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Melanoma - The 3 C's Of It!

Dr.Manish Bhatia 86% (45ratings)
MS - General Surgery, MCH - Oncology , MBBS
Oncologist, Pune
Melanoma - The 3 C's Of It!

The skin has the largest surface area and is most exposed to the external environment. This exposure causes a lot of wear and tear, and one of the worse complications including melanoma, which is a form of skin cancer. Read on to know about its causes, caution signs to stay alerted and how to take care of the skin.

Causes
The skin has cells known as melanocytes which give it the color. Generally, the more the number of melanocytes, the darker is the person’s complexion. This pigment is also present in skin, hair, nails, and eyes. The moles are skins are areas of higher concentration of these cells. Africans moles can be a precursor to melanoma, but not all moles turn to melanoma.

  1. Exposure to ultraviolet rays from the sun. Fair-skinned people are at greater risk than darker complexioned people. A single sunburn experience can also increase the risk of developing melanoma
  2. Use of tanning beds, especially in people below 30, ups the risk of melanoma. Indoor tanning beds is classified as having the highest record by WHO
  3. Family history
  4. Ethnicity, with Hispanics at the greatest risk and African-Americans at the least risk

Caution

  1. For those who have risk factors for developing melanoma, a monthly self-exam is advisable. A formal annual exam with a dermatologist is also advised. This will help in early identification of the condition and lead to early treatment and containment.
  2. Melanoma is not restricted to the skin, can also occur in feet, eyes, and scalp
  3. Use a mirror to check all over the body
  4. If you have moles, watch for change in their size, shape, and regularity. Any change should be immediately checked for.
  5. If you see any new irregularities on the skin anywhere, get medical attention.
  6. Any sore that has not healed
  7. Any swelling that is near the mole or has not regressed
  8. Change in sensation including itching or pain
  9. A quick way to remember is to check for ABCDE: Asymmetry of the lesion, irregularity of the borders, change in color, diameter greater than six mm, and speed of evolution. Watching for these can help in early diagnosis.

Care
Melanoma is directly linked to sun exposure, and so reducing sun exposure and taking adequate precautions can help in prevention.

  1. Avoid or reduce exposure to sun
  2. Use sunscreen religiously. The SPF should be at least 30 and should be reapplied every two hours
  3. Use a hat or cap, sunglasses, and cover up when out in the sun
  4. Be extra careful when out on the beach or in the mountains
  5. Avoid sun if possible between 10AM to 4PM
  6. Use tan removal agents after a sun exposure

If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Oncologist.

1768 people found this helpful

Hi, My two years old kid is having normal cough due to which she can't even sleep. I have piriton cs, chericof ls, adulsa, alex syrup so what could be used?

MBBS
General Physician, Badgam
Hi, My two years old kid is having normal cough due to which she can't even sleep.  I have piriton cs, chericof ls, a...
Hello Lybrate-User, You could use piriton cs if it's only dry cough that is with out any sputum. You can give 5 ml syrup 2 times a day. If there is sputum then you can give chericof ls. Alex syrup contains antibiotics so you have to give it only under doctors advise. You can consult me privately so that I can know more about your daughters symptoms like if there is sputum/ balgam, if there is redness in the throat, sneezing and cold, fever etc.
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Is it possible to crush out a baby after still birth while pregnancy is due? Or it must come out with CS?

Dr.Sajeev Kumar 92% (39992ratings)
C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
Is it possible to crush out a baby after still birth while pregnancy is due? Or it must come out with CS?
It is not possible to crush out a baby after still birth while pregnancy is due and it must come out normally or with CS
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I am 24 female. Having 1.5 months old baby by ls cs. Although it's passed 1.5 month still several times I feel pain in my belly and waist joints. Sometimes I could not feel my legs after a little sitting. Is it normal? please suggest me what should I do?

Dr.Vardhman Jain Jain 90% (31ratings)
BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Mumbai
If you had cessarian surgery for baby, then we have to work on scar rehabilitation. Very few physiotherapist work on it. But if you get work done definetly your pain will reduce in few sittings. It commonly happens due to weak abdomen after post partum. Visit your physiotherapist.
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I want to get pregnant but I had CS and its running only 3 moths. I lost my baby after 1month. Should I get pregnant?

Dr.Aruna Sud 91% (4226ratings)
MBBS
General Physician, Chandigarh
I want to get pregnant but I had CS and its running only 3 moths. I lost my baby after 1month. Should I get pregnant?
Don't try for pregnancy so soon after cesarean give a gap of atleast one year for your reproductive organs to recover properly.
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How can I reduce my belly fat. After cs my belly still looks like pregnant. How to reduce it to normal as it was before pregnant?

Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicines and Surgery(BAMS), Post Graduation Diploma in Emergency Medicines And Services(PGDEMS), MD - Alternate Medicine
Ayurveda, Ghaziabad
How can I reduce my belly fat. After cs my belly still looks like pregnant. How to reduce it to normal as it was befo...
Dear user, burning more calories that you take is the best way to lose weight. 1. Controlling your diet and exercising regularly is the key to losing weight. Taking the following could also help in accelerating the weight loss process: taking pranacharya medohar rasayan (1-1) twice a day; taking medohar guggul (2-2) twice a day; pranacharya slim capsule (1-1) twice a day. 2. It is advisable to avoid junk, fried, fermented or oily food. You should also avoid the intake of alcohol, sugar, dairy products. 3. You should increase the intake of oats and cereals. You should incorporate a walk of at least 45 minutes in your daily regime and prayanama every morning. It is advised not to sleep immediately after taking a meal.
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Is there any treatment to get rid of cervical spondylosis. Is cs accompanied with loss of balance.

Dr.Bhavesh Jani 89% (260ratings)
BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Vadodara
Is there any treatment to get rid of cervical spondylosis. Is cs accompanied with loss of balance.
Cervical spondylosis is degenerative disease and it occurs due to increasing age. It's cure includes nsaids drugs if pain and other supportive drugs like calcium and multivitamin also physiotherapy helps improve condition by giving pain reliving modalities like heat and therapeutic currents also by stretching and neck exercises will relieve stiffness and help you to feel good only sometimes it accompanied with loss of balance but it need complete examination to know exact cause. Hope this will help thank you.
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How long can one wait to be pregnant for the second time after a previous myomectomy and cs?

Dr.Girish Dani 93% (13495ratings)
MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
How long can one wait to be pregnant for the second time after a previous myomectomy and cs?
Few months are enough if required reports done and are normal, vaccinations taken and supplements started.
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My mom goes for the test called blood for c/s. And the result come out like" blood for c/s culture shows yielded no growth after 120 hours incubated aerobically at 37°c centigrade temperature. Is anything serious?

Dr.Prakhar Singh 93% (8190ratings)
MBBS, Basic Life Support (B.L.S), Advanced Cardiac Life Support, Fellow of Academy of General Education (FAGE)
General Physician, Delhi
My mom goes for the test called blood for c/s. And the result come out like" blood for c/s culture shows yielded no g...
If two or more of your blood cultures come back positive for the same type of bacteria or fungi, it's likely that that's the type of bacteria or yeast that's causing your infection. Let's connect over a call so that we can discuss your concern in details and make a suitable treatment plan for you.
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