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Caesarean Section Procedure
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
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Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Treatment Of Medical Diseases In Pregnancy
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Medical Termination Of Pregnancy (Mtp) Procedure
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Urinary Incontinence (Ui) Treatment
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I am at age of 47, may be in menopause stage. How to stop bleeding totally to attend some functions. Means how to plan to postponeBecause now am getting irregular periods. Give some suggestions...
I am 30 years old. My monthly cycle is up down due to age or any other reason. Doctor recommend m2 tone for three months.
Symptoms of Menopause and its adverse effects and preventions
I am Dr Rita Bakshi. Chairman of National Infertility Centre, Gynecologist and obstetrician. Today I will talk about menopause.
The word itself means meno and pause means pause of menses. And that means stoppage of menstrual cycle of a woman. Now all of us women are in doubt with a certain quantity of eggs at beginning. At puberty we start our menses you know which is usually around 11-12 years. And this menses continues every month the cycle happens for three to five days every 28 to 35 days for everybody. It could be 28 days for some it could be 35 for the other. It could be 3 days for some and 5 days for other. So this is how the cycle happens every single month day in day out every month till we reach around age of 45 to 52 you know which is the usual age of menopause. That means the menses stop completely. Now the period before the menopause also called the perimenopause When your cycle start going a little long you know and there is a long period of gap with the cycles are about to stop. This is called the period of perimenopause.
Lot of changes one starts expecting at perimenopause. Now it is normal for women at this time to feel fatigued, to feel urinary symptoms. They do have you know pain during sex because of excessive dryness in vagina. You start losing your hair, losing your eyebrows and there are skin changes as the wrinkles and hot flushes. Hot flushes in something which many women have. Suddenly will get up at night. They are drenched in sweat. And even in winters their time to have the AC on. This what is hot flashes which happen? Some people have and some people don't have. You will have heard some of the people would just say that I just went into menopause I didn't even realize. There was not even a single change. While some women have very painful end to menses that means they have a huge heavy periods and they have all these symptoms and they have severe mood changes. One is so irritable one doesn't want to talk. And you are fighting you are frustrated. So all the things have to be taken in your stride. Because menopause is a very natural normal phenomena. And what do you do so, that your hormone estrogen is the one which is the problem. Because there are no eggs anymore so there is no estrogen that is why all these changes are happening.
One way is to have hormone replacement therapy. So if the symptoms are so strong that means hot flashing and this is really so disturbing then one can take hormones that is estrogen Progesterone replacement therapy or the HRT as it is called. Now if a person is on HRT one should keep getting investigated and see you know it doesn't cause cancer.
What are the things that should know in Menopause and after Menopause? In Menopause after Menopause male female nearly become equal. You know you are prone to heart disease Lipid profile changes So it is important when you are going into Menopause to get your lipid profile done to get your ECG done, to get your ultrasound done, to get your Pap smear done and get your mammo graphy done. All these tests should be done so that you know you are normal and there is nothing wrong in all that. Keep a good Lifestyle, must exercise. You know 40 minutes of exercise and especially weight bearing exercises are important. Be stress free, exercise, go out in the sun, enjoy your life, and if required take the help of hormones otherwise lot of tender loving care with lot of people around will just bite you through that period.
Dr. Rita Bakshi I am available either through lybrate or you can contact me at International Fertility Center H-6 Green Park, New Delhi-16. Thank you.
I am a married girl. I want to be get pregnant since last 4 month me and my husband try our level best but there is negative result every month. in march period time of mine is 10 days late so at that time I think that I am pregnant but it was a negative result. Bt in between this 4 months my full is nt gain weight only my stomach is gain like a fat girl .doctor tell me why my stomach is gain and how to get pregnant faster .becoz I have already tried in the period days for the baby bt there is no result are there.
Hi I m 9 month pregnant. I have changed city for delivery. Now my first doctor not give me Titans injection. I want to know it may be critical for me. Kindly suggest for that.
I am 22 years unmarried girl. I have pcod problem .I take femilon tablet. This tablet is safe or not.
Hi doctor, I am 23 years old mere periods is mnth periods ni hue last mnth 13 ko hui ti. Mam parso prega news text kit se cheak v kia ta to negative aya ta. Mam avi tk to periods ni hui kya kru btaiya kya m pregnent to ni?
We all follow certain myths regarding health. There are a lot of myths regarding Physical therapy and Exercising as well. Here are some myth busters which might help shed some light on the actual facts –
1. Myth: I need a referral to see a physical therapist.
Fact: There is no need to get a Physician’s referral to work with qualified experienced Physiotherapists. They are trained to do the evaluation and treatment planning.
2. Myth: Physical therapy is painful.
Fact: Physical therapists seek to minimize your pain and discomfort—including chronic or long-term pain. They work within your pain threshold to help you heal, and restore movement and function.
3. Myth: Physical therapy is only for injuries and accidents.
Fact: Physical therapists do a lot more than just stretch or strengthen weak muscles after an injury or surgery. They are skilled at evaluating and diagnosing potential problems before they lead to more serious injuries or disabling conditions—from carpal tunnel syndrome and frozen shoulder, to chronic headaches and lower back pain, to name a few.
4. Myth: Any health care professional can perform physical therapy.
Fact: Only qualified Physiotherapist from a recognized college who has done 41/2 years degree course are eligible to do the evaluation and treatment.
5. Myth: Surgery is my only option.
Fact: In many cases, physical therapy has been shown to be as effective as surgery in treating a wide range of conditions—from rotator cuff tears and degenerative disk disease, to meniscial tears and some forms of knee osteoarthritis. Also for stress incontinence. Those who have recently seen a good qualified physical therapist know this to be true.
6. Myth: I can do physical therapy myself.
Fact: Your participation is key to a successful treatment plan, but every patient still needs the expert care and guidance of a qualified physiotherapist. Your therapist will leverage his or her specialized education, clinical expertise, and the latest available evidence to evaluate your needs and make a diagnosis before creating an individualized plan of care.
Hi I am 24 years old, this is my second pregnancy, my first baby is almost 2years old and that's normal delivery, for this pregnancy when is was done my NT scan at 12 weeks they said placenta is low lying, and now when I was done my anomaly scan at 20 weeks they said placenta is in the posterior upper segment grade 0. Is there any chances to come down again, orlese is that creates any problem at the time of my labor? I have chances for Normal delivery?
I am suffering with PCOS, when I was 20 I detect with PCOS. PCOS destroyed my daily life. Is there any other potion for PCOS then Harmon's?
I face pain in my groin area and pelvis area including testes after ejaculation every times. This is happening since past 3-4 years. Earlier it was not regular but now a days I face pain after every ejaculation. Also I feel like some burning sensation while ejaculation in penis. It is bent to and face tension from left root side while at the right side I do not face any tension. Please suggest me proper guidance and what to do next.
Hai I am married over two years. .For me one baby 7 month .but now I want to sex with my wife but she don't because pregnancy. .what suggestions with me.
Hello doctors I have been asking many question and I was satisfied, I am 27 years old 5.4 height 70 kg and I am suffering from pcod I have gone true all test like rubella blood test ultrasound and ssg for tubes testing every thing is perfect only going true pcod one month back I have visited gynecologist and infertility specialist she gave me metformin glycomet 500 mg along with that she gave me mcbm 59 but I was not satisfied with that doctors be coz she never use to explain me any thing she only use to write tablets, then again I visited different gynecologist infertility specialist she gave me ovabless tablets and I am very much satisfied with her I just want to no ovabless tablets is to reduce weight or to increase infertility and periods she asked me to have for one month and she asked me to come on my second day of period can I add mcbm 59 along with ovabless or can I stop mcbm I forgot to ask my gyn, please tell me more about ovabless tablet, and early morning I am having cinnamon and zeera water to reduce weight and after some time flaxes seed and then 2 chapati and in afternoon ragi ball green tea then again in night 2 chapatis and in morning I am doing skipping and I am using stairs 10 times from ground floor to 2nd floor I am I going right please doctors reply to my question I am I going right, my hubby and me stay in dubai I have come india only for treatment my hubby will b coming as doctor will ask on ovulation day mean while I want make my life style proper and do weight loss.
My Last cycle is on 6th June I started regestrone 5 mg on 21st June 3/Day for 3 days. As per My gums advice. My question is will my periods vl prepare or not? If nt what should I do?
Why Women who have gone through ectopic surgery get very difficult to conceive normally and severe menstrual flow during periods?
Got recently married to a relative, so would like consult regarding problem occurring to baby due to relative marriage. please suggest will there be any problem in the baby?
The term short stature describes the height of the person that is significantly below the average height for a person's age, sex, racial group, or family. Growth failure is often confused with short stature. Growth failure that occurs over time eventually results in short stature. By definition, growth failure is a medical condition. However, short stature is often a normal variant.
Short stature may or may not be a sign or symptom caused by a medical condition. Your child's growth must be assessed over a period of time and not just at a single point. Any departure from a prior growth pattern, appropriate for the child's genetic background may signal the appearance of a disease.
Short parents tend to have short children. Children with a family backgroud of short stature does not have any symptoms related to diseases that affect growth. Children with constitutional growth delay do not have any diseases. These children enter puberty later than their peers. However, because they continue to grow for a longer period of time, they catch up to their peers as they reach their adult height, which is normal and comparable to their parents.
Some symptoms may signal a medical condition causing short stature. The following symptoms should be further investigated by your doctor:
- Child has stopped growing or is growing slower than expected (less than 4 cm, or 2 in, each year in the pre-pubertal child of elementary school age)
- Weight loss or gain (more than 5 lbs in a month)
- Poor nutrition/loss of appetite
- Delayed puberty (absent breast development by age 14 or absent menstrual spotting by age 15 for a girl or absent enlargement of the testes by age 14 for a boy); note that the presence or absence of pubic hair is not a reliable sign of pubertal development
What Causes Short Stature?
The three major reasons for short stature are constitutional growth delay, genetics and disease.
Constitutional Growth Delay: Some children simply develop later than others. These children are often referred to as 'late bloomers'. These kids are small for their age and often enter puberty later. However, they'll continue to grow after their friends have stopped. They usually catch up by adulthood.
Genetics: If one or both parents are short, there's a strong possibility that their child will also be short. If there are no underlying medical reasons why either parent is short, their child's short stature may be perfectly healthy.
Disease: A number of diseases may cause unusually short stature. These diseases fall into several categories:
- Endocrine diseases affect hormone production and often height. These include growth hormone deficiency (GHD), hypothyroidism, or low thyroid hormone levels, and Cushing's disease.
- Chronic diseases can also decrease height through their effects on overall health. Examples of chronic disease are heart disease, asthma, inflammatory bowel disease, diabetes, kidney problems, sickle cell anemia, and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis.
- Genetic conditions that affect height include Down syndrome, Turner syndrome, and Williams syndrome.
- Bone and skeletal diseases, such as rickets or achondroplasia, may change stature through their effects on bone growth.
Problems during pregnancy can affect the height of a child. Malnutrition can also lead to short stature.
Thalassaemia, which is commonly referred to as thal, is a disorder of the blood which is inherited from the previous generation. This condition triggers the production of abnormal red blood cells in the body which in turn paves the way for chronic anaemia. Red blood cells play an indispensable role in carrying oxygen all through the body and hence any abnormality in this regard can result in thalassemia, the symptoms of which include, weakness all over the body, fatigue, faint and shortness of breath.
Understanding the type of thalassemia:
Thalassaemia is often thought to be an iron deficiency disease (anaemia), but can be differentiated with the aid of certain blood tests. This disease is a lifelong condition which requires efficient management. The type of thalassemia an individual is suffering from can be attributed to the number of faulty genes the person has inherited.
The two variants of thalassaemia are beta and alpha. In the case of alpha thalassemia, having one faulty gene would lead to no health problems while two faulty genes can cause mild anaemia. If there are three mutated genes, it will cause Haemoglobin H disease, and regular blood transfusions may be required. But an unborn child with four mutated genes will not be viable enough to survive the pregnancy.
The beta thalassaemia also comes in various forms. The beta thalassaemia major needs lifelong transfusion of blood and it is the most common form of thalassaemia across the world. The beta thalassemia intermedia do not have to depend on blood transfusion.
The treatment option for mild thalassaemia is entirely dependent on the type of the disease and how intense it is. When the disease is on a mild and minor level, then there may not be need of any comprehensive treatment. But at times, blood transfusions become necessary especially after undergoing surgery or when the thalassaemia causes complications.
People who are affected by severe levels of beta thalassaemia will require transfusion of blood from time to time. The treatment also causes an overload of iron and thus it is important to remove the surplus iron content. There are several oral medications available for this, and the healthcare provider can recommend suitable medications.
Managing moderate to severe thalassaemia:
Some of the most general methods of managing and treating thalassaemia include
- Frequent blood transfusions: When the thalassaemia gets too severe, it becomes necessary to opt for blood transfusion after every few weeks. The blood transfusion can cause iron build up with the passage of time. This, in turn, can affect the heart and lungs along with other crucial organs. Therefore, it is important to take medicines that can eliminate the extra iron.
- Stem cell transplant: Also referred to as the bone marrow transplant, the stem cell transplant can be the best bet. It is recommended for kids who are born with severe thalassaemia. This treatment option can mitigate the need of a lifelong transfusion of blood and intake of drugs for controlling the iron overload.