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Overview

Gem 1 MG Tablet

Manufacturer: Sigmund Promedica
Medicine composition: Gentamicin
Prescription vs.OTC: Prescription by Doctor required

Gem 1 MG Tablet helps in the treatment of a range of bacterial infections. It belongs to a group of drugs called the aminoglycoside antibiotics. The drug stops bacterial growth thus preventing or treating the infection.

The drug is mostly administered via an injection as per the doctor’s guidance. An injection may be administered after a span of 8 hours, depending on the health of the patient, age, weight, extensity of the infection and the body’s reaction to the medication. Generally certain laboratory tests, for instance a kidney function test may be done before administering the drug so as to determine the dosage that can be given. Such tests are regularly done once Gem 1 MG Tablet is started to check the progress of the drug and its effect on the body.

Certain common side effects of the drug include vomiting, feeling nauseous, appetite loss and stomach upset. Redness or itching at the site of the injection is very rare, if this does occur or any of the side effects worsen contact your doctor and seek relevant medical advice.

Patients should provide doctors their detailed medical history, including information about any allergies or existing health condition they suffer from before taking the injection. Especially if you suffer from medical problems like cystic fibrosis, kidney issues, Parkinson’s, or deafness inform your doctor and discuss the various possibilities of the drug use. Expecting women are also not encouraged to take this drug as it may harm the fetus. The drug is known to pass into the breast milk, but most doctors consider it safe for breast feeding mothers.

Gem 1 MG Tablet should be kept away from the reach of children as well as pets. In case of a missed dose, get in touch with your doctor for a new schedule. A double dosage can result in severe complications/

Bacteremia
Gem 1 MG Tablet is used in the treatment of bacteremia which is an infection of the blood caused by Staphylococci and Streptococcus pyogenes.
Intraabdominal Infection
Gem 1 MG Tablet is used in the treatment of intra-abdominal infections caused by Helicobacter pylori, Staphylococci and Streptococci.
Bacterial Meningitis
Gem 1 MG Tablet is used in the treatment of meningitis, which is an inflammation of the protective membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord, caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae and Neisseria meningitidis.
Gem 1 MG Tablet is used in the treatment of bone and joint infections like Osteomyelitis caused by Staphylococci and Streptococci species.
Skin and Soft tissue infections
Gem 1 MG Tablet is used to treat skin and soft tissue infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes.
Pyelonephriits
Gem 1 MG Tablet is used in the treatment of Pyelonephritis which is a type of kidney infection caused by E.coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Enterococci and Klebsiella pneumoniae.
Avoid if you have a known allergy to Gem 1 MG Tablet or any other aminoglycosides.
In addition to its intended effect, Gem 1 MG Tablet may cause some unwanted effects too. In such cases, you must seek medical attention immediately. This is not an exhaustive list of side effects. Please inform your doctor if you experience any adverse reaction to the medication.
Abdominal pain Major Rare
Agitation Major Rare
Blurred vision Major Rare
Changes in urine frequency Major Rare
Hearing loss Major Rare
Dizziness when getting up suddenly from a sitting position Major Rare
Dry mouth Major Rare
Fast heartbeat Major Rare
Itching or rash Major Rare
Increased salivation Minor Rare
Depression Minor Rare
How long is the duration of effect?
The effect of this medicine lasts for an average duration of 6 to 8 hours.
What is the onset of action?
The peak effect of this medicine can be observed in 30 to 90 minutes for an intramuscular injection and 30 minutes after an intravenous injection.
Are there any pregnancy warnings?
This medicine is not recommended for pregnant women.
Is it habit forming?
No habit forming tendencies were reported.
Are there any breast-feeding warnings?
Small amounts of this medicine is excreted in the human breast milk. Discuss with the doctor about benefits and risks. Monitoring of undesired effects like diarrhea, candidiasis is necessary.
Missed Dose instructions
The missed dose can be taken as soon as you remember. However, the missed dose should be skipped if it is almost time for your next dose.
Overdose instructions
Seek emergency medical treatment or contact the doctor in case of an overdose.
India
United States
Japan
Whenever you take more than one medicine, or mix it with certain foods or beverages, you're at risk of a drug interaction.
Interaction with Disease
Dehydration Major
Consume an adequate amount of water to prevent kidney injury and hearing problem. Fluid status should be monitored closely in the patients with severe diarrhea and vomiting. Frequent monitoring of kidney function tests is necessary. Dose adjustments are to be made based on the clinical condition.
Interaction with Alcohol
Alcohol
Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.
Interaction with Lab Test
Lab
Information not available.
Interaction with Food
Food
Information not available.
Interaction with Medicine
Furosemide Major
Gem 1 MG Tablet is not recommended with loop diuretics due to the increase in the risk of kidney injury and hearing problem. Inform the doctor if you are receiving these medicines and any symptoms of hearing loss, dizziness, numbness should be reported immediately. Frequent monitoring of kidney function tests is necessary. An alternate medicine should be considered based on the clinical condition.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs Moderate
Use of Gem 1 MG Tablet with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like diclofenac, aspirin may increase the risk of kidney injury. Any symptoms of swelling, weight gain, increased thirst, changes in the frequency of urination should be reported to the doctor. Suitable dose adjustments or an alternate medicine should be considered based on the clinical condition.
Cephalosporins Moderate
Use of Gem 1 MG Tablet with cephalosporins like ceftriaxone, cefotaxime may increase the risk of kidney injury. Any symptoms of swelling, weight gain, increased thirst, changes in the frequency of urination should be reported to the doctor. Suitable dose adjustments or an alternate medicine should be considered based on the clinical condition.
Disclaimer: The information produced here is best of our knowledge and experience and we have tried our best to make it as accurate and up-to-date as possible, but we would like to request that it should not be treated as a substitute for professional advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Lybrate is a medium to provide our audience with the common information on medicines and does not guarantee its accuracy or exhaustiveness. Even if there is no mention of a warning for any drug or combination, it never means that we are claiming that the drug or combination is safe for consumption without any proper consultation with an expert.

Lybrate does not take responsibility for any aspect of medicines or treatments. If you have any doubts about your medication, we strongly recommend you to see a doctor immediately.

Popular Questions & Answers

I have pain in my teeth and gems from last 2 weeks after I shifted to Noida. Please help.

DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopath, Ludhiana
I have pain in my teeth and gems from last 2 weeks after I shifted to Noida. Please help.
Homoeopathic medicine Chamomilla 200( Dr Reckeweg) Drink 5 drops in 1 spoon fresh water 3 times daily RINSEOUT ( SBL) Gargles 20 drops in 20 ml luke warm water.Gargles 3 times daily while holding water for 20 seconds in mouth.

I have gap between teeth and gems lost. I got cleaning and ailment also. But those not working.

BDS (GOLD MEDALIST)
Dentist, Jamshedpur
I have gap between teeth and gems lost. I got cleaning and ailment also. But those not working.
Gap or diastema is filled by the process known as enamel bonding. Consulg the dentist for this. Brush twice daily rinse you mouth with chlorhexidine mouth wash 3 times daily after every meal.
1 person found this helpful

My tooth has been decay and I want to remove gems from it can you pls suggest me some medicine.

BDS
Dentist,
My tooth has been decay and I want to remove gems from it can you pls suggest me some medicine.
Hi, from what you have mentioned above, it seems you have got cavities in your teeth. Cavities cannot be treated with medicines. The existing decay needs to be removed and the tooth should be filled with an inert material to prevent the further progression of the decay.

I have diabetes from last 1 year. Taking gemer p2. No control on diet. Feeling very tired.

M.B;B.S, P.G.(FAMILY MEDICINE), D.O.H.
General Physician, Hyderabad
If you don't have control on diet get ready to face the complications of DM. Management of Diabetes: TEN COMMANDMENTS 1. Once declared diabetic management of the case depends on the mutual coordination of treating doctor and the patient. 2. Regular timely medicines 3. Diet planning with the dietician 4. Monthly visit to doctor & FBS, PPBS, & Average glucose estimations to know the prognosis 5. Brisk morning walk for 45mts for 6days/week 6. Avoid rice one time (if possible replace with low carbohydrate diet) 7. Stop all sweets 8. If you are an alcoholic stop it 9. Monitor ideal wt 10.Know how to respond to possible hypoglycaemia attack
1 person found this helpful

Am 27 year old guy. I have oral problem. My gems are too weak and bleeding. Suggest a solution.

MDS - Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Dentist, Chennai
Am 27 year old guy. I have oral problem. My gems are too weak and bleeding. Suggest a solution.
We need more investigations with clinical examination to decide upon treatment. You may need deep cleaning along with surgical curettage or gum strengthening procedure. Rinse your mouth thoroughly with a mouth wash after every meals. Use pepsodent tooth paste & gum paint for 2 to 3 weeks.

Popular Health Tips

Teeth Jewelry - Understanding the Step By Step Procedure!

MDS - Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, BDS
Dentist, Hyderabad
Teeth Jewelry - Understanding the Step By Step Procedure!

We all desire and do many things to get a bright, white smile. So, how about adding a small tinkle that would flash every time you smile? Teeth jewelry is gaining popularity and includes placing diamonds or gems on the teeth. The idea of flashing a red ruby or a blue sapphire only adds to the joy that is revealed through the smile.
Tooth gems are colorful crystal glasses mounted on a thin aluminum foil which can be used on the teeth. Unlike body tattoos and piercings, there is no invasive procedure involved in dental jewelry placement and is therefore much safer. There is no drilling required, no pain, and hardly any extra maintenance after their placement. These gems or crystals can be placed even for special occasions and removed later.

Here is how it is applied: Once the patient has agreed to go for a tooth jewelry, given them various options to finally arrive at the color, size, and shape of the jewelry. The following is a step-by-step approach for placing it on the tooth.

  1. The tooth is completely dried, isolated, and cleaned with a polishing paste
  2. Tooth is etched with 37% orthophosphoric acid for about 30 seconds. This will improve the bonding of the jewelry to the tooth structure
  3. The etchant is then rinsed off with water and the tooth is again dried for about 10 seconds
  4. A light-curing bonding agent is applied on the tooth, left in place for about 20 seconds, light-cured, rinsed off and dried again
  5. Place a small amount of flow composite on the tooth surface
  6. Using a small forceps, pick up the jewel to be placed on the tooth without touching with fingers. Avoid skin contact especially on the back of the jewel. Position it in the desired way and apply gentle pressure
  7. The jewel should be in close contact with the enamel, pushing out the excess composite material from the tooth structure
  8. While still in the dental chair, show it to the patient on a mirror and make minor adjustments if required
  9. Once the final position is achieved, cure the composite thoroughly for about 60 seconds. Cure it from all side including the back of the tooth.
  10. It takes about 4 minutes for the entire placement easy, is it not?

Complications:

  1. Lost jewelry due to aspiration
  2. Chronic irritation to the adjacent mucosa (especially lips or tongue)
  3. Tooth fracture due to weakened natural tooth structure, especially if the chosen jewelry size is slightly bigger
  4. Tooth jewelry is for any person who wants to add a sparkle to their smile, of a color of choice. It is advantageous in being temporary, painless, and of course brightening and dazzling the smile. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Dentist.
3541 people found this helpful

Does Couple Counselling or Therapy Really Work?

Post graduate in counselling psychology
Psychologist,
Does Couple Counselling or Therapy Really Work?

In general, couples who are fleeting through distressed relationship doubt if couple counseling would never work for them or not or would it be a wastage of time and money – and that stops them from seeking professional help from an expert who can save their relationship and marriage.

The problem arises because there are myths about the low success rate of couples therapy. People with no experience of good counseling or who don’t know about the subject, give the worst advice to distressed people. “Couple Counselling is a waste of money”, “rather wear gems or consult an astrologer, do yoga, meet new people” but don’t trust a trained and certified expert who is trained and experienced especially to help distressed couples and to save their relationship and marriage.

Delhi’s eminent Psychologist and Couple Counsellor Shivani Misri Sadhoo tell us that the success rate of couple therapy is extremely high. She says there has been much research done to check the success rate of couple counselling and the results are always extraordinary, for example recently a research was done by the American Association of Marriage and Family Therapists, families and couples who have attended family or couples therapy sessions indicate high levels of patient satisfaction. Over 98% of those surveyed reported that they received good or excellent couples therapy. Respondents also reported improved physical and emotional health and the ability to communicate better at work after attending therapy.

So how couple counselling work? Counsellor Shivani Misri Sadhoo says good couple counselling works on certain basic principles and that pulls out couples from their distressed state to a positive and healthy relationship condition. These principals are:

1. Good couple counseling changes the views of the relationship.

First, the couple therapist helps both partners see the relationship in an objective manner.  The therapist helps the couples to learn to stop the “blame game” and instead look at what happens to them when they involve each partner negatively.

2. Modifies dysfunctional behavior.

Effective couple therapist attempts to change the way the partners actually behave with each other. This means that in addition to helping them improve their interactions, therapists ensures that their clients are not engaging in actions that can cause physical, psychological or economic harm to self or to their partner.

3. Decreases Emotional Avoidance

Couples who avoid expressing their innermost feelings put themselves at a greater risk of becoming emotionally distant and hence grow apart. Effective couples therapist helps their clients bring out the emotions and thoughts that they fear expressing to the other person. Attachment-based couples therapy allows the partners to feel less afraid of expressing their needs for closeness.

4. Improves Communication

An effective couple counsellor focuses on helping the partners to communicate more effectively. The new communication mode which the counsellor redevelops within couples is not abusive, nor does it ridicule partners when they express their true feelings. The counsellor helps the couples learn to listen more actively and empathically.

5. Promotes strengths

Effective couple therapists point out the strengths in the relationship and build resilience particularly as therapy nears a termination.  The point of promoting strength is to help the couple to gain back their trust, their love, their bliss and satisfaction which was put on the back burner by both the partners.

Botox & Its Different Uses!

MD - Skin,VD & Lepxsy
Dermatologist, Hyderabad
Botox & Its Different Uses!

We have often heard this miracle about stopping the signs of aging and making people of middle age look youthful. Medical science with its inventions and progress is always providing elements of disbelief and executing it to prove the world that scientists and doctors are the gems of the humankind. Botox is one such invention.

Botox is a trademark designation for a highly diluted and refined preparation of botulinum which is a toxin of type A. This is used in numerous cosmetic and medical applications. Botox is most widely known for its use in removing wrinkles.

Botox- How it works

When the recurrence of treatment, the various types of treated clinical conditions and dosage are considered, the toxin Botulinum has been proved to be a productive and relevant curative protein therapy. Botulinum toxin can be inserted into humans in remarkably small concentrations and works by inhibiting signs from the nerve cells moving into the muscles, actually leaving the muscles without directions to contract, hence paralyzing them.

Nerves release a chemical mess discharge called acetylcholine at the terminal where the nerve endings coincide with the muscles. The neurotransmitter connects to receptors on the muscle cells and makes the muscle cells to shorten or contract.

Botulinum toxin helps to limit the discharge of acetylcholine, restricting muscle cell contraction. The impact of botulinum toxin allows the muscles to become less stiff by preventing abnormal muscle contraction.


Medical uses of Botox

Botox is an amazing discovery in the field of medicine. It is beneficial in treating a large number of medical conditions. At present Botulinum toxin is used to treat over more than twenty diverse medical conditions with more treatments under research. Some of the other ailments that can be treated with Botox include a chronic migraine, spasm of the eyelids, overactive bladder, and Idiopathic cervical dystonia where there occur stiff neck and muscle spasms of the shoulder region.

Cosmetic use of Botox

Botulinum toxin is primarily used as a medication to decrease the presence of fine lines and facial wrinkles in seniors. Certified by the Food and Drug Administration of the US, Botox is used in softening out wrinkles in the forehead region reducing crow's feet, frown lines, and forehead lines.

Caution related to Botox

Many people doubt as to how flexible their facial muscles will react post Botox, and a majority think they will be stiff, but this is just a myth. The stiffness of facial expression arises only when the wrong muscle is injected on the face which does not happen in the case of a reputed and recognized medical firm or a practitioner. Botox is safe as long as your physician recommends and is done in safe hands and moderation.
Botox has quite a few uses in the field of medicine. 

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4180 people found this helpful

BENEFITS OF NUTRACEUTICALS

PG diploma in clinical nutrition and hospital food service, B.Sc. - Dietitics / Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
BENEFITS OF NUTRACEUTICALS
LET FOOD BE YOUR MEDICINE

You might have come across this word ‘nutraceutical’ and you may have wondered what the meaning of that word is. Nutraceutical may be a food or a part of food that not only provides taste but also provides health benefits, including prevention or treatment of disease. Doesn’t that sound interesting, why we should use those medicines when we have something so natural as our food?


NUTRACEUTICAL= NUTRITION + PHARMACEUTICAL


WHEATGRASS
The first thing that jumps to our mind when we think of wheatgrass is ‘What can a grass do to my body?’ But the truth will blow your mind- wheatgrass is an effective healer because it contains 70% chlorophyll, all minerals known to man and it is loaded with vitamin A, B-complex, C, E and K. it is extremely rich in protein and contains 17 amino acids, the building blocks of protein.


ALOE VERA JUICE
This spiky green gem is a very ancient plant which is known to have medicinal properties. An amazing skin tonic that restores skin’s natural beauty. It also replenishes your body with amino acids. Great source of vitamin A, B1, B2, B3, C, E, folic acid. Aloe Vera is one of the few plants that contains vitamin B12. This doesn’t just end with vitamins but it’s a superb source of minerals like copper, chromium, magnesium, zinc and potassium.


CINNAMON
Who doesn’t like the sprinkling of cinnamon on fresh apple or tea? It’s just one of those spices that tastes awesome. But taste is not the only reason to love cinnamon, it has amazing health benefits too. It can cure arthritis, indigestion, heart disease, weight loss, bladder infection, fatigue, tooth ache, cold, upset stomach and cholesterol. Steep in hot water for a cup of cinnamon tea, place on top of your ground coffee before brewing, add to your breakfast oatmeal or toss in while cooking grains like rice or lentils- various ways and countless benefits.


APPLE CIDER
The ‘mother’ of all vinegars- apple cider vinegar has wide-ranging uses which includes everything from curing hiccups to alleviating cold symptoms and many people have turned to apple cider vinegar to help fight diabetes, high cholesterol levels and it aids in weight loss too (thanks to its acetic acid content.) It is a natural cure for a number on ailments such as diabetes, asthma, migraines, blood pressure, arthritis and stomach illnesses.





TRIPHALA
Triphala, a cornerstone of ayurvedic medicine, is a composite herbal preparation of three fruits- ‘tri’-three ‘phala’-fruits. One of the most important component of triphala is amla or Indian gooseberry which is a tremendous source of vitamin C and a powerful antioxidant. Triphala has anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. It boosts immunity, relieves constipation, purifies blood, promotes weight loss and improves liver function.


ISABGOL/ PSYLLIUM HUSK
Psyllium husk has a long history of use in traditional and herbal medicines. It is a natural, soluble fiber derived from husks of psyllium seeds. These tiny stuff grows up to 20 times when they reach our stomach and forms a gel-like mass that helps to transport waste to intestinal tract. It also been used to regulate blood glucose levels, lower cholesterol and relieve both diarrhoea and constipation.


GUGGULU
There are ample references to guggul and its medicinal properties in ayurvedic medicine, which describes its use in wide variety of conditions. Some of these are obesity, heart disease, diabetes, arthritis and cholesterol. It also improves thyroid function, fat-burning activity of body and also decreases the risk of stroke.


GREEN TEA
Green tea is one of the most commonly used teas all over the world. While many people enjoy the mild taste of green tea, it may have more benefits than simply being a refreshing beverage. It may help you become healthier and fight certain types of diseases. You can lose weight, avoid flu, boost memory, lower bad cholesterol and even boost exercise endurance with the help of a tea, what more do we need?

https://www.balancenutrition.in/blog/benefits-of-nutraceuticals/
1 person found this helpful

7 New Year Resolutions to Make 2016 Your ‘Personal Year of Health and Harmony’

Reparenting Technique, BA, BEd
Psychologist, Bangalore
7 New Year Resolutions to Make 2016 Your ‘Personal Year of Health and Harmony’
7 Life-changing New Year Resolutions for a Happier and Healthier You

Chances are you make plenty of resolutions each year, but don’t stick to them for various reasons including that some of them are unrealistic or not in your capacity that year: resolutions are easily made and with good intentions too but not easily kept. This time around, why not make some healthy resolutions you can not only actually stick to, but that will also transform your life for the better? Choose what is suitable, but when you do, stick to it like your life depends on it: today that is not an understatement but a fact of life. Good health is equal to a good life. Here are a few gems towards that goal:

1. Include more healthy foods into your daily diet
How often do you find yourself munching on junk food compulsively, just because you are hungry? You may be fully aware of the fact that this affects your health adversely, but still are unable to change your habit. This new year, be strict with yourself and choose healthier options. Abstain from fast foods and have more home cooked meals containing colorful vegetables: the more colorful the better. Replace chips with fruits for snack time.


2. Increase your amount of water intake
Drinking about 8–10 glasses of water every day is necessary to cleanse and detoxify your body, but do you actually drink that much honestly? With the onset of the New Year, make it a habit to drink water instead of quenching your thirst with soda or any other artificially sweetened beverages. If you don’t like having water every time, you may opt for freshly squeezed fruit juices or healthy tender coconut water as well. When we want to wash our bodies externally, we take a bath. To bathe the body from the inside, we need to flush out our system drinking lots of water, everyday.


3. Ensure that your body gets some physical activity daily
You may have set unrealistic workout targets for yourself in the previous years, but this year set more achievable targets. Design a routine for yourself, which consists of some fun and easy physical activities like swimming, dancing, jogging or simply climbing the stairs instead of taking a lift, apart from joining the gym, which can be tedious for some. Do these simple things daily and watch the positive turn your health takes.


4. Stay away from multitasking - at least while eating
If you check your Smartphone while eating, make a resolution this year to never do it again. Abstain from multitasking at least while you are sitting with your family at the dining table. Studies suggest that people who observe their surroundings while eating rather than concentrating on their phone, tend to choose healthier food options and do not overfeed themselves. And people who are present with the food while eating are able to appreciate what they eat and eat just short of being full!


5. Pick up a new hobby
Your health depends on both your mental and physical well-being. So, it’s essential to ensure that you have a peaceful mind besides a fit body. This new year choose a hobby that makes you feel happy, fulfilling, productive, interesting, and fills up your leisure time. It can be anything like reading, singing, photography, blogging or travelling as long as it helps you de-stress. Too much of television wastes the mind by bombarding it with predigested mental foods that do not provoke it to think.

6. Express your feelings
Every feeling, without exception, must be expressed. Unexpressed feelings pick the most vulnerable organ and express themselves in that organ to either lead to malfunctioning or total dysfunction, resulting in your having to finally have the organ surgically removed! When emotions are vented out in appropriate ways, you will feel healthy and stress-free. In fact stress is nothing but the effect of bottled up emotions.

7. Relax, relax, relax
The paradox in life is that the easiest thing to do is to relax. We become tense for little or no reason and create a huge burden on our health. Meditation and deep breathing are the best aids to calm ourselves, and to be at harmony with our inner selves. And a strong connection with this health facet is to have a good night’s sleep and wake up by 6 AM irrespective of whatever time you go to sleep. Retiring to bed should ideally be at around 10.30 pm every night.

Besides considering all these resolutions, make up your mind to stay optimistic this coming year and distance yourself from all types of negativities. This will not only lead you towards happier times, but will also keep you in great health throughout the year.

Remember that in the past diseases chose people, today we chose our disease. The choice is really ours: chose good living over misery and suffering.

If you would like to consult with me privately, please click on 'Consult'.
6629 people found this helpful

Table of Content

About Gem 1 MG Tablet
When is Gem 1 MG Tablet prescribed?
What are the contraindications of Gem 1 MG Tablet?
What are the side effects of Gem 1 MG Tablet?
Key highlights of Gem 1 MG Tablet
What are the dosage instructions?
Where is the Gem 1 MG Tablet approved?
What are the interactions for Gem 1 MG Tablet?