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Dr. Archana A Prabhu - Gynaecologist, Mumbai

Dr. Archana A Prabhu

89 (323 ratings)
MBBS, DGO, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Gynaecologist, Mumbai

23 Years Experience  ·  500 - 1000 at clinic  ·  ₹350 online
Dr. Archana A Prabhu 89% (323 ratings) MBBS, DGO, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology Gynaecologist, Mumbai
23 Years Experience  ·  500 - 1000 at clinic  ·  ₹350 online
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Hello everyone, I am Dr Archana Prabhu. I am an Obstetrician and gynaecologist, practicing in MUm...

Hello everyone, I am Dr Archana Prabhu. I am an Obstetrician and gynaecologist, practicing in MUmbai. Today I will like to discuss about Thyroid Problems.

What is Thyroid?

Thyroid is a small endrocrine gland situated in front of the sound box, in the middle of the neck. 

Why is it so important?

The importance of thyroid gland is that it controls our metabolism. It controls the heart rate, skin thickness, texture. It controls our brain, mood, nervous systems, hair and so many other things are controlled by Thyroid. Any thing goes wrong with thyroid. If secretion becomes more, we call it as hyperthyroidism or if secretion become less, we call it as hypothyroidism. THere are problems, out of these problems, 75% of the problems are Hypothyroidism. THat means the secretion through thyroid glands are sub normal. So, I would like to discuss Hypothyroidism.

What happens in Hypothyroidism and how do we come to know that we are suffering from this problem?

Usual problems are;

  • Excessive weight gain
  • Sudden weight gain
  • Swelling in the feet or legs
  • Depression
  • Irritation
  • Lethargic
  • Constipation
  • Dry skin problem
  • Hair loss
  • Difficulty in conceoption
  • Menstrual issues

What happens when patient's thyroid levels are not under control or they are Hypothyroid during pregnancy?

In this case, th baby at its very early stage are exposed to the level of hypothyroidism. There are chances of abortion. In case the pregnancy continues, the baby may develop many complications like, at birth, this baby might be having growth issues i.e, growth retardation.

  • This baby may have jaundice.
  • This baby may develop short stretcher
  • Poor growth
  • Cardiac issues

The very important part here is that mental development of the baby gets affacted by thyroid level. It has been seen when the baby is exposed to low secretion thyroid level in the early months, they develop mental retardation or low IQ.

I dont think that any of the mother would liek to have this kind of baby, that too because of the small thing which she could have checked and be treated and could easily escape from such a complications. Now, they are certain problems which can go really wrong with the mother also if she has hypothyroidism and the levels are not under control. LIke the blood pressure, she may get into preeclampsia. The mother who is suffering from Hypothyroidism are at risk of developing some kind of cardiac problems.

So, friends the important point here is to check thyroid level in your early month of pregnancy. There are levels which are T3, T4 and TSH. Check thema nd if they are shwoing any kind of abnormality, the tablet is started immediately. It is a very small tablet can be taken anytime empty stomach. Throughout the pregnnacy, every 4-6 weeks we have to keep checking thyroid levels and according to pregnancy month, the levels of thyroid are different for the three trimesters.

We have to keep the levels in that particular level. So the dose adjustment and regular checkup are really important. THis can control teh complications and can save the baby and the mother.

If you need any other information, you can contact me through Lybrate.

Thank you.

 

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Personal Statement

Dr. Archana A Prabhu is a reputed Gynaecologist & Obstetrician in Mumbai, who has been practising in the western suburbs of the city for the past 15 years. Dr. Archana A Prabhu is recogn......more
Dr. Archana A Prabhu is a reputed Gynaecologist & Obstetrician in Mumbai, who has been practising in the western suburbs of the city for the past 15 years. Dr. Archana A Prabhu is recognised for her excellence in infertility treatment, as well as in dealing with complicated pregnancy. She has conducted several health camps for many years in the rural areas of Gujarat. Dr. Archana A Prabhu is attached to Vatsalya Clinic in Vile Parle (E), and can also be consulted at Unique Hospital in Andheri (W).
More about Dr. Archana A Prabhu
Dr. Archana A Prabhu is a well reputed Obstetrician and Gynecologist residing in Mumbai. She has an experience of 15 years. Dr. Prabhu specializes in dealing with complicated pregnancy as well as providing infertility treatment. Along with such she also participates in conducting various health camps in rural regions of Gujarat. Dr. Archana A. Prabhu can be personally consulted at Unique Hospital in Andheri West as well as Vatsalya Clinic situated in Vile Parle (E). She has completed DGO, MBBS and MD in Obstetrics and Gynecology. He has completed her MBBS from Bhopal University in the year 1994. She has also finished her MD from KEM, Mumbai in the year 1998. Dr. Archana A. Prabhu usually provides various treatments like surrogacy treatment, caesarean section, contraceptive advice, gynae problems, delivery care, gynecology laparoscopy and treatment of female sexual problems. Her main goal is to serve society with compassion and humanity without any commercialization of her knowledge.

Info

Education
MBBS - Bhopal University - 1994
DGO - CPS - 1997
MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology - KEM - Mumbai - 1998
Languages spoken
English
Hindi
Marathi
Awards and Recognitions
DIPLOMA IN USG
Professional Memberships
MOGS
PCO SOCIETY

Location

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Vatsalya Clinic

Ganga Keshav Bldg. Gr. Floor, Hanuman Cross Rd. No. 1, Opp Lakme Salon, Vile Parle (E)Mumbai Get Directions
  4.5  (323 ratings)
500 at clinic
...more

Unique Hospital

S.V Road,Opposite Shoppers Stop Andheri ( West )Mumbai Get Directions
  4.5  (323 ratings)
1000 at clinic
...more
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Gestational Diabetes

MBBS, DGO, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Play video

How To Overcome Gestational Diabetes?

3612 people found this helpful

Thyroid Disease in Pregnancy

MBBS, DGO, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Play video

Hello everyone, I am Dr Archana Prabhu. I am an Obstetrician and gynaecologist, practicing in MUmbai. Today I will like to discuss about Thyroid Problems.

What is Thyroid?

Thyroid is a small endrocrine gland situated in front of the sound box, in the middle of the neck. 

Why is it so important?

The importance of thyroid gland is that it controls our metabolism. It controls the heart rate, skin thickness, texture. It controls our brain, mood, nervous systems, hair and so many other things are controlled by Thyroid. Any thing goes wrong with thyroid. If secretion becomes more, we call it as hyperthyroidism or if secretion become less, we call it as hypothyroidism. THere are problems, out of these problems, 75% of the problems are Hypothyroidism. THat means the secretion through thyroid glands are sub normal. So, I would like to discuss Hypothyroidism.

What happens in Hypothyroidism and how do we come to know that we are suffering from this problem?

Usual problems are;

  • Excessive weight gain
  • Sudden weight gain
  • Swelling in the feet or legs
  • Depression
  • Irritation
  • Lethargic
  • Constipation
  • Dry skin problem
  • Hair loss
  • Difficulty in conceoption
  • Menstrual issues

What happens when patient's thyroid levels are not under control or they are Hypothyroid during pregnancy?

In this case, th baby at its very early stage are exposed to the level of hypothyroidism. There are chances of abortion. In case the pregnancy continues, the baby may develop many complications like, at birth, this baby might be having growth issues i.e, growth retardation.

  • This baby may have jaundice.
  • This baby may develop short stretcher
  • Poor growth
  • Cardiac issues

The very important part here is that mental development of the baby gets affacted by thyroid level. It has been seen when the baby is exposed to low secretion thyroid level in the early months, they develop mental retardation or low IQ.

I dont think that any of the mother would liek to have this kind of baby, that too because of the small thing which she could have checked and be treated and could easily escape from such a complications. Now, they are certain problems which can go really wrong with the mother also if she has hypothyroidism and the levels are not under control. LIke the blood pressure, she may get into preeclampsia. The mother who is suffering from Hypothyroidism are at risk of developing some kind of cardiac problems.

So, friends the important point here is to check thyroid level in your early month of pregnancy. There are levels which are T3, T4 and TSH. Check thema nd if they are shwoing any kind of abnormality, the tablet is started immediately. It is a very small tablet can be taken anytime empty stomach. Throughout the pregnnacy, every 4-6 weeks we have to keep checking thyroid levels and according to pregnancy month, the levels of thyroid are different for the three trimesters.

We have to keep the levels in that particular level. So the dose adjustment and regular checkup are really important. THis can control teh complications and can save the baby and the mother.

If you need any other information, you can contact me through Lybrate.

Thank you.

 

3413 people found this helpful

Women - Never Ignore These 5 Signs!

MBBS, DGO, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Women - Never Ignore These 5 Signs!

5 Alarming reasons you must visit your gynaecologist

In India, statistics reveal that more than 92% of women suffer from gynaecological problems. Some of these problems may turn out to be more serious than you expected. Here are 5 danger signs you should watch out for that signal an immediate visit to your gynaecologist.

1. Painful sex
Most women feel that it is normal to feel a little bit of pain in your vagina during sex. However, the truth is that pain during sex is not at all normal. If you feel pain while indulging in sexual activity, there are chances of you suffering from either vaginal dryness or a mild infection, which if left untreated can become worse. Some of these infections can even be STDs (sexually transmitted diseases) such as herpes, gonorrhoea etc.

2. Considerable bleeding during periods
If you bleed heavily during your periods, so much so that you have to change your sanitary napkin 2-3 times in just one to two hours, it’s a cause of concern. If this heavy menstrual flow is also accompanied with shortness of breath and rapid heart rate, you may be suffering from anaemia. In extreme cases (which is very rare), this can lead to extreme blood loss, which may require a blood transfusion.

3. Itchy vagina
Vaginal itching is very commonly ignored as most women consider it to be embarrassing, and as something that does not require any attention. However vaginal itching may be an indication of something more serious. Usually vaginal itching is a sign of fungal infection or a symptom of a sexually transmitted disease. In the worst-case scenario, it can even be a sign of vulvar cancer (a cancer of the vulva, which is the external part of your vagina).

4. Abnormal vaginal odour
Abnormal vaginal odour, just like an itchy vagina, may be a sign of a bacterial infection. Sometimes vaginal odour may even be accompanied with a thick and heavy vaginal discharge. This usually indicates vaginal yeast infection (an infection caused by an increase in the number of yeast cells present in your vagina), and if ignored these infections can recur, making sex and urination very painful activities.

5. Lump in your breast
A lump in the breast, whether or not accompanied by a bloody discharge from your nipples, is most likely a warning sign of cancer. You should also watch out for any type of pain in your breasts or even an abnormal growth as all of these indicate the development of cancerous cells in the breasts.
Schedule an appointment with your gynaecologist if you experience any one of these symptoms. It’s better to be safe than sorry.

4571 people found this helpful

Planning for IVF? 5 Things to Take Care Of

MBBS, DGO, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Mumbai

Factors that determine the success of your IVF procedure

IVF or In Vitro Fertilization is a process wherein an egg is fertilized by a sperm in a laboratory dish to form the embryo (baby's first cell) which after growth in artificial medium in the lab is transferred into the uterus of women, In general, a blood sample is collected to determine whether you're pregnant or not about 10-14 days after the eggs are retrieved.

Coming to the success of the procedure, a number of factors are at play and these are:

  • The age at which you get pregnant - A factor that plays a role in influencing your chances of experiencing success in your IVF procedure is the age at which you opt for this procedure. The lower your age, the chances that you may get pregnant and deliver a healthy child using your own eggs witness an increase. On the other hand, if you're aged 41 and above, or your egg reserve is very low donor eggs are the most preferred option as they help to increase your prospects of meeting a success.
  • Lifestyle habits - Certain lifestyle factors can significantly affect your prospects of getting pregnant through this route. Smoking can reduce your prospect of success using this procedure by about 50%. It can cause you to have lesser number of eggs retrieved during the procedure while increasing instances of miscarriages. Likewise, obesity, alcohol use, consumption of excessive caffeine and drugs can adversely affect your chances of getting pregnant using IVF.
  • Cause of Infertility - If your supply of eggs is normal, success rate using IVF is high. Women who suffer from the problem of endometriosis experience lesser chances of getting pregnant than women who have unexplained fertility.
  • Reproductive history - IVF success rate chances are higher if you've delivered a baby previously using IVF.
  • Embryo status - Embryos that are better developed with good grade stand a higher chance of experiencing success than less developed embryos. More importantly, not every embryo is able to survive the development process. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Gynaecologist.
4285 people found this helpful

Know Your Pregnancy Second Trimester Better

MBBS, DGO, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Know Your Pregnancy Second Trimester Better

6 Changes in your body you can expect during the second trimester of pregnancy

The second trimester (starting from the 4th and lasting through the 6th month) of pregnancy is considered to be the easiest for a woman. During this time, your energy is at its peak and instances of fatigue and morning sickness are less severe. Your baby, on the other hand, continues to develop inside your womb.

In addition to these, you can expect big changes within your body during the second trimester, which include:

1. Backaches: The additional weight that you gain during these past few months begins to bear down on your back, making it achy and tired. For relief from pressure, there are certain things that you can do such as using a chair that offers strong support to your back; sleeping on the side with a pillow placed in between your legs and wearing shoes that come with solid arch support.

2. Bleeding gums: Hormonal changes occurring during this period bring about a greater flow of blood to the gums, making them extremely sensitive and prone to bleeding. The gums don’t remain tender for long and return to their normal form after delivery. But during these three months, make sure to use toothbrushes with softer bristles and being gentle when flossing.

3. Congestion and bleeding of the nose: In addition to making your gums tenderer, hormonal changes also bring about the swelling of mucous membranes that line your nose. These changes can lead you to have a stuffy nose as well as may even cause your nose to bleed very easily. To clear any nasal congestion that may occur during this period, you should use natural methods or saline drops obtained from a chemist.

4. Hair growth: Pregnancy also sees your hair growing rapidly due to the action of the hormones on the hair follicles. Additionally, you also experience hair growth in places where hair is sparse. To remove unwanted hair, you should stick to tweezing or shaving, waxing and the use of depilatories aren’t recommended by medical experts as they aren’t considered safe for the baby.

5. White vaginal discharge: White vaginal discharge during this time is very common. The discharge ensures that harmful yeast or bacteria don’t breed in your private areas. But if the discharge takes on a foul smell and a green or yellow colour, you should immediately consult a gynaecologist as you may be down with a vaginal infection.

6. Leg cramps: A very common occurrence during the second trimester, leg cramps usually last through the last leg of pregnancy, which is the third trimester as well. The reasons behind their occurrence may be hormonal, weight-related or deficiency of magnesium and calcium.

1 person found this helpful

Severe Menstrual Cramps - How To Get Relief From It?

MBBS, DGO, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Severe Menstrual Cramps - How To Get Relief From It?

A menstrual cramp is something which every woman complains of for a day or two every month. Menstrual cramps are usually the pains felt in the lower abdomen, which can occur both before and during a woman's menstrual period. These cramps are caused by a hormone called prostaglandin that causes the uterine muscles to contract during menstruation. When the uterus contracts to shed its natural lining during your period it releases a hormone called prostaglandins which causes pain and inflammation. So higher the level of prostaglandins more severe the menstrual cramps.

It might be just a minor discomfort for some, but for others it can be severe. The symptoms of menstrual cramps include pain in the abdomen, pressure in the abdomen and pain in the hips, lower back, and inner thighs as well. However, if the cramps are severe you might have an upset stomach, loose stools and vomiting too.

Three out of four women experience menstrual pains and every one out of 10 women experiences severe cramps. Here are few remedies that might help in relieving the pain:

  1. Exercise, brisk walking or any type of physical activity can help to ease your belly pain as by being physically active your body pumps more blood, which helps in releasing endorphins to counteract the prostaglandins and reduce your cramps.
  2. Apply heat on the lower abdomen or the area where you feel the pain as it helps to relax the contracting muscles in your uterus.
  3. Improve your diet by reducing fat and increasing vegetables. However, avoid foods that contain caffeine and salt.
  4. Take a warm bath as it may also provide some relief.
  5. Add ginger in your food as it helps in lowering the levels of the pain-causing prostaglandins.
  6. Drink chamomile tea at least three times a day.
  7. Take fish oil supplements, vitamin B1 or both.
  8. Make sure to get enough vitamin D.
  9. Have an orgasm as it releases endorphins which has a pain-relieving effect and helps in boosting your mood as well.
  10. Include more dietary magnesium such as dry almonds and boiled spinach as it helps to ease the pain of cramps.
  11. Acupuncture also has an anti-inflammatory effect.
  12. Take a safe painkiller to reduce pain.
  13. Birth control pills may help relieve painful cramps, but they do come with side effects which may include spotting, breast tenderness, nausea and low sex drive.
  14. Refrain yourself from smoking and drinking alcohol.
  15. Finally, have appropriate rest.

Note: If you still do not get any relief despite trying some of these options then you must visit your doctor to rule out more serious health issues as the menstrual cramps are sometimes caused or worsened by other conditions and any sort of medications for such cramps are to be taken after consulting a Gynaecologist.

4085 people found this helpful

Diabetes - How it May Affect Your Baby?

MBBS, DGO, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Diabetes - How it May Affect Your Baby?

You may develop a form of diabetes during pregnancy, which is known as gestational diabetes. The condition usually goes away after childbirth. During pregnancy, hormonal changes within the body may cause the blood sugar level to rise. This condition affects the developing fetus as well, as the baby receives nutrients from your blood. The baby may store the extra sugar as fat and may grow unusually large.

How gestational diabetes affects the baby

Owing to the abnormally large size, the baby may be at risk of facing several complications, if you have gestational diabetes. Your baby may be affected in the following ways:

1. There may be injuries during birth due to the large size.

2. Low blood sugar level and mineral level during birth.

3. Jaundice, which is a condition which turns the skin to yellow.

4. The baby may be born prematurely.

5. Breathing problems which are temporary.

6. The baby will be at a higher risk of obesity later in life.

How gestational diabetes affects the mother

The chances of several pregnancy complications get enhanced due to gestational diabetes. The possible risks are as follows:

1. Chances of undergoing a C-section

2. Chances of miscarriage

3. High blood pressure.

4. Pre-term birth

5. After giving birth, the mother has high chances of developing type 2 diabetes.

How to manage gestational diabetes?

You can follow several tips and must undergo lifestyle changes for keeping your diabetes in control. These include the following:

1. You should have a healthy diet with reduced amount of carbohydrates as they cause the sugar level to increase. You must abstain from high sugar food items.

2. Regular physical exercise is essential for the management of sugar levels. You should work out for at least 30 minutes every day.

3. Regular health check-ups are very important, especially for your baby after birth. These may include ultrasounds and nonstress tests.

4. Prescribed medication such as insulin and several others help in the management of blood sugar levels.

5. You must observe your blood sugar level properly. You should take a blood sugar test many times a day.

6. You should always watch your symptoms for any sign of blood sugar during pregnancy.

In case you are diagnosed with gestational diabetes, you must consult a doctor immediately. Managing this condition at an early stage will prevent your baby from being affected in several ways. The condition can be successfully managed and majority of women with gestational diabetes have regular vaginal births and produce healthy babies. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a gynaecologist.

3836 people found this helpful

I want to have sex without condom. Is it ok. Will I find any issue. I'm a virgin.

MBBS, DGO, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Condom not only reduce the chances of pregnancy but also age for STDs ie sexually transmitted diseases. So it is always better to use it unless u r married and having one partner only
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Is there more chances of become pregnant if unsafe sex is done after one Month of childbirth (post pregnancy).

MBBS, DGO, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Is there more chances of become pregnant if unsafe sex is done after one Month of childbirth (post pregnancy).
Post childbirth if u r breastfeeding then chances of pregnancy r less but there is individual variations
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My wife is 7 month pregnant and she have only 1 umbical single artery cord it harmful to baby or any other problems after birth please give ur suggestion.

MBBS, DGO, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
My wife is 7 month pregnant and she have only 1 umbical single artery cord it harmful to baby or any other problems a...
Not necessarily but chances of pregnancy complications like growth retardation, low birth weight etc are more . U should be more careful
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