scarred, and liver functions are markedly impaired and can also result in liver cancer.
Risk factors for NAFLD: The exact reason why a person develops NAFLD is not established, but some of the risk factors include
1. Obesity, with more weight concentrated around the abdomen
2. Type 2 diabetes
4. High cholesterol levels
5. Age greater than 50
Symptoms: This will depend on the stage in which it is identified. While there are no symptoms in the early stages, in some people there could be a dull, aching below the ribs, unexplained weight loss, weakness, and extreme tiredness. As it progresses to cirrhosis, there could be jaundice, fluid accumulation in the abdomen and feet, and itching of the skin.
Management: While there is no treatment aimed at curing the disease per se, there are ways to manage the symptoms, as noted below.
1. Weight loss: Reducing excess accumulated fat will help reverse symptoms and prevent further progression of the disease. A BMI of 18 to 26 is considered optimal.
2. Dietary changes: Modify your diet to a carbohydrates and protein rich and reduced fats and sugars. Increasing fiber through fruits and vegetables is highly recommended.
3. Exercise: Whatever your choice of workout, it will do wonders for NAFLD. Keep a target of an hour or two of moderate to intense exercise per day to reduce weight.
4. Smoking: This is another risk factor and can also help prevent other effects of NAFLD such as diabetes and heart disease.
NAFLD is highly controllable with these changes and other damages can be reversed too. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Gastroenterologist.