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Dr. H. K. Sharda

General Physician, Mumbai

Dr. H. K. Sharda General Physician, Mumbai
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My experience is coupled with genuine concern for my patients. All of my staff is dedicated to your comfort and prompt attention as well....more
My experience is coupled with genuine concern for my patients. All of my staff is dedicated to your comfort and prompt attention as well.
More about Dr. H. K. Sharda
Dr. H. K. Sharda is one of the best General Physicians in Mumbai, Mumbai. You can meet Dr. H. K. Sharda personally at Nidaan Clinic in Mumbai, Mumbai. Book an appointment online with Dr. H. K. Sharda and consult privately on Lybrate.com.

Lybrate.com has a nexus of the most experienced General Physicians in India. You will find General Physicians with more than 30 years of experience on Lybrate.com. Find the best General Physicians online in Mumbai. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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Indian Medical Association (IMA)
Andheri medical association

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Amber Vihar Society, J. B. Nagar, Landmark: Near Jain Temple, MumbaiMumbai Get Directions
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Epilepsy: Knowledge for General Public

Diploma in Psychological Medicine, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Ludhiana

Epilepsy is a chronic disorder of the brain that affects people worldwide. It is characterized by recurrent seizures, which are brief episodes of involuntary movement that may involve a part of the body (partial) or the entire body (generalized), and are sometimes accompanied by loss of consciousness and control of bowel or bladder function.

Seizure episodes are a result of excessive electrical discharges in a group of brain cells. Different parts of the brain can be the site of such discharges. Seizures can vary from the briefest lapses of attention or muscle jerks to severe and prolonged convulsions. Seizures can also vary in frequency, from less than 1 per year to several per day.

One seizure does not signify epilepsy (up to 10% of people worldwide have one seizure during their lifetime). Epilepsy is defined as having 2 or more unprovoked seizures.

Fear, misunderstanding, discrimination and social stigma have surrounded epilepsy for centuries. This stigma continues in many countries today and can impact on the quality of life for people with the disorder and their families.

Signs and symptoms

Characteristics of seizures vary and depend on where in the brain the disturbance first starts, and how far it spreads. Temporary symptoms occur, such as loss of awareness or consciousness, and disturbances of movement, sensation (including vision, hearing and taste), mood, or other cognitive functions.

People with seizures tend to have more physical problems (such as fractures and bruising from injuries related to seizures), as well as higher rates of psychological conditions, including anxiety and depression. Similarly, the risk of premature death in people with epilepsy is up to 3 times higher than the general population, with the highest rates found in low- and middle-income countries and rural versus urban areas.

A great proportion of the causes of death related to epilepsy in low- and middle-income countries are potentially preventable, such as falls, drowning, burns and prolonged seizures.

Causes

Epilepsy is not contagious. The most common type of epilepsy, which affects 6 out of 10 people with the disorder, is called idiopathic epilepsy and has no identifiable cause.

Epilepsy with a known cause is called secondary epilepsy, or symptomatic epilepsy. The causes of secondary (or symptomatic) epilepsy could be:

  • brain damage from prenatal or perinatal injuries (e.g. a loss of oxygen or trauma during birth, low birth weight),
  • congenital abnormalities or genetic conditions with associated brain malformations,
  • a severe head injury,
  • a stroke that restricts the amount of oxygen to the brain,
  • an infection of the brain such as meningitis, encephalitis, neurocysticercosis,
  • certain genetic syndromes,
  • a brain tumor.

Treatment

Epilepsy can be treated easily and affordable medication. Recent studies in both low- and middle-income countries have shown that up to 70% of children and adults with epilepsy can be successfully treated (i.e. their seizures completely controlled) with anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs). Furthermore, after 2 to 5 years of successful treatment and being seizure-free, drugs can be withdrawn in about 70% of children and 60% of adults without subsequent relapse.

Prevention

Idiopathic epilepsy is not preventable. However, preventive measures can be applied to the known causes of secondary epilepsy.

  • Preventing head injury is the most effective way to prevent post-traumatic epilepsy.
  • Adequate perinatal care can reduce new cases of epilepsy caused by birth injury.
  • The use of drugs and other methods to lower the body temperature of a feverish child can reduce the chance of febrile seizures.
  • Central nervous system infections are common causes of epilepsy in tropical areas, where many low- and middle-income countries are concentrated.
  • Elimination of parasites in these environments and education on how to avoid infections can be effective ways to reduce epilepsy worldwide, for example those cases due to neurocysticercosis.
3 people found this helpful

Hello i/m a 30 years old male. I have dry cough from last 10 days. I have taken amoxicillin and some syrups but it didn't work.

BHMS
Homeopath, Faridabad
Hello, take Senega pentarken , 2 tabs thrice daily. Alpha CC , 2 tabs twice daily . Alpha COff , 2 tsp ,with hot water,thrice daily. Revert me after 7 days.
1 person found this helpful
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I am 27 years old men. And I have question about my sexual life. So my question is how can I improve my sex time please suggest thanks.

B.H.M.S., Senior Homeopath Consultant
Homeopath, Delhi
I am 27 years old men. And I have question about my sexual life. So my question is how can I improve my sex time plea...
Please take following medicine:- Ocyl. 0/3 three times a day for one month. Revert back after one month with feedback.
9 people found this helpful
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I am suffering from cold and fever since three days and I feel so weak so what can I do for better mant my health? I am also suffer from Pimples on lags so please give me solution of it?

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Ernakulam
I am suffering from cold and fever since three days and I feel so weak so what can I do for better mant my health? I ...
Hai, please have fresh ginger juice with one to two drops of honey before food three times a day. When temperature comes down take luke warm milk with the turmeric powder. Or else take turmeric powder with luke warm water. Turmeric should be pure. Drink only warm water boiled with dried ginger or tulasi leaves.
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I have do masturbate daily. because of I addicted to masturbation. If over masturbation any problem occurred ofter marriage. My stamina reduced or increased please sir answer the question. Thank you. :) :)

BHMS
Homeopath, Howrah
I have do masturbate daily. because of I addicted to masturbation. If over masturbation any problem occurred ofter ma...
Addiction is bad for health. It may cause erectile dysfuntion or premature ejaculation, hairloss, weakness etc.
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I am 25 years female N I want to loss my wait How to loss my wait? N I have gas problems also?

MBBS
General Physician, Delhi
I am 25 years female N I want to loss my wait How to loss my wait?
N I have gas problems also?
to lose weight plan physical exercise when u have free time, break ur meals into small portions from 3 to 5/6, take plenty of water, fruits & vegetables. Take a small ginger piece after meals for gas problem
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Dear sir/mam How to do anal sex first time as I am virgin by anal. How to prepare myself for anal sex and precautions for doing it for first time? Is it good to do ansl sex or have any harmful effect of it?

PhD Human Genetics
Sexologist,
Generally speaking anus is not designed for sexual intercourse. It is bound to cause some problems such as fissures within the anus, infections from rectal content etc. If anal intercourse is continued for a long time the anal sphincter muscle may lose its tone resulting in a wide open anus. If you take an informed decision about going ahead with anal intercourse, I will let you know the precautions to be taken, the first and foremost being use of condom and plenty of lubrication.
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I am 23 years old male and have gastric problems. I am drinking 3-4 litres of water and I workout everyday. I eat only home cooked food (no fried foods, soda etc). Can milk be a reason for this? I drink milk twice a day. Is there any permanent solution?

BHMS
Homeopath, Raebareli
I am 23 years old male and have gastric problems. I am drinking 3-4 litres of water and I workout everyday. I eat onl...
Yes there is a permanent solution for this. Reduce water consumption drink a glass of water after each meal thereafte when ever you feel thirsty. Take nux vom 30 - once daily drink milk in morning not in evening. Continue treatment.
3 people found this helpful
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Drinking Alcohol can lead to heart disease . I am drinking alcohol continuously from last 15 years . From last two months I having pain in my left side of body including my heart, shoulder, neck , head . Exactly it does not pain but some nosiating feelings with heavy sweating . I have done my ECG and BP checked but reports were normal . please do advice ? Thanks.

Diploma in Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MBBS
General Physician, Delhi
Drinking Alcohol can lead to heart disease . I am drinking alcohol continuously from last 15 years . From last two mo...
Good to know that your reports are normal, alcohol in moderation does not lead to heart disease provided one is careful about diet- no fried food as snacks or overeating other unhealthy foods. At 42, do get liver function tests (alcohol does lead to liver failure), echo test & then a stress test. These are routine tests for heart and are suggested to everyone.
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My wife pulse rate goes 115-120. She is diabetic patient. She is taking telma 40, gluformin 500, volibo 0.3 mg, insulin 30/70 mixstard 20 units in the morning. Night has been stopped by the endocrinologist. But her bp remains 130/95 or sometimes it goes 99/100 but pulse rate is very high. Is metxl tablet and upto how many mg 25 mg or plain will be suitable in her case to control the heartbeat.

MD-Ayurveda, Basic Life Support (B.L.S), Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Ahmednagar
My wife pulse rate goes 115-120. She is diabetic patient. She is taking telma 40, gluformin 500, volibo 0.3 mg, insul...
You should do ecg for that to rule out arrhythmia at that time. N to regular dm n control it take ayurvedic herbs from us.
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I masturbate a lot and my marriage is in next 6 month. Can anyone help me in increase stamina in body?

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician,
I masturbate a lot and my marriage is in next 6 month. Can anyone help me in increase stamina in body?
Masturbation will not cause stamina to be less and you only need to have good food and healthy life style
1 person found this helpful
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My friend facing a problem of eye sight even if he consult eye specialist and have a little headache problem, how to overcome this.

DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopath, Hyderabad
My friend facing a problem of eye sight even if he consult eye specialist and have a little headache problem, how to ...
Continuously reading small print without proper light should be avoided. Smart phone may cause strain. Don't expose your eyes to extreme sunny weather of cold windy weather. Don't be closer to people with eye infections as you may contact the infection. Get your eyes tested for any vision problem. Homoeopathy has effective treatment for your problem without adverse effects. Take belldonna 200 ---once daily in the morning for 5 days.
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I'm a diabetic patient, I have very high blood sugar level, I'm regular with all the medicines but still sugar level is not decreasing. What to do?

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology
Endocrinologist, Hubli-Dharwad
I'm a diabetic patient, I have very high blood sugar level, I'm regular with all the medicines but still sugar level ...
Mr Manjunath, Along with taking appropriate medicines are exercising regularly for more than 1 hour a day? That is vey important as it increases Insulin action and helps reduce resistance to its action. Plus taking a balanced and restricted diet providing exact calories based on Ideal Body Weight, blood sugar levels and extent of daily exercise. These measure are also equally essential. Plus there may be a need to have a re look at present treatment and additional therapy may be needed.
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How To Reduce Belly Fat?

M.Sc. in Dietetics and Food Service Management , Post Graduate Diploma In Computer Application, P.G.Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics , B.Sc.Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
How To Reduce Belly Fat?

Belly fat may not be a severe medical problem in most individuals. However, it looks aesthetically displeasing and can affect long term health if not controlled at the right time. However, one must keep in mind that dieting and exercising go hand in hand. One cannot rely only on one of them to reduce belly fat. 

Mentioned below are a few ways to remove belly fat:

  1. Avoid sugar: Sugar and other sweetened products must be avoided. Excessive intake of sugar floods the liver with fructose which is then turned to fat. This leads to insulin resistance and metabolic problems. Eliminate sugary drinks and try unsweetened beverages like tea or coffee. However, caffeine, too, must be taken in moderate amounts.
  2. Eat protein: Protein is considered to be the most important macronutrient when it comes to losing weight. Most of the calories in protein are digested. It is the single most effective change in terms of calorie intake since it reduces your craving by 60% and boosts your metabolism.
  3. Limit your intake of carbohydrates: Cutting carbohydrates from your diet reduces your appetite and therefore belly fat. Consuming only 50 grams of carbohydrates per day assists in losing weight fast.
  4. Other dietary changes: Eat foods that are rich in fiber and do not skip meals. If you starve yourself for long periods of time, the body conserves fat by breaking down muscle tissue. This is called catabolic state. Eating in small amounts every two hours is also helpful for those looking to trim their belly fat. This helps to avoid overeating and keeps your metabolism up the entire day by processing food throughout the day.
  5. Track your calorie intake: It is very important to keep track of the amount of calories you consume so as to make the necessary changes in your dietary plans. You can keep track of it in a food journal or on diet-related websites.
  6. Exercise: Regular exercising is of utmost importance while trying to lose belly fat. Aerobic exercises, crunches (side, reverse or twist crunches), cycling, lunge twist, rolling plank exercises, captain's chair, the stomach vacuum etc. help in reducing belly fat. Other exercises such as running, jogging, cycling, walking and swimming also help in reducing weight.
4950 people found this helpful

I am 13 years old I have big marks on thighs behind arms behind legs on stomach it itches a lot Doctors say it is excema.

MBBS
General Physician, Cuttack
I am 13 years old I have big marks on thighs behind arms behind legs on stomach it itches a lot Doctors say it is exc...
It may be eczematous dermatitis or a fungal Infection. Apply panderm plus ointment twice daily. If severe itching take one tablet of cetrizine at bed time. If no relief consult doctor.
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I am 30 yrs old male I have dust & smoke allergy so that I am spitting and suffering from this problem always when I received any bad smell. So can you give any suggestion please.

MBBS
General Physician, Faridabad
allergy can not be treated permanently, if possible avoid allergens.spitting is a habit. so avoid these area if possible.
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Madam/Sir, I always smokes and drink that's why occurring cough and chest pain. But still I can't leave it. Give me some ideas to avoid smoke.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), Masters in psychology counselling
Psychologist, Hyderabad
Madam/Sir,
I always smokes and drink that's why occurring cough and chest pain. But still I can't leave it. Give me s...
Dear lybrate-user, it is good that you wants to stop smoking, we are destroying our health by smoking normal human takes oxygen into lungs 12 -15 times per minute (12 - 15 breaths) lungs mixes oxygen in our blood and it purifies our blood, by smoking we are mixing not only oxygen adding and mixing bad elements like nicotine etc. In oxygen, that spoils our blood and our body organs like lungs, heart, kidney etc how to quit: by willingness and willpower" where there is a will there is a way" reduce one by one day by day.
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How the frozen shoulder should be treated for a person having age 45 years with no history of sugar, cholesterol and blood pressure.

MPT - Orthopedic Physiotherapy, BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Coimbatore
What is your recent sugar level if your feeling a stiff shoulder it could be a peri arthritis of shoulder where your shoulder becomes stiff you may need some exercises to get rid of the problem. How long do you have this problem is the pain severe in the night treatments how far can you lift the arm in the front and side ways can you scratch your back you need to do vigorous exercises and some reply I can help you and consult privately to have a detailed discussion to solve your problem.
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