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Treatment of Irregular Periods
Treatment of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Treatment of Breast Pain
Treatment of Miscarriage
Treatment of Vaginal Infection
Caesarean Section Procedure
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Treatment of Lactation problems
Termination Of Pregnancy Procedure
Treatment Of Pregnancy Problems
Treatment of Sexually-Transmitted Diseases
Well Woman Healthcheck
Treatment of PCOS
Medical Termination Of Pregnancy (Mtp) Procedure
Gynecology Laparoscopy Procedures
Pap Smear Procedure
Family Planning Procedure
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Patient Review Highlights
Bacterial vaginosis is a condition which is characterized by an infection in the vagina. The vagina consists of both good and bad bacteria which remain in a state of balance. Bacterial vaginosis occurs when the balance of bacteria in the vagina gets disrupted. The count of bad bacteria in the vagina tends to increase as compared to the count of good bacteria.
It occurs when the balance of bacteria in the vagina is upset. There are certain factors that may make you prone to this disorder; some of them are:
Douching: Douching is a process of cleaning the vagina with water or cleansing agents. This process leads to an imbalance in the amount of good and bad bacteria in the vagina.
Multiple Sex Partners: Women who have multiple sex partners are at an increased risk of getting affected by bacterial vaginosis.
Lack of Good Bacteria in the Vagina.
The usual symptom of this disorder is a foul smelling vaginal discharge. The color of the discharge may be yellow or gray. The foul smell emanating from the vagina may intensify post coitus.
Given below are the treatments for this disorder –
Clindamycin: Clindamycin is a cream that helps treat bacterial vaginosis.
Metronidazole: This medication may be either administered orally or applied in the form of gel. It is advised to stay away from alcohol during the course of this treatment, as it reduces the efficacy.
Tinidazole: This is an oral medication administered to treat bacterial vaginosis. Akin to metronidazole, it is advised to avoid alcohol during the course of this treatment.
Certain vaginal washes might be prescribed by your doctor which will help maintain and restore the normal acidic pH of the vagina.
Following certain tips can help prevent bacterial vaginosis.
Avoid Douching: Douching can upset the balance of bacteria in the vagina; hence it is best to avoid it entirely.
Avoid using soap: Using soap changes the pH of the vagina and hence disrupts the growth of good bacteria, leading to an increase in the bad bacteria. It is enough to clean the vaginal area with plain water.
Do not use scented toiletries: Using scented toiletries is not good for the vagina as it can disrupt the balance of bacteria in the vagina.
Practice safe sex: Use protection while engaging in sexual intercourse to prevent STIs.
At times, being pregnant may make you feel as if it is a full-time job. This causes even more problems when you actually have a full-time job, especially jobs that require you to be seated at a desk or to be pleasant with your clients even when you don’t feel like. But thankfully, there are tips on how you can handle the major issues that you may face at your workplace during your pregnancy.
When to make the announcement?
Though it is quite natural to feel tempted to spill the good news right away, advises that it is good to keep the news to yourself until you have crossed the first trimester. This is because the chance of miscarriage drop dramatically and when you finally decide to announce the news, make sure that your boss gets to know it right from you rather than any of your colleagues.
How to manage the common symptoms while on the job?
Though pregnancy causes a variety of discomforts, it doesn’t give you a ticket for slacking off at work. There are various ways of dealing with the symptoms in order to prevent them from interfering with your work. If you suffer from morning sickness (85% of women suffer from nausea during pregnancy), you can get over it by eating your favourite food. You can take in small doses of healthy snacks for keeping your blood-sugar levels within the required limit and reduce the nausea. When your symptoms are severe, you will have to consult an expert about proper medications.
When to get ready for maternity leave?
Before you decide to bid a temporary farewell to your workplace, you will have to specify the details of your leave. You should let your boss know about an approximate date from when you will be taking leave and when you will be able to rejoin. By giving them a tentative date of your return, you are allowing them to see the light at the end of that tunnel. You can help by making a small list of tasks that you were responsible for and also offer suggestions on how they can be divided and handled by your coworkers.
Though most women are into professions which will not affect the delivery of the child, there are certain kinds of jobs that may put you as well as your baby’s health at risk. It is important to consult your doctor and ask for a detailed advice on this matter. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
If you are thinking of adopting one of the effective birth control measures, you can try an intrauterine device (IUD). An IUD is a small plastic device which is placed in the uterus and it helps in preventing the pregnancy. A plastic string is attached to one end for ensuring proper placement and for removal. An IUD can be removed easily and is a reversible birth control method. There are several advantages and disadvantages of using IUDs.
There are two types of IUDs which are commonly used. They are as follows:
- Hormonal IUDs: In case of hormonal IUDs, a small amount of progestin is released into the lining of the uterus. This hormone is similar to the progesterone hormone. This hormone helps in thickening the cervical mucus, thereby, making it difficult for the entry of sperm into the cervix. The growth of the uterine lining is slowed down, which makes fertilised eggs inhospitable.
- Copper IUDs: In this form of IUD, a tiny amount of copper gets released into the uterus. Sperm is prevented from entering the egg as they get immobilised on the way to the fallopian tubes. Copper has spermicidal action.
1. It is a good method to have spacing between 2 pregnancies.
2. You will find it comfortable as there is no hassle of remembering to take a pill daily, and does not interfere in the act of intercourse like a condom does.
3. It can be inserted immediately after delivery or an abortion.
5. Hormonal IUDs have an additional advantage of reducing the blood loss during menstruation.
6. It is easy to both insert and remove an IUD.
7. You can use IUDs for many years.
You just need to replace the IUD once its life (3 years or 5 years depending on the type of IUD) is over.
1. IUD does not prevent against sexually transmitted diseases or HIV.
2. It could be a source of infection in females with multiple sexual partners.
3. Copper IUDs may cause exessive bleeding or pain in abdomen in some patients for the initial few cycles.
4. Very very rarely the IUD may perforate the uterus and come to lie in the abdominal cavity.
Nevertheless an IUD is on of the easiest and cheapest methods of birth control available today. Considering the advantages and disadvantages, you may consult your gynaecologist to decide on the best type of IUD for you. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Blood pressure is the thrust exerted by the blood against the artery walls or blood vessels. A certain count of blood pressure is necessary for blood circulation, but anything excessive may prove to be trouble. Pregnancy induced hypertension or pre eclampsia is the condition characterised by high blood pressure (more than 140/90) after 20 weeks of pregnancy, along with traces of protein in the urine. It can affect the pregnancy by-
- Slowing down the growth of the baby causing a "intra uterine growth restriction".
- Premature separation of the placenta, or "placental abruption" leading to maternal bleeding and fetal distress. An emergency cesearian section can save the baby in such cases.
- Sudden rise in blood pressure can cause convulsions in the mother. (Ecclampsia)
- Liver dysfunction,
- Low platelet count and blood clotting problems.
- Early delivery of premature baby.
The symptoms of this include-
- Severe headache.
- Pain in the upper abdomen, or epigastrium.
- A low urine output.
- Nausea vomiting.
- Blurring of vision.
- Convulsions (in extreme cases)
You need to consult your gynaecologist ASAP when you have any of these symptoms. Your gynaecologist will prescribe you some blood and urine tests, a ultrasound and a non stress test to asses your baby and will start you on anti hypertensive medications along with other measures like a high protein diet and bed rest. If you are very close to your expected date of delivery, it is better to deliver the baby after which the blood pressure slowly comes back to normal. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!