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Overview

Pro 9 Injection

Manufacturer: Abbott India Ltd
Medicine composition: Hydroxyprogesterone
Prescription vs.OTC: Prescription by Doctor required

Pro 9 Injection is a synthetic prescription medication given to pregnant women. Pro 9 Injection prevents the chances of an early delivery. It is given to women after the first trimester.This is a hormone medication that belongs to a category of drugs known as progestin. How this hormone medication works is unknown. Pro 9 Injection is an injectible medication that needs to be adminsistered into the muscles by trained hands only.

The common side effects associated with Pro 9 Injection are swelling, itching, nausea, tiredness, dizziness, fever, skin eruptions and pain at the site of injection. If any severe reactions arise seek the help of your health care provider as soon as possible. Probable allergic reacions are redness, difficulty in breathing, severe swelling of the face, lips, mouth, throat, hands, ankles or feet, signs of depression and coughing up blood.

On the occasion of certain pre-existing conditions, you should either avoid taking Pro 9 Injection or consult your doctor. These are:

  • If you are allergic to any medicine, foods, substances or any of the ingredients contained within Pro 9 Injection.
  • If you are already taking any prescriptive or non-prescriptive drugs, herbal, vitamins or dietary supplements.
  • If you have a history of epilepsy or any other kind of seizures.
  • If you have diabetes or high blood sugar.
  • If you have heart, liver or kidney problems.
  • If you have any history of hormone-sensitive cancers.
  • If you suffer from vaginal bleeding.
  • If you are breadtfeeding a baby.
  • If you have a history of asthma or depression.

Pro 9 Injection needs to be injected every seven days. Do not buy or use the medication if it appears cloudy, dicoloured or seems to contain particles. Use disposal syringes. Keep the medication out of the reach of children. In case you miss your scheduled dose, notify your physician immediately.

Information given here is based on the salt and content of the medicine. Effect and uses of medicine may vary from person to person. It is advicable to consult a Gynaecologist before using this medicine.

Premature labor
This medicine is used to reduce the risk of preterm birth in women with a previous history of miscarriage or late abortion.
Menstrual abnormalities
This medicine is used for the treatment of menstrual abnormalities viz. lack of menstruation (amenorrhoea) and abnormal uterine bleeding.
This medicine is not recommended for use if you have a known history of allergy to progesterone or any other ingredient present with it. This medicine might contain castor oil and should never be used by patients who are allergic to this component.
Abnormal vaginal bleeding
This medicine is not recommended for use if you have an abnormal bleeding episode which has not been diagnosed by a doctor.
This medicine is not recommended for use in patients having a liver disease or impairment of normal liver function.
Breast/Uterine cancer
This medicine is not recommended for use if you have or are suspected of having hormone related cancer i.e breast or uterine cancer.
Heart and blood vessel disorder
This medicine is not recommended for use in patients having an active or historic instance of stroke or heart attack. It should not be used by patients having an active or historic blood clotting disorder.
This medicine is not recommended for use in patients having severe and uncontrolled high blood pressure.
In addition to its intended effect, Pro 9 Injection may cause some unwanted effects too. In such cases, you must seek medical attention immediately. This is not an exhaustive list of side effects. Please inform your doctor if you experience any adverse reaction to the medication.
Pain,swelling, and itching at the injection site Major Common
Lumps at the injections site Moderate Less Common
Anxiety Major Rare
Chest pain and discomfort Moderate Less Common
Dizziness and fainting Moderate Less Common
Fast heartbeat Moderate Rare
Redness of the skin especially on the face and neck Moderate Rare
Increased appetite Minor Less Common
Nausea Minor Less Common
How long is the duration of effect?
The time duration for which this medicine remains effective in the body is 1-2 weeks.
What is the onset of action?
The time taken for this medicine to show it's effect is subject to vary from one person to another. It also varies based on the intended use and levels of other sex hormones in the body.
Are there any pregnancy warnings?
This medicine is not recommended for use by pregnant women unless absolutely necessary and the benefits outweigh the risks associated with use. Consult your doctor before using this medicine.
Is it habit forming?
No habit forming tendencies were reported.
Are there any breast-feeding warnings?
This medicine is not recommended for use by breastfeeding women unless necessary. Consult your doctor before using this medicine.
Below is the list of medicines, which have the same composition, strength and form as Pro 9 Injection , and hence can be used as its substitute.
Missed Dose instructions
Contact your doctor for further instructions if you miss a scheduled dose of this medicine.
Overdose instructions
Contact a doctor if an overdose with this medicine is suspected.
India
United States
Japan
Whenever you take more than one medicine, or mix it with certain foods or beverages, you"re at risk of a drug interaction.
Interaction with Disease
Breast cancer Major
Use of this medicine is not recommended for patients having an active case of breast cancer or are suspected of having it. Report all such instance including occurrence in the past to the doctor so that an informed decision can be taken in regards to the future treatment plan.
Liver Disease Major
Use of this medicine is not recommended if the patient has a liver disease or the normal liver function is impaired.
Thromboembolism Major
Use of this medicine is not recommended in patients having a clotting disorder in which the formed clot moves from one place and lodges in another place.
Depression Moderate
This medicine should be used with caution in patients having episodes of depression or having a history of depression especially when estrogen is also administered in combination. The drug should be discontinued if the depression recurs and is serious.
Retinal thrombosis Moderate
Use of this medicine can sometimes cause a loss of vision by blocking the flow of blood from the retina to the heart. Hence caution should be exercised while using it and any abnormality in vision should be reported to the doctor.
Interaction with Alcohol
Alcohol
Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.
Interaction with Lab Test
Thyroid function test Moderate
Report the use of hydroxyprogesterone to the doctor before undergoing a thyroid function test. This medicine can interfere with the test and give a false positive result.
Interaction with Food
Food
Information not available.
Interaction with Medicine
Carbamazepine Moderate
Report the use of either of the medicine to the doctor. You may require a dose adjustment or more frequent monitoring to ensure the safe use of these medicines together. Alternate means of birth control should be discussed with your doctor while using carbamazepine. Do not stop the use of any medication without consulting your doctor.
Ketoconazole Moderate
Report the use of either of the medicines to the doctor. You may need a dose adjustment and frequent monitoring to safely use these medicines together. Report any instances of nausea, vomiting, or vaginal bleeding to the doctor on priority while using these medicines.
Warfarin Moderate
Use of this medicine can reduce the blood level and effect of warfarin. You may a need a dose adjustment and more frequent clinical monitoring to safely use these medicines together
Cyclosporine Moderate
Use of this medicine may reduce or diminish the effect of cyclosporine. You may need a dose adjustment and more frequent monitoring to safely use these medicines. Do not stop the use of any medicine without consulting your doctor.
Insulin Moderate
Report the use of insulin or any other anti-diabetic medicine to the doctor before receiving hydroxyprogesterone. You may need an adjusted dose of the antidiabetic medicine and more frequent monitoring of blood glucose level in such cases.
Paracetamol Moderate
Use of this medicine may reduce or diminish the effect of paracetamol. You may need a dose adjustment and more frequent monitoring to safely use these medicines. Do not stop the use of any medicine without consulting your doctor.
Pro 9 Injection works by stimulating the actions of the luteal phase and causes changes in the uterus and vagina. It also affects the uterus and prevents contractions caused due to oxytocin.
What are you using Pro 9 Injection for?
Other
Premature labor
Menstrual abnormalities
Anxiety
How much was the improvement?
Excellent
Poor
Average
How long did it take before seeing improvement?
Within 2 days
More than 2 days
Within a day
Within 2 hours
Within 6 hours
How frequently did you take this medicine?
Not taking on daily level
Once a day
Twice a day
How did you take this medicine?
With or without food
With Food
What were the side effects of this medicine?
Fast heartbeat
swelling
Pain
Disclaimer: The information produced here is best of our knowledge and experience and we have tried our best to make it as accurate and up-to-date as possible, but we would like to request that it should not be treated as a substitute for professional advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Lybrate is a medium to provide our audience with the common information on medicines and does not guarantee its accuracy or exhaustiveness. Even if there is no mention of a warning for any drug or combination, it never means that we are claiming that the drug or combination is safe for consumption without any proper consultation with an expert.

Lybrate does not take responsibility for any aspect of medicines or treatments. If you have any doubts about your medication, we strongly recommend you to see a doctor immediately.

Popular Questions & Answers

Hi Doctors, I would like to know about the pros and cons of a product available in market. Called as “beard beard growth hair oil”.should I use it as I do not get proper beard?

MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
Hi Doctors,
I would like to know about the pros and cons of a product available in market. Called as “beard beard gro...
It’s better to avoid such products and just have some faith in your self and for a good beard growth Few diet tips - Not to eat fried food items and Can eat All green vegetables, moong , chana , Dal , rice etc And to apply ghee over chappati and don’t apply oil over chappati And to drink milk mixed with turmeric powder twice a day And If possible eat eggs on alternate days And If possible in breakfast eat atleast one bajra ka rotla And Eat seasonal fruit
1 person found this helpful

I just wanna ask that WHAT ARE THE BASIC BLOOD TEST FOR HIV THAT I CAN HAVE? AND IS there any particular time specified that when after intercourse we have to do the test? And please also tell what are the INITIAL symptoms of hiv in men?

MBBS, Physician, clinical management of HIV
HIV Specialist, Bangalore
I just wanna ask that WHAT ARE THE BASIC BLOOD TEST FOR HIV THAT I CAN HAVE? AND IS there any particular time specifi...
There is no specific symptoms for HIV, but initially there is a flu like symptoms called as acute HIV infection, so get HIV duo tests at 2-3 months and repeat it at 6 months if possible.
1 person found this helpful

My hair continuously falling. How to control hair fall and sometime dandruff also coming. I am working in steel plant.

MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Chennai
My hair continuously falling. How to control hair fall and sometime dandruff also coming. I am working in steel plant.
Hi, Use mintop pro solution twice daily. You are suffering from hormonal changes causing Androgenetic alopecia causing hair fall. It's completely stoppable even regrowth of hair is possible with certain medications without any side effects. Treatment depends on the grade of hair loss. So, it's a must for diagnosing which grade, you are in for an effective treatment. Please do direct personal online consultation by sending photos for accurate diagnosis and proper treatment.
1 person found this helpful

Popular Health Tips

Simple Tips to Get the Most Handsome Penis Around

MD - General Medicine
Sexologist, Delhi
Simple Tips to Get the Most Handsome Penis Around


As every man knows, a handsome penis relies a great deal on proper penis care. The right care regimen can help keep the penis skin smooth, supple and ready for action. It can alleviate bumps and irritations that lead to an unsightly look. It can even help ensure that a man sports a healthy, red penis filled with blood at the most opportune moment!

But sometimes, even men who feel like old pros at good penis care will find that something is missing. They want to have an even more handsome penis, but nothing they try is working. That's when these important tips come into play.

1) Never use the death grip. Using the 'death grip' during masturbation produces intense friction, which can lead to intense orgasms. But it can also lead to a serious decline in penis health, as the grip disrupts the flow of blood and can leave the penis sore, raw and irritated. Go easy, and use lube, to keep the handsome penis every man desires.

2) Pay attention to overall health. Just as bad habits can affect skin on the rest of the body, the same is true of the penis. For instance, smoking is notoriously bad for the skin, as is a lack of sleep, among others. Taking good care of overall health can result in a vast improvement in penis skin.

3) Brush up on penis cleaning skills. Though most men are sure they know how to clean their equipment, it never hurts to look for new tips to help keep the skin looking its best. Use a gentle cleanser, one that is specially formulated for use on very sensitive skin. Avoid soap, as this has a drying effect. Gently clean every bit of skin, including under the foreskin and in the area around the balls. Groom carefully if using a razor or other tool to shave the area. Then dry off with a soft towel by patting the skin thoroughly, never rubbing - that could lead to more irritation.

4) Avoid potential irritants. Be wary of changing what works. For example, if using a particular detergent has always worked just fine, stay with that brand - don't switch, even for a much better deal at the store. A new detergent can be the culprit when it comes to rashes or other irritations. The same is true of other products used in the home on a regular basis.

5) Catch problems as soon as they start. A daily inspection of the penis can help ensure that all is well. If something looks odd, such as a surprise irritation on the shaft or a lesion or bruise on the head, pay close attention. If it gets any worse, take the time to go to the doctor. By catching small problems well before they can become big ones, a man makes certain to keep his penis skin and overall penis health in great shape.

6) Use a superior penis health crème. Wrap up every day with the use of a powerful penis health crème (health professionals recommend Man 1 Man Oil, which is clinically proven mild and safe for skin). The right crème will contain a plethora of ingredients in a formula specially designed for penis skin. These ingredients should include vitamin A for odor control, vitamin B5 for skin health, and vitamins C and D for their overall health properties. L-carnitine is a good idea, as it promotes better health of the nerve endings, and so is L-arginine, as it promotes healthy blood flow. Finally, look to Shea butter and vitamin E to keep the skin supple, smooth and ready for action.

12 people found this helpful

Best Diets For Your Teeth

BDS (Gold Medalist)
Dentist, Gurgaon
Best Diets For Your Teeth

You can’t go a day without seeing a new article about which diet is the best for losing weight, staying healthy, building muscle, or being environmentally responsible. There always seems to be some new trend that everyone is trying out. It can be hard enough to sort out which one is right for you before you even start asking the question I’m always thinking…

“What will it do to your teeth??”

I know. I know. It’s probably not the first question that comes to most people’s minds. I think it is a really important one though. A healthy set of teeth is important for eating and chewing as well as overall health. Many people are starting to realize that your mouth is a window into the health of the rest of your body. A great diet should be healthy for your teeth as well as for the rest of your body. Figuring out that part… Not so easy, but I’ve got you covered!

I’m going to go through all the major diets out there, and rank them according to how tooth friendly they are (This doesn’t take into account if the diet is effective for anything else… just how “safe” it is for your teeth). These rankings are my subjective ratings on the diets based on how I think the average person would use the diet.

One last piece of advice before we get into the rankings….

Almost any diet can be made “teeth healthy” if you understand and follow the basic rules about how to eat for healthy teeth. The problem is that people don’t usually understand how the process works, what foods can actually cause cavities, and how to avoid it.

Diets with a Tooth Score of 0-2 will be very challenging to follow as is and not develop cavities long term.

Diets with a Tooth Score of 3 can be made teeth healthy if you watch what and how you’re eating.

Diets with a Tooth Score of 4-5 will typically be quite teeth healthy without much modification.

ABS DIET

This diet recommends six meals a day, each meal containing at least two of it’s twelve superfoods (Almonds/Other Nuts, Beans, Spinach/Green Veggies, Dairy, Instant Oatmeal, Eggs, Turkey/Lean Meats, Peanut Butter, Olive Oil, Whole Grain Breads and Cereals, Whey Protein Powder, and Berries. Smoothies are a highly recommended way to get many of these meals in.

Pros: It recommends limiting refined carbohydrates and sugar.

Cons: It keeps you eating all throughout the day. Whole grain breads and cereals can still cause cavities. Sipping on smoothies, especially if they are berry heavy, is a good way to get cavities.

Tooth Score: 2/5. The constant eating is the biggest risk factor with this diet.

 

ANTI-INFLAMMATORY DIET

This diet is a relatively complicated one to follow! Here are the basic rules… 1) Eat as much fresh food as possible 2) Avoid processed foods and sugars 3) Get 40-50% of your calories from carbs, 30% from fat, and 20-30% from protein 4) Eat whole grains 5) Eat pasta in moderation 6) Avoid high fructose  7) Reduce your intake of saturated fats 8) Eat more vegetable based protein than animal based protein other than fish 9) Eat fruits and vegetables from the entire color spectrum and 10) Drink water

Pros: It recommends you limit most refined carbohydrates, sugar, and high fructose corn syrup. These are the biggest contributors to tooth decay.

Cons: It can be complicated to follow and know if you’re doing right.

Tooth Score: 4/5. It cuts out the vast majority of foods that are known to cause cavities.

 

ATKINS DIET

The Atkins diet is one of the most popular low carb diets out there. It has you cut out almost all starchy and sugary carb foods including candy, cookies, chips, potatoes, pasta, bread, and sugary drinks.

Pros: It cuts out almost all carbs and sugars which are the biggest contributors to tooth decay.

Cons: None for your teeth.

Tooth Score: 5/5. By cutting out almost all carbs (except those you get from vegetables) you reduce your risk for cavities drastically.

 

BIGGEST LOSER DIET

The Biggest Loser Diet, popularized by the reality television show, focuses on small portions of food eaten in 5-6 meals throughout the day. It emphasizes weight loss which is achieved by eating fewer calories. The recommended foods for this diet include lean proteins such as turkey or chicken, low fat dairy, whole grains, fruits, vegetables, beans and nuts.

Pros: It cuts out refined carbohydrates.

Cons: You are eating more frequently and still have a good number of sugars and carbs in your diet from grains and fruits.

Tooth Score: 2/5. The combination of eating frequently and carbs isn’t usually a good one for your teeth. Limiting how often you eat grains and fruits will help lessen the impact on your teeth.

 

DASH DIET

The DASH diet was originally created as a diet to help keep blood pressure in check. It has since been rated by several publications as one of the best overall diets to follow. It recommends eating the following servings of food each day (on a 2000 calorie diet): 7-8 servings of whole grains, 4-5 servings of fruit, 4-5 servings of vegetables, 2-3 servings of low fat or non-fat dairy, 2 or less servings of lean meats, fish, or poultry, 4-5 servings per week of nuts, seeds, and legumes, and limited consumption of fats and sweets. It also recommends keeping sodium intake very low

Pros: Great for your overall health

Cons: It has a large proportion of your food coming from grain and grain products as well as fruits. All of these can contribute to cavities if eaten too frequently.

Tooth Score: 3/5. To make this diet more teeth healthy, limit grain products, fruits, and any sugary items to your specific mealtimes and don’t snack on them throughout the day.

 

FAST DIET (5:2)

The fast diet (the most popular of which is the 5:2 variety) is a diet in which you eat normally 5 days out of the week and the other two days you eat a very small number of calories (usually around 500 calories). The goal of this diet is to lose weight. It says you can pretty much eat what you want on your non-fast days. The major goal is calorie reduction.

Pros: One of the easier ones to follow.

Cons: There aren’t any recommendations about cutting out refined carbs and sugar.

Tooth Score: 1/5 if your 5 regular days are like the typical western diet (high in refined carbs, sugars, and sweet drinks). If you eat more healthy foods on your regular days this could be a reasonable diet for your teeth.

 

FERTILITY DIET

The Fertility Diet as the name suggests was created to help people get pregnant. Many cases of infertility are related to the woman not ovulating which this diet can help with. The rules include avoiding trans fats, using unsaturated vegetable oils, eating vegetable proteins instead of animal proteins, eating slow carbs such as whole grains, vegetables, and fruits, drinking whole milk, eating iron containing plants, and staying hydrated while avoiding sugary drinks.

Pros: It recommends avoiding refined carbohydrates and extra sugars.

Cons: It is recommended that some women gain weight on the diet to get to a more healthy BMI for fertility. It is easy to eat the wrong foods in order to do this (such as ice cream or too many carbs).

Tooth Score: 4/5. Overall a good diet as long as you watch how often you’re consuming carbs and fruits.

 

FLAT BELLY DIET

The Flat Belly Diet claims you can lose up to 15 lbs in a month with their system. For the first four days of the diet you can only eat 1200 calories and avoid all salt, processed foods, carbs, and gassy foods such as broccoli, onions, and beans. After the first four days you shoot for 1600 calories a day, eating a small meal/snack every four hours and sticking to a Mediterranean style diet. You also have to drink 2 liters of water a day that has been mixed with ginger root, cucumber, lemon, and mint leaves.

Pros: After the first four days, it sticks to a Mediterranean style diet, which is pretty tooth safe.

Cons: The water concoction isn’t great for your teeth (regular water would be much better) and eating all throughout the day is associated with a higher rate of developing cavities.

Tooth Score: 2/5. If you drink plain water instead of their “sassy water” and avoid most processed carbs and sugars, it’ll be much safer for your teeth.

 

FLEXITARIAN DIET

The Flexitarian diet aims to have you add five new food groups to your diet without putting specific restrictions on what else you can eat: Plant proteins such as tofu, beans, nuts, eggs, or seeds, fruits and vegetables, whole grains, dairy, and sugar and spice. It also aims to reduce the calories you eat each day.

Pros: Relatively easy to follow.

Cons: Easy to justify eating too many carbs and sugar.

Tooth score: 2/5. While much healthier than the standard diet, it still allows a lot of cavity creating foods, which if eaten too frequently will definitely cause tooth decay.

 

GLYCEMIC INDEX DIET

The Glycemic Index Diet attempts to get you to only eat foods that have a low glycemic index (eg. that don’t spike your blood sugar quickly such as refined carbohydrates, sugars, crackers, etc).

Pros: Many of the foods that have a high glycemic index are also cavity causing. Cutting them out will help.

Cons: Some of the moderate to low glycemic index foods can still cause cavities (such as fruits, pasta, or ice cream).

Tooth score 3/5. If you watch how often you eat those additional cavity causing foods, you can lessen the impact on your teeth.

 

INTERMITTENT FASTING

Intermittent fasting is a pretty broad term that spans everything from the 5:2 fast diet to one meal a day to a whole variety of other diets. The one thing that binds them all together is the emphasis on extended periods of not eating / minimal eating.

Pros: Extended fast periods are good and safe for your teeth.

Cons: No guidance on what types of foods to eat.

Tooth score: 4/5. One of the biggest factors in developing cavities is the frequency with which you eat sugars and carbohydrates that cavity causing bacteria feed on. Intermittent fasting makes it so that you don’t eat them frequently, even if you do eat them.

 

JENNY CRAIG DIET

Many people love the Jenny Craig Diet because they make it easy. They send you pre-packaged meals and provide you with the meal plans so that you can stay on track. Portion size control is the biggest thing that they do for you.

Pros: By having pre-set meals and snacks you are able to avoid constant snacking throughout the day.

Cons: There are still a lot of refined carbohydrates and sugars in their meals, snacks, and desserts.

Tooth Score: 3/5.

 

MAYO CLINIC DIET

The Mayo Clinic Diet focuses on eating according to their Healthy Food Pyramid which emphasizes eating a lot of fruits, vegetables, and in lesser amounts, “smart” carbohydrates such as whole grains. For the initial portion of the diet, they also recommend cutting out artificial sweeteners, alcohol, and all sugary items but are added back after losing the weight you’d like to lose.

Pros: It recommends cutting out refined carbohydrates and eat “smart ” carbohydrates such as you’ll find in whole grains, fruits, and vegetables.

Cons: Carbohydrates (with a picture of pasta) are still high on their list of foods to eat.

Tooth Score: 3/5

 

MEDITERRANEAN DIET

The Mediterranean Diet basically has four different categories of foods to eat… Eat regularly, Eat in Moderation, Eat Rarely, and Don’t Eat. Eat regularly includes fruits, vegetables, whole grain breads and pasta, nuts, beans, fish, and healthy oils such as olive oil. Eat in moderation includes eggs, dairy, and poultry. Eat rarely includes red meat. Don’t eat includes refined carbohydrates, processed foods, processed meats, and sugars.

Pros: It cuts out refined carbohydrates.

Cons: It still has a heavy emphasis on carbohydrates and fruits which can both cause cavities if eaten frequently.

Tooth Score: 3/5

 

MIND DIET

MIND stands for Mediterranean-DASH Intervention for Neurodegenerative Delay (quite a mouthful!). The goal of the diet is to reduce your risk for developing Alzheimer’s disease. Studies have shown that it is effective in doing this if followed well. The foods it recommends eating are a combination of the Mediterranean and DASH diets, specifically the ones that are good for brain health. These include green leafy vegetables, other vegetables, berries, nuts, whole grains, fish, and poultry.

Pros: It cuts out refined carbohydrates.

Cons: Like the two diets it is based on, a large proportion of calories still come from carbohydrates and fruits. This can cause cavities if eaten too frequently.

Tooth Score: 3/5.

 

NUTRISYSTEM DIET

The Nutrisystem diet is similar to the Jenny Craig Diet in that you select from pre-packaged meals that are shipped to your house. It focuses on portion control and eating many small meals throughout the day. The meals shoot for 50% of your calories from carbohydrates, 25% from protein, and 25% from fat.

Pros: You have some flexibility in what meals you get.

Cons: A lot of meals have sugar or a lot of carbohydrates in them and it also recommends you eat frequently throughout the day.

Tooth Score: 2/5.  Too many carbohydrates too often can lead to cavities.

 

ORNISH DIET

In the Ornish diet foods are broken up into five categories, Group 1 being the most healthy all the way to Group 5 which is the least healthy. Group 1 includes fruits, vegetables, beans, non-fat dairy, and whole grains. Group 2 includes avacados, nuts, seeds, and various oils such as canola or olive. Group 3 includes seafood and reduced fat dairy products. Group 4 includes poultry, whole fat dairy products, cookies, and cakes. Group 5 includes red meat, butter, fried foods, and other highly processed foods. The goal is to eat primarily from groups 1 and 2, occasionally from group 3, and infrequently from groups 4 and 5.

Pros: It cuts out most refined carbohydrates.

Cons: Depending on how you implement the diet you can end up with a lot of carb heavy meals.

Tooth Score 3/5

 

PALEO DIET

The goal of the Paleo diet is to eat like early humans used to eat. This can be quite variable so there are a good number of variations on this diet. Most practitioners of the Paleo diet recommend getting the vast majority of your calories from fruits, vegetables, nuts, and meat. Beans, sugars, and most carbohydrates, even whole grain, are a big no-no.

Pro: It cuts out most carbohydrates except for what you get from fruits and vegetables.

Cons: It’s unclear if this diet is actually healthy for the rest of your body (even though it is pretty good for your teeth)

Tooth Score: 5/5

 

SLIM FAST DIET

You eat Slim Fast products as meal replacements. These primarily include shakes, meals bars, and snack bars. You also fix one 500 calorie meal a day. The primary goal of this diet is to lose weight, not to be a long term diet plan.

Pro: It is an easy diet to follow, if not very exciting.

Cons: Most of the products have sugar or carbs in them.

Tooth Score 1/5.

 

SLOW CARB DIET

The Slow Carb Diet was popularized by Tim Ferris in his book, “The Four Hour Body”. Tim Ferris differentiates between “fast carbs” and “slow carbs”. Fast carbs are things like sugar and refined carbohydrates (such as white flour) that break down quickly into sugars. He specifically says to avoid anything white and starchy as well as fruits. Slow carbs are things like whole grains and vegetables that your body breaks down much more slowly. You basically cut out all “fast carbs” from your diet 6 out of the 7 days of the week. The 7th day is a cheat day and you can eat whatever you want. You also shouldn’t drink any calories so no sugary drinks allowed.

Pros: The diet really cuts out the vast majority of foods that cause cavities.

Cons: Most people go crazy on the cheat day, but it shouldn’t be too much of problem if eat the right things on the other days.

Tooth Score: 4/5

 

SMOOTHIE OR JUICING DIET

Several documentaries have extolled the virtues of a smoothie or juicing only diet for some period of time in order to lose weight. The most popular of these is “Fat, Sick, and Nearly Dead”. The basic idea is that you only make fruit and vegetable smoothies or juice for whatever period of time you need in order to lose your required amount of weight.

Pros: None that I can think of.

Cons: Drinks with sugar (such as almost every smoothie or juice) are terrible for your teeth, especially if you consume them frequently.

Tooth Score: 0/5. This is a dangerous one for your teeth.

 

SOUTH BEACH DIET

The South Beach Diet is another low carb / right carb diet. It breaks up the diet into three separate phases. Phase 1 is the most restrictive and cuts out all carbohydrates except those with a very low glycemic index such as such as vegetables. This phase is very tooth friendly and intended to help you lose a lot of weight. Phase 2 lets you re-introduce some of those carbs back into your diet. It recommends only whole grains, fruits, whole wheat pasta, and sweet potatoes. This is moderately tooth friendly. Phase 3 is when you are at a stable weight and are just maintaining. It recommends you make good food choices based on your experiences in the first two phases. You can go back to phase 1 and 2 if you need to lose more weight.

Pros: Cuts out refined carbohydrates for the most part.

Cons: Once you’re at a stable weight, it is far less restrictive and you might start choosing foods that are bad for your teeth again.

Tooth Score 3/5. Depending on what phase you’re in, it can be either good or bad for your teeth.

 

STANDARD WESTERN DIET

This isn’t so much a “diet” as it is the typical way many people eat today. It started in the United States and has since spread to most other parts of the world. There is a heavy emphasis on refined carbohydrates, meats, and sugary drinks. Fruits and vegetables are usually an afterthought. It is responsible for the skyrocketing rates of obesity, cancer, diabetes, heart disease, and many other diseases. As expected it is terrible for your teeth too.

Tooth Score: 0/5

 

TLC DIET

The TLC diet aims to lower your bad cholesterol levels and be heart healthy. It does this by reducing saturated fats in your diet. On this diet you’ll want to avoid most saturated fats including butter, whole fat dairy, and fatty meats. It also increases the amount of soluble fiber you consume. The recommended foods include fruits, vegetables, fish, skin off lean meats, bread, pasta, and other whole grains.

Pros: It is rated as a good diet for your heart.

Cons: There are a lot of recommended carbs in this diet. If you’re eating fruits, bread, and pasta too frequently you’ll likely develop cavities.

Tooth Score: 2/5

 

TRADITIONAL ASIAN DIET

This one spans a good variety of different diets prevalent in the area of Asia. Most of them are low fat and include large amounts of rice, vegetables, fruit, and fish. Red meat is very limited.

Pros: It is typically considered a pretty healthy diet.

Cons: Rice, fruit, and noodles can definitely cause cavities, especially if combined with any added sugars.

Tooth Score: 2/5

 

VEGAN DIET

A vegan diet aims to cut out all animals products. That means no butter, eggs, dairy, cheese, meats, or fish. Most people on a vegan diet eat large amounts of fruits, vegetables, nuts, beans, pasta, and bread.

Pros: A well done vegan diet (heavy on the vegetables, fruits, beans, and nuts can be really healthy).

Cons: It is easy to load up on carbs or sweets while on this diet since you have so many other restrictions.

Tooth Score: 2/5. I recently had a patient who had 15 cavities while eating a vegan diet. She was snacking on potato chips all day which led to the cavities. I’ve seen the same thing with fresh fruit heavy diets. You can make it more teeth healthy by eating more whole grains, limiting the frequency with which you have them (don’t snack on them!), and avoiding added sugars.

 

VEGETARIAN DIET

The vegetarian diet cuts out all meat products but other animal products such as dairy and eggs are OK for most people. There are a couple of different variations that allow different items. Most people eat a large amount of vegetables, fruits, cheese, nuts, beans, pasta, and bread.

Pros: A well done vegetarian diet can be really healthy.

Cons: As with the vegan diet it is easy to load up on way too many carbs and sugars.

Tooth Score: 2/5. To make this one more teeth healthy avoid eating carbs and extra sugars except at meal times.

 

VOLUMETRICS DIET

The Volumetrics Diet is different than many of the other diets I’ve featured on here. Instead of focusing on food groups or calories, it recommends simply eating high volume, low calorie foods to keep you full without eating excess calories. Examples of these high volume, low calorie foods include fruits, vegetables, low fat dairy, whole grains, and lean meat.

Pros: It recommends cutting out refined carbohydrates.

Cons: You can still develop cavities if you are eating a lot of the fruits and grains too frequently.

Tooth Score: 3/5

 

WEIGHT WATCHERS DIET

Weight Watchers works by using a SmartPoints system. You have a set number of points you can use each day. Foods that are healthy cost very few points while calorie heavy, non-nutritious foods cost a lot of points. No food is banned in this diet. The SmartPoints system aims to get you to eat low calorie and fillings foods such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean vegetables.

Pros: Most of their “good” foods are pretty healthy for your teeth.

Cons: You can eat small amounts of the “bad” foods on this diet and if you are doing it frequently throughout the day they can still cause cavities.

Tooth Score: 2/5

 

ZONE DIET

This diet ends up being a relatively low carbohydrate diet. It allows you 3 meals a day a two snacks. Each meal is supposed to be 30% protein, 30% fat, and 40% non-starchy/non-sugary carbohydrates. High sugar fruits and vegetables are discouraged as well as bad fats like red meat and egg yolks. Most meals end up being about 1/4 lean meat, 2/3 good fruits and vegetables, and the rest good fats such as avocados, etc.

Pros: It cuts out most foods that cause cavities.

Cons: Not many from the perspective of your teeth.

Tooth Score: 5/5

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Testicular Implants

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, M.Ch - Urology
Urologist, Mohali
Testicular Implants

Often times, a man might need to have one or both of his testicles removed for variety of reasons (infection , cancer, trauma or undescended testis) or the testicles might be absent from birth itself.  The absence of one or both testis can alter the body image and can affect quality of like as well as self confidence. The implantation of a testicular prosthesis or implant can help restore the quality of life and confidence by restoring the normal shape of the scrotum.  

  • Testcular prosthesis implantation is however an optional procedure performed for cosmetic reasons only.  It doesnt provide any testicular functions.  
  • Implantation of a testicular prosthesis might also be associated with certain complications such as infection and reaction to the implant material.  
  • Considering everything, testicular prosthesis implantation is a very personal decision and choice.  An informed decision can be taken after discussing the pros and cons of the procedure with your surgeon.

Prostate Cancer - How Biological Therapy Will Help?

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, DNB - Surgical Oncology
Oncologist, Surat
Prostate Cancer - How Biological Therapy Will Help?

The prostate is a vital organ that located between the penis and the bladder. The prostate is involved in the release of the prostate fluid that keeps the sperm properly nourished. Prostate cancer, as the term indicates, is characterized by the abnormal and uncontrolled growth of cancerous cells in the prostate. Though the incidences of prostate cancer are low in India, necessary precautions and diagnostic steps should be carried out to prevent the condition from jeopardizing our lives.

Prostate screening includes two tests known as the Digital Rectal Exam (DRE) and Prostate-Specific Antigen test (PSA). PSA combined with DRE helps to identify prostate cancer at a very early stage. If any of the tests show an abnormality, a doctor might prescribe an ultrasound such as MRI Fusion or Prostate Biopsy to confirm the diagnosis.

  • Immediate treatment may not be necessary
  • For low-risk prostate cancer, doctors often recommend active surveillance that includes periodic blood tests, rectal exam, and biopsies.
  • Active surveillance helps a doctor to continuously track the growth of cancer cells and the possibility of their spread to other areas of the body.
  • Surveillance is fit for those who are already suffering from a serious condition or for those patients who are above the age of 60.
  • A surgical procedure to remove prostate cancer
  • Surgery is considered when the cancer has metastasized to surrounding tissue and the lymph nodes. There are two kinds of surgeries that a patient can go through- a Robot-Assisted surgery and a Retropubic surgery.
  • Radical Prostatectomy might have risks involved. It is, therefore, wise to discuss the pros and cons of the surgery with the doctor well in advance.

Understanding the treatment options

  • Radiation therapyRadiation therapy involves the use of high-powered and high-frequency energy beams to kill cancer cells. Radiation therapy is often used to shrink the size of the cancer cells. There could be two types of radiation therapy-Brachytherapy and External beam radiation. Radiation therapy too can have its side effects. Doctors prescribe several medicines during therapy.
  • Hormone therapy: Hormone therapy helps to stop the production of a male hormone known as testosterone. This treatment option includes medication that completely stops the production of testosterone, the medications may also block the flow of testosterone on the cancer cells, and surgery to remove the testicles. Hormone therapy is used in advanced cancer stages.
  • ChemotherapyChemotherapy is a drug that goes into the body and kills rapidly growing and metastasizing cancer cells. It is administered through IV (intravenous), or orally as pill or both. This treatment option is employed when cancer spreads to a remote body location and does not respond to hormone therapy.
  • Biological therapy: Biological therapy involves the usage of the body’s immune system to fight cancer. A type of biological therapy known as the sipuleucel-t is used to treat patients with advanced cancer stage and recurring cancer as well. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
1984 people found this helpful

C-Sections V/s. Natural Births: Pros and Cons

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Guwahati
C-Sections V/s. Natural Births: Pros and Cons

When it comes to giving birth, vaginal delivery is considered to be the most natural process. However, several women nowadays opt for C-section or Cesarean section to avoid the labour pain that accompanies natural birth.If you are pregnant and weighing the pros and cons of natural and C-section delivery, here are a few things to consider.

Vaginal Delivery:
The Pros of this method of delivery are as follows:

  1. From the psychological perspective, women who undertake a vaginal delivery have a positive birth giving experience. Women undergoing this method think they should be present in the process. 
  2. The recovery time for women opting for vaginal delivery is shorter. The mother and the baby can make skin contact right after the delivery, which enhances the bonding process.
  3. Babies who are born through vaginal delivery develop much fewer medical complications. There are fewer respiratory problems, allergies and the baby can start breastfeeding soon.

The Cons of vaginal delivery are as follows:

  1. Vaginal delivery is a stressful process for the women undergoing it and the time required cannot be predicted. Some deliveries take less time, while others may take hours.
  2. Usually, there are no cons for the babies who are born via vaginal delivery. In very rare cases, brain injury can be experienced.

Cesarean Section:
The pros of this type of delivery method are as follows:

  1. Many women choose Caesarean sections to avoid long labor hours. Planned C-section surgeries enable the mother to plan the birth. Better control is acquired over the delivery, which can be predicted properly.
  2. In case your baby is large, or if you are carrying twins, C-section is the best delivery option. 
  3. If the mother has diseases such as HIV or the mother's blood has a high viral load, C-section surgeries should be opted as the risk of the infection being passed on to the baby is decreased.

The cons of Cesarean section surgery are as follows:

  1. C-section is a major surgery and a long time is required for recovery. There may be risks of infection, but they can be prevented by caring for the surgical wound properly. C-section delays the breastfeeding process and the mother cannot have immediate contact with her baby, which can affect the bonding.
  2. Some babies, delivered through C-section may have respiratory problems. C-sections may also cause complications, such as problems with anaesthesia.

While both processes have their pros and cons, it is best to discuss with your doctor to understand which process will suit you more. Depending on your pregnancy and whether there are any complications involved, your doctor will suggest the best way possible.

3 people found this helpful

Table of Content

About Pro 9 Injection
When is Pro 9 Injection prescribed?
What are the contraindications of Pro 9 Injection ?
What are the side effects of Pro 9 Injection ?
Key highlights of Pro 9 Injection
What are the substitutes for Pro 9 Injection ?
What are the dosage instructions?
Where is the Pro 9 Injection approved?
What are the interactions for Pro 9 Injection ?