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New Lifeline Hospital, Mumbai

New Lifeline Hospital

  4.5  (29 ratings)

Dermatologist Clinic

Near Malad Subway, Sainath Road, Behind Bata Showroom, Off S V Road, Malad West Mumbai
1 Doctor · ₹600 · 1 Reviews
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New Lifeline Hospital   4.5  (29 ratings) Dermatologist Clinic Near Malad Subway, Sainath Road, Behind Bata Showroom, Off S V Road, Malad West Mumbai
1 Doctor · ₹600 · 1 Reviews
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PERFECTION IS OUR PRIORITY...more
PERFECTION IS OUR PRIORITY
More about New Lifeline Hospital
New Lifeline Hospital is known for housing experienced Dermatologists. Dr. Ravindra Dargainya, a well-reputed Dermatologist, practices in Mumbai. Visit this medical health centre for Dermatologists recommended by 86 patients.

Timings

MON-WED, FRI-SAT
09:30 AM - 11:30 AM
TUE, THU, SAT
06:00 PM - 07:30 PM
SUN
11:00 AM - 01:00 PM

Location

Near Malad Subway, Sainath Road, Behind Bata Showroom, Off S V Road, Malad West
Malad West Mumbai, Maharashtra - 400064
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Doctor

Dr. Ravindra Dargainya

MBBS, DDV
Dermatologist
90%  (29 ratings)
12 Years experience
600 at clinic
Available today
09:30 AM - 11:30 AM
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Facts About Hair

MBBS, DDV
Dermatologist, Mumbai
Facts About Hair

It's the perennial question of the hair it is a fact that cutting back is a good thing - and washing every day is a mistake, no matter how much you might crave clean-feeling locks.Your hair's natural oils are designed to condition and protect your tresses, so when you shampoo daily, it strips these vital oils away.It creates a vicious cycle of over-production of oils and a need to shampoo very often. Ideally, to keep your hair healthy, you only need to wash two to three times a week, max.

Don't overwash coloured hair

This is especially true for coloured hair, which can lose its sheen quickly with too much washing.The biggest mistake people make is over-washing coloured hair.Buy a good-quality shampoo– and wash it every few days using styling products in between to keep it looking fresh.Don't shampoo daily. Simply rinse and condition the hair every other day as shampoo can wash out the colour.

Take into account your hair type and lifestyle choices

Of course, how often you need to wash your locks also depends on the type of hair you have.You may not be able to imagine not washing your hair after a workout ,you can can always rinse out sweat without shampooing.A water-only rinse will remove salt and sweat without stripping hair oils.

Invest in some good dry shampoo

And finally if you're aiming to scale back the amount of times you wash your hair per week, remember dry shampoo is your friend.Use dry shampoo instead of washing your hair every day. It will help reduce the oil build up in your hair and gives amazing texture You can also leave dry shampoo in (instead of brushing it out) to give volume.As opposed to washing your hair every day, dry shampoo will help to refresh your hair at the roots and the tips whilst helping you to retain all the essential moisture your hair needs.Avoid hot showers and shampoo your scalp, not your ends.

Amount of Shampoo

Come shampoo time, many of us reach for a large dollop of the good stuff to scrunch into our hair; but there's a technique to good hair washing and overdoing things on the product front will do more harm than good.Healthy, beautiful, shiny hair starts in the shower so make sure to use the right shampoo and conditioner for your hair type and level of damage. The volume of shampoo you should use depends on the length and thickness of your hair, but a blob the size of a small 1 rupee coin is a good start.Longer hair needs a 2 rupee coin.

Aim for the scalp not the ends

It's not just how much shampoo you use, but where you apply it that counts.Use shampoo on the scalp only - not on the ends of your hair. The shampoo will rinse down in the shower, but you don’t want to scrub the ends.

Massage your scalp to encourage circulation

Giving your head an invigorating massage as you shampoo is a good way to encourage blood circulation and helps to detoxify the scalp.Having strong, healthy hair is the best way to make any hair look expensive. A lot of it is about properly shampooing and conditioning and taking care of your scalp - massage it well while washing to get circulation going.

Avoid hot water

Cool off in the shower. Blasting your scalp with extremely hot water will dry out your hair and create tangles that could result in breakage.Towel-dry your hair before applying conditioner.

What conditioner you use and how you use it is

 If anything, more important than the shampoo stage. Make sure you invest in a few good quality conditioners and leave-in treatments or hair masks, especially if you have coloured hair.

Good conditioner is also crucial when it comes to thick, curly hair.

For curly, highly textured hair, always deep condition .No two minute conditioners here. Deep conditioning involves a conditioner that will add moisture and strength (protein) back to hair. I believe it’s important to use leave-in conditioners and also not to shampoo it so often. Rinse it if you want to but don’t necessarily shampoo it.

Gently towel-dry the hair before applying conditioner

Make sure you towel-dry hair after shampooing and before you apply conditioner: excess water in your hair means the conditioner won't be able to penetrate the hair shaft and deliver the necessary moisture to keep hair looking healthy and shiny.If you're short on time, at least squeeze out excess water - hair that’s saturated with water doesn’t have room to absorb anything else.

Avoid the roots and concentrate on the ends

Try not to put the conditioner on the roots, because that can cause your scalp to get greasy faster.It's also a good idea to think ahead and anticipate situations where your hair might dry out.While you exercise, you perspire, which means that your hair gets damp with sweat that can actually make it dry.Before you hit the gym (especially during the summer, but this works year-round too) wet your hair and add in some conditioner from the mid-lengths to the ends. Rinse out the conditioner post-workout and you’ll be left with shiny, hydrated hair.Avoiding too much sun helps too.Brush your hair twice a day, from the bottom up

Comb wet hair, don't brush it

When your hair is soaking wet, it is weaker, fragile and more susceptible to breakage.Try not to rough-dry hair with a towel, and instead gently press the water out. Also, do not brush your hair while it is wet. Use a wide-tooth comb, working from the ends of your hair on up.

Brush from the bottom up

Brushing from the roots causes damage – always brush from the bottom and work up

Use different brushes for blow-dying and styling

At home, you should have a round brush for blow-drying, for styling and a tail comb to move hair around a little

Keep your brushes clean

Filthy hair brushes that are covered in hair, oil and product build-up are breeding grounds for bacteria. Clean them at least once a month with a mixture of baking soda and lukewarm water. A toothbrush will help you to get into all those tiny bristles.

10 people found this helpful

Steps to Prevent Suntan

MBBS, DDV
Dermatologist, Mumbai

Here are 4 ways to deal with that stubborn sun tan:

  1. Make sunscreen your best friend:  Sunscreen is your knight in shining armour against the harsh sun. Apply broad-spectrum, water-resistant sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher prior to going out. Re-apply the sunscreen every two hours. And yes! You are exposed to UV rays on cloudy days too.
  2. Go chemical: In case of severe sun tanning which results in hyper-pigmentation, treatments such as chemical peels can work wonders.  The fundamental mechanism of the action of chemical peels is the elimination of unnecessary melanin by causing a controlled chemical burn to the skin 
  3. Prevention better than cure: To avoid getting tanned, opt for scarves and hats to cover up and stay protected. Wear full sleeved clothing when going out, especially during noon time when the sun rays are very strong 
  4. Avoid sun bathing and tanning beds: While getting a tan may appear fashionable, sun bathing for hours can lead to age spots and cause skin wrinkles.
4 people found this helpful

Causes of Forehead Pimples

MBBS, DDV
Dermatologist, Mumbai
Causes of Forehead Pimples

Causes of Forehead Pimples

1. Clogged Pores:

The main and universal cause of acne! As the forehead lies in the T-Zone, which is known for its excess oil production quality, the pores tends to get clogged, leading to acne. Clogged pores can easily be dealt with a good CTM (Cleansing, Toning, Moisturising) routine, with a monthly session with the steamer. Please don’t overdo the steaming session, however relaxing or effective it is, as excessive steaming is not advisable for acne-prone skin.

2. Dandruff In Hair:

Dandruff in the hair can trigger acne in the forehead. Try to get rid of the dandruff using a good anti-dandruff shampoo. Your acne will vanish like magic.

3. Oily Scalp:

If you have an oily scalp, the oil tends to seep in and results in clogged pores and acne on your forehead. Make sure you wash your hair on alternate days to ensure an oil-free scalp.

4. Certain Medications:

Certain medications like birth control pills have a tendency to trigger forehead acne in certain people. Consult/question your doctor every time he prescribes you any medication relating to hormonal issues.

5. Digestive Problems:

Digestive problem is probably the main cause of forehead acne, if you do not have the issues mentioned above. It needs to be tackled with a balanced diet. Drink lots of water and include green, leafy vegetables and fruits in your diet. Avoid fried foods and artificial tasters and almost anything that disrupts your tummy’s happiness. Exercising regularly helps too.

6. Excess Stress:

Stress is one thing that has to contribute to most of our illnesses in some way or the other. So, beat it by having a healthy lifestyle. Yoga and meditation help in reducing stress to a great extent. No time for yoga? Indulge yourself in a relaxing spa for an instant stress release. However hard you work, taking some “me” time definitely has its own merits, right?

7. Certain Hair Products:

Certain hair styling products like hair spray, heat protectant, serum etc have a tendency to trigger acne when they come into contact with your forehead. Ladies with bangs, beware!

8. Over Exfoliating:

There is an ancient south Indian proverb that says “if used excessively, even elixir will transform into poison”. Though exfoliating helps in removing the dead cells and keeping the skin fresh, overdoing it could result in skin irritation and acne. Exfoliation is best when not done more than twice a week.

9. Wearing Helmets And Caps:

If you are someone who drives two-wheelers, then a helmet becomes the most important need. And, we cannot clean our helmets like makeup brushes once in two days to keep them dirt-free. Hence, it is always advisable to cover your head and forehead with a clean cotton cloth or a dupatta before wearing a helmet so that your precious forehead is kept away from dirt and possible acne break out. Forgoing a helmet is highly dangerous.

3 people found this helpful

Fungal Nail Infection

MBBS, DDV
Dermatologist, Mumbai
Fungal Nail Infection

Fungal infection of nails (tinea unguium) is common. The infection causes thickened and unsightly nails which sometimes become painful. Medication often works well to clear the infection but you need to take medication for several weeks.

How do you develop a Fungal Nail Infection?

  • Spread from a fungal skin infection. For example, Athletes foot(tinea pedis)is a fungal infection of your toes. This may spread to the toenails if the skin infection is not treated early.
  • Fingernail infection may occur after a toenail infection has become established. The fungus may spread to a finger if you scratch your itchy toes and toenail.
  • Fingernail infections are also more likely to occur if you wash your hands frequently, or have them in water a lot. For example, if you are a cook or a cleaner. Constant washing may damage the protective skin at the base of the nail. This may allow fungi to enter.
  • A nail that has recently been damaged is also more likely to become infected.
  • You have an increased risk of developing a fungal nail infection if you have various other conditions - for example:
    • Diabetes
    • Psoriasis
    • Poor circulation.
    • A poor immune system (for example, if you have AIDS or are on Chemotheraphy)
    • A general poor state of health.
  • Nail infections are more common in people who live in hot or humid climates.
  • Smoking also increases the risk of Fungal Nail Infection.
  • In some cases there is no apparent reason. Fungal germs are common and an infection can occur 'out of the blue'

 

2 people found this helpful

Health Benefits of Papaya

MBBS, DDV
Dermatologist, Mumbai
Health Benefits of Papaya

Why is papaya a great food?

  • High In Fiber Papaya is a great source of dietary fiber . This nutrient absorbs toxins in the colon that can cause cancer and eliminates them from the body through bowel movement. Due to its rich fiber content, papaya aids digestion and imparts a beautiful glow to your skin.
  • Rich In Vitamins And Minerals Papaya contains abundant amounts of vitamin C, a potent antioxidant . It also aids wound healing, reduces the risk of cancer due to oxidative stress, and boosts your immunity to fight common ailments such as cold and cough. This fruit is also replete with vitamin A and minerals like phosphorus, iron, potassium, copper, manganese, calcium, and magnesium. Vitamin A is required to maintain healthy vision while phosphorus is needed for good heart health.
  • Rich In Antioxidants The antioxidants present in dried papaya help to strengthen immunity and eliminate free radicals that are hazardous to your health. This fruit contains more amount of beta-carotene than in carrots.
  • Abundant In Bioflavonoids Also known as vitamin P, bioflavonoids are semi-essential nutrients that work as nature’s modifiers and respond to biological changes in the body. The bioflavonoids in papaya modify the reaction of the body to viruses, carcinogens, and allergens, thereby protecting it from harmful and life-threatening diseases.

Skin Benefits of Papaya:

  1. Moisturises the Skin
  2. Clears Pigmentation
  3. Reduces Wrinkles
  4. Reduces under eye dark circles
  5. Cures Eczema and Psoriasis
  6. Treats Melasma
  7. Removes Tan
  8. Controls Acne Breakout      

Hair Benefits of Papaya:

1. Stimulates Hair Growth

2. Controls Dandruff

3. Conditions Hair

50 people found this helpful

Pigmentation

MBBS, DDV
Dermatologist, Mumbai
Pigmentation

Normal skin contains cells called melanocytes. These cells produce melanin, the substance that gives skin its color.

Skin with too much melanin is called hyperpigmented skin.

Skin with too little melanin is called hypopigmented skin.

Pale  skin areas are due to too little melanin or underactive melanocytes. Darker areas of skin (or an area that tans more easily) occurs when you have more melanin or overactive melanocytes.

Bronzing of the skin may sometimes be mistaken for a suntan. This skin discoloration often develops slowly, starting at the elbows, knuckles, and knees and spreading from there. Bronzing may also be seen on the soles of the feet and the palms of the hands. The bronze color can range from light to dark (in fair-skinned people) with the degree of darkness due to the underlying cause.

Causes of hyperpigmentation include:

 

Causes of hypopigmentation include:

14 people found this helpful

Fruits for Hair Growth

MBBS, DDV
Dermatologist, Mumbai
Fruits for Hair Growth

For a great head of hair, use expensive hair products. But food can also help the growth of healthy, strong and rich hair. Particularly, some fruits loaded with essential vitamins and minerals can give exceptional results. So, what are these fruits for better hair growth?

Fruits for Hair Growth:

1.     Citrus Fruits

You need vitamin C to grow healthy hair and the citrus family of fruits contains large amounts of this antioxidant vitamin. Vitamin C is also important in the production of skin collagen.

Eating lemons, oranges, grapefruits and lime regularly will provide you with enough vitamin C for healthier hair and overall health. You can also benefit by rubbing your scalp with lemon juice to get rid of dandruff.

2.     Berries

Berries contain large stores of vitamin C and other hair-supporting nutrients. Vitamin C protects blood vessels, including those supplying blood to the scalp and to the hair follicles. They also contain B vitamins that aid in the oxygen supply, slow graying and reduce hair loss. Try eating gooseberries, strawberries, raspberries, loganberries and boysenberries as often as possible for healthy hair.

3.     Avocado

Avocado is one of the leading fruits for hair growth. It is a rich source of vitamins B, C, E and beta-carotenes. It helps in the growth of healthy hair, supply of oxygen and strength of the blood vessel walls. The result is healthy scalp and shiny, rich hair.

Besides taking avocado internally, you can use it directly on your hair. Use a ripe fruit to make mashed avocado and apply it to your moist hair after shampooing. Wait 15 minutes before rinsing and drying your hair. 

4.     Pomegranate

Pomegranates strengthen your hair follicles and prevent hair loss. Pomegranate seed oil stimulates growth of thick, stronger hair and is used extensively as a hair massage oil. It combats dandruff and scalp itching.

5.     Banana

Banana supports hair growth and protects against hair loss. It contains lots of potassium and natural oils, which helps soften hair, give it a shine and maintain its elasticity. You can prepare your own banana paste and use it as a conditioner.

6.     Apple

Apple is well known to improve overall health. It also supports growth of healthy hair. Green apple skin and apple leaves made into a paste are used to improve hair growth and treat dandruff. Apples also balance scalp pH and prevent hair loss.

7.     Papaya

Papaya fruit contains hair growth enhancing nutrients that help protect against hair loss, treat dandruff and strengthen hair growth. Extracts from papaya leaves help to nourish dull hair, making it healthier, stronger, thicker and shinier.

8.     Pineapple

Pineapples are a rich source of beta-carotene from which vitamin A is made. Vitamin A aids in production of scalp conditioning oils which support growth of healthy hair.

9.     Peach

Peach is one of the best fruits for hair growth and regrowth. It contains biotin, a natural hair growth steroid that supports the health of your hair and scalp. The peach provides these benefits with no side effects.

10.   Plum

Plums contain bioflavonoid which helps in the maintenance of connective tissues in the scalp and hair follicles. Eating plums promotes growth of healthy, strong and thick hair without the side effects of some hair care products.

11.   Grape

Grape seed oil is a staple in many hair care preparations for the prevention of hair loss and promotion of scalp health. But grape fruits also have antioxidants, minerals and vitamins that support growth of healthy hair. Besides, grapes have a high water content that helps to detoxify the body. 

12.   Guava

Guava fruit is a rich source of vitamin A which supports hair growth. The fruit also promotes scalp health, clears dandruff and protects against hair loss. This makes it one of the important fruits for hair growth.

To make your own hair and scalp conditioner, mash guava fruits, mix with lemon juice and honey, and apply it to your scalp. Repeat every few days and you will be pleased to see the results in a few weeks.

21 people found this helpful

Symptoms of Melasma

MBBS, DDV
Dermatologist, Mumbai
Symptoms of Melasma

Symptoms of Melasma

Melasma causes patches of discoloration. The patches are darker than your typical skin color. It typically occurs on the face and is symmetrical, with matching marks on both sides of your face. Other areas of your body that are often exposed to sun can also develop melasma.

Brownish colored patches usually appear on the:

  • cheeks
  • forehead
  • bridge of the nose
  • chin

It can also occur on the neck and forearms. The skin discoloration doesn't do any physical harm, but you may feel self-conscious about the way it looks.

If you notice these symptoms of melasma, see your dermatologist, who is a doctor that specializes in treating skin disorders.

5 people found this helpful

What are Wrinkles?

MBBS, DDV
Dermatologist, Mumbai
What are Wrinkles?

Wrinkles are creases, folds, or ridges in the skin. They normally appear as people get older, but they can also develop after spending a long time in water.

  • The first wrinkles to appear on a person's face tend to occur as a result of facial expressions.
  • Sun damage, smoking, dehydration, some medications, and environmental and genetic factors affect when and where people will develop wrinkles.
  • Most wrinkles tend to appear in the parts of the body which receive the most sun exposure, especially the face and neck, the back of the hands, and the arms.
  • Most people do not welcome wrinkles, and billions of dollars are spent globally on treatments to remove or delay them.
  • Some of these therapies make great claims but have no effect, while others may have moderate, significant, or very considerable success.

The following steps may help slow the process down:

  • Avoiding excessive sun exposure reduces skin damage, because the sun causes the skin to age faster. Hats, protective clothing, and sun screens can protect the skin from wrinkles by reducing sunlight damage.
  • Zero exposure to sunlight totally is not recommended, however, because it is a vital source of Vitamin D and vitamin D is essential for bone strength and other aspects of health. Some sunscreens  can protect the skin while allowing vitamin D to be synthesized.
  • Moisturizers do not prevent wrinkles, but they may help temporarily make tiny lines and creases less evident.
  • Quitting smoking can prevent the accelerated aging of skin. Even a long-term heavy smoker can slow down the process by giving up.
  • Avoid alcohol because it dehydrates the body and the skin.
  • Sleeping at least 7 hours a night, eating healthily and exercising regularly help to maintain overall health, and this may include skin quality.

All About Chemical Peel

MBBS, DDV
Dermatologist, Mumbai
All About Chemical Peel

Chemical Peel Treatment is ideal for:

  • Skin Pigmentation problems- Due to the harmful effects of sun exposure and pollution,drugs,hormonal problems,burns,etc. many people fall victim of skin pigmentation. A chemical peel treatment can be of great help in such cases.
  • Complexion lightening- If one’s skin has become darker over time and wants to regain their original complexion, then chemical peel treatment can be of great help.
  • Skin Rejuvenation- Due to clogged pores and/or due to prolonged stress one’s skin may start to look dull and lack freshness. By using a light or medium peel the skin glow and health can be improved.Acne and superficial post acne marks and scars 

Benefits of Chemical Peels:

  • Enhanced skin texture- One of the secondary benefits a person gets from a chemical peel treatment is enhanced skin texture. Hence, apart from removing scars and blemishes chemical peels also bring up a fresh layer of skin which is not only smooth in texture but is radiant too.
  • Reduced Fine Lines- Chemical peels are also readily used for the treatment of wrinkles and fine lines. By damaging the outmost skin layer with a chemical solution in a controlled manner it is made to peel off. What is exposed afterwards is a skin that is more firm and free of fine lines.
  • Safe -Chemical peel treatment is by far one of the safest among others. . If done appropriately, they are free of side effects and give good results if the patient is selected appropriately.
  • Attractive Results- Most people who go for chemical peel treatments are satisfied with the end results. The cost of the treatment is easily affordable, and the recovery time is quite minimal, making it one of the most preferred treatments for multiple skin problems.
15 people found this helpful

Summer Tips for Hair

MBBS, DDV
Dermatologist, Mumbai
Summer Tips for Hair
  • It is essential you cover your hair with a hat or a scarf during summers. This protects it from the harmful UV rays and it also helps in retaining moisture.
  • Keeping your hair in a loose hairstyle works wonders during the summer. It helps air out your locks and prevents the accumulation of sweat.
  • Avoid washing your hair too much during this season; it strips your hair of the essential oils that moisturize it naturally.Also use mild shampoos.
  • Resort to air-drying your hair as much as possible. That’s because blow-drying makes your hair frizz up.
  • Don’t forget to or skip conditioning; it helps de-frizz your hair during the humid season. Also, opt for deep conditioning at least once a week.
  • This is a great hack. After applying sunscreen on your body, simply run your fingers through your hair and let the residual sunscreen protect your hair from UV rays.
  • Don’t brush your hair, use a wide-tooth comb instead. These tend to be way less harsh when it comes to untangling your locks.
  • Summer is the best time to trim your tresses. That’s because the likelihood of splint ends forming is higher in summer.
  • Your hair is also a reflection of your lifestyle. Which is why a balanced diet and healthy exercise regimen will add a sheen to your hair.
  •  Summer makes you sweaty and want to shower a lot. However, ensure you use a shower filter so that any impurities that may be present in the water don’t hurt your hair.
  •  What with pollution already working its black magic on your hair, the last thing you need is to let stress get to you. That’s because stress causes hair loss; stay calm.
  • Another important summer hair care tip is to give heat styling a break. Opt for natural styling instead.Consult a board certified trichologist for hair issues.

 

1 person found this helpful

Symptoms of Dandruff

MBBS, DDV
Dermatologist, Mumbai
Symptoms of Dandruff

Dandruff is a common scalp disorder. Exact causes of dandruff are still unknown to the medical experts. While oily scalp is a common factor leading to dandruff, people with dry skin experience the same scalp problem at times. Multiple researches conducted on dandruff have yielded the conclusion that there are various types of dandruff. Causes of each type of dandruff are different. The dandruff symptoms are mostly, visible flakes on the scalp and the hair. Some skin disorders like seborrheic dermatitispsoriasis can generate dandruff as well. The common type of dandruff is known as psoriasis, whereas seborrheic dermatitis is a critical type of dandruff that might affect other body parts as well.

Symptoms of dandruff in hair may depend on the type of the disorder. Here are some commonly noticed symptoms of dandruff experienced by many.

Symptoms of Dandruff:

Itchy scalp:

Itchy scalp is the most common symptom of dandruff. If you have dandruff on scalp, itching might be a regular symptom you would experience. The itching is caused due to the loose visible flakes. These visible flakes are the dead cells that are from the scalp. This common type of dandruff is mainly noticed during winter. Dry scalp is the main cause of winter dandruff. You need not worry when having such a disorder, this goes away with time.

Hair Fall

Hair fall is another prime symptoms of dandruff in hair. Irrespective of the type, hair fall is a common experience when you are suffering with this scalp problem. We generally lose 20-50 hair every day. This is the normal range of hair fall. An alarming rate of hair fall is surely a symptom of dandruff.

Dry and Dull Hair:

Is your hair dry and dull? If yes, you might have dandruff. Dandruff tends to extract the existing oil from the scalp, leaving the hair dry and lifeless. Your hair may appear dull and unmanageable even after proper brushing. You will have to treat this with utmost care

Acne and Pimples:

Although not directly related to scalp or hair, you might notice sudden outbreak of pimples and acne when having dandruff. Acne and pimples caused due to dandruff have a reddish appearance. These pimples can be painful too. Many people with problem of pimples have gotten rid of it only after getting rid of dandruff.

Constipation and Irritable Bowel Syndrome:

Some studies have shown that dandruff may be the cause of chronic constipation and irritable bowel syndrome. Although the reasons are still unexplained, it is a common experience felt by many people having dandruff.

Psoriasis in Children

MBBS, DDV
Dermatologist, Mumbai
Psoriasis in Children

Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition that occurs in children and adults. The typical appearance is of red, thickened, scaly patches on the skin (plaques). These plaques can vary in size and distribution from person to person. In some people it may affect small areas of skin while others may have large areas covering their body.

What kinds of psoriasis occur in children?

Each of the patterns of psoriasis described in adults can be seen in children. These include:

  • Flexural psoriasis (red areas between skin folds)
  • Scalp psoriasis (thick scales found on areas of the scalp)
  • Nail psoriasis (nail dystrophy related to psoriasis)
  • Acute guttate psoriasis (small red plaques occurring after an infection)
  • Chronic plaque psoriasis (red plaques with scaling occurring anywhere on the body)
  • Erythrodermic psoriasis (severe reddening covering most or all of the body)
  • Pustular psoriasis (severe pustules that arise acutely)
  • Photosensitive psoriasis (affecting areas of sun exposure)
  • Guttate, facial and flexural psoriasis are particularly common in children.

What causes psoriasis?

  • Psoriasis has a strong genetic component and is due to abnormal processes involved in regulation of the immune system.
  • Individuals may have flares in psoriasis in response to stress, injury, medications and infections (particularly streptococcal tonsillitis).
  • Psoriasis is not contagious, therefore, affected children do not need to be isolated from other children.

How is the diagnosis made?

  • The diagnosis of psoriasis is usually made clinically. This involves a doctor examining the skin and making the diagnosis based on the appearance of the affected areas.
  • The plaques tend to be distributed symmetrically.
  • They favour certain sites such as scalp, elbows and knees; or; skin folds such as behind ears, armpits and groin.
  • They are well circumscribed, red and scaly.
  • There is often a family history of psoriasis.
  • Occasionally, a skin biopsy may be necessary to distinguish psoriasis from other skin conditions that may appear similar.
9 people found this helpful

I am losing hairs in form of circles. P lease guide. I also feel etching at my head. Please tell me proper remedy.

MBBS, DDV
Dermatologist, Mumbai
I am losing hairs in form of circles. P lease guide. I also feel etching at my head. Please tell me proper remedy.
Hair fall/loss can be due to more than one factor that includes excessive use of medicines, stress,hormonal imbalance lifestyle, irregular sleep, imbalanced and irregular diet. Good nutritional intake can reduce the problem to some extend but will not solve the hair regrowth problem. Thanks to advanced trichology treatment that we have surgical as well as non surgical treatments to reduce hair fall and stimulate hair regrowth
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Nail Care

MBBS, DDV
Dermatologist, Mumbai
Nail Care

In order to understand both how to keep your nails healthy and how they can act as an indicator of health problems, first you have to know that fingernails are made of layers of a protein called keratin. This protein is also found in your skin and hair But your nails are more than just keratin. Your nails comprise several different components:

  • The nail plate is the part of the nail that you can see.
  • The skin around your nails is referred to as nail folds.
  • The skin that is covered by your nail is known as a nail bed.
  • cuticle is the tissue that covers the bottom of your nail to protect newly formed keratin as your nail grows.
  • The white half-moon seen at the base of your nail is called a lunula.

Basic nail care is fairly simple, and contributes greatly to overall nail health. By incorporating nail care into your normal routine, it also allows you to grow familiar enough with your normal nail health to notice when abnormal issues arise.

The first step is to keep your nails clean and dry to prevent bacterial and fungal infections, and never cut or remove your cuticles, as this can cause infections. Improve the strength of your nails by trimming them straight across and rounding them slightly with a nail file. This also helps to prevent ingrown fingernails. File nail snags as soon as possible to prevent them from catching on things such as clothing, which can tear the nail into the nail bed .Prevent damage by rubbing hand lotion into your nails and nail bed. This will help to strengthen your nails and prevent splitting. Also, try to avoid using your nails to pick or pry at things, as this can also cause damage to your nails.

 One of the most important things you can do is not bite your nails. As mentioned earlier, nail biting can cause infections not only around your nails, but also in your mouth. Chronic nail biting can lead to abnormal nail growth, and even nail deformities. To prevent nail biting, try applying acrylic nails or use a bitter-tasting polish until you are able to break the habit.

Whether you wear them short and unpolished or use them to express your personality by adorning them with color and jewels, nails -- and their health -- are important, so don't neglect them. Not only are they a canvas for self-expression, they also tell us when we might be ill, so be sure to give your fingernails the attention they deserve.

Foods that Beat the Heat

MBBS, DDV
Dermatologist, Mumbai

Maintaining a healthy diet in summer is a concern for most individuals in the modern world.The sun is shining and the mercury levels are soaring, you know the summer is here and there is no escape from it. It is a season where energy levels and appetite are low and a slightest activity causes the sweat to flow off your back and face. Life goes on and it is very necessary to cope with the heat to avoid the usual problems of dehydration, heatstroke and a feeling of lethargy. The best way to beat the heat is to eat the right food. Eating the right type of food makes the summer pleasant and enjoyable.

Here are some really cool summers foods that will help you beat the heat and keep you refreshed.

1. Water

Water is an essential ingredient that keeps the body cool. With high humidity levels sweat does not evaporate easily, hence it is important to hydrate your body even when you are not thirsty. It is important to increase the intake of water regardless of your activity level.Water is important to maintain healthy functions of body cells. It is essential to drink plenty of water to replenish losses due to excessive sweating dehydration etc.

2. Soups

Chilled soups are great appetizers to start your meals in summer. You can choose from the regular tomato or mixed vegetable soup or opt for chilled soups made from vegetables with a dash of mint or coriander to add a refreshing flavor. It is advisable to have soup as they hydrate you and fills you so you can eat less and have

3. Cooling drinks

In summer, cool drinks and juices like lime juice, jal jeera, kokam juice or buttermilk are good options to keep yourself cool. Coconut water is another option that is cooling and nourishing. They should be consumed in regular intervals to keep yourself hydrated.

4. Salads

Like chilled soups, salads are a great way to start your meals in summer. Salads are quick to prepare and are quite healthy (unless you  load them with heavy dressings). Remember the more the number of fresh vegetables in the diet, the healthier you will be in summer. Salads are healthy and easy to digest in summer. 

5. Vegetables

You can stock your refrigerator with a wide variety of summer vegetables like onions, brinjal, bottle gourd, celery, tomatoes and cucumber as they are very nutritious and low in calories. 

6. Fresh Fruits

It is important to minimize the intake of dried fruits and increase the intake of fresh foods. Fresh fruits are nutritious and refreshing.  Many seasonal fruits like mangoes, litchi, water melons, strawberry and jamuns are available in summer. These fruits are juicy and can be had as snacks to beat the heat.

7. Cook vegetable with curd or tomatoes

Most Indian foods are made in the form of gravies .It is important to save your rich gravies made from coconut, cashew nuts and poppy  seeds (khus khus) for when it is cooler. It is advised that in summers you have light gravies made from tomatoes, or curd as they are easy to digest. Adding cumin seeds (jeera) and coriander will make the gravies more cooling and appealing.

It is advised that you avoid fried, spicy or salty food to avoid the discomforts of summer. It is also essential to cut down beverages such as colas, tea or coffee. Tea and coffee contain caffeine that leads to dehydration when had in excess amounts, hence it is essential to limit the consumption of tea and coffee to one or two cups in a day.

8. Curd

Curd is a great summer food as it has cooling properties. Curd can be had in various forms like raita, lassi, shrikhand, chass etc .It is recommended consuming curd in summers as it contains proteins in the pre digested form and is rich in vitamin B which helps to soothe allergies and ulcers that are common during hot season.It is important that that you choose your food wisely to beat the scorching heat of summer and to avoid being falling ill.

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Stay Healthy

MBBS, DDV
Dermatologist, Mumbai
Stay Healthy

This is very visual as hair outside your scalp is dead. Hair has no blood, nerves or muscles. If you cut your hair, you feel no pain; nor does hair bleed or pull a muscle when stretched. So in this respect, you could say your ‘hair is dead’. However, for a ‘dead’ fibre, your hair is quite remarkable! A healthy hair will stretch up to 30% of its length, can absorb its weight in water and can also swell up to 20% of its diameter. Not only that, but the strength of hair is greater than that of copper wire of the same diameter; an average head of hair can in fact support 23 tons in weight. You can change your hair’s colour shape, hairstyle, length, curl; we wash our hair, brush and set our hair, pull it, play with it, occasionally chew on it, rub it, straighten it, all to an extraordinary degree. And yet, despite all of this flagrant abuse, our hair remains amazingly resilient and tough.

Each follicle, within the anatomy of the skin an indentation in your skin that hair grows from, has its own blood, nerve and muscle supply. These nerves and muscles give your hair its tactile properties, allowing the slightest movement to be felt. When the muscles contract, your hair stands up more and pinches the skin, causing ‘goose bumps’. You inherit this characteristic from animals – the bristling quills of a petrified porcupine are an exaggerated example.

Furthermore, your hair is the second fastest growing cell in your body, bone marrow being the first. This means that your anatomy of hair is extremely sensitive to changes going on within you; it is often a result of internal problems and imbalances that hair loss and/or lacklustre hair can occur. Blood capillaries surrounding your follicle provide each individual hair with the nourishment needed for cell production and growth. Therefore, the hair anatomy if you aren’t getting the vitamins, proteins, complex carbohydrates (energy) and minerals you need, your hair will not receive them either and can suffer greatly. Hormonal fluctuations caused by pregnancy menstruation, stress and personal upsets also have a great impact on hair health and growth.
So, even though your hair itself is technically ‘dead’, the growth of your hair is closely intertwined with the inner workings of your body as well as your psychological and emotional state. What you do, feel, eat and experience all shape the way your hair looks, feels and grows.

Acne

MBBS, DDV
Dermatologist, Mumbai
Acne

Imagine if you wake up in the morning and first thing you see is a red mark on your face. It can be  inflammatory or non inflammatory or could be pimple or acne. Don’t panic, it can be cured if you bring some changes in your routine along with the on-going medication.

1. Emergency Acne Kit

Foremost thing that needs to be done, is to get connected with your dermatologist. He/She will guide you about the role of some medications and their usage in day to day to life.

It is not only one thing that contributes to healthy skin and you. It is a combination of good habits which can help you lead a healthy life.

2. Have a clear eating plan

ELIMINATE all high glycemic index foods whose numbers are above 70 such as refined products like pasta, white breads, biscuits, noodles, pizzas. Say “no” to fried cooking methods as well fried food items like chips, pakora(sounds very yummy, trust me its nutritional value is zero). Limit the intake of too much sugar and sugar sweetened beverages, they just add unwanted fat to your lifestyle , ultimately it can add bad effect to your skin in the form of acne, pimples, dull skin etc.

ADD low glycemic index so that it won’t spike your blood sugar fast. Add more of home cooked meals made up of whole grains , cereals like used more “atta plus fiber” based options like if you are still craving for bread, opt for multigrain. Try to choose healthy food ingredients.Include 2 to 3 servings of vegetables and fruits in your diet.

ADD Antioxidants like more of vitamin C, E. Rich sources of vitamin C are oranges, amla, green chilies, broccoli, lemons, papaya, strawberries and some more green vegetables. Nuts, seeds , fish contain good amount of vitamin E.

ADD good fat in your diet - omega 3 fatty acids. They are present in seeds, nuts, various oils like olive oil and mustard oil.

Try to include low fat dairy products in diet. Probiotic curd  is a good option as it contains good bacteria which is healthy for your stomach that can help you with skin breakouts.

3. Keep yourself hydrated

Keep sipping water throughout the day. It should not be more or less. The recommended level is 10 -12 glasses in a day. Fluids could be plain water or green tea.This will make your skin supple, clear and free of toxins.

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Dark Circles

MBBS, DDV
Dermatologist, Mumbai
Dark Circles

Are you sick of people always telling you that you look exhausted. You get enough sleep and you drink lots of water but those dark circles still cause stares and make you look much older than you really are.

Dark circles is one of the major concerns for women seeking treatment for cosmetic reasons. 

What are the reasons for dark circles?

It’s a combination of heredity and genetics, fatigue and dehydration, but most likely the culprit causing chronic dark circles is excess skin pigmentation which happens because of ethnic variation for Indian population. 

Sun exposure increases the chances of dark circles.

Also, dark circles are related to dilated blood vessels and aging – which causes skin to thin and can darken the area. Unfortunately, to erase them completely is not possible. However, you can minimize their effects by knowing their causes, finding good solutions and choosing the right products.

How to treat them?

1) Protection: Use an SPF 30 sunscreen daily. A moisturizer as a base and a concealer can also be used to cover up as a protective layer ( camouflage + protection)

2) Diet changes: If you have puffy eye bags along with dark circles then reducing salt intake can help in reducing the puffiness.

3) Don't rub the eyes, as rubbing makes it darker

4) Use of eye brightening serums every night will help in reducing the lines around the eyes and eventually helps in fading the dark circles

5) A dermatologist's consultation and under eye treatments available at the dermatologist clinic should be considered if everything else fails.

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How Psoriasis Affects the Nails

MBBS, DDV
Dermatologist, Mumbai
How Psoriasis Affects the Nails

Many people who have psoriasis also experience changes in their fingernails or toenails. There are several treatments that can help.Nail psoriasis is the term for the changes in your fingernails and toenails that occur as a result of having psoriasis. It is generally believed that up to half of all people who have psoriasis will have nail psoriasis as well. While it's not a life-threatening condition, nail psoriasis can affect your quality of life, since it may cause you discomfort and affect your self-esteem, and it may also put you at greater risk of developing psoriatic arthritis. nail psoriasis can be helped with treatment.


How Psoriasis Affects the Nails:
Nail psoriasis occurs because psoriasis affects the process of nail formation. People who have nail psoriasis usually have psoriasis on other parts of their body, such as the skin and joints. Rarely does someone have only psoriasis of the nails.


Symptoms of nail psoriasis vary but may include:

  • Discoloration of the nail to yellow brown
  • Pitting (holes) in the surface of the nails
  • Horizontal lines across the nails
  • White patches on the nails
  • Thickening of the nails
  • Nails that separate from the nail bed
  • Nail Psoriasis Treatment Options

Your treatment will depend on the type of nail psoriasis you have and how severe it is. If you have psoriasis that affects other parts of your body, their treatments will help  your nail psoriasis.

In addition to treatment for nail psoriasis, there are other ways to take care of your nails:

  • Keep your nails trimmed as short as possible.
  • Wear gloves when you're working with your hands.
  • Wear shoes with plenty of room in them.
  • Avoid scrubbing or scraping underneath your nails.
  • Use gentle nail cleaning tools.
  • Soak your nails in tar bath oil mixed with water, then apply nail moisturizer.
  • If your nails are intact, consider using a nail hardener to improve their appearance.
  • Taking good care of your nails can minimize the effects of psoriasis associated nail changes.
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