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Balloon Angioplasty Procedure
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Mitral Valve Replacement Surgery
Cerebral Palsy Treatment
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Treatment of Blockage, Atherosclerosis & Heart Att
Cardiac Ablation Procedure
Coronary Bypass Surgery
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Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators (Icds) Tre
Angioplasty Stent Surgery
Preventing Stent Surgeries
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I am feeling pain in my upper chest at centre while taking deep breath pain is only for less then one second, and sometimes when I change my position also is there any cure or home remedies for this I am feeling this pain from yesterday's evening.
Can we prevent high BP. Pls suggest some food items. Health tips. Life style changes to control and prevention of high B P.
I am 25 years old. I have ldl cholesterol of 155. I have 169 cm height and weights only 57. How can I reduce cholesterol?
Sir im 25 years girl, my weight is 70 kgs now. I do not have thyroid. How can I reduce my weight. Plzzzzzz tell me any diet to reduce weight. If im doing any exercise im get low bp. Plssss tell me.
My uncle had angiography and doctor advised for stent implantation. Now he is suffering from chest pain again. He can' t walk for half km even. Hb level is 10. What to do?
Coronary artery disease is one of the major killer diseases of the modern society. It is not a solitary problem but brings with it a multitude of issues including obesity, diabetes, stroke, and other metabolic disorders. A thorough understanding of what causes it and how to manage it can help save thousands of lives.
Causes: The circulatory system is mainly made up of the heart and a complex network of arteries and veins. The inner walls of these are lined with smooth muscles, allowing for free flow of blood. Gradually, over a period of time, given the density, the fat from the blood flowing through these vessels settles along the walls of these vessels. This attracts more fat, lipoproteins, and other inflammatory cells and so the process continues. This reduces the diameter of the blood vessels, therefore reducing the amount of blood supply to the target organs. If the target organ is a vital one like the brain or the heart, then it could lead to stroke or heart attacks.
Main causes for coronary artery disease include high blood pressure, high cholesterol, sedentary lifestyle, obesity, smoking, diabetes, and stress. Men are more prone than women, and family history and age puts them at higher risk.
Symptoms: Reduced blood supply to the target organ causes the following symptoms:
Shortness of Breath: A person with coronary artery disease will feel short of breath and tired with most activities, even like walking a few meters.
Chest Pain: A strong pressure sensation on the left side of the chest is an indication of coronary artery disease. Known as angina, it comes with stress and goes away once the stress is removed. It could sometimes radiate to the shoulder, down the arm, or up into the jaw also. These are classical symptoms of angina or heart attack and is considered an emergency. Of note, this is often mistaken for indigestion.
Palpitations: A sensation where you are able to hear your heartbeat.
Nausea and Excessive Sweating: Nausea and excessive sweating are also seen during angina.
Treatment: There are 3 modes to manage this.
Aspirin to reduce the viscosity of the blood.
Statin to control the cholesterol levels.
Beta blockers to control hypertension.
Nitroglycerin for temporary relief of angina pain.
Surgical Procedures: Surgical procedures including balloon angioplasty followed by placement of drug-eluting stents and coronary artery bypass surgery are done to manage more severe cases.
Lifestyle Change: Lifestyle changes including reduced fat consumption, decrease body weight, stop smoking, increased physical exercise, and reducing stress are highly important in preventing further damage.
Once suspected, coronary artery disease can be effectively managed and the extent of damage controlled using the above techniques. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a cardiologist.