ZINC AND IT'S IMPORTANCE FOR HEALTH
Zinc is an trace mineral
It is needed for immunity system proper functioning and plays role in cell division, cell growth, hormone production, wound healing and carbohydrates breakdown. Besides this it is needed for senses of smell and taste and enhances the action of insulin
For growth and development during pregnancy, infancy and childhood zinc is required.
It may reduce the risk of common cold if taken regularly for 5 month( Recent study)
Animal protein e.g. Beef, pork and Lamb other good sources are nuts, grains, legumes and yeast. Fruits and vegetables are not good source of zinc.
It is a supplement of multivitamins in the form of Zinc gluconate, Zinc sulphate or Zinc acetate.
Sign and symptoms of deficiency
Note:(Deficiency is more common in vegetarian than non vegetarian)
Hypogonadism in males
Loss of hairs
Sense of smell and Taste problem
Poor wound healing
Weight gain or weight loss
Increase risk of Infertility
Increase risk of Diabetes
Zinc requirements: It varies in different age group
0-6 months: 2 milligrams/day
7-12 months: 3 milligrams/day
1-3 years: 3 milligrams/day
4-8 years: 5 milligrams/day
9 -13 years: 8 milligrams/day
Adolescents and adults:
Males age 14 and over: 11 milligrams/day
Females age 14 to 18 years: 9 milligrams/day
Females age 19 and over: 8 milligrams/day
Inadequate intake of zinc rich foods like meat, shell fish, liver gelatin, beans, rice, bread, cereals lentils etc.
Incomplete absorption of zinc from the food due to many barrier likes presence of phytic acid in the diet hampers.
- Reduced appetite
- Retarded growth.