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Triple Antigen Vaccine Health Feed

Which is the suitable time for taking tetanus toxoid vaccines ,since I am completing my 6 month of pregnancy. Kindly suggest.

Dr. Sajeev Kumar 96% (26705 ratings)
C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
Which is the suitable time for taking tetanus toxoid vaccines ,since I am completing my 6 month of pregnancy. Kindly ...
You have to take one dose in first 3 moths and a second dose in 6 months .The WHO also recommends that a third vaccine be given six months after the second dose to provide protection for at least five years.
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Hello, I have taken a tetanus toxoid injection 1 year ago. Yesterday I got injured (finger with scratch & bleeding) with rough dirty cemented (without paint/white wash) wall during changing CFL of my toilet. Do I need tetanus toxoid injection again?

Dr. Anurag Seth 91% (160 ratings)
MBBS
Internal Medicine Specialist, Allahabad
Hello, I have taken a tetanus toxoid injection 1 year ago. Yesterday I got injured (finger with scratch & bleeding) w...
If you had the complete tetanus vaccinations and the one you received last year was a booster. You don't need any tetanus injection for five years.
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Diphtheria - What Causes It and How Can It Be Treated?

Dr. Honey Gupta 92% (30 ratings)
MBBS, DLO
ENT Specialist, Faridabad
Diphtheria - What Causes It and How Can It Be Treated?

Diphtheria is an infectious disease which occurs in the throat. Let us know more about what Diphtheria is.

What is Diphtheria?
Diphtheria is a serious infectious disease that affects the throat and is caused by bacteria and viruses which usually damage human tissue in the throat. Diphtheria is highly contagious and can be spread to other persons easily. It causes serious problems in people who have never been vaccinated. It can be identified by a sheet of grayish material covering the back of the throat. It generally affects children who are age below 15 years because their metabolism and the unity to fight germs is still not very strong. Earlier when it was untreatable, it even resulted in death.

Causes of Diphtheria:
There are many causes of Diphtheria. Let us have a look at them.

  1. Diphtheria is mostly caused by the bacterias Corynebacterium diphtheriae, which affects directly the tissues lining the throat and produce exotoxins which result in burning or lead to the break down of throat tissues and cells.
  2. Diphtheria is very contagious and can easily be transmitted to another person if one of them has it.

Symptoms of Diphtheria:
There are many common symptoms of diphtheria and we will talk about some of the most important ones.

  1. The patient suffers from low fever and tremendous weakness. The metabolism and the immunity system tends to get weak therefore resulting in an overall weakness present in the whole body.
  2. Since diphtheria attacks mostly the cells and tissues present in the throat inter results in swollen glands all over the neck of the patient.
  3. Diphtheria also results in the swelling of soft tissue which gives a 'bull neck’ appearance to the throat and neck.
  4. Often patients suffering from diphtheria are diagnosed with faster heart rates.
  5. Children who are below the age of 15 can face problems like vomiting, nauseated feelings and headaches.

Treatment for Diphtheria:
In most cases, diphtheria is treated with the help of two major ways.

  1. Antitoxin: when your doctor will suspect that you have been infected with diphtheria, he may give you an anti-toxin which neutralizes the already injected diphtheria toxin. It helps to fight the germs and bacteria present in the throat and provide with relief to the patient.
  2. Antibiotic: antibiotics like penicillin helps to kill the bacteria and helps to clear the throat from their presence. Therefore providing relief.

Wash your hands carefully if you have made a person who was affected with diphtheria and try to avoid any physical contact with that person also.

1 person found this helpful

Respected Sir, My mother is diabetic patient since 2007. Sugar level is kept in check by dietary means and medicines. Very recently (some 25 to 30 days back) a small circular wound was noticed on her foot. She had taken a tetanus toxoid injection for that and within two days the wound was healed. But today again similar wound has appeared on the foot. Taking another tetanus toxoid injection is advisable or any other medication is required?

Dt. Raghunath Singh Ranawat 89% (62 ratings)
M A Psychology, Diploma in Naturopathy & Yogic Science (DNYS), Diploma in Diet and Nutrition, Aayurved Ratn
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Rajsamand
Respected Sir,
My mother is diabetic patient since 2007. Sugar level is kept in check by dietary means and medicines....
No worries about you Make your mother a dietary table. Increase the amount of vitamin C in the food. Take care of the feet. Wear soft cloth shoes. Make a habit of stroll after eating food. Pranayama is done in the morning in the morning. Include high fiber in the food. Give breakfast on time. Always take care of the feet carefully. Your mother will be healthy.
1 person found this helpful
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Vaccination for Newborns and Adults

Dr. B.M Lava 89% (8479 ratings)
Diploma in Child Health (DCH), MBBS
General Physician, Bangalore
Vaccination for Newborns and Adults

The immune system is extremely important in an individual's system. A strong immune system helps to combat the invasion of foreign particles and consequently resists the diseases.  Vaccination in such a context becomes imperative as it strengthens an individual's immunity. In vaccination, antigens or germs are given in very small doses. They stimulate the immune system to produce antibodies to fight against that particular infection. Vaccinations are provided to both children and adults to protect them from a number of diseases.  However, different vaccinations are provided in different ages according to the susceptibility to diseases.

Some of the vaccinations that are provided to newborns are:

1. Hepatitis B vaccine: This vaccination is given in order to prevent the child from having Hepatitis B. Hepatitis B is a liver disease that if persists can lead to liver failure or even liver cancer. This vaccine must be injected immediately after the birth of the baby. The first dose must be followed by administering a second dose within a span of a month or two. 

2. Rotavirus Vaccine (RV): This vaccine, taken orally, prevents the infant from Rotavirus. This virus causes vomiting and diarrhea in children that often leads to severe dehydration. This vaccine is administered within two to four months of the baby's birth. Sometimes, on doctor's prescription a second dose may be necessary in the sixth month. 

3. Acellular Pertussis Vaccine and Diphtheria and Tetanus Toxoids: This is a combination of various vaccines that protects the child from tetanus and diphtheria. Newborns are extremely prone to diphtheria that causes fatal illness and sometimes even deaths in children. This vaccination thereby, is extremely important and must be administered within two or four months and must be followed up with secondary doses later under the doctor's supervision. Vaccinations do not end with childhood. In many cases adults too need to be vaccinated against certain diseases. Some of them are:

  • Hepatitis A Vaccine: You can get this vaccination if there is any risk of you suffering from Hepatitis A. Much like Hepatitis B, Hepatitis A too is an acute liver disease. This is extremely fatal and is seldom accompanied by any symptoms. 
  • Human Papillomavirus Vaccine: This is a sexually transmitted virus that causes cervical dysplasia in women and men.  The apt age for both men and women for this vaccination differs. Women who are twenty six years of age or younger and men below or at the age of twenty one are most suitable for this vaccination. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.
3494 people found this helpful

Do a 4 years child need tetanus injection. Yesterday night he injured back side of head due to slip There is first aid. Injured was due to iron stick. And there is a little a bit blooding. So I thought tetanus is necessary. What should I do?

Dr. Sajeev Kumar 96% (26705 ratings)
C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
If the 4 year old child is vaccinated on time with normal immunisation there is no need to take TT as it is also covered in immunisation. DPT stands for Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus. It is a vaccine that provided protection against all three diseases.
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What all vaccination needs to be done during pregnancy and at what week of pregnancy.

Dr. Sajeev Kumar 96% (26705 ratings)
C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
What all vaccination needs to be done during pregnancy and at what week of pregnancy.
All women who will be pregnant (any trimester) during the flu season should be offered this vaccine. Talk to your doctor to see if this applies to you. Tetanus/Diphtheria/Pertussis (Tdap): Tdap is recommended during pregnancy, preferably between 27 and 36 weeks' gestation, to protect baby from whooping cough.
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Diphtheria - Signs Of You Must Be Careful About!

Dr. Anil Mehta 90% (676 ratings)
MBBS, DNB (General Medicine)
General Physician, Delhi
Diphtheria - Signs Of You Must Be Careful About!

A quite serious bacterial infection, diphtheria is caused by the Corynebacterium diphtheria. It usually tends to affect the throat and the mouth of an affected person, although there are other varieties which can infect your skin as well. However, the most common cases of diphtheria affect the throat and the mouth. 

Symptoms of diphtheria in general
It may take up to five days for symptoms to show up when you are infected with the disease. Some of the symptoms would be:

  1. You neck would swell up due to swelling in the lymph nodes, especially in the neck
  2. Your throat and tonsils will develop a thick grayish membrane 
  3. Your throat may become sore and hoarse
  4. You may face difficulty in breathing, depending on the size of the membrane and the resultant inflammation
  5. You may have difficulty swallowing as well

These are the primary symptoms which will affect your throat in general. Some of the other symptoms that may show up are:

  1. Fever
  2. Nasal discharge
  3. Malaise or a general feeling of discomfort 
  4. Chills

The parts of your body, which are affected the most tend to be your throat, tongue and the neck. The pain tends to persist for quite some time as you recover.

Causes of diphtheria 
Diphtheria is usually spread by the following methods

  1. Airborne droplets: This is possibly the most common method of contracting the disease. This usually happens when a person is infected with diphtheria coughs or sneezes around you. The airborne droplets then travel from one person to another, transmitting the infection. This is particularly the case in crowded area such as public transport and public spaces.
  2. Touching personal items which may be infected: Touching used towels, paper tissues or drinking from an unwashed glass may cause an infection as well. These tend to happen mostly in an indoor setting such as offices and houses. Even toys, door and equipment handles can cause transmission of this virus. 

If you are showing any of these symptoms, it is prudent to go visit your doctor immediately as diphtheria, if left untreated, may also result in serious complications.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3549 people found this helpful

Vaccination - Why It Is Important For Everyone?

Dr. Bharti Sharma 82% (62 ratings)
MBBS, DCP
Pathologist, Faridabad
Vaccination - Why It Is Important For Everyone?

The immune system is extremely important in an individual's system. A strong immune system helps to combat the invasion of foreign particles and consequently resists the diseases.  Vaccination in such a context becomes imperative as it strengthens an individual's immunity. In vaccination, antigens or germs are given in very small doses. They stimulate the immune system to produce antibodies to fight against that particular infection. Vaccinations are provided to both children and adults to protect them from a number of diseases.  However, different vaccinations are provided in different ages according to the susceptibility to diseases.

Some of the vaccinations that are provided to newborns are:

1. Hepatitis B vaccine: This vaccination is given in order to prevent the child from having Hepatitis B. Hepatitis B is a liver disease that if persists can lead to liver failure or even liver cancer. This vaccine must be injected immediately after the birth of the baby. The first dose must be followed by administering a second dose within a span of a month or two. 

2. Rotavirus Vaccine (RV): This vaccine, taken orally, prevents the infant from Rotavirus. This virus causes vomiting and diarrhea in children that often leads to severe dehydration. This vaccine is administered within two to four months of the baby's birth. Sometimes, on doctor's prescription a second dose may be necessary in the sixth month. 

3. Acellular Pertussis Vaccine and Diphtheria and Tetanus Toxoids: This is a combination of various vaccines that protects the child from tetanus and diphtheria. Newborns are extremely prone to diphtheria that causes fatal illness and sometimes even deaths in children. This vaccination thereby, is extremely important and must be administered within two or four months and must be followed up with secondary doses later under the doctor's supervision. Vaccinations do not end with childhood. In many cases adults too need to be vaccinated against certain diseases. Some of them are:

  • Hepatitis A Vaccine: You can get this vaccination if there is any risk of you suffering from Hepatitis A. Much like Hepatitis B, Hepatitis A too is an acute liver disease. This is extremely fatal and is seldom accompanied by any symptoms. 
  • Human Papillomavirus Vaccine: This is a sexually transmitted virus that causes cervical dysplasia in women and men.  The apt age for both men and women for this vaccination differs. Women who are twenty six years of age or younger and men below or at the age of twenty one are most suitable for this vaccination. 

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4884 people found this helpful