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Dr. Chitnis A S  - Pulmonologist, Mumbai

Dr. Chitnis A S

Pulmonologist, Mumbai

Dr. Chitnis A S Pulmonologist, Mumbai
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I'm a caring, skilled professional, dedicated to simplifying what is often a very complicated and confusing area of health care....more
I'm a caring, skilled professional, dedicated to simplifying what is often a very complicated and confusing area of health care.
More about Dr. Chitnis A S
Dr. Chitnis A S is an experienced Pulmonologist in Mumbai, Mumbai. You can visit him at Jaslok Hospital & Research Centre in Mumbai, Mumbai. Save your time and book an appointment online with Dr. Chitnis A S on Lybrate.com.

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#15 - Dr. Deshmukh Marg, Road No - 2, 2nd Floor, Pedder Road. Landmark: Near Safiya College, MumbaiMumbai Get Directions
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Waxed with Allergic Rhinnitis and Sinusitis Hear is the Solution

Doctor of Homeopathic Medicine (H.M.D.)
Homeopath, Belgaum
Waxed with Allergic Rhinnitis and Sinusitis Hear is the Solution

It is difficult to distinguish between allergy symptoms allergic rhinitis and sinusitis. This is no small problem. Of all the chronic diseases from which we suffer, allergic rhinitis is the most common. Approximately 30 million Indian or 15% of the Indian, population suffer from allergic rhinitis. Sinusitis, on the other hand, is one of the most common complications of allergic rhinitis. The problem with differentiating these two conditions occurs, because allergic rhinitis and sinusitis may both present with the same symptoms, such as fatigue, runny nose, chronic cough, congestion, post nasal drainage, headaches, facial or teeth pain, loss of taste or smell, and difficulty sleeping. Asthma, the other major complication of allergic rhinitis, is a lower airway lung disease that may present with cough, shortness of breath, and chest tightness, and in some studies, up to 40% of patients with allergies, have asthma.

Think then of a triangle: with allergic rhinitis on the left, causing sinusitis on the right, and both conditions causing asthma on the bottom. All three conditions can occur separately, but are closely interconnected. Remember that sinuses are simply empty cavities that surround the eyes. Air must be present in the sinuses to allow the linings of the sinuses to breathe and this is accomplished via small openings from the sinuses into the nasal passages. These openings also allow mucous from the sinuses to naturally drain into the nasal passages. If anything causes a blockage of the openings, the lack of air causes linings to use up the surrounding air supply, and like a vacuum, the resulting negative pressure will draw fluid out of the sinus linings. Fluid may then collect and fill the sinuses, which allows for bacteria to grow and cause infections. This can lead to facial pain, infected post nasal drainage and headaches. With increasing inflammation and thickening of the sinus linings, swollen tissue may round up and form nasal polyps that may cause and lead to loss of taste and smell.

Allergic rhinitis and common viral colds are the leading causes of sinusitis, and the history and physical examination will help your provider distinguish the two conditions. Allergic rhinitis may be seasonal, lasting weeks, months or even year round, and is caused by pollen, dust mites. Fever and discolored nasal drainage are uncommon, unless sinusitis is also present. Conversely, typical viral colds last 3-7 days, so any fever, discolored drainage, sore throat, headache or fatigue lasting longer that 7 days is very unlikely to be a simple viral cold, and is most probably sinusitis. On physical examination, patients with allergic rhinitis and sinusitis may both have dark circles under the eyes (shiners), swollen, pale nasal tissue, congestion and discharge. Patients with sinusitis, however, may also have discolored discharge. Studies have shown that greater than 50-75% of allergic adults and children with asthma have abnormal sinus, and asthmatic symptoms did not improve until the sinusitis is treated completely.
ALLERGIC RHINITIS
Most patients 10-20% of the population with sneezing, congestion, runny and itchy nose rhinitis, postnasal drip and itchy, red eyes during spring and fall have allergies to seasonal pollens. A high percentage of allergic individuals will be children. Whether someone will develop

Allergies depends on two factors: (1) Hereditary - Is there a family history of allergy?
(2) Environmental- Is the individual old enough and been exposed to enough pollen? Symptoms due to allergies may be severe enough to cause a loss of time from work and school.

Interestingly, a percentage of patients with classic symptoms will be absolutely and unequivocally negative on skin testing. Allergy injections are not indicated and not possible, because these patients are not allergic. And yet patients are just as symptomatic, and just as miserable as the rest of us. How is this possible and what treatment is available?
Definition and Pathophysiology
The diagnosis of rhinitis without positive skin tests is divided into two subgroups. One subgroup, non-allergic rhinitis with eosinophilia, presents with allergy symptoms in addition to conditions such as nasal polyps and nasal eosinophilia, asthma and frequently sinusitis. The other subgroup, vasomotor rhinitis, presents with symptoms, especially congestion, but lacks other associated conditions.

The nasal mucosal lining has a rich blood supply that is under the control of the nervous system called the autonomic nervous system. Nonspecific stimuli such as rapid changes in weather, temperature and humidity, drafts, exposure to chemicals, odors, perfumes, smoke and dust, emotions or stress may increase blood flow to tissue, resulting in swelling, congestion and rhinitis. A significantly deviated septum may induce changes in the mucosa, worsen the non-allergic or vasomotor rhinitis and cause more nasal congestion and drainage. Hormonal changes that occur with pregnancy, menstruation, menopause, hypothyroidism and oral contraceptives may cause symptoms of chronic non-allergic rhinitis.
Clinical Features
Patients complain of chronic nasal congestion, rhinitis, postnasal drip and sneezing. Congestion and blockage may alternate from side to side and are usually constant, though seasonal weather changes may trigger symptoms that mimic dust allergies. Symptoms may be worse upon awakening in the morning. Examination reveals marked pink or pale nasal swelling obstruction and thick nasal secretions. In all cases, skin tests are negative. Patients with non-allergic but not vasomotor rhinitis will have eosinophils present in nasal secretions and frequently nasal polyps complicating the obstruction.
SINUSITIS
Sinusitis
Sinusitis is an infection or inflammation of sinuses. Sinuses are the air-filled pockets or spaces found in the bones of face, around eyes and nose. They produce mucus, which, under normal circumstances, drains into the nose. Normally the sinuses produce about 1.5 litres of mucus a day and the quantity increases during allergy, inflammation and infection and this also changes the character of the mucus. Infection of sinuses is one of the common health care complaints.

Pathology
Sinusitis occurs when the mucus-producing lining of sinuses become inflamed and block the opening of the sinuses. Due to this, foreign material cannot get out, oxygen levels drop within the sinus and bacteria in the nasal cavity slither into the sinuses causing the sinus walls to swell and fill with pus. If the infection does not subside, the body sends in disease-fighting cells to kill the bacteria, which in turn can do considerable damage to the sinus walls. These defender cells can damage the cilia, the hair-like structure in the sinuses that help expel foreign matter. In addition, scarring can be caused which can result in the formation of sores.

Causes of Sinusitis

Infection due to bacteria, virus, fungi
Allergy: Most commonest causes are dust, animal dander, smoke, food and pollutants
Upper respiratory tract infection such as common cold or flu
Nasal polyps
Nasal Septum deviation
Chronic tonsillitis and adenoiditis
Climatic factors like sudden temperature changes
Swimming in infected water
Low immunity
Dental causes like an abscessed or badly decayed tooth, following dental treatment
Diseases like diabetes and HIV can create a predisposition to sinusitis

Symptoms of sinusitis

Nasal congestion leading to nasal obstruction, difficulty breathing through the nose
Thick nasal discharge (may be yellowish or greenish in colour in case of infection)
Sensation of fullness in the face
Sensation of pressure behind the eyes
Postnasal drip
Cheeks feel tender and pain may be similar to toothache in upper jaw
Mild fever and headache over one or both eyes (if frontal sinuses are affected)
Headache is usually worse in the mornings and made sharper by bending forwards
Sore throat
Foul smell in nose
Nasal sounding speech
Possibly, pus-like nasal discharge
Dry tickling cough
Tiredness

Asthmatic Attack
In the initial stage there is an asthmatic aura sometimes sneezing, flatulence, Drowsiness or restlessness irritability will be present. There can be a dry cough along with wheezing breathlessness these are some of the symptoms before the actual asthmatic attack.

Sense of oppression in the chest suddenly in the middle of the night is experienced.
There is a sense of suffocation and the patient leans forward fighting for his breath; or he may go to the open window to relieve the suffocation.
Anxiety, perspiration, cold extremities and cyanosis might be present.
Wheezing is present and can be heard from a distant.
In severe airways obstruction airflow maybe so reduced that the chest is almost silent on auscultation.
Inspiration is short and high pitched while the expiration is prolonged. On auscultation there are plenty of rhonchi and rales heard.
Termination is spontaneous or due to medication. As the bronchial spasm is less the patient is able to breathe and he can also cough which brings out viscid sputum which relieves him.
The duration of the attack varies from a few minutes to hours. The attacks can last for many hours in paroxysms this state is known as Status asthmaticus. In this state the patient has to be admitted to the hospital so that he can be supplied with oxygen and other auxiliary methods of treatment

For many patients with asthma, the concern that this “reversible” though serious, potentially life-threatening persistent lung disease may progress into emphysema, is real and worrisome. After all, asthma along with emphysema and chronic bronchitis, the latter two conditions known as Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases (COPD), all have inflammation with airway narrowing, mucus production and airway obstruction. Homeopathy Management

Suppression of colds by high doses of conventional medicine leads to recurrent attacks. When you use a groom to clean your room, do you push all the dust in a corner of the room or collect it and throw away? It is a common sense that if you push to the corner of the room, in due course the dust will spread in the entire room again and make it dirtier. Same is the case with the disease affecting your body. If you suppress the disease, where will it go? It will remain in dormant state inside the body and express itself again when the body meets any of the allergic triggers. The homeopathic medicines however through the principle of “like cures like” stimulate the vital force and immunity in order to enhance the body’s capacity to repel further allergies and infections. The constitutional medicines that are found by considering the physical, mental, and emotional aspects of an individual can only lead him on the road of permanent recovery from those allergic spells. Not only these medicines cater the problem of allergy but also impart great health on all planes, as it treats the patient as a whole and not just his disease.
5 people found this helpful

I am suffering from dry cough which is irritating my chest. Can you suggest me a curing technique?

BHMS
Homeopath, Faridabad
Hello, take Senega pentarken , 2 tabs thrice daily. Alpha CC , 2 tabs twice daily . Alpha COff , 2 tsp ,with hot water,thrice daily. Revert me after 7 days.
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She is suffering from sinus. Is there any kind of medicine that stops sinus for permanently? Plzz help me for this.

MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
Apart from taking symptomatic treatment I will suggest you to buy a steam inhaler machine of crescent company and take a flow of steam (of plain water only) over the forehead through the inhaler and can repeat the process after eight hours as and when required.
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I am suffering from nasal congestion, please suggest any home made remedy, some time I cannot breath easy.

MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
Take a flow of steam (of plain water only ) over the forehead through a crescent steam inhaler, eight hourly
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I need to know about the best treatment for tonsils and also I need to know about sinus.

MD PULMONARY, DTCD
Pulmonologist, Faridabad
saline gargles. Avoid cold foods and chocholate and antibiotics after consulting a doctor. Write symtoms of sinus.
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I have allergy last 10 year. I am facing nasal congestion n short breathing. I takes more time a long breathing. My nasal tissue has increased. How I can free from this problem?

Diploma in Otorhinolaryngology (DLO), MBBS
Ear-Nose-Throat (ENT) Specialist, Bangalore
Nasal allergy will give rise to a nasal congestion. Either you are having a deviated nasal septum or an enlarged inferior turbinates. A nasal endoscopic examination will exactly pin point where & what the problem is. Get an ent consultation done.
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I am asthmatic, what precautions would you recommend in this weather transition from hot and humid to a bit cooler monsoonal weather?

M.D. - Ayurveda, B.A.M.S (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine& Surgery), N.D.D.Y(Diploma in Naturopathy,Diploma in Yoga)
Ayurveda, Pune
I am asthmatic, what precautions would you recommend in this weather transition from hot and humid to a bit cooler mo...
Avoid curd totally. Go for salted buttermilk instead added with a pinch of black pepper. Always prefer warm water to drink after meals never take curd at night. Avoid pickles and very sour items. Do pranayam daily 30 min do cardio work out daily under supervision. Cardio work out helps increase lung capacity. Dry roast haldi powder (without oil) in a vessel till it appears dark yellow. Store it. Take 1 tsp of this daily at night with warm water/warm milk. Always take low fat milk/cow milk for drinking/tea purpose. Avoid exposure to cold weather. Avoid stress by meditating everyday.
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I am suffering from sinus infection from the past 6 months. And I had consulted a ENT specialist. It was seems to be ok last month. But again I am facing the same problem. Whqt is the cure for this disease from its root?

MBBS, MS - ENT
Ear-Nose-Throat (ENT) Specialist, Ahmedabad
Generally sinus infection is preceded by allergy. You must avoid your allergens to prevent cold which in turn prevents sinusitis. Try to avoid dust smokes perfumes and pollutants. Use facemask in such situations. Prevention is better than cure. Take regular steam inhalation. But if you have structural block in your nose and sinus that has to correct surgically.
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I am having a dry cough problem from many days and also problems in breathing. What should I do?

MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
For cough take syp ascoril-D 2.5 ml twice a day and Get your vital parameters of the body checked from a nearby doctor and revert back with findings
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I am suffering from cough I hv taken medicines too but they r not treating well what to do?

DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopath, Ludhiana
Homoeopathic medicine------------------------------- antim tart 30 (sbl) drink 5 drops in 1 spoon fresh water or direct on tongue vvery 2-3 hrly--------------- hepar sulph 30 (sbl) dink 5 drops in 1 spoon fresh water 3 times daily----------------------------- glycerrhiza glabra 1x (sbl) chew 1 tab s. O. S.-------------------- tussistin cough syrup (wilmar schwabe india) take 2 spoon 3 times daily--------------------------
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My son of 7 years old is suffering from cough for one month. The severity varies time to time. He is taking levolin with ambrolite-s syrup and anti allergic criz-m, but cough cannot stop. Please help m.

MBBS
General Physician, Cuttack
He is having Asthmatic bronchitis.He has to take nebulizwer and Use inhaler after consulting child aspecialist
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I am 27 years old female. 6 months before I used one hair oil made by aluvera and some natural thinks. It makes dry cough and austhmatic problem. I consult the doctor n take medicines and reduces the cough but never cured completely. I am unable to eat cooling foods. The breath time is too short. What should I do?

MD PULMONARY, DTCD
Pulmonologist, Faridabad
Try budamate 200 2 puff/twice/day with spacer with glemont fx 1tab/with breakfast for 1 month. Most likly you are asthmatic.
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I am 47 year old and I am suffering last month cold and cough so what I should do?

MD - Pulmonary Medicine, DNB, DAA, MNAMS
Pulmonologist, Navi Mumbai
I am 47 year old and I am suffering last month cold and cough so what I should do?
Cover mouth and nose during outside travels and outdoor activities. Also keep healthy lifestyle wash hands and face regularly. Brush and gargle twice a day.
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My son s 11 month old he is having running nose and night time he not able to SLP and keeps crying. I gave coriminic syrup 3 ml. Past two days he s having. Little cough started. Can saline nasal drop will help. Can I switch Ac or fan. For nose block.Please tell.

MS - ENT
Ear-Nose-Throat (ENT) Specialist, Gandhinagar
My son s 11 month old he is having running nose and night time he not able to SLP and keeps crying. I gave coriminic ...
Nasal Allergy: It is very common now a days…it is of two types –Seasonal and perineal. Seasonal allergic rhinitis occurs according to changes in atmosphere . Antihistaminics and decongestants can help you.
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Hi! I am two months pregnant. I am suffering from cough. Please suggest me some home remedies for cough.

MD PULMONARY, DTCD
Pulmonologist, Faridabad
Are you wheeze/asthmatic. Take warm water. Do saline gargles. Avoid citrus fruits. Take small meal. Have a gap og 2 hours between meal and sleep. If no relief consult respiratory physician.
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Sir I'm suffering with cough and it is with large mucous forming inside throat tell us about the tonic to clear mucous.

MBBS, MS - ENT
Ear-Nose-Throat (ENT) Specialist, Delhi
Sir I'm suffering with cough and it is with large mucous forming inside throat tell us about the tonic to clear mucous.
You may be suffering from a chest infection. See a doctor to be sure. In the meantime, take steam and do some gargles with salt water.
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I Am a pott spine tuberculosis patient treatment going since from 4 months and my daughter is 7months running now. As she is not at all taking my breastmilk from 1month she is crying a lot when iam making her to take my breast to give her feed but she is not at all taking please suggest me some trick so that she take my breast again as before because she is becoming thin by having only formula lactogen milk and cerelac.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Once you have stopped feeding from last one month, there is very little milk secretion. She must have stopped feeding on you because either milk was very less or u must be giving her bottle milk. There are some galactogauges which can increase ur milk production. If still she is not taking then u can express ur milk in a bowl and feed her with the spoon
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I am a chain smoker. N I am effected by it. At night I have smokers cough. N at times I can't sleep. What to do. How to reduce it? Please help me. Tell me a idea.

MD PULMONARY, DTCD
Pulmonologist, Faridabad
Join a quit smoking programme. Take help of family and friends. Avoid smoker friends. Can use nicotine replacement gums.
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My son is suffering from severe cough for the last 4-5 days. Our doctor had prescribed Clavam forte along with other cough syrup (Coscopin & Alex junior). As the situation not improved, doctor prescribed wysolone 1 along with previous medicines. Is it safe to take wysolone?

MD PULMONARY, DTCD
Pulmonologist, Faridabad
If no rhonchi in chest then better no wyselone. Get xray chest, cbcesr to r/o lung infection. Flu cough can take some time.
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Everyday morning after wakeup I feel that there is something sticked in my throat and when I cough nothing is coming out. I feel that some sinus getting sticked in my throat. What to do to overcome this problem please help.

DORL, MBBS
Ear-Nose-Throat (ENT) Specialist, Faridabad
Everyday morning after wakeup I feel that there is something sticked in my throat and when I cough nothing is coming ...
My dear this is all due to iron deficiency or less hydration of mouth, this can be corrected by hydrated food and fresh fruits, melon, water melon shakes, banana, and iron rich diet, this will help in building mucus which acts as natural barrier for bacteria to enter in body.
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