Those doctors who have expertise in dealing with and diagnosing, preventing along with treating all the conditions and diseases of the heart are termed as cardiologists. These doctors concern themselves with studying the branch of medicine that is known as cardiology. The word ‘cardiology’ has its origins in the Greek word ‘kardia’, which means heart and ‘logia’, which means study. A cardiologist is not concerned with diseases of the blood, but only the blood vessels. The diseases of the blood come under haematology and haematologists are responsible for managing, curing and preventing them. Although most cardiologists are termed as clinical cardiologists, it is possible for a cardiologist to specialize in a sub-specialty of cardiology such as cardiac electrophysiology, nuclear cardiology, echocardiography, and interventional cardiology. Cardiologists are primarily concerned with heart health and can prescribe a number of tests to determine whether your heart is functioning properly or not. These tests include examining your physical stamina, your skin health, your pulse rate, your blood pressure etc.
Despite the fact that cardiologists are responsible for diagnosing and treating diseases of the heart, some of the diseases that fall under the umbrella of cardiologist occur outside of the heart, in the vascular system. You can consult a cardiologist for a number of diseases such as coronary artery disease, congenital heart defects, valvular heart disease, heart failure, hypertension, cardiomyopathy etc.
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A cardiologist examines issues of the heart and blood vessels and has special training in detecting, analyzing, treating and preventing heart complications and vascular diseases.
WHEN SHOULD YOU CONSULT CARDIOLOGIST?
Chest pain, irregular heartbeat, dizziness, shortness of breath, and pain or numbness in the arms, legs, neck, jaw, etc can be treated by a cardiologist.
WHAT IS THE ROLE OF CARDIOLOGIST?
Cardiologists make use of close physical examination which involves checking blood pressure, weight, lungs, and blood vessels to determine if a person is suffering from heart diseases.
COMMON PROBLEMS YOU SHOULD SEE CARDIOLOGIST FOR
A cardiologist can also help in disorders of the lung.
DID YOU KNOW?
The heart has its own electrical impulses and can function outside the body if it has a sufficient blood supply.
What Causes Sudden CARDIAC DEATH?
Sudden cardiac death occurs when your heart stops functioning unexpectedly and suddenly. When this happens if you experience sudden cardiac arrest and blood stops flowing to the brain and other vital organs. Sudden cardiac arrest usually results in death if it is not treated within minutes. Occurring during a heart attack, the sudden cardiac arrest should not be mistaken for a heart attack. The immediate cause of sudden cardiac arrest is usually an abnormality in your heart rhythm, which is the result of a problem with your heart's electrical system. Your heart has its own electrical stimulator, which is a specialized group of cells called the sinus node located in the upper right chamber of your heart. The sinus node generates electrical impulses that flow in an orderly manner through your heart to synchronize heart rate and coordinate the pumping of blood from your heart to rest of your body. If something goes wrong with the flow of these electric impulses through your heart, a condition known as arrhythmia occurs, causing your heart to beat too fast or too slow or in an irregular manner. Often these interruptions in rhythm are momentary and harmless. But if it is severe it can lead to a sudden stop in heart function. Ventricular fibrillation is the most common life threatening arrhythmia which is the uncontrolled twitching or quivering of muscle fibers. It must be treated immediately to save a person's life. It can be treated by delivering a quick electric shock through the chest. Risk Factors: There are many risk factors that increase the risk of sudden cardiac death including the history of previous heart attacks, coronary artery disease, smoking, hypertension, high cholesterol, obesity and diabetes.