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Kidney Stones Treatment
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I have dark circles under my eyes. I want to get rid of these dark circles and reduce the wrinkles as well. What do you suggest.
Patient of breast cancer pathologic grade 3 and no lymph node involvement size more than 3 cm but less than 5 cm .on upper inner part of left breast. Modified radical mastectomy done adjuvant chemotherapy going on .ER neg. PR neg. HER 2 by IHC method neg as reported by TATA Cancer hospital Mumbai .but same hospital showed last impression as uninterpretable when FISH method is used .
Fractional laser or Fraxel as it is commonly known in cosmetic surgery terms, is a non-invasive technique to treat various skin problems. A beam of laser is divided into thousands of treatment zones, which are focused on a particular spot on the skin, giving it the name fractional laser.
Conventionally, ablative laser works on the epidermis while non-ablative laser works on the collagen or the dermis layer. Fractional laser is unique in that it works on both these layers. Therefore, in problems involving both these layers, Fraxel works extremely well.
How does it work?
The skin has two layers – epidermis and the dermis. The epidermis is the protective layer and has the melanin-producing melanocytes, which gives the skin, its color. The dermis has collagen and elastic fibers, which gives it skin the elasticity. With age, the skin loses its elasticity and becomes pale, as the collagen degenerates. Less of new collagen is formed, and so aged appearance including sagging, fine lines, wrinkles, dark spots, etc. appear.
What Fraxel does is produce 1000s of columns of laser which act on both the dermis and the epidermis and improve collagen formation and removing old cells. The surrounding skin remains intact, and only the area of focus is treated.
What to expect?
- Before the procedure, the doctor will validate if you are a candidate for the procedure.
- Photos will be taken of the area and in people with darker complexion, bleaching or chemical peel may be used
- With face cleaned with soap and water, an anesthetic cream is applied to the skin.
- The laser beam is then applied, usually about 30 minutes.
- The procedure could be painful if the laser beam is strong which makes the use of anesthetic essential
- A cooling device is applied at the end of the procedure, and the area is then washed off
- One may experience redness, swelling, and tenderness for about a week
- New skin will develop in about a week’s time
- Skin peeling can happen in some people, which can be easily removed off without pain
- Adequate use of moisturizer and sunscreen is advised
- Clothing should be protective, include sunglasses, wide hat, and scarf
- Most people require a repeat of 3 to 4 sessions to complete the treatment, with a gap of a month usually.
- Unlike with other skin treatments, the effect from Fraxel takes time. It may take up to 3 to 4 months for the complete effect to show, as it involves complete collagen formation.
If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Dermatologist.
Tanning has occurred to larger extent on my face due to direct exposure to sun. My facelooks bad and hansa also. How to get rid of this tanning.
I'm 20 years old & have white patches on my back, sholdier& neck for about 4 months. I think its tesia versicolor. What to do now? which medicine to take?
I am a 27 year old male. I have rashes on my but which have lots of irritation. I think it's die to over sweating. And also I have three breakouts under both my armpits. None of the doctors gave me a better solution. These breakouts are are growing in size more day by day and also when open it secretes lot of pale dirty liquid not blood. It has got irritation too. I need some medical advise for this.
I AM A MBBS STUDENT AND 3 YRS BACK I FOUND A SMALL LUMP ON THE RIGHT LOWER ABDOMEN JUST UNDERNEATH THE SKIN WHEN I WAS PALPATING VIGOROUSLY. I WENT TO SURGERY OPD AND GOT CHECKED & TEACHER TOLD ME NOT TO WORRY AND ORDERED A USG FOR SAFETY. ON USG IT WAS AN ILL DEFINED 7 mm×14 mm HYPOECHOIC LESION ON SUBCUTANEOUS PLANE. DOCTOR TOLD ME NOT TO WORRY & NOTHING IS THERE BUT HE DIDN'T SAY THE EXACT DIAGNOSIS .I ALSO WENT FOR FNAC BUT IT COULDN'T BE DONE AS NO DEFINITE NODULE IS PRESENT. IT IS 3 YRS NOW AND NO PAIN, SKIN CHANGE ,AND NO EVIDENT ELEVATION IT IS UNCHANGED FOR 3-4 YRS. I WAS JUST CURIOUS TO KNOW WHAT IS THE EXACT DIAGNOSIS? OR WHY IT IS HYPOECHOIC?(SOMETIMES I GET WORRIED SO WANT TO KNOW CLEAR CUT ANSWER)
Honey can help reduce excess oil on the skin’s surface, clear pores and even prevent wrinkles. Honey has moisturizing properties that nourish the skin and keep it sufficiently moisturized without making it oily. Also, the natural antiseptic property of honey is highly beneficial for acne-prone oily skin.
•Apply a thin layer of honey over your face and leave it on for 15 minutes. Then wash your face. Do this twice daily.
•You can also mix a small amount of ground almonds with honey. Gently massage the paste onto your oily skin to remove oil and dead skin cells. Then wipe your face with a warm cloth to open up the pores. Do this once a week.