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Dr. Maya

Gynaecologist, Mumbai

Dr. Maya Gynaecologist, Mumbai
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I pride myself in attending local and statewide seminars to stay current with the latest techniques, and treatment planning....more
I pride myself in attending local and statewide seminars to stay current with the latest techniques, and treatment planning.
More about Dr. Maya
Dr. Maya is a popular Gynaecologist in S V Road, Mumbai. You can visit her at Nanavati Hospital in S V Road, Mumbai. Don’t wait in a queue, book an instant appointment online with Dr. Maya on Lybrate.com.

Find numerous Gynaecologists in India from the comfort of your home on Lybrate.com. You will find Gynaecologists with more than 38 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Gynaecologists online in Mumbai and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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HIV/AIDS - How It Is Transmitted

FHM FELLOWSHIP IN HIV MEDICINE, MD, MBBS
General Physician, Hyderabad
HIV/AIDS - How It Is Transmitted

No matter how much information there is available about AIDS and HIV, the thought of it makes a person shudder. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV is the virus responsible for AIDS or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. This virus attacks the immune system and over time leaves the body defenseless against other infections and types of cancer. Till date, there is no cure for HIV or AIDS. However, what we do know is how the disease can be transmitted from one person to another. Knowing this enables us to control the transmission of the disease. 

Unlike other viruses, HIV cannot be transmitted through air, water etc. This virus can only be transmitted through:

  1. Blood: Receiving blood transfusions from an HIV positive person is sure to put you at risk of suffering from the disease as well. For this reason, it is essential to only take blood from registered blood banks that run HIV screening tests. This holds true for organ and tissue transplants as well. Being stuck with an HIV infected needle can also put you at risk of coming in contact the virus. In some cases, direct contact between broken skin, wounds and mucous membranes can also lead to the transferring of HIV cells from one person to another. HIV does not spread through saliva, however, if while kissing, both partners suffer from bleeding gums and one partner is HIV positive, there is a risk of the transference of HIV from one person to the other.
  2. Bodily fluids such as semen and vaginal fluids: The only way to prevent the transmission of the HIV virus from one partner to another while having intercourse is by using a condom. This creates a barrier between the bodily fluids of both partners and keeps them safe. A condom is needed even if the couple is engaging in anal sex. In fact when comparing anal and vaginal intercourse; anal sex puts HIV negative partners at a higher risk of getting in contact the virus than vaginal sex. Theoretically, this virus can be transmitted even through oral sex is a HIV positive man ejaculates into the woman's mouth. However, this is a rare occurrence.
  3. From a mother to an unborn child: A HIV positive mother can transmit the virus to her child when pregnant, at birth or while breastfeeding. However, if the mother follows HIV treatment, the chances of her passing on this virus to her child are significantly lowered.

The above are the only three ways HIV can be transferred from one person to another. HIV cannot be transmitted by sharing utensils, drinking the same water, through mosquito bites or by shaking hands etc. Thus, there is no reason to ostracize an HIV infected person.

4631 people found this helpful

I am married from last 4 months. My wife has taken 6 month anti pregnency pill in starting now her dates are delayed and I checked with kit it was positive and I go. For an abdomanal ultra sound but there was nothing. And she feels very less pain and bleeding in date. Is this because of that anti pregnency tablet?

MBBS, DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Gynaecologist, Jamshedpur
Kit test positive and ultrasound shows nothing means. It could be a delayed pregnancy. Wait for ten days then go for usg any b hcg blood test also. That should solve your problem!
1 person found this helpful
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I m 31 year old. Marriage 10 year. But no children. So I want to know about IUI or IVF.

MBBS, DGO, MD, Fellowship in Gynae Oncology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
I m 31 year old. Marriage 10 year. But no children. So I want to know about IUI or IVF.
IUI is a laboratory procedure to separate fast-moving sperm from more sluggish or non-moving sperm. It can be performed with your partner’s sperm or donor sperm (known as donor insemination).The IUI procedure can be an effective treatment for some causes of infertility in women under age 41.This procedure is often combined with fertility drugs to increase your chances of conceiving.For IUI to work, your fallopian tubes must be open and healthy. And its Success rates depend on the cause and severity of the infertility and your age. IVF is the process by which eggs are removed from your ovaries and mixed with sperm in a laboratory culture dish, involves the fertilization of an egg (or eggs) outside the body. The treatment can be performed using your own eggs and sperm, or using either donated sperm or donated eggs, or both. IVF is likely to be recommended for the following fertility problems: If you have blocked or damaged fallopian tubes or any other problem If your partner has a minor problem with his sperm. Major problems are better treated using ICSI. If you have tried fertility drugs, such as clomiphene, or another fertility treatment such as IUI, without success. If you have been trying to conceive for at least two years and a cause hasn't been found to explain why you have not become pregnant. The success rates depends on your particular fertility problem and your age. The younger you are, and the healthier your eggs are, the higher your chances of success. Before going for any of the procedure, both the partners need to be screened for fertility,there are some basic tests for that, get the tests done first.
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I am having an endometriosis cyst size 5cm cm rt ovary and 4 cm lt ovary. It had been operated on 2013 but again reoccur. Now after 1 1/2 year my tvs shows a follicular size of 13.5 *13 mm follicle on lt ovary on day 14. My doctor prescribed folic acid along with loprin-75 and asked for sonography again on day 16. Kindly suggest can I conceive naturally.

International Academy of Classical Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath,
Hi mam, read my tips. Also you will need proper homeopathic care. But for that I need detail case. Take thuja3c 2hrly for 10 days. Inform me if any querry take care. God bless u. Tnks.
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I am 18 years old girl. Since two months my periods is not come. And I have too much headache I can not not do any work. Pls advice me or help me.

DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopath, Ludhiana
I am 18 years old girl. Since two months my periods is not come. And I have too much headache I can not not do any wo...
Is this first time you are experiencing such problem or you are facing irregular and late periods problem since long time as Amenorrhoea at your age (other than Pregnancy) can be due Hormonal imbalance (HIB) and there are many reasons for HIB and few important ones are------------------ 1. Lifestyle---- •extreme weight loss or weight gain •excessive exercise •stress ---- 2. Polycystic ovary syndrome--------------Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) occurs when very small cysts (small, fluid-filled sacs) develop in the ovaries. The usual symptoms of PCOS are irregular or light periods or no periods at all. This is because, in women with PCOS, ovulation (the release of an egg) may not take place as often as normal. The production of hormones may also be unbalanced, and you could have higher levels of testosterone than normal. Testosterone is a male hormone that women usually have a small amount of. -------------- 3. Thyroid disorders---------------------A thyroid disorder is another possible, but rare, cause of irregular periods. The thyroid gland, found in the neck, produces hormones that maintain the body's metabolism (the chemical processes your body uses to turn food into energy). Your Gynae may test for a thyroid problem by taking a blood test to check levels of thyroid hormones in your blood. ---------------------- 4. Medicines-----------------Prolonged Usage of Certain Anti inflammatory can also lead to absence of Menstrual bleeding------------ So please provide me present and past history of your Amenorrhoea problem or visit a Gynae for a local examination and an Ultrasoung to rule out PCOD and a blood examination to rule out Thyroid or any Hormonal Imbalance-----------------------------Consult me.
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I am 22 years old. I was married I have irregular periods. I went hospital. This problem three months clear again it started. I have doubt is it pregnancy?

BAMS
Ayurveda,
I am 22 years old. I was married I have irregular periods. I went hospital. This problem three months clear again it ...
No its not what you are thinking, its a irregular mensuration, it can be cure by ayurvedic medicine.
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Hello doctor. . Can you tell me when will my baby born. I am pregnant. . My 8th month is completed n 9th is running. .

MBBS DGO PGDCC
Gynaecologist, Belgaum
Hello doctor. .
Can you tell me when will my baby born.
I am pregnant. . My 8th month is completed n 9th is running. .
One week before or after your expected date of delivery u will deliver unless there are no any other risk factors.
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I have sex problem, I eat everyday unwanted 72, please help me, I have 10 baby, I want to stop baby processing, please help me as soon as possible.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
I have sex problem, I eat everyday unwanted 72, please help me, I have 10 baby, I want to stop baby processing, pleas...
Eating unwanted 72 daily will cuase lots of hormonal problems with u. If u already have enough children u can get permanent sterilization operation (family planning) done or if u want temporary stop baby processing, then best for u is Coppet T.
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I have excessive milk in breast. Sometimes its so much that it makes my clothes wet. How to control it?

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), MD - Ayurveda
Sexologist, Haldwani
I have excessive milk in breast. Sometimes its so much that it makes my clothes wet. How to control it?
Hello, Excessive milk secretionn from breast is due to hormononal(oxytocin) imbalance. It can be cured by the use of ayurvedic herbs effectively. Start Patha powder with honey twice daily after meals, reduce the intake of your dietary milk andvmassage your breasts with Neem oil.
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I am 24 years old last 8 years I have suffered for period pain. I have applied various types of remedies. But the pain is not remove. What can I do for this?

BAMS
Ayurveda, Ambala
I am 24 years old last 8 years I have suffered for period pain. I have applied various types of remedies. But the pai...
stomach pain occurs during periods is due to contraction of muscles of uterus. For take relief follow these methods: * take i/3 rd piece of ginger boil it in one glass of water, when half glass water remain then take it with one teaspoon of ajwayin. * use warm water bottle put it on your stomach area with wrap in the towel. * take rest properly do not do hard work. * Do jogging daily for 5 to 10 minutes . Do not do running and jogging before 5 days from periods coming date . * Do massage with lukewarm mustard oil around area below stomach and back .
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Every time I wear condom before sex, it breaks while sex, which causes chances of pregnancy. What should I do to avoid breakage. I have tried all top brands store, manforce, durex. I have also tried wearing 2 at the same time.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology
Psychologist, Palakkad
Every time I wear condom before sex, it breaks while sex, which causes chances of pregnancy. What should I do to avoi...
Dear lybrate user. I can understand. I don't see how it breaks. Breakage happen pretty rare. Anyway you can try female condoms. Take care.
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After taking ipil periods are not coming .got 2 weeks delay. I went for pregnancy test I came negative .plz tell what to do.

MD - Alternate Medicine, BHMS
Homeopath, Surat
After taking ipil periods are not coming .got 2 weeks delay. I went for pregnancy test I came negative .plz tell what...
I pill is a hormonal steroid. It will affect your periods. If you want to regulate it, then you either take I pill regularly, or stop taking it and use other methods like condom while having intercourse. Take Ashoka Q 10 drops in one cup of water once in a day for 1 week daily.
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Am divya I have a irregular periods I wanna to knew what are the problems causes by this.

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, Fellowship in Laparoscopy, DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Am divya I have a irregular periods I wanna to knew what are the problems causes by this.
For irregular periods we have to investigate the hormonal profile and ultrasound pelvis too. Hormonal profile includes tsh, prolactin, fsh, lh. If all inv are normal then you can be given ocps to regularise your cycles.
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Shoulder Pain: Causes, Diagnoses & Treatment

Fellowship in Shoulder and Upper Limb, Fellowship in Joint Replacement, MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS
Orthopedist, Mumbai
Shoulder Pain: Causes, Diagnoses & Treatment

Shoulder pain can be a persistent dull and nagging sensation in the upper arm or shoulder area. It can be easily differentiated from neck pain as it is related to the movement of shoulders i.e. it will increase and decrease with shoulder movements, especially overhead activities. The other signs to identify shoulder pain is if your shoulder movements are reduced.

If you find it difficult to scratch / wash your back, comb your hair or reach your back pocket, it clearly shows you are suffering from shoulder pain. Shoulder pain can happen due to various reasons, it varies from person to person depending on the activities he/she is involved in, for e.g. sports, manual job etc. It can be a single major injury or multiple small injuries due to repetitive usage patterns. Also, degenerative changes in various parts of the shoulder can lead to shoulder pain.

In case of middle to old age, injuries that can cause shoulder pain are:

  • Biceps Tendonitis
  • Acromio-clavicular Joint arthritis
  • Scapular Dyskinesia
  • Trapezitis
  • Suprascapular nerve entrapment In young age, injury due to sports or gym activity can cause shoulder pain
  • Superior labral anterior/posterior (SLAP tear)lesion

Also, traumatic or repeated dislocations of shoulder can cause shoulder pain due to:

  • Bankart lesion

Diagnose Shoulder Pain

Shoulder pain can be diagnosed only after thorough history taking and clinical examination. However, some imaging studies can be very helpful like:

  1. X-rays: Through an x-ray one can view the shoulder in many different views.
  2. Ultrasound: With an ultrasound, you can also check the damaged caused to the tendons and muscles of the shoulder but the quality of reporting depends upon the expertise of the doctor.
  3. MRI: MRI gives a clear picture of the shoulder as it shows everything related to a shoulder joint that is joints, vessels, tendons and muscles that too from different angles.
  4. Diagnostic Arthroscopy: A surgical procedure often used by orthopaedic surgeons to diagnose and treat issues inside a joint. Arthroscopy has the big advantage that one can use it to diagnose as well as treat at the same time.

Treatment for Various Types of Shoulder Pain

  1. For Shoulder Impingement or Rotator Cuff tear: Give rest to the shoulder for a few days only Dedicated Physiotherapy Protocol Bursal injections If these fail then, (Surgery)Arthroscopic sub-acromial decompression If Cuff tear is found, then one can go for Arthroscopic/Mini-open repair
  2. Labral Lesions: For anterior Labral lesions (Bankart's) following anterior shoulder dislocation then surgery in the form of Arthroscopic Bankart's repair is the only option to reduce risk of recurrence and degeneration.

SLAP Lesions

  1. Pain relief and physiotherapy as first step If this fails then following surgical options are available
  2. Arthroscopic debridement or repair of labrum
  3. Biceps tenotomy or tenodesis

Arthritis

In this case, the joint is already destroyed and has to be resurfaced for pain relief and to maintain ROM. If Rotator cuff muscles are working, then Shoulder resurfacing hemiarthroplasty (preferred in young people), that has a life of 10 to 15 years, Total shoulder replacement (preferred in middle aged to old people) has a life of 10 to 15 years. But, if rotator cuff muscle are not working then Reverse Geometry Shoulder replacement is recommended, that has a life of 10 years.

It is always advisable to get yourself diagnosed properly in case of shoulder pain as management changes depending on clinical situations. Neglecting shoulder conditions can lead to bigger problems later on.

Always remember 'a stitch in time saves nine'

3202 people found this helpful

Im married one year ago and in a good sex relation with wife. Still we are waiting to see a baby leg. We tried our maximum to get the result, but unfortunately its not happening. Help me with some advice. Thank you.

PG Diploma in Emergency Medicine Services (PGDEMS), Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), MD - Alternate Medicine
Ayurveda, Ghaziabad
Im married one year ago and in a good sex relation with wife. Still we are waiting to see a baby leg. We tried our ma...
Go for your health checkup..semen analysis for your self and USG abdomen and blood examinations for your wife..
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Hypnotherapy In Smoking Cessation

BDS, Certification in hypnotherapy, Certification in N.L.P, Certification in Gene and behavior, Psychology at Work
Psychologist, Gurgaon
Hypnotherapy In Smoking Cessation

Smoking is a die hard habit and many people eventually die of the same. It remains one of the most common causes of cancer and lung diseases, which eventually lead to death. The irony is that almost all smokers know the harmful effects, but find it hard to quit.

With a firm determination, there are people who quit, but then the relapse rate is quite high too.

  • Many believe that quitting requires a behavioural change. From peer pressure to a lifestyle habit, smoking is a social phenomenon. There are various methods to help quit smoking like quitting cold turkey and nicotine substitutes. Hypnosis is also gaining popularity as a method to help quit smoking. Research has shown an encouraging success rate in the range of 30 to 40% in cases where the desire and commitment to quit are high. This of course is with people who have strong will and are able to be hypnotized.
  • Hypnosis or hypnotherapy is a psychological technique used as supplemental therapy in a lot of cases, such as weight loss, depression, speech disorders, pain management, de-addiction; the list can be quite long.  It puts the person undergoing therapy into a deep sleep or trance, where they get in touch with themselves and find answers to a lot of questions. It is believed that while hypnosis puts a person to sleep, it also induces a higher level of cognition and a higher level of neurological activity. 
  • During the actual session, the smoker is asked to imagine the numerous ill effects of smoking and the need to reduce its harmful effects on the body. This improves the willpower to quit smoking and reduces the desire. They are also advised of the benefits of quitting smoking, including longevity of life and better quality of life. The person is told that quitting smoking before 50 years of age gives a 50% chance of increasing the lifespan by 15 years. Now that is quite motivating for a lot of smokers to give up the habit.
  • It generally takes about 4 full sessions of hypnotherapy to reach a level where the patient is ready to kick the habits. Also, self hypnosis can be taught where the person can go into hypnosis on his own and enforce smoking cessation. There are even self hypnosis tapes that are available for aid.

However, a word of caution here, hypnosis is not for everybody as not everybody can be hypnotized easily and there has to be a strong belief that it will benefit, only then can smoking cessation be tried with hypnosis. It is still in the testing phase and is to be medically proven as a way to quit smoking.

Related Tip: "7 Dangerous Changes That Smoking Causes To Your Skin"

4968 people found this helpful

I am in my 5th month I am having lot of stress at home does this effect my baby, I am crying almost every day and I am in depression and I am ving very bad back pain.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), DYA (DIPLOMA IN YOG & AYURVED), D.I.H.M (DIPLOMA IN INDUSTRIAL HEALTH MANAGEMENT)
Ayurveda, Nashik
I am in my 5th month I am having lot of stress at home does this effect my baby, I am crying almost every day and I a...
yes, crying will affect you both . for BACK ACHE 1) Do massage with warm sesame oil or suitable oil for 15 min., afterwards take hot fomentation for 10 min. 2) Start natural calcium supplement. 3) Do regular stretching exercise
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IUI

FNB Reproductive Medicine, MD -Obstretics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
IUI

Intrauterine insemination or IUI is the placement of a bolus of washed motile sperms in women's uterus with the help of a cannula. This procedure is painless and have chances of conception between 15-20%.

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C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician,
Coffee Drinking Is Good For You?

It appears that, in large populations of people, drinking coffee may (on average) confer health benefits. In particular, the risk of cardiac death and of overall mortality appears to be lower in coffee drinkers, with the optimal benefits seen in people who drink 3 - 4 cups per day. Whether caffeine has anything to do with such health benefits is not entirely known. Coffee contains a host of active substances aside from caffeine - substances that are thought to act as antioxidants and anti-inflammatory agents, for instance - that may be contributing to this beneficial effect.

Epidemiological studies like this one, no matter how well they are performed, cannot possibly answer whether a specific individual will realize health benefits from coffee drinking. They can only tell us about the average response, across a large population.

We know that some individuals (probably determined by their genetic makeup) are particularly sensitive to caffeine, and may suffer severe sleep deprivation, jitteriness, or palpitations after drinking coffee (or any other caffeine-containing food or medication). We also know that caffeine sensitivity can change dramatically at various periods in one?s life (especially during pregnancy, when sensitivity to caffeine almost always increases). Drinking coffee is clearly not a good idea for everyone.

As a general rule, then, coffee drinking appears to have health benefits. But at least until routine genetic testing is available that might tell us about our own individual sensitivity to caffeine, whether coffee drinking is a good idea for us is something we?re just going to have to figure out for ourselves.

Read all about coffee and your heart.

Cardiac mortality: Compared to people who drank no coffee, people who drank one cup per day experienced an 11% reduction in cardiac mortality.This mortality
benefit ?peaked? (at about 20%) for people who drank 3 - 4 cups per day, and then began to diminish as the amount of coffee consumption increased beyond that level.
Cancer mortality: Several reports over the years have suggested that coffee might reduce the risk of certain cancers. In this large study, however, there was no difference in cancer mortality between people who drank no coffee, and people who drank from 1 to 6 cups of coffee per day.

Overall mortality: Compared to people who drank no coffee, coffee drinkers had a reduced mortality rate. Again, this mortality benefit seemed to peak at between 3 - 4 cups per day (at about a 15% reduction in mortality).
4 people found this helpful

Why menstrual cycle irregular? She is in problem exactly, what to do, how it wl normal? Pls suggest.

MD - Alternate Medicine, BHMS
Homeopath, Surat
Why menstrual cycle irregular?
She is in problem exactly, what to do, how it wl normal? Pls suggest.
There are various causes for irregular menses. One of the most common cause is PCOD. A simple exercise of lying down on the bed and lifting the legs at 90 degrees for 10-15 minutes can help to make the menses regular. The results cannot be seen instantly. It will take time but it will definitely help.
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