Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}

Triple Antigen Vaccine Health Feed

Planning for Pregnancy? Preconception Health Is Equally Important as Health During Pregnancy

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Lucknow
Planning for Pregnancy? Preconception Health Is Equally Important as Health During Pregnancy

Pregnancy should not be considered a nine month journey, but a year long journey. Knowing that the first few weeks of pregnancy are the most vital to the development of the baby, a mother should be healthy and avoid any harmful activities and substances near the time of conception. The future health of a baby is decided even  before  conception. The baby'shealth depends on your preconception health. Planning a baby is a demanding task, but if you plan it well you will have a healthier and easier pregnancy. Following these simple guidelines can help you prepare for pregnancy.               

 First lets talk about the healthy habits that should be followed:·        

1. Exercise – Start exercising now. You have to decide dependingupon your present weight whether you want to lose weight, gain weight,build muscle, or improve lung capacity. Some good exercise options include walking, swimming, bicycling, and aerobics. Yoga is an excellent choice for exercise because it incorporates posture,breathing, and concentration techniques which will be beneficial for youduring labor.   

2. Read – Get yourself educated and prepared by reading books on pregnancy and child birth. 

3. Track your menstrual cycle – This is very important. Your doctor will ask you about your menstrual cycle, so you need to be prepared. Keeping track of your cycle will also help you track your ovulation and increase your chance of pregnancy. 

 4. Practice relaxation techniques – Relaxation can help minimize stress. Try yoga,meditation, or listening to soft relaxing music in a warm bath. 

5. Get lots of sleep – Eight hours of sleep is recommended if you are trying to become pregnant. Adequate amounts of sleep can also help relieve stress and tension. 

6. Eat healthy – Nutrition is vital to your health. The healthier you are the easier the pregnancy will be for you. Make sure that you are getting lots of vitamins in     your diet, and start taking folic acid now. Studies have shown that folic acid (300-400mcg a day)     can help reduce the risk of neural tube defects when taken before     conception. Just make sure to tell your health care provider about any supplements you are taking.     

7. Up-to-DateVaccination - Make sure your vaccination is complete. Vaccination againstrubella and flu are very important. It is also important to maintain a gap ofat least one month between your rubella shot and pregnancy planning.·       

 8. Optimize your Medical Condition- If you have Hypertension, Diabetes, Asthma, Epilepsy or any other medicalcondition you must take complete advice from the physician. Blood pressure andsugar levels have to be under full control. The type and dose of the drug mayneed modifications.·        

9. Check Family History - Ask your parents, grandparents, brothers, sisters, aunts andcousins about any health problems in the family like genetic problems, mentalretardation or malformations in babies. This can help your Gynaecologist todetermine which problems to look for and how to prevent it. ·       

10. Visit your Doctor - Carry a record of your medical conditions, family history and achecklist of your queries. Get tested for Blood Group, Thalassemia, HIV,Thyroid Levels, and Blood Sugars. 

Now lets see the habits that are harmful and should be completely avoided: 

1. Smoking  can cause low-birth weight babies, preterm deliveries, and 10% of all infant deaths. So quit smoking

2. Drinking  Alcohol – There is no safe amount of alcohol to consume while you are pregnant. Recreational drug  use during periconception  period can increase the chance of miscarriage, low birth-weight, premature births, developmental delays, and behavioral and learning problems.

 3. Prescription Drugs – There are many prescription drugs that are teratogenic (cause birth defects). Talk with your healthcare provider about any and all prescription drugs you are taking.  

4. Avoid Exposure to - Harmful chemicals, metals and toxic substances at workplace and home that could be potentially teratogenic. For example, most studies show that the greatest risk of  exposure to pesticides     is during the first three to eight weeks of the first trimester when the neural tube( that gives rise to     future brain and spinal cord development is occurring.) This is often before a woman knows she is pregnant.  

5. Protect yourself from infections. Stay away from cats Stress – Stress has been linked to delayed or missed periods which can cause difficulty tracking ovulation and getting pregnant. 

6. Limit your amount of stress as much as possible. You may find it helpful to employ relaxation techniques or yoga to help moderate your stress level. You might need to change your work hours or may be change the job profile. You will also need someone to help you out with the household chores  around this time. 

7. Herbs – Most herbs and herbal remedies are not mandated by the FDA, and therefore,there is little to no research on the effect they have on pregnancy. Discuss any herbal or natural remedies you may be using     with your healthcare provider.

8. Caffeine – Few studies have shown that there may be an increase in miscarriages among women who consume more than 200 mg   (one 12oz cup of coffee) a day versus those who do not consume any caffeine.

At the end if you follow the above guidelines you can have relatively  trouble free pregnancy and a healthy baby  that every pregnant woman aspires for.

1 person found this helpful

Asthma in Children - Symptoms and Management!

Dr. Maulik Shah 90% (135 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Paediatrics
Pediatrician, Mumbai
Asthma in Children - Symptoms and Management!

Asthma, as known to most, is a chronic respiratory condition characterized by swelling and narrowing of the airways with an increased mucus production. The condition can affect children as well adults. However, it is quite disturbing to see that asthma among children is on a mercurial rise. In many cases, children below the age of 5 years seem to be at the receiving end, complicating the things further. What is worse, being so small, some children are not even aware of their condition.

Recognising the Symptoms in Children

There may be a myriad of symptoms that could be an indication of asthma in children. However, not all children will exhibit similar symptoms. 

  1. A child may cough uncontrollably, especially while laughing, crying, playing or even at night (a night cough).
  2. Wheezing is also common in such children. One may also complain of chest tightness.
  3. Breathing troubles such as breathlessness or shortness of breath may be seen in some children.
  4. The child may feel weak and tired.
  5. The chest and the neck muscles also appear to be tightened.
  6. Many children are found to often suffer from cold resulting in a chest congestion.

In some children with asthma, coughing may be the only associated symptom, a condition known as Cough-Variant Asthma.

Factors that increase the risk of asthma in children

  1. Increased exposure to smoke. The exposure can be before or even after birth.
  2. Some children may suffer from hay fever, a kind of nasal allergy that often results in an asthmatic reaction. Eczema can also act as a potential trigger.
  3. Necessary precautions (as much as possible) should be taken for children who have a family history of asthma. Those with a family history of allergies also need to be careful.
  4. Asthma may affect children with low birth weight as well as those with respiratory infections. 

Self-Management

There is no denying the fact that a child with asthma should be under medical supervision with proper treatment. However, self-management can prove to be equally effective to keep asthma under control.

  1. As we all know asthma can be quite unpredictable, affecting the child at any point in time, always keep the medications and the inhaler handy. 
  2. It is always advisable to use a mask (especially those suffering from nasal allergies). 
  3. Get the child well vaccinated especially with the flu vaccination (the yearly vaccination).
  4. There are various factors (pollens, dust, cold, to name a few) that trigger an asthmatic reaction in a child. Identify the triggers and work towards keeping the child away from them as much as possible.
  5. The most important point, be in regular touch with the attending physician and keep an update on the condition.
  6. For school going children, the teachers and the school authorities should be informed about child's condition.
  7. Never panic in front of the child even in the case of an extreme and severe flare-up.

CAN A CHILDREN AGE OF 2 YEAR 5 MONTHS GO FOR pneumococcal vaccine. IF YES WHAT WILL BE SCHEDULE. THIS WILL BE FIRST PVC VACCINE IF HE TAKES IT. HE MISSED PVC VACCINE. AND NOW WANT TO VACCINATE. THANKS.

Dr. Shripad Kulkarni 93% (820 ratings)
M.D.( Pediatrics), DCH
Pediatrician,
CAN A CHILDREN AGE OF 2 YEAR 5 MONTHS GO FOR pneumococcal vaccine. IF YES WHAT WILL BE SCHEDULE. THIS WILL BE FIRST P...
After two years of age, two doses of PCV with interval of eight weeks need to be given. At present in India, it is advised for high risk children. But if one can afford it is better to give vaccine to the child.
Submit FeedbackFeedback

How to Care for Infants and Toddlers?

Dr. Nikhil Kalale 90% (24 ratings)
dnb pediatrics
Pediatrician,
How to Care for Infants and Toddlers?
Dirty diapers are a sign of good health. True or false? Take this quiz to find out.
Start Quiz

3 Do's Of Pregnancy Diet

Dr. Krity K Uniyal 94% (185 ratings)
MBBS, DGO
Gynaecologist, Dehradun
3 Do's Of Pregnancy Diet

Pregnancy is an important time in a woman's life. During this period, you need to be most conscious of what to eat, do and how to change everyday habits. Following these dos and don'ts will ensure a smooth pregnancy experience for you.

Do's:

1. Take your prenatal vitamin


If you have not yet started taking a prenatal vitamin, now is the time to start. It's particularly critical to get enough folic acid while trying to conceive importantly during the first trimester. It greatly reduces your baby's risk of developing neural tube birth defects such as spina bifida.

2. Quit smoking

Smoking increases your risk of developing several problems including miscarriages, placental and preterm birth problems. It slows the fetal growth and increases the risk of stillbirth and infant death. It's never too late to quit or cut back smoking. Every cigarette you don't light gives your baby a much better chance of being healthy.

3. Do eat seafood

Seafood is loaded with vitamins and minerals. Consume a variety of seafood so you don't have a concentration of minerals from only one type of fish. But remember to not eat more than 12 ounces of fish per 7 days.

Don'ts:

1. Don't drink alcohol


Alcohol may immensely impact your baby's development. Women who drink alcohol while pregnant could easily deliver a baby with fetal alcohol syndrome (fas). Symptoms of fas are usually low birth weight, learning disabilities, behavioral problems, and lagging patterns in terms of growth and development milestones. Limiting or avoiding alcohol is a step that you need to take.

2. Don't eat raw meat at all

Raw and undercooked meat or eggs carries the risk of food-borne diseases as well as food poisoning incidence. Make sure all eggs and meat that you eat while you are pregnant are cooked well.

3. Don't drink lot of caffeine

Caffeine easily travels through the placenta and increases your baby's heart beats. Research shows that women can safely consume a cup or two of coffee every day, but avoid downing a triple shot strong latte while you have got a bun in the oven.

This is concerning cervical cancer vaccination. I’m almost 25 years and about to get married in 2 months. I have been sexually active in the past and have also been active with my fiancée. I was recently made aware of cervical cancer vaccination. I wish to know its efficacy now and if it is even recommended after knowing my history. Also, I have a mild case of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)

Dr. Sujata Sinha 91% (1285 ratings)
M.B.B.S, Post Graduate Diploma In Maternal & Child Health
Gynaecologist, Bokaro
There is no harm in taking this vaccine. It is effective about 5 years after taking the vaccine. But you can also go for PAP smear. For more details, please contact me.
1 person found this helpful
Submit FeedbackFeedback

Tuberculosis - 114 Countries Join Hands To Eradicate It By 2030!

Dr. Garima Sharma 92% (305 ratings)
MBBS
General Physician, Fatehabad
Tuberculosis - 114 Countries Join Hands To Eradicate It By 2030!

In an effort to eradicate Tuberculosis (TB) by 2030, a total of 114 countries have joined hands to take action against TB. This collaboration was announced at the first WHO global ministerial conference in Moscow.

It has also been observed that since the year 2000, approximately 53 million lives were saved and the overall mortality rate has been reduced by 37 percent for TB. Despite the past efforts to control the spread of this deadly disease and is known to take lives more than any other contagious disease.

How should prevent yourself from getting affected?

  1. Get your vaccination on time

  2. Get yourself tested for TB regularly

  3. Eat a healthy and balanced diet

  4. Maintain hygiene

  5. Spend time in fresh air

  6. Try and limit your exposure to someone suffering from TB

302 people found this helpful

Diphtheria - Signs Of You Must Be Careful About!

Dr. Anil Mehta 90% (627 ratings)
MBBS, DNB (General Medicine)
General Physician, Delhi
Diphtheria - Signs Of You Must Be Careful About!

A quite serious bacterial infection, diphtheria is caused by the Corynebacterium diphtheria. It usually tends to affect the throat and the mouth of an affected person, although there are other varieties which can infect your skin as well. However, the most common cases of diphtheria affect the throat and the mouth. 

Symptoms of diphtheria in general
It may take up to five days for symptoms to show up when you are infected with the disease. Some of the symptoms would be:

  1. You neck would swell up due to swelling in the lymph nodes, especially in the neck
  2. Your throat and tonsils will develop a thick grayish membrane 
  3. Your throat may become sore and hoarse
  4. You may face difficulty in breathing, depending on the size of the membrane and the resultant inflammation
  5. You may have difficulty swallowing as well

These are the primary symptoms which will affect your throat in general. Some of the other symptoms that may show up are:

  1. Fever
  2. Nasal discharge
  3. Malaise or a general feeling of discomfort 
  4. Chills

The parts of your body, which are affected the most tend to be your throat, tongue and the neck. The pain tends to persist for quite some time as you recover.

Causes of diphtheria 
Diphtheria is usually spread by the following methods

  1. Airborne droplets: This is possibly the most common method of contracting the disease. This usually happens when a person is infected with diphtheria coughs or sneezes around you. The airborne droplets then travel from one person to another, transmitting the infection. This is particularly the case in crowded area such as public transport and public spaces.
  2. Touching personal items which may be infected: Touching used towels, paper tissues or drinking from an unwashed glass may cause an infection as well. These tend to happen mostly in an indoor setting such as offices and houses. Even toys, door and equipment handles can cause transmission of this virus. 

If you are showing any of these symptoms, it is prudent to go visit your doctor immediately as diphtheria, if left untreated, may also result in serious complications.

1 person found this helpful

Asthma - What Triggers It & How Homeopathy Can Treat It?

Dr. Mani Sethi Sawhney 90% (63 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Delhi
Asthma - What Triggers It & How Homeopathy Can Treat It?

Asthma is a condition that severely affects the lungs. The airways become narrow and the lungs become inflamed. Its characteristic features include bronchospasm, reversible airflow obstruction and variable and recurring symptoms such as coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath and chest tightness. This might be caused up to 2 to 3 times a day.

Causes:
Causes include:

  1. Daily use of Paracetamol
  2. Vaccines
  3. Daily use of antibiotics
  4. Caesarean sections
  5. Asthma in family

Asthma is usually triggered by:

  1. Tobacco Smoke
  2. Exercise
  3. Polluted or Poor air
  4. Cold Air
  5. Emotional Stress
  6. Allergies

Homeopathic Treatment: Asthma should be preferably treated using homeopathy. It is safe for most age groups. Asthma is a chronic problem that is best treated by a qualified homeopath. While few cures are found in numerous home use packs since they can treat a number of problems, the effective treatment of asthma usually needs potencies and changes of cures more than the extent of a prescriber and a home kit. For best results, the monitoring of a qualified homeopath should be sought. The homeopathic cures required for asthma change according to the signs of the sufferer. Some of them are listed below:

  1. Arsenicum Album (Ars.): Symptoms requiring the use of this medication include wheezing with dry cough and Asthma caused due to cold air. Upon application, the person will be anxious and restless and the condition worsens after midnight. Sometimes, it might result in exhaustion. There is a chilling sensation and they will crave for warmth. Patients required Ars. will be critical, anxious and afraid of being alone.
  2. Kali Bichromicum (Kali-bi.): Symptoms that require Kali-bi include asthma with stringy and sticky mucus. The patients feel chilly and after a while they get sick. The respiratory tract often is infected with mucous membrane infections. Ulcers are an additional infection.
  3. AntimoniumTartaricum (Ant-t.): Uncomfortable breathing and wet cough with mucus require this medication. It solves many issues that accompany difficult breathing. In severe cases, heart failure is possible.
  4. Grindelia (Grin.): Key symptoms are dry cough and possibility of wheezing. It may be accompanied by Rattling respiration, chronic bronchitis and suffocation during sleep.
  5. Phosphorus (Phos.): Upper respiratory tract infections cause asthma that ends in the chest. This causes coughing and wheezing.

Other homeopathic medicines for treating asthma are Nux Vomica (Nux-v.) and Pulsatilla Pratensis (Puls.).

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1 person found this helpful

Hi, I was just wondering about a smear test. My mam was diagnosed with breast cancer seventeen years ago and recently was diagnosed with ovarian cancer and I was just wondering if it is necessary for me to get a smear test I am 19 year old.

Dr. Ninad Katdare 90% (163 ratings)
Registrar in Surgical Oncology, Fellowship in Gynaecologic Oncology, Masters In Advanced Oncology, Fellowship in advanced laparoscopy and robotic surgery, Fellowship in Gastrointestinal Oncology, Fellowship in CRS and HIPEC, Fellowship in PIPAC
Oncologist, Mumbai
The smear test is the Pap smear test, which is done for cervical cancer. If you are not sexually active there is no role of the Pap smear as of now. Instead you can take the cervical cancer vaccine which offers protection against cervical cancer. However on the other hand since your mother had both ovarian and breast cancer, you should get evaluated for brca mutation as the risk is higher.
Submit FeedbackFeedback