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Madam what is HDL? And what benefit? And suggest heart blood clots dissolve drugs.

Dr. Prakhar Singh 95% (1799 ratings)
MBBS, Basic Life Support (B.L.S), Advanced Cardiac Life Support, Fellow of Academy of General Education (FAGE)
General Physician, Bangalore
Madam what is HDL? And what benefit? And suggest heart blood clots dissolve drugs.
Hi , thank you for your question . HDL or high density lipoprotein is a complex of protein and lipids . It is involved in the transport of excess cholesterol in cells in the periphery to the liver which is ultimately excreted from the body. Having higher HDL levels , is beneficial for cardiovascular health that is in simple words ,it is beneficial for heart and vessels. Blood clot dissolving drugs commonly in use are streptokinase , urokinase , tissue plasminogen activator. Feel free to connect with me if you need any further advice and I will be happy to assist you.
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What is thombroysis? N can a heart get another attack after 3 attacks n successful double bypass surgery ie valve replacement n artery bypass?

Dr. Neelam Nath 92% (8843 ratings)
Diploma in Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MBBS
General Physician, Delhi
What is thombroysis? N can a heart get another attack after 3 attacks n successful double bypass surgery ie valve rep...
Thrombroysis is breaking a clot, immediately after a heart attack if thrombolytic medicines like streptokinase are given, it does help the afflicted person. 1st heart attack is like a shock when person asks himself -why me? it happens to others only! 2nd attack occurs if person is careless about food, high cholesterol and high bp & high sugar & higher weight are not under control, person keeps on smoking / gets exposed to pollution and low levels of oxygen in atmosphere does trigger a heart attack, no exercise or taking negative stress to the heart, everything that causes a heart attack has been ignored despite suffering from one, bypass surgery + valve replacement should work like a shock and one needs to reassure self that no more'encounters" with cardiac ot or exposure to everything that is not friends of heart except the doctors who do suggest annual check ups.
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Thrombolysis - Causes, Symptoms & Treatment Of It!

Dr. Susanta Pradhan 88% (25 ratings)
MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Cardiology
Cardiologist, Bhubaneswar
Thrombolysis - Causes, Symptoms & Treatment Of It!

Formation of blood clots in the arteries of the lungs, heart or legs can actually kill a person. In such a case, the immediate medical action is necessary and the only way to deal with blood clots is thrombolysis.
Thrombolysis or thrombolytic therapy is a medical process that dissolves blood clots and facilitates blood flow to all parts of the body. Thus, it protects tissues and muscles from damage.

What are the causes of blood clots in the body?

• Poor blood circulation
• Conditions such as Deep Venous Thrombosis and atrial fibrillation
• Blood clots can also be formed because of dialysis catheters and by-pass grafts

How can you tell if you have blood clots?

• Swelling in one or more legs
• Cramp and tenderness in the legs
• Breathing trouble might indicate that blood clots have travelled to the lungs
Sweating and frequent chest pain may suggest that blood clots have travelled to the heart

How is Thrombolysis performed?

Thrombolytic drugs are injected into the body intravenously. They make their way to where the blood clots exist and dissolve them. If there is a medical emergency, the drugs are delivered to the exact location of the blood clots and immediately start dissolving them. Another method is inserting a device into the blood clot infested region to break the clots up. The drugs which on entering the body dissolve blood clots are called thrombolytics. There are many varieties of thrombolytics such as the following-

Streptokinase - It is a kind of enzyme. It is used when a person has just suffered a heart attack or pulmonary embolism. Doctors do not usually prescribe the second usage of this drug. It is injected into a vein and can be administered to pregnant women.

Tenecteplase - Also an enzyme, it is a plasminogen activator. When it binds to the surface of the blood clot, it makes the clot degenerate.

Reteplase - It is actually extracted from E-Coli. It is a sterile intravenous bolus injection

The leading cause of heart attacks and ischemic heart disorder is the formation of blood clots in the arteries that connect the heart and the brain. Thrombolysis is often employed as an emergency treatment for this purpose. Thrombolysis is also effective against blood clots formed in the lungs (which lead to acute pulmonary embolism). Sometimes blood clots are formed in the legs, upper extremities of the body, the pelvic region (deep vein thrombosis). These clots may travel to the lungs and heart.

Consult your doctor before undergoing the treatment.

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Deep Vein Thrombosis - Causes, Symptoms & Treatment!

Dr. Maruboina Ramakrishna 92% (868 ratings)
Homeopath, Vijayawada
Deep Vein Thrombosis - Causes, Symptoms & Treatment!

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a condition of the blocked deep vein (especially of legs) with blot clot called thrombus. When any of the deep veins are blocked, It results in the swelling, redness, pain and warmth feeling of on the affected site. Sometimes the clot travels through the blood to lungs and causes a pulmonary embolism.


* Swelling

* Redness

* Pain


* Pulmonary embolism

* Postphlebitic syndrome (it is characterized by pain, swelling, brownish or reddish skin discoloration and skin ulcer on the leg)


Many factors can increase your risk of developing deep vein thrombosis (DVT).

* Inheriting a blood-clotting disorder. Some people inherit a disorder that makes their blood clot more easily. This condition on its own might not cause blood clots unless combined with one or more other risk factors.

* Injury to a vein

* Abdominal and pelvic Surgery

* Pregnancy. Pregnancy increases the pressure in the veins in your pelvis and legs

* Prolonged bed rest

* Being overweight or obese

* Birth control pills (oral contraceptives) or hormone replacement therapy

* Smoking

* Heart failure

* Inflammatory bowel disease

* Cancer

* Age. Being older than 60

* Sitting for long periods of time


* Calf muscle stimulation during surgery

* Active leg exercises

* Graduated support stocking

* Treatment for DVT

* If you have had surgery or have been on bed rest for other reasons, try to get moving as soon as possible

* If you're sitting for a while, don't cross your legs which can hamper blood flow

* If you're traveling a long distance by car walk around

* If you're on a plane, stand walk occasionally

* If you can't do that exercise your lower legs

* Lose weight

* Quitting smoking


* Supportive care

- oxygen therapy

- maintaining hypotention

* Anticoagulation therapy

- heparin

- warfarin

* Thrombolytic therapy

- streptokinase or tPA to hasten the lysis of pulmonary embolus or emboli

* Inferior vena cava interruption (if thrombolytic and anticoagulant therapies are contraindicated or if the patient continues to have recurrent pulmonary embolism despite these therapies, vena caval interruption is indicated by the transvenous placement of Greenfield filter in the inferior vena cava just below the renal veins)

* Pain relief

* Anticoagulant medications



* THROMBOSIS, lower limbs - Apis mel

* Edema of Foot - Apis., Ars., aur-m., aur., Chel., dig., Kali-c., kali-i., lach., Lyc

* Red swelling of foot - Ars., bry., carb-v., Kali-c

* Red blue swelling of the foot - Ars alb

* Swelling foot painful - Apis., ars., aur., led., merc., sulph



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