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Dr. A.s.fernades

Gynaecologist, Mumbai

Dr. A.s.fernades Gynaecologist, Mumbai
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I'm dedicated to providing optimal health care in a relaxed environment where I treat every patients as if they were my own family....more
I'm dedicated to providing optimal health care in a relaxed environment where I treat every patients as if they were my own family.
More about Dr. A.s.fernades
Dr. A.s.fernades is one of the best Gynaecologists in Malad West, Mumbai. Doctor is currently associated with DR Fernandes Nursing Home in Malad West, Mumbai. Book an appointment online with Dr. A.s.fernades and consult privately on Lybrate.com.

Find numerous Gynaecologists in India from the comfort of your home on Lybrate.com. You will find Gynaecologists with more than 31 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Gynaecologists online in Mumbai and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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Anthsil,Orlen Branch,First Floor, Marve Road, Malad West,Landmark:Near Dena Mark, MumbaiMumbai Get Directions
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Temporary and Permanent Contraceptive Methods

DGO , MBBS
Gynaecologist, Pune
Temporary and Permanent Contraceptive Methods

Using contraceptive methods is the easiest method for a couple to avoid pregnancy and enjoy a tension free physical relationship. People have used birth control methods for thousands of years. Today, we have many safe and effective birth control methods available to us.

All of us who need birth control want to find the method that is best for us. If you're trying to choose, learning about each method may help you make your decision. Only you can decide what is best for you. Some contraceptives, such as condoms, will also protect a person from sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).

The methods can be categorised into temporary and permanent methods:

Temporary methods:

1. Withdrawal method: This involves removing the penis from the vagina before ejaculating. Ejaculation should be away from the introitus. However it requires extreme self-control on the part of your man.

2. Barrier methods: These methods prevent sperm from entering the uterus. Barrier methods are removable. Types of barrier methods include:

a. Condom: This is the oldest barrier method. A condom is a thin tube that the man puts over his penis. This keeps the sperm from getting to the egg. Condoms are also called rubbers.
b. Female condom: This is like a condom, but it goes in the woman's vagina.
c. Diaphragm and cervical cap: These are put in the woman's vagina to cover the cervix
d. Contraceptive sponge: This is a sponge that is filled with spermicide and is put in the woman's vagina over the cervix.
Barrier methods can be easy to use and have few side effects.

3. Hormonal methods: These can only be used by women. Hormonal methods cause changes in the woman's reproductive cycle and include Birth Control Pills, Birth Control Patches, Emergency contraception pill, Implants and so on. Unlike barrier methods, hormonal methods do not interfere with sex.

4. Intrauterine methods: In this method an object called an intrauterine device or IUD is put in the woman's uterus. There are two types of IUD: the copper IUD or an IUD with hormones implanted on it. The hormonal IUD has better protection against pregnancy but costs more. You need not do anything once it is inserted. Also it is effective for up to 10 years.

Permanent methods:

Of course, the permanent methods are more effective for preventing pregnancy than the temporary methods. The decision to proceed with a permanent method should only be made if a person is absolutely sure that no more children are desired. The biggest problems after a permanent procedure is regret that it was done.

1. Sterilization: Sterilization is a permanent form of birth control that prevents a woman from getting pregnant. These procedures usually are not reversible.

a. A sterilization implant is a non surgical method for permanently blocking the fallopian tubes. The doctor places a coil in each Fallopian tube through the vagina and uterus block each tube completely. It may take up to 3 months to completely block the tubesb.

b.Tubal ligation is a surgical procedure in which a doctor cuts the fallopian tubes. This procedure blocks the path between the ovaries and the uterus. The sperm cannot reach the egg to fertilize it and the egg cannot reach the uterus.

c. Vasectomy is a surgical procedure that consists in cutting the tubes that carry sperm. This procedure blocks the path between the testes and the urethra due to which the sperm cannot leave the testes and hence cannot reach the egg. It can take as long as 3 months for the procedure to be fully effective.

4965 people found this helpful

I have got married for last one year and nw we are planning for a baby so for that can we do daily sex and from last three four days m inserting my sperms but still no result how much time we can leave sperm inside vagina.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FMAS, DMAS, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Noida
I have got married for last one year and nw we are planning for a baby so for that can we do daily sex and from last ...
Hello, you must practice sex especially in her fertile period when she ovulates, especially between day 11-20 of her cycle when chances of pregancy are higher.
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Hello I am 20 years old girl had sex on 8 of january. Nd my period date was too 8 january. We had unprotected sex .but my partner trown semen outside of v.today is almost 21 jan. Nd I have not got my period. I have taken home pregnancy test but it is also negative. And my back and stomach is also paining. That pain is of like periods but I am not getting it. please help.

B.A. Sanskrit, BAMS, M.A. Sanskrit, MS -Gynaecology Ayurveda
Ayurveda, Thane
Hello I am 20 years old girl had sex on 8 of january. Nd my period date was too 8 january. We had unprotected sex .bu...
Take castor oil 50 ml empty stomach in the morning with hot water or tea. You will get some loose motions and subsequently periods within 7-8 days. Have light diet for 4-5 days.
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I'm 30 years old female who had 3 recurrent miscarriages during the first trimester. We have undergone Karyotype and APL screening and the reports are normal. Please comment.

MBBS, DGO, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology
IVF Specialist, Mumbai
I'm 30 years old female who had 3 recurrent miscarriages during the first trimester. We have undergone Karyotype and ...
You need detailed screening for first trimester pregnancy loss. You will require IVF with PGS so that we can test the embryo for any genetic disorder and after that we can transfer.
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I am 19 years old and I did not get my periods still. Last month my date was 12th and I was with my guy so I just had a blowjob nothing else. Please help me out

FRAS, MD - Ayurveda, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Alternative Medicine Specialist, Ernakulam
If you did not have vaginal penetration and there was no semen discharge inside your vagina then you might not be pregnant, periods can fluctuate, if its delaying for long you need to consult a specialist, for proper treatment.
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Do You Know that Vapour Rubs or Balms can Help Relieve Mosquito Bites?

MD - Pathology
General Physician, Amritsar
Do You Know that Vapour Rubs or Balms can Help Relieve Mosquito Bites?

Do You Know that Vapour Rubs or Balms can Help Relieve Mosquito Bites?

You’d be surprised to know that in addition to curing common colds and congestions, over-the-counter vapour rubs can provide relief from the discomfort caused by insect bites, especially those from mosquitoes.

How do vapour rubs relieve mosquito bites?

Most of the over-the-counter decongestants available in the market have camphor, eucalyptol, and common menthol as their key ingredients, which are known to be active remedies for relieving itchiness experienced due to insect bites. Additionally, most of these vapour rubs have a strong odour, which is also known to repel mosquitoes, thereby preventing bites.

How to apply a vapour rub to treat mosquito bites?

To get relief from an itchy mosquito or insect bite you need to first wash your hands properly, and then clean the portion of the skin surrounding the bite and dry it. Then use the tip of your finger or a small piece of cotton to apply a small amount of the vapour rub on the affected area. Ensure that the skin completely absorbs the ointment by rubbing it slowly over the bite. This process provides you with instant relief. If the itchiness persists, you can apply the vapour rub again as and when needed.

Precautions to be taken

Like other medications meant for external use, you should abide by the instructions mentioned on the label of the vapour rub and pay heed to any warning signs. Moreover, if the application of the ointment results in irritation or reddening of your skin, immediately stop using it and look for another way to get relief from mosquito bites.

'Consult'.

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I am 30 years old girl and I am single. Last month my periods came after one week late from my date. Now, this month my period did not start and also 10 days have been passed from the actual date. Can you suggest the reason. Should I consult to Dr.

Advanced Aesthetics
Ayurveda, Gulbarga
I am 30 years old girl and I am single. Last month my periods came after one week late from my date. Now, this month ...
Treatment of irregular periods depends on the cause and your desire to have children in the future. Irregular periods can be caused by many different things. Changes in your body's level of the hormones estrogen and progesterone can disrupt the normal pattern of your period. That's why young girls going through puberty and women approaching menopause commonly have irregular periods. Other common causes of irregular periods include: •Having an intrauterine device (IUD) •Changing birth control pills or using certain medications •Excessive exercise •Polycystic ovary disease (PCOS) •Pregnancy or breastfeeding •Severe scarring (adhesions) of the lining of the uterus, a condition known as Asherman syndrome •Stress •Overactive thyroid or hyperthyroidism •Thickening of or polyps on the uterine lining •Uterine fibroids Turmeric Being a warming herb, turmeric is also considered helpful in regulating menstruation and balancing hormones. Its emmenagogue properties help stimulate menstrual flow. Moreover, its antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory properties relieve menstrual pain. •Consume one-quarter teaspoon of turmeric with milk, honey or jaggery. Take it daily for several weeks or until you see improvement. •You can also take turmeric in supplement form; check with your doctor for proper dosage.
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Hi, my wife is expected and her 9 month started. I want to know in this stage also can we make physical contacts. As previously upto 8 month we have make. Just need your advise regarding this.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology
Psychologist, Palakkad
Dear user. I suggest you not to have sexual relationship with your wife at this stage. This is not advisable. Take care.
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how to reduce the irregular periods for girls..

BHMS
Homeopath,
how to reduce the irregular periods for girls..
Hello. Need more details like what kind of irregularity is there? - frequent menses in a month or or delayed menses or any other problem? Meantime, keep taking Five Phos. and Alfaalfa Tonic/ thrice daily for 1 month (it contains calcium & iron and is a general tonic). Revert me with details.
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My girlfriend has a lump on breast, this was like a big 1 Rupee coin, this is ok? I heard many people have that, also I hard that this is symptoms of breast cancer . What to do.

Fellow Breast Surgery (MUHS), DNB (General Surgery), MBBS
Oncologist, Aurangabad
Lumps in breast can be of various types and their occurrence depends on the age of woman. I would assume for the sake of answering the question, that your girlfriend is anywhere between 20 and 30 years of age. This is an age where 9 out of 10 breast lumps are noncancerous. But yet a possibility of cancer cannot be completely ruled out. Every month woman's body prepares her for a pregnancy and there are hormonal ups and downs. Such changes are seen in breasts also. These changes are usually temporary unless a pregnancy occurs. But sometimes these changes persist and can be felt as a lump or generalized lumpiness. If the lump is cancerous it may be associated with growth of lump, nipple discharge, redness, lumps in armpit etc. To know exactly what it is, it is better to consult a surgeon, who will examine her, get a sonography of breasts and if the surgeon thinks it is necessary, a price might be removed from lump and checked under microscope for sure diagnosis. I hope this helps. See a surgeon.
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I am 25 years old 3 years passed of my marriage now I have ovulated on 27th Dec am getting pain in lower abdominal pain and also having breast pain what does it mean am I conceiving or not its my first experience help from this confusion sir.

MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, MBBS, DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
I am 25 years old 3 years passed of my marriage now I have ovulated on 27th Dec am getting pain in lower abdominal pa...
Do a urine pregnancy test. You could be pregnant or it may be pre menstrual symptoms. The test will solve your doubt.
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I have irregular periods related issue since 4-5 months. I have taken medicines for migraine headache. My periods date gets late for 6-7 days every month. Earlier it lasts for 6-7 days now only for 2-3 days (thicker blood). Also too much acne on my face on these days. A lso feels too much weakness and body ache.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), MD - Ayurveda
Sexologist, Haldwani
I have irregular periods related issue since 4-5 months. I have taken medicines for migraine headache. My periods dat...
Hello- irregular periods and headache accompanied with weakness shows that you might be anaemic/low haemoglobin in blood. Use herbal supplements for anemia like Dadimadi ghrita, Abhra loha etc. Your problem will be solved.
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I had unprotected sex on the 6 day of my period and the next day I took an emergency contraceptive pill now its 6 Days since I took the pill and and yesterday I was bleeding is it breakthrough bleeding or implantation bleeding am I pregnant? Please help I dnt wanna get pregnant any chances of pregnancy?

MBBS, MS - Obstetrics & Gynecology, Fellowship in Infertility (IVF Specialist)
Gynaecologist, Aurangabad
I had unprotected sex on the 6 day of my period and the next day I took an emergency contraceptive pill now its 6 Day...
Hi Afreen very less chance of getting pregnant if you had emergency contraceptive pill. This could be withdrawal bleeding don't worry about it. Your expected periods can get delayed due to ipill.
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Hello sir im 29 year old married in last may my wife's cycle time change from last two month it came on 25 may then it came 21 june in between we had sex without using any protection is there any chance of pregnancy and which are safe days for sex without protection if cycle time date is 25 of every month. Thank you.

Diploma in Diabetology, Pregnancy & Diabetes, Hypertension, Cardiovascular Prevention in Diabetes ,Thyroid
General Physician, Sri Ganganagar
For you you shoul avoid sex from 5 th june to 12 june. For you safe days were 25-5-16 to 4-6-16. And then 16-21 june.
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Which medicine can be taken on first day for periods pain? Currently I consume cyclopalm media for pain. Please advise.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Which medicine can be taken on first day for periods pain? Currently I consume cyclopalm media for pain. Please advise.
Tab. Meftal spas three timnes a day you can take till you have pain during menses. If it is severe then ultrasound should be done. If mild to moderate pain no need to do any ultrasound.
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I am thirty years old women, I am very stressful as I did not get my periods of this month. It has been 33 days of my last periods. Now I am afraid of pregnancy. Pls tell me to stop my pregnancy quickly.

DHMS (Hons.)
Homeopath, Patna
I am thirty years old women, I am very stressful as I did not get my periods of this month. It has been 33 days of my...
Hi, first, go for home, pregnancy- test to confirm, pregnancy. Disappearance of period is due to anaemia, stress, anxiety, loss of sleep, malnutrition & pregnancy. Tk, plenty of water to dilute your blood and to eliminate toxins. Donot skip your meal, it should b easily digestible on time. Ensures sound sleep in d night. Avoid, dust, caffiene, junkfood. Tk, homoeo medicines: @ pulsatilla 20-6 pills, thrice. A day. @ five phos 6x-4 tabs, thrice a day. Revert after 7 days. Tk, care.
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She is suffering from Leucoria for last three months please suggest me some best medicine.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), MD - Ayurveda
Sexologist, Haldwani
Hello- An increase in vaginal discharge/Leucorrhoea takes place during excitement, sexual activity, masturbation, and anxiety; between menstrual periods, the day just before a period, during illness, or when a woman is physically worn out. -Aloe Vera is also helpful for leucorrhoea and is known for its healing effects. - Topical tea tree oil cream is known to be effective against various vaginal infections. -You can also start ayurvedic treatment if want a permanent cure.
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Hello Dr. I am 28 unmarried women I am suffering from pcod from past 5 year Dr. has prescribe me mala d and metformin 500 mg for 3 month after 3moths coursperiod was regular for 4 months and also loose my weight now again I am suffering from irregular periods and gaining wait please suggest me permanent treatment and medicine plz help me.

BHMS, DEMS
Homeopath, Pune
Hello Dr.  I am 28 unmarried women I am suffering from pcod from past 5 year Dr. has prescribe me mala d and metformi...
homeopathic treatment sepia 30 ( 2 pills ) 3times / day for 10 days revert back for further management for complete cure advice = avoid rice completely exercise daily 30 min eat beet, carrots , papaya drink water 10 glass/ day
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Heimlich maneuver- How to save a person choking

MD - Physiology, MBBS
General Physician, Bangalore
Heimlich maneuver- How to save a person choking
Heimlich Maneuver- How to save a person choking?

You can try this maneuver on people who have choked upon food, articles and you have very less time to wait for the emergency services to rescue.
Try the heimlich maneuver and you could be gifting a person his/her life.
Firstly check upon the person if he has really choked on something. Usually they will be gasping for air as the choking must have blocked the air passages. He/she may not be in a state to tell you if they have choked upon something as they cant talk but you can clearly see signs of struggle.

Tell your friend to immediately call emergency services while you try heimlich maneuver.

Never give forceful blows on the back as this may cause the object to go further down the trachea causing more difficulty in breathing.

Try heimlich maneuver:-

1. Stand behind the patient keeping your legs stable so that if the patient falls you can give proper support.

2. Encircle your hands from behind the patient such that the level is midway below the breastbone and above the navel.

3. Make a fist of your dominant hand and slip in the thumb of the dominant hand inside the fist so that you don't hurt the patient during the maneuver.

4. Now hold the fist with the other non dominant hand.

5. Now give abdominal thrusts from behind. Pull upwards and inwards using a good amount of force.

6. Do step 5 quicker and forcefully. This shall dislodge the object and by coughing it will get expelled out. Keep doing this until the object comes out.

7. If the person gets unconscious (shows that the object is not getting dislodged and the condition is worsening) stop the maneuver and immediately try to take them to the emergency room.

8. The person shall need cardiopulmonary resucitation to rescue his life.

Hope this helped.
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