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Dr. Karuna Goyal

Gynaecologist, Mumbai

Dr. Karuna Goyal Gynaecologist, Mumbai
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I believe in health care that is based on a personal commitment to meet patient needs with compassion and care....more
I believe in health care that is based on a personal commitment to meet patient needs with compassion and care.
More about Dr. Karuna Goyal
Dr. Karuna Goyal is one of the best Gynaecologists in Powai, Mumbai. She is currently practising at Padmalaya Clinic for Women in Powai, Mumbai. Don’t wait in a queue, book an instant appointment online with Dr. Karuna Goyal on Lybrate.com.

Find numerous Gynaecologists in India from the comfort of your home on Lybrate.com. You will find Gynaecologists with more than 36 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Gynaecologists online in Mumbai and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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Padmalaya Clinic for Women

#7 & 8, Excel Plaza. Opp Flora shopping centre, IIT Powai. Landmark: Behind Anmol collections, MumbaiMumbai Get Directions
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HIV/AIDS - Ways To Prevent It!!

MBBS, PG Diploma (HIV Medicines)
HIV Specialist, Surat
HIV/AIDS - Ways To Prevent It!!

Hearing that a person is HIV positive instantly makes us wary of him or her and unconsciously we may begin avoiding social interactions with them. However, HIV does not spread through the air or by water and hence there is no reason to ostracize HIV positive people. To understand how to prevent the transmission of HIV it is essential to first understand how the virus is transferred from one person to another. There are three ways in which this virus can be transmitted from an HIV positive person to another. These are:

  1. Through blood
  2. Through bodily fluids such as semen and vaginal or rectal fluids
  3. From a mother to a child

Keeping this in mind, here are a few ways to prevent the transferring of HIV from one person to another.

  1. Use only Disposable Syringes: Getting pricked by a needle that has been used on a HIV positive patient can increase your risk of suffering from the disease. Hence, insist on using a fresh needle for blood tests etc. Also ensure that the syringe and needle and destroyed after being used.
  2. Registered Blood Banks: In case you need a blood transfusion, get blood only from registered blood banks. These blood banks need to run HIV screening tests before collecting blood and hence are guaranteed to have only HIV negative blood as opposed to local quacks.
  3. Use a Condom: The only way to prevent the transference of HIV cells while having intercourse is by using a condom. This is essential not only for vaginal intercourse but for anal intercourse as well.
  4. Get Tested: Today, an HIV screening test can be easily done and your results are guaranteed to be kept confidential. STDs can increase your risk of getting infected with HIV or spreading it to others. Get tested regularly for STDs and insist that your partners are checked for it as well. This is crucial if you have more than one sexual partner.
  5. Limit the Number of Sexual Partners: The more number of people you have sex with, the higher your chance of getting infected with the virus and transmitting it to others. Remember, HIV has no overt symptoms that are visible to the naked eye.

HIV cannot be cured but it can be controlled through medication. Hence, if you suffer from this disease, follow the doctor's prescription religiously to prevent transmitting the virus to your partner. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor.

2009 people found this helpful

I and my girl had an unexpected sex without a condom and now we are scared that she can get prevented it has been like 20 hrs till now. What do you suggest is to do?

MBBS
General Physician, Chennai
I and my girl had an unexpected sex without a condom and now we are scared that she can get prevented it has been lik...
It not the hours that count but which after period you had sex do let me know for more details need date of last periods.
1 person found this helpful
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I got married last week, and do not want to have baby for at least 2 years. We are doing pullout technique from last 3 days. We do not want to use any kind of pills, condom or any other birth control. Want to have sex naturally. What things we should follow to avoid pregnancy.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology
Psychologist, Palakkad
I got married last week, and do not want to have baby for at least 2 years. We are doing pullout technique from last ...
Dear user. The perfect thing is to use condoms if you want to enjoy sex every day. The withdrawal method is OK provided you get the timing correct. First 7 days from the date of your wife's period are not fertile and therefore even though you eject inside her vagina, she will not be pregnant. Take care.
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I am taking infertility treatment in which Dr. prescribed me micronized progesterone for 10 days starting with cycle day 16 each cycle. Periods start 1 day after stopping progesterone. In aug i've to go on vacations & my periods are due at that time. Which medicine should I take to delay periods by 7 days. When & in what dosage should it taken. Can it be taken while continuing taking progesterone or I should skip progesterone in that cycle.

MBBS
General Physician, Chandigarh
I am taking infertility treatment in which Dr. prescribed me micronized progesterone for 10 days starting with cycle ...
These are hormonal treatments you can not couple both the things together like infertility treatments and delaying periods first you decide what you want to do if you want to forego the infertility treatment for some time then only you should go in for postponing the periods
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If pregnancy test is positive then first 3 month what we take safety means sleeping, eating, sex etc. Please detail?

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FMAS, DMAS
Gynaecologist, Noida
If pregnancy test is positive then first 3 month what we take safety means sleeping, eating, sex etc.
Please detail?
Hello, Avoid sex till 14th week of pregnancy and there are no restrictions pertaining to sleep or eating habits.
1 person found this helpful
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I got divorced 2 months before and as if now I am in a new relationship so the problem is that I had sex with my previous wife a several time without protection and now I am enjoying my my sex life with the new wife same without protection, is their any chances of having HIV Aids, please do reply as soon as possible, I am getting myself in depression.

MBBS, F R S T & H London , Fellowship of College of General Practice (FCGP)
Sexologist, Alwar
If you any of partner is having HIV then there are chances of getting AIDS it no any partner is having HIV then you can not have AIDS.
1 person found this helpful
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Artificial Insemination - Understanding its Side Effects

MICOG, MS, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Artificial Insemination - Understanding its Side Effects

Artificial insemination is a form of artificial fertility procedure. This procedure enables a couple to conceive a child. This procedure is mainly used in cases when the male partner has a low sperm count or is impotent. Single women who do not have a partner too can undergo this procedure to have a child. The process of artificial insemination involves the placing of sperm into the uterus of a woman, during the ovulation period.
Although artificial insemination is an effective procedure for conceiving a child, it also causes several side effects on the body and health.

Here are the several risks and side effects of artificial insemination:

  1. Infections are likely after having an artificial insemination done and infections are likely in a large percentage of women who undergo this procedure.
  2. Allergies can also possibly develop to any component of the seminal lavage, although they are not very common.
  3. Immune reactions can also occur, which involve the creation of antisperm antibodies among women who undergo this fertility procedure.
  4. Pain is felt by some women during the process of artificial insemination, and discomfort is also experienced when the catheter gets inserted in the cervix for transportation of sperm.

Risks regarding ovarian stimulation

  1. Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome or OHSS may occur as a side effect of artificial insemination. This disorder makes the ovaries feel pain as they become swollen.
  2. Multiple births is another severe side effect of this procedure. It usually occurs in 12 to 30% of women undergoing artificial insemination. It is more likely in young women having more than five ovarian follicles, which are quite large. This occurs when the woman is inseminated with more than thirty million sperms.

Pregnancy complications
Artificial insemination has several side effects, which may cause complications in pregnancy. They are as follows:

  1. Miscarriage can occur in women who undergo artificial insemination and occurs in 20% of all artificial insemination cases. The miscarriage is usually caused during the early phase of the pregnancy.
  2. Ectopic pregnancy is another side effect of artificial insemination involving pregnancy complications. Around 4/100 of women who undergo artificial insemination suffer from ectopic pregnancy. The rate of ectopic pregnancy in natural insemination is much lesser.

Artificial insemination is a successful process of conceiving a child. This procedure is utilized by single women and women whose partners are not capable of producing sufficient sperms. However, the process is associated with several side effects and risks.

8 people found this helpful

Hi, We have make sex with condom. And it has over 3 days of period. So is there any possibility of pregnancy?

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist,
Hi,
We have make sex with condom.
And it has over 3 days of period.
So is there any possibility of pregnancy?
Delayed menses do not mean one is pregnant. Do a urine test in a lab and see. Condoms are good for protection from pregnancy but their efficacy is not 100%. During use, at tiems condoms can break, rupture or leak and this may cause some spillage of sperms in the vagina. If such action happens around ovulation then chances of pregnancy are there. Hence possibility of pregnancy can not be ruled out until you do a urine pregnancy test in a lab.
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10 Interesting Facts You Didn't Know About Orgasms!

MS sexuality, M.Phil Clinical Psychology, PhD (behaviour modification), Certified in Treatment of Resistant Depression
Sexologist, Hyderabad
10 Interesting Facts You Didn't Know About Orgasms!

 

Dr. Sharmila majumdar

Sexologist


    A fetus can masturbate in utero.
    You don't need genitals to have an orgasm.
    You can have them when you're brain dead.
    They can cause bad breath.
    They can cure hiccups.
    Doctors once prescribed them for fertility.
    Animals orgasm more than we think they do.
    Oxytocin, the chemical released into your brain after climaxing, makes you relaxed and chatty
    About 10 per cent of women are actually anorgasmic.
    Most orgasms last about 20 seconds. After them, your body releases a hormone called prolactin that shuts off your sex drive for up to an hour, so anything that was turning you on before can suddenly make you bored.

30 people found this helpful

Hi a 18 day old baby not getting mother milk due insufficient flow of milk. Henceforth baby drinking cow milk. Can you please suggest any supplement for baby to make them healthy and any medicine to their mother to flow of milk.

MBBS, Diploma in Child Health (DCH), Pediatric Gastroenterology
Pediatrician, Delhi
Hi a 18 day old baby not getting mother milk due insufficient flow of milk. Henceforth baby drinking cow milk. Can yo...
The baby not getting enough milk is a frequent, unnecesaary worry among the young parents. First of all it almost never true. Weighing the baby before and after the feed on an accurate electronic scale can give an idea of how much milk the baby suckled. Second test is to manually express the breast and see. If the nipples are not inverted, the baby can be encouraged to suckle frequently so that feeding gets established. If the nipples are inverted then, a nipple shield can be used. Correct positioning and latching of the baby is of utmost importance. A trained person can help with this. There are some drugs such as perinorm which can be given to the mother as a galactagouge. The mother's fluid/foodintake should be increased and she should be constantly motivated, supported and assisted till the feeding gets established.
5 people found this helpful
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महिलाओं और पुरूषो में बांझपन या अनुवंसिक्ता

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Sexologist, Allahabad
महिलाओं और पुरूषो में बांझपन या अनुवंसिक्ता

महिलाओं और पुरूषो में बांझपन या अनुवंसिक्ता

बांझपन या अनुवंसिक्ता क्या है?

एक वर्ष तक प्रयास करते रहने के बाद अगर गर्भधारण नहीं होता तो उसे बन्ध्यता या अनुर्वरता कहते हैं।

बांझपन, प्रजनन प्रणाली की एक बीमारी है जिसके कारण किसी महिला के गर्भधारण में विकृति आ जाती है। गर्भधारण एक जटिल प्रक्रिया है जो कई बातों पर निर्भर करती है- पुरुष द्वारा स्वस्थ शुक्राणु तथा महिला द्वारा स्वस्थ अंडों का उत्पादन,

  अबाधित गर्भ नलिकाएं ताकि शुक्राणु बिना किसी रुकावट के अंडों तक पहुंच सके, मिलने के बाद अंडों को निषेचित करने की शुक्राणु की क्षमता, निषेचित अंडे की महिला के गर्भाशय में स्थापित होने की क्षमता तथा गर्भाशय की स्थिति।
अंत में गर्भ के पूरी अवधि तक जारी रखने के लिए गर्भाशय का स्वस्थ होना और भ्रूण के विकास के लिए महिला के हारमोन का अनुकूल होना जरूरी है। इनमें से किसी एक में विकृति आने का परिणाम बांझपन हो सकता है।

बांझपन क्यों होता है ?

पुरुषों में प्रजनन क्षमता में कमी का सबसे सामान्य कारण शुक्राणु का कम या नहीं होना है। कभी-कभी शुक्राणु का गड़बड़ होना या अंडों तक पहुंचने से पहले ही उसका मर जाना भी एक कारण होता है। महिलाओं में बांझपन का सबसे सामान्य कारण मासिक-चक्र में गड़बड़ी है। इसके अलावा गर्भ-नलिकाओं का बंद होना, गर्भाशय में विकृति या जननांग में गड़बड़ी के कारण भी अक्सर गर्भपात हो सकता है।

क्या अनुर्वरता केवल औरतों के कारण होती है?

नहीं, यह केवल औरत के कारण नहीं होती। केवल एक तिहाई सन्दर्भों में अनुर्वरता औरत के कारण होती है। दूसरे एक तिहाई में पुरूष के कारण होती है। शेष एक तिहाई में औरत और मर्द के मिले जुले कारणों से या अज्ञात कारणों से होती है।
   
पुरूषों में अनुर्वरता के क्या कारण होते हैं?

पुरूषों में अनुर्वरता के कारण हैं 

(1) शुक्राणु बनने की समस्य - बहुत कम शुक्राणू या बिलकुल नहीं। 

(2) अण्डे तक पहुंच कर उसे उर्वर बनाने में शुक्राणु की असमर्थता - शुक्राणु की असामान्य आकृति या बनावट उसे सही ढंग से आगे बढ़ पाने में रोकती है। 


(3) कई बार पुरूषों में जन्मजात ऐसी समस्या होती है जो कि उनके शुक्राणुओं को प्रभावित करती है। 

(4) अन्य सन्दर्भों में किसी बीमारी या चोट के परिणाम स्वरूप समस्या शुरू हो जाती है।

पुरूष में अनुर्वरता का खतरा किन चीज़ों से बढ़ जाता है?

पुरूष के सम्पूर्ण स्वास्थ्य एवं जीवन शैली का प्रभाव शुक्राणुओं की संख्या और गुणवत्ता पर प्रभाव पड़ता है। जिन चीज़ों से शुक्राणुओं की संख्या और गुणवत्ता घटती है उस में शामिल हैं। 

  • मदिरा एवं ड्रग्स 
  • वातावरण का विषैलापन जैसे कीटनाशक दवाएं
  • सिगरेट पीना 
  • मम्पस का इतिहास 
  • विशिष्ट दवाँ। 
  • कैंसर के कारण रेडिएशन।


औरतों में अनुर्वरता के क्या कारण होते हैं?

औरतों में अनुर्वरता के कारण हैं -

(1) अण्डा देने में कठिनाई 
(2) बन्द अण्डवाही ट्यूबें 
(3) गर्भाशय की स्थिति की समस्या 
(4) युटरीन फाइवरॉयड कहलाने वाले गर्भाशय के लम्पस।

किन चीज़ों से महिला में अनुर्वरकता का खतरा बढ़ जाता है?

बच्चें को जन्म देने में बहुत सी चीजें प्रभाव डाल सकती हैं। इनमें शामिल हैं -

(1) बढ़ती उम्र
(2) दबाव
(3) पोषण की कमी
(4) अधिक वजन या कम वजन
(5) धूम्रपान
(6) मदिरा
(7) यौन संक्रमिक रोग
(8) हॉरमोन्स में बदलाव लाने वाली स्वास्थ्य सम्बन्धी समस्याएं।

1 person found this helpful

Hi, I am 23 years old female. I'm effected in my private part. In that I feel swelling, etching. I'm feel so worried it. I'm nt understand what is the. Actual reason of it. How to protect it. Which kind of instructions I need to follow it.

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FMAS, DMAS
Gynaecologist, Noida
Hi, I am 23 years old female. I'm effected in my private part. In that I feel swelling, etching. I'm feel so worried ...
Hello, you may be suffering from vaginitis secondary to a fungal infection. Hence please get a vaginal swab culture done to check for infection. Meet your gynecologist.
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How Frequently Should You be Having Sex?

MBBS, F R S T & H London , Fellowship of College of General Practice (FCGP)
Sexologist, Alwar
How Frequently Should You be Having Sex?

It has been espoused in common knowledge that when you have inttercourse with your partner, it makes both of you feel happier, satisfied and contented. This helps bring you closer to each other and results in a stronger and better relationship. Sexual activities have a direct connection to your psychological well-being. However, the number of times you have sex isn’t as important as the quality of the time you spend with your partner.

Stressed out on sex!
Due to modern lifestyle and stress, young couples are increasingly finding it difficult to hit the bed together, thus putting sex on the backburner. Research states most young couples now consider sex as secondary, mechanical and monotonous, which can be kept for a later time. But that is not the sign of normalcy. You don’t need to do it daily, but 2 or 3 times a week is beneficial for a healthy body, mind, and relationship.

Some of the benefits of having regular sex

  1. Sex releases endorphins hormone which reduces stress and also lets you experience euphoria. This makes you feel satisfied and happy during the act and in general with your life.
  2. It is directly related to promoting attractiveness. During sexual intercourse, the body releases pheromones which make you look more attractive to other people.
  3. If you experience orgasms during the activity, you are most likely to have an enhanced life span due to the promotion of better circulation within the body.
  4. Sex acts as an excellent pain reliever due to the release of endorphins.
  5. Sex also helps you to have better control of your bladder by working out the muscles during an orgasm.
  6. It has also been shown to lower the risk of prostate cancer in men.

How much is too much?
These are just a few of the reasons sexologists and health care experts advise you to have intercourse often, at least twice weekly. You don’t need to do it regularly, as over indulgence will have negative effects too. It could also signal the start of problems with sexual addiction. Some of the negative effects of too much sex could be:

  1. It will lead to a detrimental effect on your sexual activity. You will find it difficult to get aroused often.
  2. You experience cramps on your body.
  3. You can experience difficulties in your bowel and urinary functions.
  4. You would be constantly distracted by the thoughts of sex which could lead to sex addiction.

It is best to stay within a limit, have fun with your partner twice or thrice a week and enjoy the health and psychological benefits of this natural marvel. If you wish to discuss any specific problem, you can consult a sexologist.

5584 people found this helpful

I am having irregular periods from last 2-3 years and my age is 22 what should I do to get regular periods?

MBBS
Sexologist, Panchkula
I am having irregular periods from last 2-3 years and my age is 22 what should I do to get regular periods?
You have irregular periods. I advise you to do meditation for mental strength by doing slow and deep breathing relaxation exercises in the morning. Take proper balanced vegetarian diet. Take 8 to 10 glasses of water daily. Avoid non veg and eggs. Keep your weight normal as compared to your height. This will help you in your periods.
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I Am 28 years old women and married last year may 12. I have irregular period, it means in some month 3 day other wise 10 days, and almost 3 to 15 days variations will cure, so that we doesn't have children, so now we need one child, so that what will do for this condition, And no other complaint, and also before one year, one time spontaneous abortion also happened.

MBBS
General Physician, Faridabad
I Am 28 years old women and married last year may 12. I have irregular period, it means in some month 3 day other wis...
best time for pregnancy try if your cycle is regular then take chance on mid of cycle,. say your cycle start on 1st then try help between 12-17.during this period you have maximum chance. but it may happen at any time. it will. welcome. or consult gynacologist
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I had unprotected sex (withdrawal method. Dnt knw whether semen entered or not ). On April 3rd. I didn't had my periods yet. So I decided to take urine pregnancy test. But the result was negative. Am I pregnant? Or not if not why I am not getting my periods back. please tell me what is happening with me.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology
Psychologist, Palakkad
I had unprotected sex (withdrawal method. Dnt knw whether semen entered or not ). On April 3rd. I didn't had my perio...
Dear user. I can understand. If you have irregular period or are not sure when you ovulated, you can do a URINE HOME PREGNANCY TEST 14 days after you last had unprotected sex. However for accuracy of result, it is recommended to do the test 21 days after intercourse. To TEST PREGNANCY AT HOME simply add urine to a small piece of soap, if froth forms, or if the soap bubbles up, the test is positive. Mix ¼ cup of tuna juice and ¼ cup of vinegar in a plastic cup. Now pee in a separate cup and then add your urine to this mixture. After a few minutes, if the color changes to green, then you are pregnant. Take care.
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Hello sir I ask one ques. My wife pregnant from 5 months. I do not know how I manage these conditions. Can you suggest me how I can handle it.

DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), PGDHHM, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Hello sir  I ask one ques. My wife pregnant from 5 months. I do not know how I manage these conditions. Can you sugge...
you need to careful about precaution taking during pregnancy.take iron,calcium,vitamin,folic acid and protein diet and supplements too properly.visit to doctor for antenatal check-up.
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What is the correct time to take a baby after marriage if I am 35 and my spouse age is 28.

MBBS, DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
What is the correct time to take a baby after marriage if I am 35 and my spouse age is 28.
This is absolutely right age. Not to postpon. Coitus in fertile period of cycle that is day 7-17 is best to get pregnant.
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