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Dr. Hegade

Gynaecologist, Mumbai

Dr. Hegade Gynaecologist, Mumbai
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I want all my patients to be informed and knowledgeable about their health care, from treatment plans and services, to insurance coverage....more
I want all my patients to be informed and knowledgeable about their health care, from treatment plans and services, to insurance coverage.
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Dr. Hegade is a renowned Gynaecologist in Tardeo, Mumbai. Doctor is currently associated with Nova Specialty Surgery-Tardeo in Tardeo, Mumbai. Save your time and book an appointment online with Dr. Hegade on Lybrate.com.

Find numerous Gynaecologists in India from the comfort of your home on Lybrate.com. You will find Gynaecologists with more than 25 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Gynaecologists online in Mumbai and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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Famous Cine Labs, Pt. M.M Malviya Road, Tardeo. Landmark: Next To Sardar Pav Bhaji Hotel, MumbaiMumbai Get Directions
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My friend has leucorrhoea and pelvic inflammatory disease problem. She is 25 year old. What she do?

DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopath, Ludhiana
Homoeopathic medicines fluofin or adel 15 drops (adel) drink 15 drops in 20 ml fresh water 3 times daily leucona-f (r. S. Bhargawa) take 2 spoons twice daily report after 3 months.
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I am ttc for past 4 months. But was unsuccessful. Taking folic acid past 1 month. Help me so that I could get pregnant soon.

MD
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
I am ttc for past 4 months. But was unsuccessful. Taking folic acid past 1 month. Help me so that I could get pregnan...
you are very young at 18yrs let nature have a chance the fertile period is between12 to16 days of the cycle try naturally as it takes a few mths to conceive if the relations are not in the fertile period
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Medical Conditions And Pregnancy!

MBBS, Diploma in Child Health
Pediatrician, Hyderabad
Medical Conditions And Pregnancy!

Diabetes and Pregnancy

Diabetes is a condition in which the body does not make enough insulin or the body is unable to use the insulin that is made. Insulin is the hormone that allows glucose to enter the cells of the body to make fuel. When glucose cannot enter the cells, it builds up in the blood and the body’s cells starve to death. If not managed properly, diabetes can have serious consequences for you and your growing baby.

Pre-Gestational Diabetes

If you already have diabetes and become pregnant, your condition is known as pre-gestational diabetes. The severity of your symptoms and complications often depends on the progression of your diabetes, especially if you have vascular (blood vessel) complications and poor blood glucose control.

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes is a condition in which the glucose level is elevated and other diabetic symptoms appear during pregnancy. Unlike other types of diabetes, gestational diabetes is not caused by a lack of insulin but by other hormones that block the insulin that is made. This condition is known as insulin resistance. If you have gestational diabetes, you may or may not be dependent on insulin.

In most cases, all diabetic symptoms disappear following delivery. However, if you experience gestational diabetes, you will have an increased risk of developing diabetes later in life. This is especially true if you were overweight before pregnancy.

Causes of Gestational Diabetes

Although the specific cause of gestational diabetes is unknown, there are several theories about the origin of this condition. For example, the placenta supplies the growing fetus with nutrients and water. It also makes a variety of hormones to maintain the pregnancy. Some of these hormones (estrogen, cortisol and human placental lactogen) can have a blocking effect on the mother’s insulin, which usually begins about 20 to 24 weeks into pregnancy.

As the placenta grows, it produces more of these hormones, increasing the level of insulin resistance in the mother. Normally, the mother’s pancreas is able to make additional insulin to overcome insulin resistance. However, if the mother’s production of insulin is not enough to overcome the effect of the placental hormones, gestational diabetes results.

Risk Factors of Gestational Diabetes

The following factors increase your risk of developing gestational diabetes:

  • Age (over 25 years old)

  • A family history of diabetes

  • Previous delivery of a very large infant, a stillborn or a child with certain birth defects

  • Obesity

Although increased glucose in the urine is often included in the list of risk factors, it is not believed to be a reliable indicator for gestational diabetes.

Diagnosing Gestational Diabetes

A glucose screening test is usually done between 24 and 28 weeks of pregnancy. To complete this test, you will be asked to drink a special glucose beverage. Then, your doctor will measure your blood sugar level one hour later.

If the test shows an increased blood sugar level, a three-hour glucose tolerance test may be done. If the results of the second test are in the abnormal range, you will be diagnosed with gestational diabetes.

Treatment Options for Gestational Diabetes

Your health care provider or midwife will determine your specific treatment plan for gestational diabetes based on:

  • Age, overall health and medical history

  • Condition and the severity of the disease

  • Long-term expectations for the course of the disease

  • Personal preference

  • Tolerance for specific medicines, procedures or therapies

Treatment for gestational diabetes focuses on keeping blood glucose levels in the normal range. Your specific treatment plan may include:

  • A special diet

  • Daily blood glucose monitoring

  • Exercise

  • Insulin injections or oral medications

Possible Fetal Complications from Gestational Diabetes

Unlike other types of diabetes, gestational diabetes generally does not cause birth defects. Birth defects usually originate sometime during the first trimester of pregnancy. They are more likely if you have pre-gestational diabetes, as you may have changes in blood glucose during that time. If you have gestational diabetes, you most likely had normal blood sugar levels during your critical first trimester.

The complications of gestational diabetes are usually manageable and preventable. The key to prevention is careful control of blood sugar levels as soon as the diagnosis of gestational diabetes is made.

Infants of mothers with gestational diabetes are vulnerable to several imbalances, such as low-serum calcium and low-serum magnesium levels. In addition, gestational diabetes may cause the following:

  • Fetal macrosomia. This condition describes a baby that is considerably larger than normal. All of the nutrients your baby receives come directly from your blood. If your blood has too much glucose, your baby’s pancreas senses the high glucose levels and makes more insulin in an attempt to use this glucose. The extra glucose is then converted to fat. Even when you have gestational diabetes, your fetus is able to make all the insulin it needs. The combination of your high blood glucose levels and your baby’s high insulin levels may result in large deposits of fat that cause your baby to grow excessively large.

  • Birth injury. If your baby is large in size, it may be difficult to deliver and become injured in the process.

  • Hypoglycemia . This refers to low blood sugar in your baby right after delivery. This problem happens if your blood sugar levels have been consistently high, causing the fetus to have a high level of insulin in its circulation. After delivery, your baby continues to have a high insulin level, but it no longer has the high level of sugar from you. This results in the newborn’s blood sugar level becoming very low. Following delivery, your baby’s blood sugar level will be tested. If the level is too low, it may be necessary to administer glucose intravenously until your baby’s blood sugar stabilizes.

  • Respiratory distress (difficulty breathing). Too much insulin or too much glucose in a baby’s system may delay lung maturation and cause respiratory problems. This is more likely if it is born before 37 weeks of pregnancy.

High Blood Pressure and Pregnancy

High blood pressure during pregnancy can lead to placental complications and slowed fetal growth. If left untreated, severe hypertension may cause dangerous seizuresstroke and even death in the mother and fetus.

If you have high blood pressure, your doctor will perform kidney function tests, ultrasounds for growth and testing of your baby more frequently to monitor your health and fetal development.

Chronic Hypertension

If you have high blood pressure before pregnancy, you will likely need to continue taking your antihypertensive medicine. Your health care provider may switch you to a safer antihypertensive medicine during pregnancy to help manage your condition.

Gestational Hypertension

Gestational hypertension occurs most often during a young woman’s first pregnancy. You are more likely to develop gestational hypertension during a twin pregnancy or if you had blood pressure problems during a previous pregnancy.

Pre-eclampsia (formerly called toxemia) is characterized by pregnancy-induced high blood pressure. This condition is usually accompanied by protein in the urine and may cause swelling due to fluid retention. If you have pre-eclampsia, you may need bed rest. Eclampsia, the most severe form of this condition, is diagnosed when you have a seizure caused by pre-eclampsia. Your doctor may recommend hospitalization, medications and often delivery to treat pre-eclampsia or eclampsia.

 

High-Risk Pregnancy: What You Need to Know

Pregnant woman

Many conditions affecting a mother or her baby before, during or after pregnancy can designate a pregnancy as high risk. Learn what causes a high-risk pregnancy and how maternal-fetal medicine specialists can help.

Infectious Diseases and Pregnancy

Infections during pregnancy can pose a threat to your baby. Even a simple urinary tract infection, which is common during pregnancy, should be treated right away. An infection that goes untreated can lead to preterm labor and a rupturing of the membranes surrounding the fetus.

Toxoplasmosis

Toxoplasmosis is an infection caused by a single-celled parasite called Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii). Although many people may have toxoplasma infection, very few exhibit symptoms because the immune system usually keeps the parasite from causing illness. Babies who became infected with toxoplasmosis before birth can be born with serious mental or physical problems.

Toxoplasmosis often causes flulike symptoms, including swollen lymph glands or muscle aches and pains, which last for a few days to several weeks. You can be tested to see if you have developed an antibody to the illness. Fetal testing may include ultrasound and/or testing of the amniotic fluid or cord blood. Treatment may include antibiotics.

The following measures can help prevent toxoplasmosis infection:

  • Have someone who is healthy and not pregnant change your cat’s litter box, since cat feces can carry T. gondii. If this is not possible, wear gloves and clean the litter box daily. (The parasite found in cat feces can only infect you a few days after being passed.) Wash your hands well with soap and warm water afterward.

  • Wear gloves when you garden or do anything outdoors that involves handling soil. Since cats may use gardens and sandboxes as litter boxes, be cautious when handling soil/sand that could contain the parasite. Thoroughly wash your hands with soap and warm water after outdoor activities, especially before you eat or prepare any food.

  • Have someone who is healthy and not pregnant handle raw meat for you. If this is not possible, wear clean latex gloves when you touch raw meat. Wash any surfaces and utensils that may have touched the raw meat. After handling the meat, wash your hands with soap and warm water.

  • Cook all meat thoroughly. It should be cooked until it is no longer pink in the center or until the juices run clear. Do not sample meat before it is fully cooked.

Food Poisoning

If you are pregnant, you should avoid eating undercooked or raw foods because of the risk of food poisoning. Food poisoning can dehydrate a mother and deprive the fetus of nourishment. In addition, food poisoning can cause meningitis and pneumonia in a fetus, resulting in possible death.

Follow these tips to prevent food poisoning:

  • Thoroughly cook raw food from animal sources, such as beef, pork or poultry.

  • Wash raw vegetables before eating them.

  • Store uncooked meats in an area of the refrigerator that’s separate from vegetables, cooked foods and ready-to-eat foods.

  • Avoid raw (unpasteurized) milk or foods made from raw milk.

  • Wash hands, knives and cutting boards after handling uncooked foods.

Sexually Transmitted Disease

Chlamydia

Chlamydia may be associated with premature labor and rupture of the membranes.

Hepatitis

Patients with hepatitis experience inflammation of the liver, resulting in liver cell damage and destruction. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is the most common type that occurs during pregnancy in the United States.

HBV spreads mainly through contaminated blood and blood products, sexual contact, and contaminated intravenous needles. The later in pregnancy you get the virus, the greater the risk of infecting your baby.

HBV Symptoms and Related Conditions

Signs and symptoms of HBV include jaundice (yellowing of skin, eyes and mucous membranes), fatigue, stomach pain, loss of appetite, intermittent nausea and vomiting.

Although HBV resolves in most people, about 10 percent will develop chronic HBV. HBV can lead to chronic hepatitis, cirrhosisliver cancer, liver failure and death. Infected pregnant women can pass the virus to their fetus during pregnancy and at delivery.

HBV Screening and Vaccination

A blood test for HBV is part of routine prenatal testing. If a risk of HBV is present, the following should occur:

  • Infants of HBV-positive mothers should receive hepatitis B immune globulin and the hepatitis B vaccine during the first 12 hours of birth.

  • Babies of mothers with unknown HBV status should receive the hepatitis B vaccine in the first 12 hours of birth.

  • Babies of mothers with negative HBV status should be vaccinated before leaving the hospital.

  • Premature infants weighing less than 4.5 pounds who are born to mothers with negative HBV status should have their first vaccine dose delayed until one month after birth or leaving the hospital.

All babies should complete the hepatitis B vaccine series to be fully protected from HBV infection.

HIV/AIDS

If you have HIV, you have a one in four chance of infecting your fetus with the virus if you are not on medication. AIDS is caused by HIV. This virus kills or impairs cells of the immune system and progressively destroys the body’s ability to fight infections and certain cancers. The term AIDS applies to the most advanced stages of an HIV infection.

HIV Transmission

HIV is most commonly transmitted by sexual contact with an infected partner. HIV may also be spread through contact with infected blood. This happens mostly by sharing needles, syringes or drug use equipment with someone who is infected with the virus.

According to the National Institutes of Health, HIV transmission from mother to child during pregnancy, labor/delivery or breast-feeding has accounted for nearly all AIDS cases reported among children in the United States.

HIV Symptoms

Some people may develop a flulike illness within a month or two of exposure to the HIV virus, although many people do not develop any symptoms at all when they first become infected. In adults, it may take 10 years or more for persistent or severe symptoms to surface. Symptoms may appear within two years in children born with an HIV infection.

HIV Testing and Treatment

Prenatal care that includes HIV counseling, testing and treatment for infected mothers and their children saves lives and resources. Since the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention began recommending routine HIV screening for all pregnant women in 1995, the estimated incidence of mother-to-child transmission has dropped by approximately 85 percent.

If you have tested positive for HIV while pregnant, your doctor may recommend:

  • Having blood tests to check the amount of virus present.

  • Taking a number of drugs during pregnancy, labor and delivery.

  • Delivering via Cesarean section if you have a high viral load.

  • Administering medicine to your newborn baby. Studies have found that giving a mother antiretroviral medicines during pregnancy, labor and delivery, and then to the baby for six weeks after delivery can reduce the chance of a mother’s transmission of HIV to her baby. This reduction is from 25 percent to less than 2 percent.

  • Refraining from breast-feeding. Studies show that breast-feeding increases the risk of HIV transmission.

Genital Herpes

Herpes is a chronic, sexually transmitted disease caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV). Herpes infections can cause blisters and ulcers on the mouth or face (oral herpes), or in the genital area (genital herpes). 

A first episode of genital herpes during pregnancy creates a greater risk of transmission of the virus to the newborn. Because of this risk, it is important that you avoid contracting herpes during pregnancy. Protection from genital herpes includes abstaining from sex when symptoms are present and using latex condoms between outbreaks.

For severe cases of genital herpes during pregnancy, your doctor may administer an antiviral medicine.  If you have active genital herpes (shedding the virus) at the time of delivery, your doctor will likely recommend a Cesarean delivery to prevent a potentially fatal infection in your baby. Fortunately, infection of an infant is rare among women with genital herpes infection.

 

Helo I am 30 years old boy and my wife is 28 years old girl. We married 45 days ago and my wife is pregnant from one month. My question is can we continue sex in these months if yes then tell me how long? Is it safe?

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Helo I am 30 years old boy and my wife is 28 years old girl. We married 45 days ago and my wife is pregnant from one ...
It is better to avoid in the first three months of pregnancy and the last few weeks of pregnancy. In between it's a relatively safe period.
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I do not want child right now, but also do not want to use condoms, please suggest me safe period for sex.

MBBS, MS - Obstetrics & Gynecology, Fellowship in Infertility (IVF Specialist)
Gynaecologist, Aurangabad
Hi Raghu you should avoid sex from day 8-18of the period if cycle is 30days. Or other option is birth control pills.
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I am 16 years old have been detected with pcos by scanning should I start taking hormonal tablets for it? I have hairs all over body fine hair and few pimples on my face I have regular period but recently I have started spotting between period.

MBBS
General Physician, Cuttack
I am 16 years old have been detected with pcos by scanning should I start taking hormonal tablets for it? I have hair...
1.In PCOS (polycystic ovarian syndrome )many small cysts appear in ovary-causing hormonal imbalance and .there is production of excess Testosterone. Diet rich in Omega 3 Fatty acid reducece excess Testosterone and can be used in the treatment 2.They secrete more androgen 3.The symptoms are weight gain,acne, decreased ovulation, irregular period, infertility, depression, extra facial and body hair, hair loss from scalp, insulin resistance causing Diabetes. 4.it is genetically inherited,runs in families 5.it can be diagnosed by pelvic laparoscopy/vaginal ultrasound. 6.Treatment-surgery/anti androgen therapy 7.consult gynecologist for advice and treatment
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I took the Emergency pill approximately 2 months back. Prior to this, I had taken it twice before due to various reasons in a span of 1 year. My period was about two weeks delayed. I had an extremely light period, which is unusual. After this, I have not gotten my period so far. Is it due to the excess of hormones due to repeatedly taking the pill that this has happened? Is there any way to fix the problem?

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, DNB
Gynaecologist, Bangalore
I took the Emergency pill approximately 2 months back. Prior to this, I had taken it twice before due to various reas...
IREGGULARITY OF PERIODS AFTER EMERGENCY PILL IS QUITE FREQUENT. PLEASE CHECK IF YOUR PREGNANT NOW. IF NEED TO BE PUT ON PROGESTERONE PILLS FOR WITHDRAWAL BLEEDING AND THEN PUT ON OC PILLS FOR 3-6 MONTHS.
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My wife's weight is increasing and she is loosing interest in sex completely. Pls suggest.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
My wife's weight is increasing and she is loosing interest in sex completely. Pls suggest.
Her bmi is 23.7 which is absolutely normal for her age and height. If she has put on little weight off late, it can not be the reason for loosing interest in the sex.
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I had done sex with my bf it is around 40 day before and I use prega news test kit its result is positive is there any medicine who destroy this pregnancy any medicine or injection I don't want this pregnancy right now please help me.

MD - General Medicine
Sexologist, Nashik
I had done sex with my bf it is around 40 day before and I use prega news test kit its result is positive is there an...
Ya. Immediately you have to act. Consult gynaec. Oral medicine r effective till 45 days. But to be taken under supervision.
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How to get quick relief from severe stomach pain and lower body pain during menstruation?

DHMS (Hons.)
Homeopath, Patna
How to get quick relief from severe stomach pain and lower body pain during menstruation?
Hi, colic during menstruation- take: homoeo care* @ colocynth 30, thrice/day, -5 drops. @ sepia 200,-5 drops, once a day take care.
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My wife is pregnant and 2nd week of pregnancy what will the diet chart for healthy baby or normal delivery?

MBBS
Sexologist, Panchkula
My wife is pregnant and 2nd week of pregnancy what will the diet chart for healthy baby or normal delivery?
Your wife is pregnant. I advise her to take proper balanced vegetarian diet. Take fruits and vegetables in daily diet. Take 8 to 10 glasses of water daily. Avoid non veg and eggs. Do meditation for mental strength.
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Hello doc. I had bipolar disorder. N also on medication of licab 300mg n qutipin. Me n my husband r planning for child next year. Pls suggest right precautions to be careful during pregnancy.

MBBS, DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Hello doc. I had bipolar disorder. N also on medication of licab 300mg n qutipin. Me n my husband r planning for chil...
antipsychotic drugs are better avoided in pregnancy.. but due to lack of large studies their side effects on foetus have not all been documented clearly wth statistical precision.However, if your psychiatrist feels that continuation of treatment is more important, please defer planning a family for the time being.
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Unknown Pleasure Points In A Woman's Body

MD-Ayurveda, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Sexologist, Haldwani
Unknown Pleasure Points In A Woman's Body

Pressing the right buttons in a female body can heighten the pleasure markedly. The human body is a very fascinating entity that people know very less about. These hidden spots in a woman’s body will definitely turn her on and ensure an intense orgasm and in some cases, multiple orgasms too.

Here are a few clandestine pleasure points you need to keep in mind for your next sexual encounter:

  1. Ears: The ears have 120 acupressure points which is why you should be paying attention to caressing the ears. Biting, caressing, licking and blowing into the ears can arouse a woman tremendously. If you are a great talker, whisper dirty, sexy things into her ear to increase the spread of sexual energy in her body.
  2. Wrists: The wrists are an erogenous zone which not much people pay attention to. However, the wrist is covered with a thin layer of skin which classifies it as a pleasure point because when the wrists are kissed and nibbled, a woman gets turned on immensely.
  3. Nape of the Neck: This spot is packed with nerve endings that make it a spot to be paid attention to for maximum arousal. Kissing and licking the nape of a woman’s neck is tingling and inflames the sexual arousal in her. Hence, this is a part you should be paying extra attention to during foreplay.
  4. Lower Back: Pay attention to this sensitive spot as a part of your foreplay repertoire as massaging the lower back is very stimulating to a woman. Other than an elevated arousal, massaging the lower back soothes the pelvic muscles and makes the intercourse smoother.
  5. Inner Thighs: Perilously close to the genitals, the inner thighs are an underrated pleasure point which most guys don’t focus on. Kissing and licking the inner thighs will turn a woman on in no time. During foreplay, you can work your way up from the inner thighs to the clitoris to arouse her further.
  6. Back of Neck: The reason your neck is such a hot spot: it’s extremely sensitive, full of blood vessels, and is associated with vulnerability. Soft, lingering caresses are clutch. 
  7. Pelvis: Concentrating some affection on her pelvis is a great idea; however, you’ll have to resist the urge to slip down to her vagina while you’re so close. Like teasing her inner thighs, kissing and licking around her pelvis will excite her until she’s begging for more. Prolong the sensation by leaving the region to focus on another body part for a while.
  8. Behind Her Knees: This area is one that most men don’t think of when trying to stimulate a woman, but it is, in fact, quite sensitive. Gently caressing the back of the knee under her skirt while the two of you are in a public place will make her ready to get busy once you get home. Don’t forget to pay some more attention to this special spot once you’re alone too.
  9. The Arm: The area of her arm below the shoulder and between her elbow on the exterior part of her arm is another clitoris.

When you find the point that is that one special pressure point and when pressed on directly and held for 10 seconds or more, she has the capability of moving into orgasmic breath and wave of pleasure fills through her body.

The Takeaway

While sexual arousal seems like a highly individual sort of thing, people generally tend to agree on which spots get their motors running. These so-called "erogenous zones" are linked to feelings of sexual arousal —stimulating these spots can ramp up feelings of sexual pleasure and make sex more satisfying. The best way to find out what you and your partner like is to communicate, experiment, communicate some more, and repeat.

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Hi I had intercourse with my husband once after that I took saheli tablet once on Monday n again one on Thursday. Shall I stop it r shud I continue it till I get my periods.

BHMS, MD - Homeopathy
Homeopath, Delhi
Hi I had intercourse with my husband once after that I took saheli tablet once on Monday n again one on Thursday. Sha...
Dosage of oral contraceptive pills is one tablet once daily for 21 days starting from 5th day of menstrual cycle it should be taken continuously for 21 days otherwise its not effective.
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Hello' actually my cousin Breast size is to large. Jise vjah she shoulder pain or back pain kafe hone LGA kafe time we excersize bhe kr rhe h but koi frk to Brest size kam krne k lie kya krna chaiye kya koi pills h iske liye.

BPTh/BPT, MPTh/MPT
Physiotherapist, Noida
Hello' actually my cousin Breast size is to large. Jise vjah she shoulder pain or back pain kafe hone LGA kafe time w...
Postural correction- sit tall, walk tall. Extension exercises x 15 times x twice daily. Apply hot fomentation twice daily. Avoid bending in front.
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Hello, here I wanted to discuss about my wife. She is 31 now, she is pregnant now and running 7th week. I just came to know she is diabetic. We didn't recognize it before. I just checked in this site as taking fenugreek during pregnancy is at high risk and side effects also. And please let me know what is the best diet and what kind of precautions I need to take. Actually now she is taking insulin daily 5 units as doctor prescribed. She is a bit fat too. Her weight 60 now.

M.B.S.(HOMEO), MD - Homeopathy
Homeopath, Visakhapatnam
Hello, here I wanted to discuss about my wife. She is 31 now, she is pregnant now and running 7th week. I just came t...
Dieting to lose weight during pregnancy is not recommended, because you may not receive enough nourishment for you and your baby, and it may increase your risk for premature delivery. Meal plan during pregnancy: carbohydrate inadequate carbohydrate intake can result in low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) for women taking insulin and in ketone production for women who have gestational diabetes. Excessive carbohydrate intake can result in elevated blood sugar levels. Make sure your meal plan contains: complex carbohydrate, especially foods high in fiber, such as oatmeal, brown rice, bran cereal, whole wheat bread, whole wheat pasta, and beans. Fresh fruits. Milk. Fresh or frozen vegetables. Limit these carbohydrate foods in your diet: refined sugar and foods with a high content of refined sugars (sweets) refined starches, such as highly processed breakfast cereals, instant potatoes, instant rice, or instant noodles fruit juice protein if your kidney function is impaired, your protein allowance may be lowered. Fat monounsaturated fats and omega-3 fats, rather than saturated fats, should continue to be the primary source of fat in your diet. Fiber get enough fiber each day. Fiber can help stabilize your blood sugar levels and relieve constipation, which is common during pregnancy. Most people get far more sodium than they need. Talk to your doctor about how much sodium you should eat. Vitamins and minerals take a prenatal vitamin with folic acid and iron to meet your body's increased need for these micronutrients. Folic acid is needed for the production of blood cells. And iron is needed for red blood cells to deliver oxygen throughout the body. Folic acid has also been proved to reduce the risk of fetal neural tube defects. You may need to take a vitamin b12 supplement, which is important for the production of red blood cells, and a vitamin d supplement if you are a strict vegetarian (vegan). Vitamin b12 can only be obtained from animal sources in the diet. Other vitamins and minerals, such as the b vitamins and calcium, are important during pregnancy for producing energy and preserving your body's calcium stores. Very large doses (megadoses) of vitamins, especially vitamins a and d, are not recommended during pregnancy. Vitamins and minerals should only be taken under your doctor's supervision. Artificial sweeteners saccharin (sweet'n low, sugar twin), aspartame (equal, nutrasweet), acesulfame k (sunett), sucralose (splenda), and neotame are safe to eat when you are pregnant. Avoid using aspartame (equal or nutrasweet) if you have phenylketonuria (pku). Caffeine avoid caffeine. Alcohol do not drink alcohol. No amount of alcohol has been proved to be safe for a developing baby (fetus).
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Am 25 years old. Recently married. Now my problem is PCOS. Pcos present both overy. Irregular period, weight gain, Acne problem. How to loss my weight? Which food is perfect for me? What should I do?

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician,
Am 25 years old. Recently married. Now my problem is PCOS. Pcos present both overy. Irregular period, weight gain, Ac...
To lose weight, you must burn more calories than you consume. One pound equals 3,500 calories. If you cut 500 a day from your diet, you'll lose a pound a week. People who lose weight slowly, about 1 to 2 pounds per week, are more successful at keeping the weight off. You'll also burn additional calories if you increase your physical activity. You weight-loss plan should do all of the following: • Emphasize fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and fat-free or low-fat dairy products. • Include lean meats, poultry, fish, beans, eggs, and nuts. • Contain foods low in saturated fats, avoid trans fats, and limit cholesterol and salt (sodium). • Avoid refined sugars and processed foods. Some tips to help you lose weight: • Keep a food diary. Writing down everything you eat is critical! Noting how you feel when you eat will help you identify emotional triggers that may cause you to overeat. Emotional eaters tend to overeat. • Eat when you're truly hungry rather than when you're tired, anxious or stressed. • Eat slowly. If you eat too fast, you eat more than you need to satisfy your hunger. Your brain needs time to catch up with your stomach. • Plan your meals ahead of time so you make healthy choices. When dining out, check the menu online and decide what you will order before you sit down. Ask for dressings on the side. Opt for foods that are baked, broiled or steamed versus fried or swimming in creamy sauces. Avoid chips and bread baskets—they add unnecessary calories. • Stay hydrated. People often mistake thirst for hunger. • Eat breakfast. If you skip this meal, you'll be starving by lunchtime. You'll have more difficulty making healthy choices throughout the day.
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