Formation of blood clots in the arteries of the lungs, heart or legs can actually kill a person. In such a case, the immediate medical action is necessary and the only way to deal with blood clots is thrombolysis.
Thrombolysis or thrombolytic therapy is a medical process that dissolves blood clots and facilitates blood flow to all parts of the body. Thus, it protects tissues and muscles from damage.
What are the causes of blood clots in the body?
How can you tell if you have blood clots?
• Swelling in one or more legs
• Cramp and tenderness in the legs
• Breathing trouble might indicate that blood clots have travelled to the lungs
• Sweating and frequent chest pain may suggest that blood clots have travelled to the heart
How is Thrombolysis performed?
Thrombolytic drugs are injected into the body intravenously. They make their way to where the blood clots exist and dissolve them. If there is a medical emergency, the drugs are delivered to the exact location of the blood clots and immediately start dissolving them. Another method is inserting a device into the blood clot infested region to break the clots up. The drugs which on entering the body dissolve blood clots are called thrombolytics. There are many varieties of thrombolytics such as the following-
• Streptokinase - It is a kind of enzyme. It is used when a person has just suffered a heart attack or pulmonary embolism. Doctors do not usually prescribe the second usage of this drug. It is injected into a vein and can be administered to pregnant women.
• Tenecteplase - Also an enzyme, it is a plasminogen activator. When it binds to the surface of the blood clot, it makes the clot degenerate.
• Reteplase - It is actually extracted from E-Coli. It is a sterile intravenous bolus injection
The leading cause of heart attacks and ischemic heart disorder is the formation of blood clots in the arteries that connect the heart and the brain. Thrombolysis is often employed as an emergency treatment for this purpose. Thrombolysis is also effective against blood clots formed in the lungs (which lead to acute pulmonary embolism). Sometimes blood clots are formed in the legs, upper extremities of the body, the pelvic region (deep vein thrombosis). These clots may travel to the lungs and heart.
Consult your doctor before undergoing the treatment.
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a condition of the blocked deep vein (especially of legs) with blot clot called thrombus. When any of the deep veins are blocked, It results in the swelling, redness, pain and warmth feeling of on the affected site. Sometimes the clot travels through the blood to lungs and causes a pulmonary embolism.
SIGNS & SYMPTOMS-
* Pulmonary embolism
* Postphlebitic syndrome (it is characterized by pain, swelling, brownish or reddish skin discoloration and skin ulcer on the leg)
Many factors can increase your risk of developing deep vein thrombosis (DVT).
* Inheriting a blood-clotting disorder. Some people inherit a disorder that makes their blood clot more easily. This condition on its own might not cause blood clots unless combined with one or more other risk factors.
* Injury to a vein
* Abdominal and pelvic Surgery
* Pregnancy. Pregnancy increases the pressure in the veins in your pelvis and legs
* Prolonged bed rest
* Being overweight or obese
* Age. Being older than 60
* Sitting for long periods of time
* Calf muscle stimulation during surgery
* Active leg exercises
* Graduated support stocking
* Treatment for DVT
* If you have had surgery or have been on bed rest for other reasons, try to get moving as soon as possible
* If you're sitting for a while, don't cross your legs which can hamper blood flow
* If you're traveling a long distance by car walk around
* If you're on a plane, stand walk occasionally
* If you can't do that exercise your lower legs
* Lose weight
* Quitting smoking
* Supportive care
- maintaining hypotention
* Anticoagulation therapy
* Thrombolytic therapy
- streptokinase or tPA to hasten the lysis of pulmonary embolus or emboli
* Inferior vena cava interruption (if thrombolytic and anticoagulant therapies are contraindicated or if the patient continues to have recurrent pulmonary embolism despite these therapies, vena caval interruption is indicated by the transvenous placement of Greenfield filter in the inferior vena cava just below the renal veins)
* Pain relief
* Anticoagulant medications
* THROMBOSIS, lower limbs - Apis mel
* Edema of Foot - Apis., Ars., aur-m., aur., Chel., dig., Kali-c., kali-i., lach., Lyc
* Red swelling of foot - Ars., bry., carb-v., Kali-c
* Red blue swelling of the foot - Ars alb
* Swelling foot painful - Apis., ars., aur., led., merc., sulph