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What are the symptoms of bone tuberculosis? My ankle and knee is swell and pain so much. Is it the symptoms of tuberculosis?
I am male, 20 years , Respected Doctor before 2 years I got my ACL ligament torn when I suddenly got unbalanced on stairs, I consulted a doctor he performed a MRI test then I came to know this, he covered my knee with a paste and then covered and packed my leg with plaster, he changes the medicine/past 4 times (once in 15 days), treatment took 2 months then I felt that I am okay but yesterday some illiterate freaks fought with me, and in self defense I had to fought with them , and the knee gave me a break sound and then I lost my balance and now my knee is swollen, please tell me how can I get recover?
Knee replacement surgery — also known as knee arthroplasty (ARTH-row-plas-tee) — can help relieve pain and restore function in severely diseased knee joints. During knee replacement, a surgeon cuts away damaged bone and cartilage from your thighbone, shinbone and kneecap and replaces it with an artificial joint made of metal alloys, high-grade plastics and polymers.
Why is it done?
The most common reason for knee replacement surgery is to relieve severe pain caused by osteoarthritis. People who need knee replacement surgery usually have problems walking, climbing stairs, and getting in and out of chairs. Some also have moderate or severe knee pain at rest.
The procedure begins with you being administered general anesthesia, after which, an incision of 9-12 inches is made on the knee. The part of the joint that has been damaged is gotten rid of, following which the surfaces of the bone are redesigned to hold an artificial joint. Cement is used to attach the artificial joint to the shin, knee cap and the thigh bone. Once the fitting is complete, the artificial joint is supported by the surrounding muscles.
For most people, knee replacement provides pain relief, improved mobility and a better quality of life. Consult a doctor about what you can expect from knee replacement surgery.
Three to six weeks after surgery, you generally can resume most daily activities, such as shopping and light housekeeping. Driving is also possible at around three weeks if you can bend your knee far enough to sit in a car and if you have enough muscle control to operate the brakes and accelerator.
After you've recovered, you can enjoy a variety of low-impact activities, such as walking, swimming, golfing or biking. But you should avoid higher impact activities — such as jogging, skiing, tennis and sports that involve contact or jumping. Talk to your doctor about your limitations.
The duration of the hospital stay is around 2-3 days. The effects of the surgery start becoming noticeable within a month of the surgery being carried out. Initially, you may require walking aids. It takes about 5-6 weeks to regain your ability to walk without any external or physical support.
You will have to undergo physical therapy after the surgery to improve your muscle strength. The physiotherapist may prescribe various exercises to strengthen the muscles around the knees. You need to follow certain precautions after the surgery; squatting and kneeling become certain activities which you should avoid. Avoid activities that places undue stress on the knees.
I recently had a bike accident a couple of weeks back. I suffered injury in the knee and on further investigation, the MRI showed a complete tearing of the ACL. I am an active sports person and live driving my Royal Enfield. My question is, is it possible to pursue an active lifestyle without undergoing surgery. I ask this question as a quick skim through on the internet suggests that many patients became normal without surgery also. Thanking the would be answerer in advance.
What are the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritics? tell me about the detection, treatment is it completely curable disease?
What is Arthritis?
Arthritis is inflammation of the joints in one or more areas of the body. The symptoms of arthritis usually appear gradually but they may also occur suddenly.
What Causes Arthritis?
There are different causes depending on the type of arthritis. The most common types are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
Osteoarthritis: this is caused by normal wear and tear throughout life; this natural breakdown of cartilage tissue can be exacerbated by an infection or injury to the joints.
Rheumatoid arthritis: In rheumatoid arthritis, the body’s immune system attacks the lining of the joint capsule. This lining, known as the synovial membrane, becomes inflamed and swollen.
Who is at risk?
Risk factors for arthritis include:
Age: The risk of many types of arthritis increases with age.
Gender: Women are more likely than are men to develop rheumatoid arthritis, while most of the people who have gout are men.
Previous joint injury: People who have injured a joint are more likely to eventually develop arthritis in that joint.
Obesity: Carrying excess weight puts stress on joints, especially knees, hips and spine. Obese people have a higher risk of developing arthritis
What Are the signs of Arthritis?
These include joint pain and stiffness, swelling of the joints, decrease in range of motion of joints or redness of the skin around the joint.
How Is Arthritis Diagnosed?
The doctor diagnoses arthritis on the basis of:
Laboratory tests: Fluids commonly analyzed include blood, urine and joint fluid.
Imaging: Imaging scans such as X-ray, MRI, and CT scans are commonly used to assess extend of damage to joints
Arthroscopy: arthroscopy involves inserting a small, flexible tube called an arthroscope through an incision near the joint. The arthroscope transmits images from inside the joint to a video screen.
How is Arthritis managed?
The main goal of treatment is to reduce pain, prevent any additional damage to the joints and improve joint mobility. Management includes:
Medications: these are given to manage symptoms of arthritis and to improve range of motion.
Surgery: Surgery may be needed to replace the damaged joint with an artificial one.
Exercise: Exercise can help in strengthening the muscles around the affected joint and prevent further damage. Options include stretching exercises, exercises that provide range of motion, low-impact aerobic exercise such as walking, cycling.
Weight loss: Being overweight can increase complications of arthritis and contribute to arthritis pain. Make gradual and permanent lifestyle changes like eating healthy, portion control, avoiding deep fried foods and following an exercise regimen.