Lybrate.com has an excellent community of Gastroenterologists in India. You will find Gastroenterologists with more than 28 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Gastroenterologists online in Mumbai and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.
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In 2010 I had jaundice. I took the prescribed medicine and recovered but in later stage after five month I discovered gastric ulcer with duodenal obstruction in endoscopy test. Later on doctor advice me to go on liquid diet for heeling the ulcer. Till six month I was kept on liquid diet and recovered from ulcer also but my duodenal obstruction remain unchanged. Therefore I was advice to go for an surgery for the same. I was hospitalized and get operated after making a separate way from my deudonal. Now after surgery also my weight has not been reached to a healthy men of my age. My HB is also 11. What diet plan should I follow to gain weight as well as to raise HB.
Colorectal surgery is the broad term for surgical procedures performed on the colon, the rectum and the anus. There are various different surgical procedures which fall under colorectal surgery and these are used to treat a vast array of disorders, such as:
- Anal cancer
- Colorectal cancer
- Severe complications related to constipation
- Anal injuries
- Inflammatory conditions of the gastrointestinal tract
- Congenital defects
- Procedures: The surgeries under colorectal surgery are performed after diagnostic tests such as proctoscopy, sigmoidoscopy and defecating proctography. The most common diagnostic test is colonoscopy. These help to identify the origin and nature of the problem and decide which surgical procedure is to be followed. The procedures under colorectal surgery are as follows:
- Colectomy: This procedure involves removal of a section of the large intestine. This is known as partial colectomy. In extreme cases, such as advanced cancer or severe gastrointestinal infection, the entire colon is removed and this is called total colectomy. Sometimes, the rectum is also taken out along with the colon and this is called proctocolectomy.
- Colonic polypectomy: An abnormal growth of tissues in the inner lining of an organ is known as a polyp. Colonic polypectomy is done to eliminate polyps from the colon and rectum before they become malignant. This can be done endoscopically. Surgery is required in case of large polyps.
- Strictureplasty: Chronic or repeated bowel inflammation causes scar tissue to accumulate in the large intestine. This results in the narrowing of the colon. Stricturoplasty removes the scar tissue so that proper flow of digestive contents is resumed.
- Colostomy or Ileostomy: A damaged section of the colon is removed and the shortened intestine is then attached to another opening (stoma) in the anterior wall of the abdomen.
- Hemorrhoidectomy: This surgical process is used for swollen hemorrhoids or blood vessels, which form in the anal canal. Hemorrhoidectomy is extremely effective in removing hemorrhoids, but the surgery also involves a number of complications.
- Anoplasty: Anoplasty or imperforate anus correction is done to correct birth defects in the rectum and the anus. The structural flaw does not allow the stool to pass properly from the rectum and so it is repaired through surgery.
Related Tip: "Colorectal Surgery: How To Be Sure You Really Need It"
Recommendations to reduce subsequent episodes of diarrhea, malnutrition, and delays in physical and mental development.
Exclusive breastfeeding until age 6 months
Continued breastfeeding with complementary foods until 2 years of age.
Complementary feeding may be considered in younger infants if growth is inadequate.
Consumption of safe food and water.
Water brought to a rolling boil for at least 5 min is optimal for preparing food and drinks for young children.
Hand Washing after defecating, disposing of a child's stool, and before preparing meals.
Latrines should be located more than 10 meters and downhill from drinking water sources.
ONCE DIARRHEA SETS IN START GIVING WATER AS ORS /RICE WATER /PLAIN SUGAR AND SALT SOLUTION TO REPLACE WATER LOSS AND PREVENT FATAL DEHYDRATION.AFTER EVERY LOOSE MOTION GIVE 250 ML OF ORS /RICE GRUEL.SUGAR-SALT SOLUTION.