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Dr. Dhanya Dharmapalan

Pediatrician, Mumbai

Dr. Dhanya Dharmapalan Pediatrician, Mumbai
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Our team includes experienced and caring professionals who share the belief that our care should be comprehensive and courteous - responding fully to your individual needs and preferences....more
Our team includes experienced and caring professionals who share the belief that our care should be comprehensive and courteous - responding fully to your individual needs and preferences.
More about Dr. Dhanya Dharmapalan
Dr. Dhanya Dharmapalan is an experienced Pediatrician in Anu Shakti Nagar, Mumbai. She is currently practising at Dr Dhanya Dharmapalan in Anu Shakti Nagar, Mumbai. You can book an instant appointment online with Dr. Dhanya Dharmapalan on Lybrate.com.

Lybrate.com has a number of highly qualified Pediatricians in India. You will find Pediatricians with more than 42 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Pediatricians online in Mumbai and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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My baby is 2 years old and she is drinking lots of milk everyday, so that she is suffering from constipation, what can I do?

FELLOWSHIP IN PCCM, FELLOW-PEDIATRIC FLEXIBLE BRONCHOSCOPY, FELLOWSHIP IN PEDIATRIC CARDIAC CRITICAL CARE, D.C.H., M.B.B.S
Pediatrician, Ahmedabad
My baby is 2 years old and she is drinking lots of milk everyday, so that she is suffering from constipation, what ca...
Give more fibres in daily diet and plenty of water in a day. Constipation is easy to treat with fibre and green vegetables in diet in raw form rather then cooked form. Along with this you need medicines after showing to pediatrician, of course chronic constipation should be ruled out with thyroid problems for safer sake, and second condition causing the same is hirshprung's disease. Regards.
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My nephew had a problem in stomach he has not ate many food he got gas in his stomach. He go to bathroom twice and thrice but not cleared so he don't eat well.

MD - Paediatrics, MBBS
Pediatrician, Jaipur
My nephew had a problem in stomach he has not ate many food he got gas in his stomach. He go to bathroom twice and th...
Ask him to be more active in outdoor games,cycling. Avoid fast food,give more fruits,vegetables with fibre along with frequent water intake.
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What are the Causes and Symptoms of ADHD?

MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Delhi
What are the Causes and Symptoms of ADHD?

What is ADHD?

ADHD refers to attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, which is a brain-related condition found among preschoolers, children, teenagers and in many cases extends well into adulthood. These individuals have significant impairment in academics as well as social situations and interpersonal relations. The child has difficulty sustaining attention, phases of hyper activeness and cannot control his/her impulses which make their day to day life at school and home difficult.

ADHD Symptoms

The symptoms of this disorder among children can be categorized under three headings.

1.Hyperactivity which includes - 

- Fidgets often
- Restlessness
- Inability to stay at one place runs around and tries to climb things
- Trouble playing quietly
- Excessive talking

2. Inattention, which can be divided into symptoms like

- Getting easily distracted
- Tendency to loose things
- Daydreaming
- Facing problems related to organizing things
- Not listening carefully
- Forgetting about daily activities, carelessness

3. Impulsiveness

- Interrupts others as they speak and talks out of turn
- Answers questions without listening to what has been asked
- Not being able to wait for their turn to come

Prevalence :

10-12% of school children before puberty are affected by one or more types of ADHD. ADHD especially hyperactivity is more prevalent in boys than in girls, with the ratio up to 9:1. Inattention and poor concentration are more commonly seen amongst girls. The rate of ADHD in parents and sibling of children with ADHD is 5-10 times higher than in the general population.

ADHD Causes

The probable causes of ADHD among children are,

1. Neurodevelopmental changes - Poorly developed activity of the brain particularly in the areas that control attention and concentration cause ADHD. This causes an imbalance in the neurotransmitters or the chemicals important for brain functioning and development.

2. Genetic Factors - genetic studies show that ADHD is largely hereditary in nature with a heritability of 75% approximately.

'Consult'.

Tip: Gonorrhea is Contagious. But is it Only Sexually Transmitted?

4461 people found this helpful

Benefits of Having Orange In Your Diet

M.Sc. in Dietetics and Food Service Management , Post Graduate Diploma In Computer Application, P.G.Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics , B.Sc.Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
Benefits of Having Orange In Your Diet

#1 Boosts Immunity

Oranges is an excellent source of vitamin c. A single medium-sized orange can fulfil about 72% of your daily requirement for vitamin c. Since vitamin c plays a crucial role as an antioxidant by protecting your body against the damage caused by free radicals generated in the body. It therefore reduces inflammation in immune related conditions like rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. Although debatable, researchers suggest that vitamin c also plays an important role in strengthening immune responses of the body, protecting against recurring cold and cough or any other common infections. Here are 11 ways to include oranges in your diet.


 

#2 Helps prevent ageing of skin

There's a reason why oranges are popularly used in the beauty industry. Several beauty products including face packs, masks and creams that are available contain orange extract as a key ingredient. That's because vitamin c present in oranges also helps prevent skin damage, by eliminating free radicals. Vitamin c, being involved in synthesis of collagen, an important component to maintain skin's overall appearance and texture, prevents premature aging and wrinkling of the skin. Apart from vitamin c, oranges are packed with vitamin a that help keep the skin membranes healthy. Here are 8 fruit packs you can make at home for beautiful skin.


 

#3 Protects the eyes

Vitamin a in oranges helps keep mucus membranes in the eyes healthy. Available in the form of carotenoid compounds like lutein, beta carotene and zeaxanthin, vitamin a is protective against age-related macular degeneration, a vision-related condition that causes blindness. Besides, it also plays an important role in allowing your eyes to absorb the light. You may also read tomatoes- natural remedy for good vision.


 

#4 Help prevents heart disease

This is yet another health benefit of oranges which is attributed to its vitamin c level. Free radicals generated during various reactions taking place in the cells can trigger oxidation of cholesterol, causing the oxidised molecules to aggregate and stick to the walls of the arteries. This leads to build up of plaques that eventually block the arteries, causing heart attack, coronary artery disease or even stroke. Vitamin c in oranges takes care of these free radicals and neutralises them, thus playing a role in preventing heart disease. Besides they also contain flavonoids like hesperidin that lowers cholesterol level and prevents the arteries from getting blocked.


 

#5 Helps brain development

Folate/folic acid or vitamin b9 present in oranges promote brain development and keep the vital organ in mint condition. In fact, these nutrients also make orange a healthy fruit for pregnant woman as it prevents the baby from having neurological disorders later. Oranges also contain phytonutrients called polyphenols that play a role in development of learning and memory functions of the brain.


 

#6 Helps prevent cancer

Oranges contain a compound called d – limonene that has been shown to play an important role in preventing various types of cancer like lung cancer, breast cancer, skin cancer, etc. Additionally, the antioxidants and vitamin c help promote the body’s immunity which helps in fighting cancer cells. Oranges are highly fibrous fruits, which contributes to its cancer-protecting effect. A study revealed that about 10 to 15 per cent of colon cancer cases are caused by mutations in the dna. These mutations can prevented by consuming vitamin c rich sources like oranges. Here are some other health benefits of vitamin c you should know


 

#7 Pevents constipation

Oranges are a very good source of soluble and insoluble fibre, which helps keep your stomach and intestines healthy by preventing problems like irritable bowel syndrome. The fibre content in them adds bulk to the digested food and reduces transit time of feces, preventing constipation and straining.


 

#8 Improves sperm quality

Death is inevitable, but our legacy may live on through our offspring. The antioxidants and vitamin c present in most fruits, including oranges improves the quality and motility of your sperm thus keeping you fertile. Another vitamin called folic acid also is an essential nutrient for maintaining healthy sperms that you can obtain from oranges. It also protects the sperm from genetic damage, which might lead to birth defects.


 

#9 Great for diabetics

The rich fibre content of oranges has the ability to keep a track of sugar levels in the body, preventing diabetes. It is also a good option for those who are diabetic. Also worth mentioning is that good oranges have a sweet taste, and since diabetics aren’t allowed to eat sweets or other sugary foods, they can eat oranges to tingle their taste buds.


 

#10 Prevents hair loss

Orange has high vitamin c content which is required for producing collagen which, in turn, is responsible for keeping the tissues in your hair together. Nobody likes bald patches on their head, and eating oranges can ensure that you do not have to part with your lovely hair as you grow older.

14 people found this helpful

Hello doctor My son is 3 year old He has cold and cough from last 25 days He has been on medicines ,it is reducing gradually. The doctor has tried antibiotics and has now given deriphyllin syrup. When asked he said the child has asthma. We are shocked by this and can not understand as we don't see any asthmatic symptoms in our child. Your opinion.

MD - Paediatrics, MBBS
Pediatrician, Mumbai
Hello. I understand your concern. Persistent cough is one of the feature of asthma. Repeated cough may be due to diverse reasons. We cannot label child as asthma before 5 years of age. But will have to keep this thing in mind if he continues to have repeated cough.
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My baby has cold & cough before 15 days treated with antibiotics, antihistamine till he having cough what shall I do?

Integrated Medicine Specialist, Hyderabad
Integrative medical approach with allopathy and homeopathy side by side can completely solve the problem.
3 people found this helpful
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My baby high fever. Any home remedies for my baby. My baby 2 and half year.PLease tell.

Diploma in Child Health (DCH), F.I.A.M.S. (Pediatrics)
Pediatrician, Muzaffarnagar
My baby high fever. Any home remedies for my baby. My baby 2 and half year.PLease tell.
Fever is symptom of disease. For temporary relief, do tepid water sponging and keep baby well hydrated by giving plenty of fluid and consult doctor for proper remedy.
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I have less breast milk. When I squeeze breast it comes in drops. My mom says it should come more. Also my baby after sucking for some time gets irritated and starts crying so I have to give him formula feed. My baby is 17 days old and my breast milk is not sufficient for him. Please help as I want to breast feed him and discontinue formula feed.

MD - Paediatrics, MBBS
Pediatrician, Tumkur
Don't try to squeeze as you can not get milk by that. Only way of getting adequate milk is suckling the baby. If the baby is irritated while feeding you check for proper attachment. You must stick on to breastfeeding only. Drink good amount of water.
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I have gone through the symptoms of inattention n I found that all the symptom of inattention is present in my brother who is 12 years old. Is it important to get tested for ADHD? Is there any home treatment or I can do any thing for him.

MBBS
General Physician,
I have gone through the symptoms of inattention n I found that all the symptom of inattention is present in my brothe...
My dear boy you need good counseling session. Whatever the symptoms you are speaking about are very vague and nonspecific. Some medicines also can be prescribed to you but after your personality analysis. Will be able to get rid of these things and will be able to concentrate on studies and remember the things easily and for long lasting period. We together will be able to strengthen your memory and recalling power. Regards.
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My son has 8 months baby his urine result is occasional pus cells 10-15/hpf and he passes small amount of urine and also in short time he passes again small amount of urine. He vomit or vomit sensation daily. His skin color changes daily (blackish. This is what disease.

MD - Paediatrics
Pediatrician, Delhi
My son has 8 months baby his urine result is occasional pus cells 10-15/hpf and he passes small amount of urine and a...
I suggest taking your son to pediatric practitioner and get him thoroughly checked. Most probably he is having urinary infection. We need to get urine culture done for the same and satrt antibiotics.
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My 5 months baby have less immunity am giving only breast milk.. What I want to eat for increasing my baby is immunity.. Help please .

MBBS, Diploma in Child Health (DCH), DNB (Pediatrics), MNAMS (Membership of the National Academy), MRCPCH, Certificate in GI Endoscopy
Pediatrician, Delhi
My 5 months baby have less immunity am giving only breast milk.. What I want to eat for increasing my baby is immunit...
You should take a balanced nutritious diet. There is no specific food item that can be consumed by you to increase your kid's immunity.
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i had loss hearing since 2yrs ago. doctors told me that my ears sensoneural nerve was damaged and there is no chance to get back. is it possible to hear again? please.. help me

M.S (surgery), M.Ch - Neuro Surgery
Neurosurgeon, Gurgaon
Dear Yumnam, I am doing lot of work on Stem cells which are currently being used for blood disorders. Stem cells are also being used in Spinal cord injury, Cerebral Palsy, Stroke , Head injury etc only in the form of clinical trials. Stem cells have no role in curing Sensory Neural hearing loss as of today. Best wishes, Prof. Yashbir Dewan
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My son of 4years suffering from fever for last 2 days. Using paracetamol250 mg but didn't get relief. Getting high fever at night times, no shivering. Light cough for taking cold water.

MD Paediatrics, MBBS
Pediatrician, Hyderabad
I suggest you to continue paracetamol every 4-6 hours for another 2-3 days and use meftal p if high fever. If still fever persists after 4-5 days just get the child evaluated.
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Air Pollution and its Effects on Children's Lungs

MD PULMONARY, DTCD
Pulmonologist, Faridabad
Air Pollution and its Effects on Children's Lungs

Air pollution is known to take a toll on the lungs of even the healthiest adults. So it comes as no surprise that the effects of this pollution on the lungs of children is deemed as a grave situation, full of health hazards including the onset of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorders and conditions like asthma (learn more about asthma problem). Read on to find out more about the link between air pollution and its effect on the lungs of children.

Children's Lungs: Mostly, all the organs of a child's body are considered delicate and not fully matured until the child reaches a certain age. The main and largest part of the child's lungs will usually grow only after the child has been born, much like the arms and legs. In fact, it is a medically proven fact that about 80% of the tiniest of air sacs grow after the child's birth. These are called the alveoli and they facilitate the transfer of the oxygen into the blood stream with a life sustaining function that is built into our lungs. These alveoli continue to grow until the child becomes an adult. 

Immunity and Infections: Like the lungs of the child, the immunity of the child is also still in its growth phase, and very much unlike the immunity that an adult enjoys. This makes the child more susceptible to infections that are usually carried by air pollution in today's day and age of urban living when myriad pollutants are sent into the air every single day. Also, since children play outdoors more often and spend more time breathing in this air, they are more prone to these infections and lung or respiratory ailments due to this reason. Various studies and tests have shown inflammation in the respiratory passages caused by deposits of carbon dioxide emissions in the lungs of children.

Symptoms: Usually, the very first symptoms that show that air pollution is affecting the child's lungs can be seen when persistent coughing and wheezing sets in, without any proper reason. Also, when the child faces bronchial infections time and time again, then this points at the hazardous effects of air pollution as well. 

Respiratory problems: Apart from respiratory problem, which can lead to asthmatic attacks, hay fever and allergies as well as other COPD ailments, there are other related dangers. These can happen when constant choking and obstruction of oxygen due to pollution become a regular affair. These include strokes and brain damage which can eventually also lead to a higher risk of dementia. 

The government and citizens need to ensure that there is a drop in particle air pollution so as to ensure that children do not fall prey to such health problems.

4486 people found this helpful

Hi. My daughter is 5 yrs old. She had malaria last week. We have completed the doses as directed by the physician. But still she is having fever this morning.

MD - Paediatrics, Diploma in Child Health (DCH)
Pediatrician, Mumbai
Sometimes malaria is resistant. Depends on what medication was used by your doctor. Or malaria may be gone, but because she is weak, she might have picked up some other infection. Kindly go back to the doctor who treated her for malaria and get her checked up.
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Hello doctor, My baby is 13 months old. She weight is 7.5kgs, birth weight is 2.75, increase weight, please give me suggestions.

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician,
Hello doctor, My baby is 13 months old. She weight is 7.5kgs, birth weight is 2.75, increase weight, please give me s...
First you have to check her thyroid status and blood count and do a BLOOD CBC and TSH and inform . Do not give in bottle but feed from cup or glass . After the test you can try Logifene syrup
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My boy born on 17th of may normal delivery now he is getting loose motions so what which medicine I can give him? Please advise.

MD - Paediatrics, MBBS
Pediatrician, Bangalore
My boy born on 17th of may normal delivery now he is getting loose motions so what which medicine I can give him? Ple...
If you give mother milk only and keep a gap of about 2 hours he should improve. Too much feeding and bottle feeding may be responsible.
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My daughter age 12 month, weight 20, she born twins one boy one girl. From one year she is suffering from whizing problem. Any right precaution to avoid inhaler.

MD - Paediatrics, MBBS
Pediatrician, Tumkur
My daughter age 12 month, weight 20, she born twins one boy one girl. From one year she is suffering from whizing pro...
20 kgs at12 months is too much. It itself may be a cause for wheezing. Reduction of weight may improve wheezing. At present inhalers are the treatment of choice for wheezing.
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5 Foods That'll Help Increase Your Child's Height Naturally

Diploma in Child Health (DCH), MBBS
Pediatrician, Noida
5 Foods That'll Help Increase Your Child's Height Naturally

Did you know that there are certain foods that increase your child's height naturally? Foods that are rich in essential nutrients such as Vitamins, Calcium, Zinc, Magnesium etc can prove to be highly instrumental in adding extra inches to your child's height. Read on...

1. Whole Grains - Whole grains are rich sources of Zinc, Magnesium and Vitamin B, which play a very vital role in promoting your child's growth during his/her budding years. Additionally, whole grains also contain calories and carbohydrates, which ensure the maintenance of proper weight in your child, imparting him/her with the requisite energy to go on throughout the day. Feed your child whole-grain breads, cereals and pastas to make him healthier and taller.

2. Milk - Milk contains calcium and Vitamin D, which help in bone development during the growing years of a child, besides increasing his/her physical strength. Milk also helps in assimilating different proteins making it one of the best foods to be consumed by your child for attaining a good height. Three servings of milk, or milk products such as cheese or yoghurt, each day will suffice your child's Vitamin D and calcium requirement.

3. Fruits and Vegetables - Fruits are excellent sources of Vitamin A, which is instrumental in ensuring an enhanced rate of bone growth in your child, consequently making him/her taller. You can include carrots, mangoes, sweet potatoes, spinach etc. in your child?s diet to aid his/her height growth. It's advisable to provide him/her with 3 to 5 servings of fruits and vegetables every day.

4. Eggs - To ensure that your child grows taller naturally, providing him/her with a protein rich diet is very crucial. Eggs contain ample amount of protein needed to keep your child energetic throughout the day and help him/her grow taller. One to two eggs per day is considered to be the ideal intake amount for a child.

5. Soybeans - Soybeans are rich sources of protein and help in enhancing the growth of bones and muscles of your child, which in turn adds to his/her height during the budding years. You can cook various soybean dishes or you can add ground soybean powder to the dough while making rotis to make soybean a part of your child?s diet.

Although a child's height is also dependent on his/her genes, a well balanced diet containing these super-foods will increase your child's chances of growing to the fullest to attain a good height.

'Consult'.

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My son is 9 years old and few days back was having viral and was given antibiotics for six days but now he regularly complains of pain in calf muscles and ankle.

MBBS, MD
Pediatrician, Gurgaon
Post antibiotic if child is not given green veg. Etc he complain of muscle cramp. He need to be given 5 days course of b. Complex like becosule syrup. Thanks.
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