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I have little burning irritation in urethra. And then I am taking 2 time patanjali chanderparbha vati tablet and both I feel very high burning irritation in urethra and stand for toilet for one hour and drink 2 liter water. (After 30 minutes of taking tablet). Why I feel so high pain in urethra after taking tablet if there no side effects of medicine? Why?
Kidneys are a pair of organs that are located on either side of the spine, each about a size of a fist. The kidneys help in purifying blood by removing toxins, waste materials and excess fluids from the human body. Disorders and dysfunctions of the kidney can lead to severe and often fatal consequences. When the kidneys stop functioning as they are supposed to, dialysis is performed to resume normal functioning in the body.
Dialysis is a type of treatment, which filters and purifies the blood with the aid of a machine. It is an artificial way of purifying blood. There are two types of dialysis, namely hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. Hemodialysis, the most common form of dialysis, which involves using a manmade kidney called a hemodialyzer, which removes toxins and waste materials from blood.
Peritoneal Dialysis, on the other hand, is a type of treatment which involves implanting a catheter in the stomach. During the procedure, a fluid called dialysate flows into the abdomen that absorbs all the waste material, which is consequently drained out of the body.
You may need a dialysis if:
- Your kidneys are dysfunctional
- When waste materials and toxins start to accumulate in the body
- In an event of an injury or accident to the kidney such as internal lacerations (wound caused by the tearing of a tissue)
- If the creatinine (a type of a chemical waste product) level falls to 10-12 cc/minute
- In an event where the kidneys aren't able to work properly leading to accumulation of toxins, irregular amounts of chemicals in the body and other dysfunctions
Weakening of the abdominal muscles and weight gain are some of the risks involved in dialysis. Dialysis is a temporary treatment and serves to function till the time the actual kidneys get repaired. In chronic cases of kidney disease, kidney transplant may perhaps be the last resort.
Related Tip: 4 Types of Kidney Stones and Their Common Symptoms
I have recently started getting pain while passing stools and sometimes it bleeds as well. The pain remains till first half of the day and subsides by night. The pain is just inside the anus opening and due to which its impossible at times to sit continuously and have to walk to ease out the pain. It feels like as if there is some wound which has come up inside and gets aggravated in morning after passing stools.
I am 37 years old, I have had kidney stone 6 mm since 5 years back, right now I don't have any issues, only frequent urination occurring sometimes and I have low body weight only 42 kgs. I am worried about my health. Kindly suitable suggest. thanks.
My brother has kidney stones nearly 8 mm. He is on treatment but not on benefit what to take please tell me.
I have kidney stone . I am talking medicine since last 6 months but not the expected result. lack of appetite and weight loss , weakness , fatigue , hard pain in abdominal I use to face .please help
Many people are hesitant to see a doctor for incontinence as they feel embarrassed or believe it can't be treated or that the problem will eventually go away by itself. This may be true in a few cases, but many cases can be successfully treated or managed. The treatment of incontinence will vary according to whether it is faecal or urinary incontinence and will depend on the cause, type and severity of the problem.
1. Stress incontinence
• Weight loss
• Cessation of smoking
• Pelvic floor exercises
• Vaginal weights
• Electrical stimulation
Non-medical treatment can be very effective in motivated patients with minor degrees of stress incontinence. The short-term results are often very good, but this isn't always maintained in the long term. Published studies quote cure/improvement rates of 50-80% for pelvic-floor exercises.
• Combination of the above
Medical treatment doesn't have a great role in stress incontinence. Postmenopausal atrophy affects the closure of the urethra. Oestrogens, which can be taken orally or applied locally, restores the bulk of urethral tissue leading to more effective closure. Alpha-agonist s increase the tone in the bladder neck, thereby increasing outflow resistance. Some studies indicate a beneficial effect using a combination of oestrogen and an alpha-agonist in older post-menopausal women.
• Periurethral injections of bulking agents
• Suspension operations
• Sling operations
• Artificial urinary sphincters
Periurethral injections involve the injection of bulking agents into the urethra to improve effective urethral closure. Commonly used agents include fat, collagen, Teflon paste and silicon particles. Injection therapy is suitable for women with intrinsic sphincter deficiency rather than hyper mobility, as well as for men with post-prostatectomy incontinence. The major advantage of injection therapy is that it's a minor procedure. Short-term results are good, but often not maintained long-term.
The various suspension operations restore the normal anatomy in patients with hyper mobility and improve the support of the urethra and the bladder neck. Open suspension operations like the Burch copo suspension provide the best long-term results. The various needle suspensions have fallen into disuse due to high failure rates.
Urethral slings can be used in people with intrinsic sphincter deficiency as well as those with hyper mobility. It involves the placement of a strip of tissue or artificial substance that supports the urethra and bladder neck like a hammock. It increases outflow resistance and improves urethral closure by supporting the mid urethra. The vast majority of patients can be rendered dry in this way, but the operation does carry the risk of difficulty with passing urine afterwards. Other complications include infection or erosion of the synthetic sling material which then has to be removed.
An artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) made of silicone can be used in someone with total incontinence resulting from irreparable damage to the sphincter. The AUS consists of a small cuff that is placed around the urethra (bladder tube), with a reservoir (balloon) that is placed in the lower belly next to the bladder. Both of these are connected with a small tube to a valve placed in the scrotum, which the person then uses to inflate or deflate the cuff. An AUS is very effective, but it is quite expensive, and there is a risk of infection or erosion of the synthetic material.
2. Urge incontinence
• Bladder training
• Pelvic floor exercises
Voiding by the clock and progressively increasing the time between voids can improve the symptoms of patients with urge incontinence and otherwise normal bladders. This can be combined with biofeedback and pelvic floor exercises.
Drug therapy forms the mainstay of treatment for patients with urge incontinence due to bladder instability. These anti cholinergic agents relax the bladder muscle and increase bladder capacity. Side effects include a dry mouth, constipation and blurred vision.
Injection of botulinum A toxin (Botox) into the bladder muscle (detrusor) can be used if the urge incontinence is due to a neurological disease causing overactive bladder contractions.
Tiny bladders due to radiation or tuberculosis can be enlarged surgically. A segment of intestine is patched onto the opened bladder, thereby increasing the capacity. Patients with intractable bladder instability who have failed medical treatment can also be treated in this way.
3. Overflow incontinence
Overflow incontinence due to bladder outflow obstruction is treated by surgically alleviating the obstruction. The most common example would be a man with prostatic enlargement treated by resection of the prostate gland. If the incontinence is due to failure of the bladder to contract then intermittent clean self-catheterisation is the most appropriate treatment. Permanent indwelling catheters should be avoided if at all possible.
4. Total incontinence
Total incontinence due to a vesico vaginal fistula or auretero vaginal fistula is treated by surgical repair of the defect.
Treating faecal incontinence
Once your doctor has established the underlying cause of faecal incontinence, they will decide on the most suitable treatment, which could involve a combination of medication, exercise and other methods.
Let’s look at some of the treatment options available for FI:
Dietary changes: If your FI is caused by diarrhoea or constipation, making changes to your diet may sometimes help to normalize and regulate bowel movements. Your doctor may ask you to keep a food diary to monitor the impact of dietary changes. For example, he or she may suggest increasing your intake of high-fibre foods and fluids, or to eliminate foods that may exacerbate the problem.
Medications: Your doctor may recommend specific medication or bulking agents such as fibre supplements to change stool consistency, depending on whether you suffer from diarrhoea or constipation. Another option is Solesta, an injectable FDA-approved gel that's injected into the anus and effectively reduces or completely treats FI in some people. This gel narrows the anal opening by increasing the growth of rectal tissue and helping it to remain tightly closed.
Bowel retraining: This routine encourages normal bowel movements and helps you achieve greater control by becoming more aware of the need to use the toilet. It may incorporate various aspects such as making a conscious effort to have a bowel movement at a specific time of day and using suppositories to stimulate bowel movements.
Biofeedback: This improves the strength and coordination of the anal muscles that help control bowel movements, and heightens the sensation related to the rectum filling with stool. It usually involves a specially trained physiotherapist teaching you simple exercises to strengthen your pelvic-floor muscles, sense when stool is ready to be released and contract the muscles if it's not appropriate to have a bowel movement at a specific time.
Kegel exercises: Also called pelvic-floor exercises, these focus on strengthening the muscles of the anus, buttocks and pelvis. When done correctly, they can be effective in improving or resolving FI. They involve a routine of repeatedly contracting muscles used when making a bowel movement. Hold these muscles as if you're trying to stop the flow of stool or passing gas for a slow count of five, and then relax. Kegel exercises should be done in a series of 30 contractions three times a day. They usually strengthen the pelvic-floor muscles within a few weeks.
Surgery: In some cases, surgery may help people with severe FI who haven't responded to other treatments or people with an underlying condition causing incontinence that need surgery to regain control. There are various surgical options and your doctor will probably refer you to a specialist.