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Sir, please share me about the causes of cancer, how can we overcome it. What are the situations of cancer. Is the tobacco is a cause of cancer.
Hello friends, I am Dr Sajjan Rajpurohit. I am a cancer specialist at Rajeev Gandhi Cancer Institute, South Delhi. Today I will talk about the cancer which affects our senior citizens between the age of 50-60 years. It is the cancer in men. Some people most of teh time ignore it as it is a part of normal lifestyle or ageing. But what happens the cancer to begin withn as the symptoms are quite similar to the prostatic hypertrophy. So, I am going to talk about Carcinoma Prostate.
Prostate is an organ which is a male sex organ. It helps in generating fluid which is a composition fo Semen and it also helps in protecting the urine from getting infected. But with an advaced age, there is an increase in the size of prostate and sometimes a growing prostate can turn cancerous.
So, Carcinoma prostate usually manifest as symptoms which are quite similar to Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy (BPH).
So, the symptoms will be;
- Frequency of urination
- Urgency of urination
- Difficulty during the urine passage
- Nocturia which means incraesing urination at night, the person has to get up 3-4 times for urine
- Blood in urine
- Pain during urination
These are the earlier signs whereas in the later stages there can be the lower back ache or weight loss. In advanced cases, there can be the involvement of other organs such as liver, lungs whihc can ultimately lead to jaundice, cough, breathlessness.
So, the important thing is to differentiate from the beginning, from the cvery common condition. 1/3rd of the men suffer beyond the age of 60 years, that is, BPH.
It is sometime confused with the very common disease or I can say the physical change in the body which is in the form of Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy. It is very important for your doctor or you to be aware of that these symptoms can be over lapping with the symptoms or with these disease. So, the medicines of BPH should not be started just on teh basis of the symptoms.A patient must undergo a good quality Ultrasound, Serrum PSA levels. If the PSA levels are high or the prostate on ultarsound appears suspicious for cancer, then it should be followed up for MR Imagine or a Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of the lower abdomen or the Pelvis and depending upon that sometimes the PSA levels are high then the patient should undergo the Biopsy of the prostate.
Once the diagnosis is established, we stage the disease. The staging of disease will depend upon whether it is only confined to the stages of Prostates or it is going beyond the prostate. Most common side of other organ involvement is the lower back ro the back bone. The good thing about these cancers is that more than 80% of the these are low grade and they grow over many years. So, there is no need to immediately panic and if it is organ confined then it can be treated and cured with either surgery or direct with radiations. We have got Robotic surgery, very high resolution as well as very conformal radiation techique available with us whioch can treat the local forms of prostate cancer. Many of the people will be cured of the disease. Even in advanced cases nowadays with the advances and the oncology, the disease can be conbtrolled for many years and the patient can be asymptomatic.
People are living healthy and normal lives as they were living before getting this disease. So you need to be aware of this entity because it is on eof the common cancers in men. But if we and our physician is alert, they will definitely rule this out.
So, this is all I wanted to tell you about Carcinoma Prostate. Do not fear about the cancer. Many advances are happening on every day basis in the cancer managemnety and the future looks very promising to me.
If you need any help for Carcinoma Prostate or if you know someone who need any help for the same, you can contact me on my email which is email@example.com or you can contact me through Lybrate.
If you want to take an appointment, I sit in Rajeev Gandhi Cancer Institute, South Delhi.
In the last week, I have seen two patients who have presented with features of a breast abscess but they ultimately turned out to be breast cancers. Although, inflammatory breast cancers are a known entity and they can present as breast abscesses but this fact is not well known among patients and many general practitioners, which leads to late detection of these cancers.
With this case, I want to highlight some pointers to diagnose these lesions early. A 39-year-old, nonlactating mother presented to with complaints to swelling in the right breast for the last 3 weeks. She had already taken a course of antibiotics from a general practitioner but did not get relieved of her symptoms. On examination, she had a swelling involving the skin fold below the breast (inframammary crease) with swelling and hardness spreading till the lower part of the breast. In addition to this, she had lymph nodes (glands) in the underarm area (axilla) as well.
An USG revealed a lump in the breast associated with the fluid collection, which on biopsy turned out to be an invasive cancer. Fortunately for the patient, on further examination, the cancer was found to be restricted to the breast and the underarm area only.
When should we suspect that a breast abscess can actually be associated with a malignancy (cancer)?
A nonhealing breast abscess - which is persisting despite antibiotics and surgical management
Breast abscess in a patient who is not lactating.
Breast abscesses in elderly patients
Breast abscesses associated with hard lumps in the breast
Patients with these symptoms should get an ultrasound and biopsy done to confirm the diagnosis. In India, another entity which should be ruled out is Breast Tuberculosis.
Dear sir, I have a friend, her husband was died due to blood cancer in last Apr 15. Presently she has 2 child. She I lived with her child and parents. I just want to confirm, is there any symptoms or chances of cancer with her and her children. Is cancer is STD diseases, is transmitted during sexual intercourse. This is require because we re worry about her next marriage. Can she marry once again. Pl give valuable reply. Vishal.
Which fast food is good for health? Any cold drinks are damage our health? Is the reason of the cancer is tobacco?
Ultrasonography report says Urinary bladder: Normally distended. Irregular bladder wall thickening 4 mm. PVR-200 cc Prostrate: Enlarged in size (vol-32 cc) Urologist suggests surgery. But age is 75+ Is it good to go for surgery? Pl. Guide.
My mother in law is 80. She has recently been operated for breast cancer her breast is removed. Drs have suggested chemo therapy but she is undergoing homeopathy treatment. Is it ok?
Why causes cancer? Nd whats is harmful effect on other person. How it will treated. It is influenza virus or not.
I have stomach pain and sometimes I fill stomach burn. So I think its a 1st stage of cancer. Can you tell me wat are the symptoms of cancer. And which causes cancer?
Hi Doctor, I would like to know as to how to prevent cervical cancer naturally. Many thanks for your suggestions/ advice here. Sincerely,
My wife have Brest cancer And last month we go to for checking in Delhi Rajeev Gandhi hospital And that say as per report third stage
1. Prevents cancer: as a magnificent source of vitamin c and different cell reinforcements, tomatoes can battle the development of abnormal cells that causes cancer. Lycopene has been connected with prostate tumour prevention. Epidemiologists recommend the consumption of tomato as it helps lower the possibility of prostate cancer. High fibre content of beta-carotene in fruits and vegetables has been proven to bring down the risk of colorectal cancer to a great extent.
2. Blood pressure: low sodium consumption keeps circulatory strain solid. Tomatoes are rich in potassium that helps in the same.
3. Heart's well-being: the fibre, potassium, vitamin c and choline content in tomatoes all bolster the heart's well-being. An expansion in potassium as well as a reduction in sodium is the most essential dietary change that an individual can make to lessen their danger of cardiovascular diseases. Tomatoes additionally contain folic corrosive, which keeps the homocysteine levels under control. It reduces the risk of heart diseases.
4. Diabetes: tomatoes help bring down the blood sugar level in people with type1 diabetes. Whereas, people with type 2 diabetes may have enhanced glucose, lipids and insulin levels. One measure of cherry tomatoes gives around 2 grams of fibre and helps them keep their levels neutralized.
5. Constipation: eating foods that are high in water substance and fibre like tomatoes can help with hydration and advance normal solid discharges. Fibre adds mass to stool and is important for bowel movement.
6. Eye health: tomatoes are a rich sources of lycopene, lutein and beta-carotene, which are intense cancer prevention agents. They have been helpful in protecting the eyes against harm related to the advancement of age-related macular degeneration.
7. Skin: collagen, a fundamental part of the skin, hair, nails and connective tissue, is dependent on vitamin c. An inadequacy of vitamin c leads to certain skin problems. As vitamin c is a capable cancer prevention agent, a low intake can affect the skin and cause harm from uv rays, infections and smoke. This usually results in wrinkles, hanging skin, blemishes and other antagonistic skin diseases.
8. Pregnancy: a good amount of folic acid needs to be present before and during pregnancy to ensure the infants good health inside the mother's womb. This can be found in tomatoes.type diabetes
I have a small lump on the nipple of my left breast, on the down-left side, roughly for about 2 years. I also have sharp stinging pains in both the breasts, mostly left breast, roughly for about a year and a half. What do I do?
Hi, I am 24 year old male and from past 6 years I have acute acne on my face. Also I get temporary pimple like things on my shoulders and upper back regularly, which sometimes have pus formation or they get red, bulge and disappear in a few days time. Are these age related just like acne? Will they go after sometime? Should I get checked for cancer? And What should I do for these?
My mum has suddenly developed a gland in her left breast. Has been hurting since 5-6 days.in between got her checked by an MD, MbbS who advised to get USG sonography for tumour and now IFst to find out if its cancer. Sister says drops of water like coming out of her breast. Can someone please help me what this could be.
Ovarian cancer tends to occur in the cells of an ovary. The ovaries are the two glands which are responsible for female reproduction. They produce ova or eggs and also create the female hormones oestrogen and progesterone. Ovarian cancer begins when abnormal cells in the ovary start to multiply rapidly and grow out of control to form a tumour.
Generally, it was believed that ovarian cancer does not deliver any specific side effects until the tumour has spread to a later stage and early indications of ovarian cancer were not recognizable.
Nonetheless, in some of the cases, ovarian cancer may bring about early indications. The most widely recognized symptoms of ovarian cancer are as follows:
- Constant bloating
- Ache in your gut or pelvis
- Inconvenience eating
- Feeling full instantly
- Urinary issues, for example, an urgent need to urinate or urinating more frequently than expected
In case that you have at least one of these side effects and it happens every day for more than two or three weeks, try to consult a doctor or a specialist.
These symptoms are basic for a few women. They may not imply that you have ovarian cancer. It is very important for women to understand that these symptoms do not necessarily imply that they have ovarian cancer. The same number of other common and harmless conditions can bring about the same indications. Additionally, different reasons for these symptoms are significantly more common than ovarian cancer. These may include irritable bowel syndrome and urinary tract infections (UTIs). In any case, the early indications of ovarian cancer tend to follow a pattern, which is as follows:
They begin abruptly.
They do not feel the same as your typical stomach-related or menstrual issues.
They happen almost consistently and do not leave.
Different signs and symptoms that affect a few women with ovarian cancer include the following:
However, these side effects are also common in a few women who do not have ovarian cancer. Most of the ovarian cancer cases are diagnosed at a later stage after the tumours have spread. Fortunately, around 20% of women are diagnosed early, when the infection might be generally treatable. There is no complete screening test for early ovarian cancer. General pelvic examinations now and then, followed by ultrasound examinations or blood tests for cancer-related markers, have been routinely used for ovarian cancer screening. However, none of these tests are particularly effective when it comes to identifying ovarian cancer.
In case some of these symptoms start to manifest in your body, one should go for a general check-up. This is so because cancers are usually diagnosed at later stages where treatment is very difficult. Hence, the sooner one knows, the better it is.