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Dr. Hardik Thakker  - Internal Medicine Specialist, Mumbai

Dr. Hardik Thakker

89 (444 ratings)
MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS

Internal Medicine Specialist, Mumbai

12 Years Experience  ·  500 at clinic  ·  ₹300 online
Dr. Hardik Thakker 89% (444 ratings) MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS Internal Medicine Specialist, Mumbai
12 Years Experience  ·  500 at clinic  ·  ₹300 online
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Symptoms and prevention of Dengue fever

 

A very good evening to all of you. I’m Dr Hardik Thakker. An MD physician from Mumbai. Today I will be talking to you about dengue fever. This year we have had a lot of patients suffering from dengue fever, so, this is a viral infection and it is an effect. It is caused by the dengue virus. There are four types of viruses this is a den1, den2, den3, den4. So depending on the zero watts the toxicity of the dengue virus varies and is transmitted to the bite of ADEs aegypti mosquito. So we commonly see patients coming with dengue fever who have gotten a fever with chills a lot of body ache and then this is a backache so it is called as a broken bone.

Break spine fever because of this reason and there are people commonly come with low platelet counts and low WBC comes and these infections and the reason is the virus goes and affects the bone marrow and fix the spleen and these are the reasons why there is a decrease in the counts. And one of the complication dengue fever is hock wherein the BP of the person drops really low levels and they can also lead to a RDS and breathlessness so it is very important to diagnose dengue on time and get treated on time. Certain population need hospitalization especially those with low WBC counts low platelet counts people who are breathless, who have a very bad rash or who are going into shock and low BP and this disease can take a toll hence you have to act very promptly. Also once you have an infection from one COR you can still be exposed to infection to other COR’s. In short, having dengue ones does not protect you from future episodes of dengue we currently have some vaccines in the research trial right now for prevention of dengue. Hope they come to the market soon and we can use it for the general public as well. And in the meantime, one has to take care of protecting yourself from the mosquitos not to allow them to breed keep away all water collections. Keep the areas dry and use mosquito repellents for more information on dengue fever you can reach me for my online portal which is www.lybrate.com. Thank you very much.

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Causes and symptoms of Pneumonia

 

A very good evening to all of you. I’m Dr Hardik Thakker. I am an MD physician and an infectious disease specialist practising in Mumbai. Today I would like to talk about pneumonia. As we know pneumonia is very common in a regular population and it is an infection of the lungs. The most common situation where you see pneumonia is in the infants or children below 12 years or in old people about 60 years especially those with diabetes and HIV especially people who have a very weak immunity. so talking about the causes how does pneumonia happen? Pneumonia is caused by different bacteria, viruses and the fungi which are found in the air. So when you inhale the air, these pathogens enter your lungs. Most of the healthy people have a good immunity and that fights of these bacteria or the virus or the fungi only those people who are immunocompromised or diabetics with high sugars or children’s who have a weaker immunity those are the people who are very susceptible to pneumonia and these are the ones who actually get it. So what happens in pneumonia, people get a fever, they get a cough, they get breathlessness and it can take a toll if not control in time. Hence it is very urgent for us recognize pneumonia on time and hospitalize the patients if required for the treatment. For more information on treating pneumonia in and for further treatment options, you can reach me for my online portal which is www.lybrate.com/HardikThakker or you can go to my own website as well. Thank you very much.

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A very good evening to all of you. I m Dr. Hardik Thakker, an M.D physician from Mumbai. Today I ...

Few tips to Lose Weight

A very good evening to all of you. I’m Dr. Hardik Thakker, an M.D physician from Mumbai. Today I would be speaking on Five tips for losing weight.

So as you all know there is a trend for people who are overweight these days, and they want to lose weight. This can be for varied occasions, like for going for parties, or getting ready for their marriages, or just to achieve their health goals.

  • So the first and the foremost health tip would be once you get up in the morning one can have a glass of water with one lemon. This is one of the best ways to boost your metabolism, because as we know, lemon is a booster, it boosts your daily basic metabolic rate and helps you to lose more calories. This is to be taken in the morning on an empty stomach.
  • The second health tip would be to avoid any foods which are rich in sugars or pastries or sweets, and to prefer to have more of complex carbohydrates in every day diet.
  • The third health tip would be to have at least a jog or a cardio workout every day for thirty minutes. This is again to help you lose the calories and boost your metabolism. It’s only when you lose the calories that your fat depots go down.
  • The fourth tip would be to have enough of sleep because good sleep is very important for the body to rest, and to do justice to whatever workout you have done.
  • And the fifth tip is to have a weight training schedule at least five times in a week. This is to build muscles, so once you have more muscle tissue it is having a higher metabolic rate and it helps you to lose fast.

For more details on weight loss options and medication that can help you to achieve your goals, you can please get back to me on my website that is www.lybrate.com, and you can access my profile from there. Thank you very much.

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Causes and Treatment for HIV<br/><br/>A very good evening to all of you. I am Dr Hardik Thakkar. ...

Causes and Treatment for HIV

A very good evening to all of you. I am Dr Hardik Thakkar. I am a MD physician, and an infectious disease expert speaking from Mumbai. Today I would like to take this opportunity to speak to you on HIV.

It is one of the most dreaded diseases, which can infect a person. As you know about the mode of transmission,

  • the most common mode of transmission is through the sexual route, whether through the heterosexual route or through the homosexual route.
  • The second common mode of transmission is accidental injury or from needle stick injuries or accidental injury from blood contamination; that is, contamination of the body surfaces with the blood.
  • The third, uncommon cause though, is through blood transfusion.
  • The fourth cause, which is not very common these days, is through the pregnancy, and we are using medication so that this does not happen to the child.

Coming back to the disease, what happens is, with this disease, it affects the helper T cells of your immune system. So as a result of this the CD4 cells, they decrease in the number and the helper cells decrease in the body and they are not able to mount an immune attack on any infection and they can come and attack your body. As a result, the immunity of the person goes down, he gets more vulnerable to infections like tuberculosis, fungal infections, candida infections, respiratory infections, diarrhoea and meningitis. This is because, the immune system is hijacked by the virus. And that is the reason, this is a disease everybody is afraid of. At the moment we do not have any curative options available.

However, we do have medications that help you to suppress the viral load. As a result the CD4 counts increase, and your immunity increases, and the people live a longer life. At the moment I would like to talk about the newest launch of the ART medicine which is dorita.This is a game changing molecule because it is very effective. It does not have side effects. It is produced in India at a much affordable rates.

For more information on the disease and about the different treatment options available , you can get back to me through my website or through lybrate.com. Thank you very much.

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Here are Causes, Symptoms, Tests and Precautions of Coronary Artery Disease.<br/><br/>A big Hi to...

Here are Causes, Symptoms, Tests and Precautions of Coronary Artery Disease.

A big Hi to all the viewers. I am Dr. Hardik Thakkar an MB physician practicing in Mumbai. I would like to take this opportunity to talk to you about coronary artery disease.

As the word suggests coronary artery disease is a lifestyle disorder which affects the blood vessels of the heart. What happens in you is there are these cholesterol throbey blocks as we call them in layman’s term which deposit in the arteries and then they cause blockage to your micro circulation in the heart. So because of this what happens is the patient complains of pain in the chest, breathlessness, leg swelling, and sometimes even palpitations and a lot of diabetic patients may just get asymptomatic MIs which is these blocks will be there but they may not have any symptoms as I mentioned before.

Now this disease is dreadful because a lot of times these episodes come suddenly in the middle of the night and you may not have enough time to respond and a lot of these patients if they have a very significant amount of block like more than 90 or may be a 100 percent block. They may even die within hours of reaching the hospital. This is the gravity of the situation and hence one has to act very very fast if it all you get a chest pain.

But to begin with since we are talking about lifestyle modification we want to know what is in the lifestyle which leads to the coronary artery disease. As we all know a lot of people from the urban areas who are having sedentary who are not eating right. They are not sleeping right and they are not even working out so all this puts a huge oxidant stress and the wrong diet along with high fi diet which leads to cholesterol deposition and the plagues in the coronary arteries. So what should be done? I mean we need to start at a young age because it is not as we have to wait till 40 and start acting because this plague starts developing as early as 15 years of age. To begin with to prevent the coronary artery disease you have to start early, eat healthy right from your young age. Workout regularly and have an active lifestyle and avoid smoking and alcohol. Smoking is one of the major confounding factors which predisposes to lot of damage to endothelium of your arteries.

So leading a good lifestyle right from the beginning is very very important to you know take care of your coronary artery disease and diabetics as a matter of fact are at a very high risk of having coronary artery disease as compared to the general population. And I would also recommend the public I mean the regular people at least above 40 years to have a stresses done at least once a year along with your lipid profile sugar. This is just to make sure you are on a right track and you are not missing a coronary artery disease. I would like to talk a little bit in brief on this stress test which is you know a test which used to diagnose Angina.

So what we do we make a patient run on treadmill for ten minutes and we record ECGs of all the ten minutes along with the BP changes and if it all if a person has a hidden heart disease not reflected on his symptoms we pick it up and this is followed by the angiography. Once the angiography is done depending on the amount if blocks that are found we treat the patient either medically or with stents or by bypass. This is dictated by the number of arteries the location of plague and the extent of the block. So that’s about it for coronary artery disease at the moment.

If you wish to have more private consultation with me you can reach me through my website which is www.drhardikthakkar.com or also through the lybrate website which is www.lybrate.com. Thank you very much for your time.

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Here are symptoms, type, effects, and Treatments of Diabetes<br/><br/>Hi, to all the viewers. I a...

Here are symptoms, type, effects, and Treatments of Diabetes

Hi, to all the viewers. I am Dr. Hardik Thakker, an M. D. physician practicing from Mumbai. I would like to take this opportunity to talk about diabetes mellitus, As you all know, diabetes is a very common lifestyle disorder that we see in India. In fact, 7.1% of the adult Indian population is afflicted by this disease. If you go by world ranking, India ranks 1 as per the total number of diabetic patients in India followed by China and the United States. So this number by itself shows the burden of the disease.

Now, what I commonly see in our practice is there are a lot of newly diagnosed patients who do not have any symptoms but they have just done a random sugar check and are diagnosed to have diabetes. So the moral of the story is that one does not need to have symptoms. Typically, a diabetic would have a history of increased urination, increase of water intake, weight gain or weight loss. Sometimes, they may develop complications like eye issues, peripheral neuropathy which is tingling and numbness in the nerves and sometimes they come with foot ulcers but a majority of the patients are asymptomatic. So, a sincere request to all the viewers to have your sugars checked once a year at least just to be sure that you are not missing out on your own disease.

Now, I am going to speak about the types of diabetes, why does it happen and what are the things that happen in diabetes. There is Type 1 diabetes which is found in people less than 20 years of age, and then there is autoimmune destruction of the pancreas because of which the secretion of insulin is not there and hence the sugars are high. These patients need only insulin and there are no medications for them. The second and the most common type is Type 2 diabetes which you will find in people above 40 years of age. The typical age in Mumbai or in India for that matter is 42 years which is the age of presentation and they usually treated with medications and sometimes with add-on insulin.

There is a third uncommon variant called the MODY which is Mode Dematurity Onset Diabetes which also needs insulin and it has some autoimmune disorders and genetic predispositions. In diabetes, there are sugars present in the blood in very high amounts which damages a lot of your organs. For example, the most common organ is the nerve. So it leads to neuropathy, people get tingling and numbness in the nerves. Also, another most common organ is the heart. Diabetes can cause blockages in the heart which leads to heart attack. The third common is the eye, specially the retina. It causes retinopathy and people have decreased vision and sometimes they see floaters in the eyes.

Fourth, most common complication is the foot ulcer. We do not want people to have these complications and hence the reason to diagnose and treat early and eat right. With regard to lifestyle management, I would sincerely request diabetic patients to have a brisk walk for 30 minutes every day. This by itself will increase your insulin sensitivity and help you to decrease the dose. Second thing is eating healthy which makes a huge difference to your sugar levels, to have a very low calorie meal, specifically avoid sugars and exercise. So, that is all I would like to say on diabetes.

If you wish to contact me further or would like to consult with me in private, I would request you to go to my website which is www.drhardikthakker.com and you can even get in touch with me through lybrate.com. Thank you very much for your time.

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Personal Statement

My favorite part of being a doctor is the opportunity to directly improve the health and wellbeing of my patients and to develop professional and personal relationships with them....more
My favorite part of being a doctor is the opportunity to directly improve the health and wellbeing of my patients and to develop professional and personal relationships with them.
More about Dr. Hardik Thakker
Dr. Hardik Thakker is a general physician based in Mumbai. In just 3 years of his career as a general physician, Dr. Hardik Thakker has made a reputation of his own when it comes to providing a wholesome and effective remedy to each and one of his patients. You can avail his services at Multispecialty Clinic in Mulund West, Mumbai. Dr. Thakker specializes in Allergy-related problems, Cardiology, diabetes-related disorders, hematology, General Neurology and HIV related disorders among others for which you can seek his help. Dr. Thakker received his MD from K.E.M. in 2013. A well-reputed name in his field, Dr. Thakker is a professional member of MMC. In his clinic, under a comfortable, ethically positive and a relaxed atmosphere that blends the professional and the personal approach, you can avail a bunch of services that includes Oxygen Therapy, Allergy Treatment, Weight Management Treatment, Dengue Treatment and Gastrointestinal Disorders among others, for which you will get an effective and wholesome remedy.

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5 Signs that You Are Having a Migraine

MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS
Internal Medicine Specialist, Mumbai
5 Signs that You Are Having a Migraine

A migraine is considered to be one of the worst headaches of all. It causes excruciating pain along with a range of other symptoms. Notably, a migraine pain is very different in nature compared to general headache. A migraine pain is mostly felt on any one side of the brain. Since a migraine is difficult to diagnose, here is a list of 5 signs that will help you to understand, if your headache qualifies as a migraine:

  1. Vision splotches: It is very common among migraine patients to experience blind spots and a sudden flash of light. While this might appear to be a little unusual, it is pretty normal for migraine patients. The visual cortex of the brain is responsible for incidences like these. They often pace up and slow down to cause such unnatural feelings. For cases like this, the nerve gets activated by the optical lobe and crashes immediately resulting in such sensations. These visible auras are felt by both the eyes.
  2. A spinning sensation: A migraine patient often gets a swirling sensation. This requires them to immediately lie down. This is accompanied with nausea and throwing up. Certain migraine-induced changes caused in the brain causes hearing imbalance which is very similar to vertigo. These auras often serve as the onset of a migraine and can last for over one hour before the actual migraine cycle starts. If a person is suffering from these symptoms, it is a clear indication that he is suffering from a migraine.
  3. Light sensitivity: Migraine patients often becomes oversensitive to sound and light. This is perhaps the reason why most migraine sufferers like to spend more time in dark and solicitude. Studies have shown that sudden exposure to light activates the optic nerve fiber which in turn activates the pain receptors in the brain. A study conducted by the Nature Neuroscience journal conducted in the year 2010 showed that even blind person (with a migraine) suffers from a sudden glow of light.
  4. Touch sensitivity: Sensory auras often cause sharp pain from tiniest of touches. This is a condition known as the allodynia. This is a condition by which the spine and the brain get super excited by the inflamed blood vessels. This condition should be reported to a doctor since the most common medicine of a migraine does not work well if a patient is suffering from allodynia.
  5. Funny Face: Aura of the tongue, face and lips are known as cheiro-oral. There is a type of aura that makes even speaking and eating difficult. At time sufferers feel that they are suffering from serious diseases such as brain tumor. If this condition prevails, it makes sense to contact your doctor at the earliest and start medication.
1 person found this helpful

Know About Common Lungs Diseases!

MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS
Internal Medicine Specialist, Mumbai
Know About Common Lungs Diseases!

Lung diseases are some of the most common diseases suffered by human beings throughout the world. Smoking and infections are responsible for most lung diseases. The lungs perform one of the most important functions of the body. It is also one of the most active organs in the human body and hence lung problems can arise due to problems in any other part of the body. Some of the most common and infectious lung diseases are discussed below...

1. Asthma
Asthma is a common long term disease which is characterized by reversible airflow obstruction and bronchospasm. The symptoms of asthma include coughing, shortness of breath and tightness of chest. These symptoms may occur frequently during a day and depending on the person, it may become worse during night or during a certain exercise.

2. Pneumonia
Pneumonia is another common lung problem which is suffered due to inflammation in the microscopic air sacs in the lungs known as alveoli. Symptoms of pneumonia include dry cough, chest pain, breathing problem and fever. Pneumonia is caused most commonly by viruses or bacteria. It is also caused by certain medications and conditions which are popularly known as autoimmune diseases. There are a number of vaccines available to prevent certain types of pneumonia. Other methods include hand washing and refraining from smoking.

3. Tuberculosis
Tuberculosis is a very infectious disease which is caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Although tuberculosis generally affects the lungs, but it has been known to affect other parts of the body as well. Symptoms of tuberculosis include cough containing sputum with blood, night sweats, fever and weight loss. Air is an active medium for spreading tuberculosis. This happens when people who already have tuberculosis sneeze, cough or speak. Infection occurs more in those who have HIV/AIDS or those who smoke. Prevention of tuberculosis includes staying away and keeping those who are at high risk, early detection and treatment and vaccination.

4. Mesothelioma
Mesothelioma is a type of cancer which affects the lungs. It affects the lining of the lungs and chest wall. Symptoms of mesothelioma include shortness of breath, swollen abdomen, cough, chest pain, weight loss and general lethargy. Mesothelioma is caused mainly due to exposure to asbestos. Those people who mine asbestos, produce products from asbestos, work with asbestos products are at high risk. Mesothelioma also results from genetical problems and due to infection caused by the simian virus 40.

5. Pulmonary Embolism
This is a disease caused due to blockage of an artery in the lungs by a substance which has travelled from another part of the body by the bloodstream. Symptoms of this disease include chest pain, breath shortness and coughing up of blood. There may also be signs of blood clot in the legs.

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Know More About Pneumonia

MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS
Internal Medicine Specialist, Mumbai
Play video

 

A very good evening to all of you. I’m Dr Hardik Thakker. I am an MD physician and an infectious disease specialist practising in Mumbai. Today I would like to talk about pneumonia. As we know pneumonia is very common in a regular population and it is an infection of the lungs. The most common situation where you see pneumonia is in the infants or children below 12 years or in old people about 60 years especially those with diabetes and HIV especially people who have a very weak immunity. so talking about the causes how does pneumonia happen? Pneumonia is caused by different bacteria, viruses and the fungi which are found in the air. So when you inhale the air, these pathogens enter your lungs. Most of the healthy people have a good immunity and that fights of these bacteria or the virus or the fungi only those people who are immunocompromised or diabetics with high sugars or children’s who have a weaker immunity those are the people who are very susceptible to pneumonia and these are the ones who actually get it. So what happens in pneumonia, people get a fever, they get a cough, they get breathlessness and it can take a toll if not control in time. Hence it is very urgent for us recognize pneumonia on time and hospitalize the patients if required for the treatment. For more information on treating pneumonia in and for further treatment options, you can reach me for my online portal which is www.lybrate.com/HardikThakker or you can go to my own website as well. Thank you very much.

1 person found this helpful

Dengue Fever

MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS
Internal Medicine Specialist, Mumbai
Play video

 

A very good evening to all of you. I’m Dr Hardik Thakker. An MD physician from Mumbai. Today I will be talking to you about dengue fever. This year we have had a lot of patients suffering from dengue fever, so, this is a viral infection and it is an effect. It is caused by the dengue virus. There are four types of viruses this is a den1, den2, den3, den4. So depending on the zero watts the toxicity of the dengue virus varies and is transmitted to the bite of ADEs aegypti mosquito. So we commonly see patients coming with dengue fever who have gotten a fever with chills a lot of body ache and then this is a backache so it is called as a broken bone.

Break spine fever because of this reason and there are people commonly come with low platelet counts and low WBC comes and these infections and the reason is the virus goes and affects the bone marrow and fix the spleen and these are the reasons why there is a decrease in the counts. And one of the complication dengue fever is hock wherein the BP of the person drops really low levels and they can also lead to a RDS and breathlessness so it is very important to diagnose dengue on time and get treated on time. Certain population need hospitalization especially those with low WBC counts low platelet counts people who are breathless, who have a very bad rash or who are going into shock and low BP and this disease can take a toll hence you have to act very promptly. Also once you have an infection from one COR you can still be exposed to infection to other COR’s. In short, having dengue ones does not protect you from future episodes of dengue we currently have some vaccines in the research trial right now for prevention of dengue. Hope they come to the market soon and we can use it for the general public as well. And in the meantime, one has to take care of protecting yourself from the mosquitos not to allow them to breed keep away all water collections. Keep the areas dry and use mosquito repellents for more information on dengue fever you can reach me for my online portal which is www.lybrate.com. Thank you very much.

How Is Pulmonary Hypertension Treated?

MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS
Internal Medicine Specialist, Mumbai
How Is Pulmonary Hypertension Treated?

Pulmonary hypertension is a medical condition that arises when the blood pressure remains consistently high in the vessels of the lungs. This condition can develop from a completely unrelated medical condition and is more prevalent among women. 

Pulmonary Hypertension can be a hard disease to diagnose. While it has no permanent cure, the medication depends on how far the disease has advanced. From group 1 PAH to group 5 PAH, pulmonary hypertension has 5 stages of advancement. 

Here is a list of 10 ways by which this disease can be kept under control along with the prescribed medication:

  1. Quit smoking: Smoking aggravates pulmonary hypertension. It has adverse effects on both the heart and the lung. It is therefore of utmost importance to quit smoking. If you fail to control your urge of smoking, contact your doctor who can suggest a quitting plan.
  2. Avoid high altitude: Patients suffering from pulmonary hypertension should avoid flying and living at high altitude. An altitude of 8000 feet and above can worsen the symptoms. It is therefore suggested that you do not take flights for travelling or come down below the altitude of 2428 meters if you are living in hilly areas.
  3. A healthy diet: A healthy diet consisting of fresh fruit and vegetables, lean meat and whole grains should be consumed on a daily basis. A nutritious diet goes a long way in keeping pulmonary hypertension in check.
  4. Adequate rest: A minimum of 8 hours of sleep is recommended for patients suffering from pulmonary hypertension. A good night’s sleep and frequent naps keeps fatigue at bay. 
  5. Pregnancy and birth control pills: Avoiding pregnancy is a must for patients suffering from this disease. Pregnancy can be life threatening for the both the baby and the mother. Birth control pills should be avoided as well. It greatly increases the chance of blood clots. 
  6. Maintain a steady blood pressure: Any activities that lower the blood pressure should be avoided by all means. Spending too much time in a bathtub or prolonged stress increases the chances fainting.
  7. Become more active: Patients of pulmonary hypertension often run out of breath with little to no activity. While activities such as weight lifting should be strictly avoided, some exercise or daily jogging can fetch good result in keeping a patient healthy.
  8. Get vaccine on time: Doctors often suggest vaccines if the patient suffers from pneumonia or influenza. It should be ensured that such vaccines are taken on time. For patients suffering from pulmonary hypertension, prolonged exposure to diseases such as pneumonia can wreak havoc.
  9. Regular checkup: Regular follow up with the doctor is of prime importance. Any possible side effects or deterioration can be arrested with constant supervision.
  10. On time medication: Patients of pulmonary hypertension should ensure that all the medicines suggested by the doctor are taken at regular intervals as per prescribed dosage.
5 people found this helpful

Epilepsy - How To Deal With It?

MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS
Internal Medicine Specialist, Mumbai
Epilepsy - How To Deal With It?

Epilepsy is a relatively common disorder. Most cases of epilepsy can be controlled with a combination of drug therapy and healthy lifestyle. In some cases, surgery may also be advised. Epilepsy affects not only the lifestyle of the patient but also that of their caregiver. Each person reacts to epilepsy in a different way and hence the type of care needed also varies from person to person. While some patients have few seizures and require care only when they're having a seizure others need round the clock care. Here are a few tips to keep in mind if a loved one suffers from epilepsy.

Know what type of epilepsy you are dealing with.
Not all epileptic seizures are the same. Find out what type of seizures your loved one suffers from and what are the possible triggers associated with Involve yourself in their lifestyle.

Epilepsy should not be a reason for your loved one to lock themselves in a room to stay safe. Participate in activities with them of you feel the activity may be a safety risk if they were to have a seizure; for example - swimming.

Notice seizure triggers.
Often an epileptic patient may not remember the seizure after it has occurred. As their care giver, keep a seizure diary to track their seizures and its related triggers. Look for patterns in the triggers to their epilepsy attacks.

Keep them safe during a seizure.
When experiencing a seizure, the patient will lose consciousness, experience muscle convulsions and may grit his teeth. If the person is standing, hold them so that they do not fall. If they are lying down, try turning them onto their side. Do not put anything into their mouth.

Take care of them after a seizure.
After the seizure, people are most likely to be confused, tired and have a headache. Check for injuries and keep them calm till medical help arrives. Loosen clothing around their neck and ensure that there is nothing inhibiting their breathing.

Medical identification.
While someone who suffers from seizures often is likely to always have someone with them, others who have rare seizures may often venture out alone. In such cases, ensure that they always have medical identification on them. Also make sure that their friends, colleagues etc are aware of their medical condition.

Help them maintain a healthy lifestyle.
Staying active is essential for people with epilepsy. Avoid contact sports and pick low impact exercises like walking, running or swimming. Following a buddy system is essential when an epileptic person works out.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

6133 people found this helpful

8 Signs and Symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis!

MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS
Internal Medicine Specialist, Mumbai
8 Signs and Symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis!

Rheumatoid arthritis is an auto-immune disorder (wherein the immune system attacks the body tissues) resulting in joint inflammations. Joints, which are used more frequently, such as knees, fingers, shoulders, wrists, elbows and hips get affected more commonly by this disease. Rheumatoid arthritis might also affect the adjoining tissues, such as the ligaments and tendons. While doctors are still skepticle about what exactly causes the disease, a significant dip in immunity might cause the inflammation of the joints, resulting in people who suffer from obesity, people in the age group of 40-60, people who have a family history of this condition, regular smokers and women being more prone to this disease.

The symptoms of Rheumatoid arthritis include but are not limited to:

  1. Intense pain in the morning
  2. Recurring instances of mild fever along with the pain.
  3. Abnormally enlarged joints turning red in colour, resulting in intense pain.
  4. Stiffness in the joints
  5. Significant increase in the pain in low-temperature conditions
  6. Being severely tired and experiencing an alarming decrease in weight

Treatments
If rheumatoid arthritis is not diagnosed immediately, it might lead to future complications, such as blood cancers in the lymph nodes, osteoporosis (a medical condition resulting in brittle bones), infections, blockages in and gradual stiffening of the arteries. The treatment of rheumatoid arthritis includes:

  1. Prescribed dosage of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen and Naproxen will help. Anti-rheumatoid drugs and steroid drugs such as ‘prednisone’ help in the reduction of inflammation and pain. The medication will be prescribed depending on the severity of the condition.
  2. Performing regular exercises in order to maintain the flexibility of the joints with due consultation from the physiotherapist.
  3. In extreme conditions, the doctor might suggest surgeries which include:
    • Complete replacement of the joint with a metal prosthetic
    • Repairing of tendons if the tendons are severely affected
    • Synovectomy which will remove the damaged portion of the joint
    • Joint fusion which will readjust the joint and reduce the pain

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

5425 people found this helpful

What Triggers or Causes Asthma?

MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS
Internal Medicine Specialist, Mumbai
What Triggers or Causes Asthma?

Asthma is a condition marked by the swelling and narrowing of the airways thus, producing excess mucus. This triggers coughing, breathing difficulties and wheezing. Asthma can be a minor inconvenience for some, while for others, it can often result in a deadly asthma attack.

Causes
It isn’t definite as to what causes asthma in some and not in others, but a combination of genetic and environmental factors is a probable reason. Factors that trigger asthma is varied, and is subjective. Some common causes of asthma include:

  1. Airborne matters, such as cockroach waste particles, pet dander, mould spores, dust mites or pollen
  2. Respiratory infections
  3. Physical activity
  4. Cold air
  5. Irritants (such as smoking) and air pollutants
  6. Some medications, such as naproxen, ibuprofen, beta blockers and aspirin
  7. Stress and strong emotions
  8. Preservatives and sulphites added to some beverages and food, such as wine, beer, processed potatoes, dried fruit and shrimp
  9. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (Stomach acids retreat into the throat)

Signs you should look for?
Symptoms of asthma vary a lot, and differ among people. You can have infrequent attacks at times or suffer from the symptoms perpetually. Asthma symptoms and signs include:

  1. Breathing difficulties
  2. Chest pain or tightness
  3. Trouble sleeping due to breathing problems, wheezing or coughing
  4. A wheezing or whistling sound at exhaling
  5. Wheezing or coughing attacks that are aggravated by respiratory virus, such as flu or cold

Complications associated with asthma include:

  1. Symptoms and signs that interfere with recreational activities or school work
  2. Sick days from work or school when asthma flares up
  3. Persistent contractions of the bronchial tube that can lead to problems in breathing
  4. Hospitalisation and visits to the emergency room during critical asthma attacks
  5. Long-term consumption of certain medications to fix severe asthma can cause side effects

Treatment

Long-term control and prevention are the main goals of asthma treatment. Treatment generally applies learning about the things that trigger your asthma, taking necessary steps to dodge them and checking your breathing to ascertain that your regular medications are effectively controlling your asthma. Inhaled corticosteroids, long-acting beta agonists, theophylline are some common long-term treatments to control asthma.
Medicines are prescribed based on your symptoms, age, triggers and what best keeps your asthma regulated. Also, you and your doctor need to work together to come up with a plan to counter your asthma. For example, if you think your symptoms are getting better, consult with your doctor to reduce your medication doses.

5720 people found this helpful

How Can Hepatitis B and C Be Treated Through Internal Medicine?

MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS
Internal Medicine Specialist, Mumbai
How Can Hepatitis B and C Be Treated Through Internal Medicine?

Hepatitis B and C are considered the world’s chronic viral hepatitis which kills a huge number of people every year. Even though it accounts for massive suffering as well as early death, it could only attract relatively less national and international attention. While the deaths caused by tuberculosis, malaria and HIV/AIDS have reduced to a great extent since the early 2000s, deaths stemming from hepatitis B and C are rising at a fast pace. It kills around 1 million people across the world.

Can medicine help in the treatment of hepatitis B and C?
There are numerous FDA approved medications available for the treatment of Hepatitis B and C. Here are some of the best medicines for this, but before you take them, you must consult an expert who can evaluate your symptoms and recommend the right drugs for you.

Medicines for Hepatitis B:

  1. Entecavir: It is used in chronic hepatitis B virus infection and can treat active viral replication.
  2. Lamivudine: It is used for treating chronic hepatitis B which is associated with Hepatitis B viral replication along with active liver inflammation.
  3. Adefovir dipivoxil: This is used for the treatment of the disease in children below the age 12 years.
  4. Interferon alpha 2B: It can be used for young children aged 1 year who are affected by the disease along with compensated liver disease.
  5. Pegylated interferon: It is used for the treatment of adult patients with HBeAg positive and negative chronic hepatitis. If the patient has compensated liver disease along with liver inflammation and evidence of viral replication, then this medicine is usually given.
  6. Telbivudine: When there is chronic hepatitis with adult patients along with persistent elevations in ALT and AST or previously active disease, this medicine may have to be administered.
  7. Tenofovir alafenamide: It is indicated for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B virus infection in adults with compensated liver disease.

Medicines for Hepatitis C:

  1. Ribavirin: This medicine can be used in combination with other medicines for chronic hepatitis C virus infection. Ribavirin can be utilized for compensated liver disease in patients who have not been treated with interferon alpha.
  2. Daclatasvir: This is an NS5A replication complex inhibitor which is often given with sofosbuvir for the treatment of patients with chronic HCV genotype 3 infection.
  3. Sofosbuvir and Velpatasvir: The combination of these two medicines is used for the treatment of adult patients with chronic genotype 1 to 6 without any infection. It may be used in combination with ribavirin in patients with compensated or decompensated cirrhosis.
  4. Ledipasvir: A fixed-dose of a combination of hepatitis C virus inhibitor and Ledipasvir can be employed in the treatment of hepatitis genotype 1 infection in adults.

Both in the cases of Hepatitis B and C, it is important to diagnose the infection early. Prevention and cure are possible with precautionary measures and prescribed medications.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

5862 people found this helpful

Acute Bronchitis - Know The Causes and Treatment Of It!

MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS
Internal Medicine Specialist, Mumbai
Acute Bronchitis - Know The Causes and Treatment Of It!

As we go about life and routine activities, we may be exposed to a lot of different types of environments. We may have to travel in heavy traffic and may be exposed to vehicular pollution, there may be times when we are at places that allow smoking and that may expose us to smoke from cigarettes. Our nature of work today requires us to be constantly in a situation where we take in industrial fumes and exhausts. Being in any of these conditions temporarily may not be a big matter of worry, but when the incidents get more frequent they may lead to troubles in breathing and diseases such as bronchitis or acute bronchitis.

Acute bronchitis is a condition in which the bronchial tube that carries air to and from the lungs gets inflamed due to different reasons. The biggest hazard related to the inflammation of the bronchial tube is that the patient may suffer from constant coughing and irritation of the throat putting pressure on the lungs. In advanced cases, a bronchial infection may also leave the nodes of the lungs inflamed, making it more difficult for the patients to breathe.

Causes of Acute Bronchitis:

  1. The most common causes of bronchitis include the infection of the bronchial tube with bacteria or virus, which lead to the inflammation of the tube and subsequent bouts of coughing.
  2. A habit of smoking cigarettes or being exposed to cigarette smoke as a passive smoker may lead to the infection of the bronchial tube.
  3. Vehicular smoke and fumes also lead to the inflammation and infection of the tube that plays an imminent role in supplying oxygen to the lungs.
  4. Finally, when one works in a position where he/she is exposed to chemicals or harmful exhausts on a constant basis may also have to suffer from acute bronchitis.

What is the treatment for acute bronchitis?

Bed rest and supportive care such as reducing coughing are the main treatments for acute bronchitis. In most individuals, antibiotics are not needed, especially those who have as cause viral or environmental factors. For some patients who have wheezing with their cough, beta2 agonists may be helpful (bronchodilators). Perhaps the most useful treatments are directed at reducing coughing symptoms with over the counter preparations containing guaifenesin and mucolytics. NSAIDs are often added to reduce inflammation and help relieve discomfort. However, the American Academy of Pediatrics does not recommend giving OTC cough and cold medications to children under two years of age; these medicines may cause harmful side-effects that can be life-threatening to young children.

What natural or home remedies treat and cure acute bronchitis?

  • Stay well hydrated by drinking fluids
  • Breath humidified air
  • Avoid dairy products because they thicken mucous secretions
  • Avoid alcohol and caffeine because of potential drug interactions
  • Avoid exposure to environmental smoke and other air pollutants. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can ask a free question.
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